Saturday, October 28, 2006

Romans 12:1

Romans 12:1

I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is your reasonable service.

a. NLT: And so, dear brothers and sisters, I plead with you to give your bodies to God because of all he has done for you. Let them be a living and holy sacrifice—the kind he will find acceptable. This is truly the way to worship him.

b. NIV: Therefore, I urge you, brothers and sisters, in view of God’s mercy, to offer your bodies as a living sacrifice, holy and pleasing to God—this is your true and proper worship.

c. YLT: I call upon you, therefore, brethren, through the compassions of God, to present your bodies a sacrifice -- living, sanctified, acceptable to God -- your intelligent service;

d. Amplified Bible: I appeal to you therefore, brethren, and beg of you in view of [all] the mercies of God, to make a decisive dedication of your bodies [presenting all your members and faculties] as a living sacrifice, holy (devoted, consecrated) and well pleasing to God, which is your reasonable (rational, intelligent) service and spiritual worship.

e. Worrell Translation:I beseech you, therefore, brethren, through the mercies of God, to present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, well pleasing to God, which is your rational service.

1. “I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God…”

a. I beseech [3870 * parakaleo] [Strong: from 3844 and 2564; to call near, i.e. invite, invoke (by imploration, hortation or consolation):--beseech, call for, (be of good) comfort, desire, (give) exhort(-ation), intreat, pray.]

b. you [5209 * humas] [Strong: accusative case of 5210; you (as the objective of a verb or preposition):--ye, you (+ -ward), your (+ own).]

c. therefore [3767 * oun] [Strong: apparently a primary word; (adverbially) certainly, or (conjunctionally) accordingly:--and (so, truly), but, now (then), so (likewise then), then, therefore, verily, wherefore.]

d. brethren [80 * adephos] [Strong: from 1 (as a connective particle) and delphus (the womb); a brother (literally or figuratively) near or remote (much like 1):--brother.]

e. by [1223 * dia] [Strong: a primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal, or occasional):--after, always, among, at, to avoid, because of (that), briefly, by, for (cause) ... fore, from, in, by occasion of, of, by reason of, for sake, that, thereby, therefore, X though, through(-out), to, wherefore, with (-in). In composition it retains the same general importance.]

f. the mercies [3628 * oiktirmos] [Strong: from 3627; pity:--mercy.]

g. of God [2316 * theos] [Strong: of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with 3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively, a magistrate; by Hebraism, very:--X exceeding, God, god(-ly, -ward).]

1). God is the Father of mercies.

a). 2 Corinthians 1:3 Blessed be God, even the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of Mercies, and the God of all comfort;         

2). It is because of the mercy of God that we are saved.

a). Titus 3:5 Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost;

3). It is because of the mercy of God that we are not consumed:

a). Lamentations 3:22 It is of the Lord's mercies that we are not consumed, because his compassions fail not.

b). We will make mistakes, we will sin, even though we don’t have to, but we should not get under condemnation because the mercy of God is renewed every morning (Lamentations 3:23). If we sin, we do not cast away our confidence: Hebrews 4:14; Jesus is sensitive to my and your weaknesses: Hebrews 4:15; He partook of humanity in order to be a merciful and faithful high priest: Hebrews 2:17, 18. We can come confidently unto the throne of grace and find mercy and grace in times of need: Hebrews 4:16.

4). It seems Paul is using the mercy of God as leverage to encourage us to present our bodies to God in obedience. Because you are saved you ought to do this.

2. “…that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice…”

a. that ye present [3936 * paristemi] [Strong: from 3844 and 2476; to stand beside, i.e. (transitively) to exhibit, proffer, (specially), recommend, (figuratively) substantiate; or (intransitively) to be at hand (or ready), aid:--assist, bring before, command, commend, give presently, present, prove, provide, shew, stand (before, by, here, up, with), yield.]

1). The Greek word for “present” in Romans 12:1 is the same Greek word in two other passages in Romans.

a). Romans 6:13 Neither yield ye your  members as instruments of unrighteousness unto sin: but yield yourselves unto God, as those that are alive from the dead, and your members as instruments of righteousness unto God.

b). Romans 6:16 Know ye not, that to whom ye yield yourselves servants to obey , his servants ye are to whom ye obey; whether of sin unto death, or of obedience unto righteousness?

c). Whoever I am consistently obedient to, I am presenting myself as a sacrifice to them, as their weapon, and as their servant.

2). In the New Covenant I am the priest and I am the sacrifice, and I offer myself: Romans 12:1.

a). 1 Peter 2:5 Ye also, as lively stones, are built up a spiritual house, an holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God by Jesus Christ.

3). The Greek word for “present” in Romans 12:1, paristemi, is also used in 2 Timothy 2:15.

a). 2 Timothy 2:15 Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth.

b). To “shew” is the same Greek word. To “shew” ourselves “approved unto God” in 2 Timothy 2 is one of three things Paul tells Timothy to do, with the result being Timothy will be a “vessel unto honour, sanctified, and meet for the master’s use.”

4). The use of this word is not in conjunction with anything to do with salvation, but it is used to demonstrate what consecration to God looks like and what it will result in.

b. your [5216 * humon] [Strong: genitive case of 5210; of (from or concerning) you:--ye, you, your (own, -selves).]

c. bodies [4983 * soma] [Strong: from 4982; the body (as a sound whole), used in a very wide application, literally or figuratively:--bodily, body, slave.]

d. a living [2198 * zao] [Strong: a primary verb; to live (literally or figuratively):--life(-time), (a-)live(-ly), quick.]

e. sacrifice [2378 * thusia] [Strong: from 2380; sacrifice (the act or the victim, literally or figuratively):--sacrifice.]

1). We can see an abundance of beautiful types and foreshadows of “a living sacrifice” in the regulations concerning the burnt offering in Leviticus 1.

2). Leviticus 1:1-9 And the LORD called unto Moses, and spake unto him out of the tabernacle of the congregation, saying,
1:2 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, If any man of you bring an offering unto the LORD, ye shall bring your offering of the cattle, even of the herd, and of the flock.
1:3 If his offering be a burnt sacrifice of the herd, let him offer without blemish: he shall offer it of his own voluntary will at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation before the LORD.
1:4 And he shall put his hand upon the head of the burnt offering; and it shall be accepted for him to make atonement for him.
1:5 And he shall kill the bullock before the Lord: and the priests, Aaron's sons, shall bring the blood, and sprinkle the blood round about upon the altar that is by the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.
1:6 And he shall flay the burnt offering, and cut it into his pieces.
1:7 And the sons of Aaron the priest shall put fire upon the altar, and lay the wood in order upon the fire:
1:8 And the priests, Aaron's sons, shall lay the parts, the head, and the fat, in order upon the wood that is on the fire which is upon the altar:
1:9 But his inwards and his legs shall he wash in water: and the priest shall burn all on the altar, to be a burnt sacrifice, an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the Lord.

a). Leviticus 1:4 And he shall put his hand upon the head of the burnt offering; and it shall be accepted for him to make an atonement for him.

(1) Identification: 2 Corinthians 5:21.

b). Leviticus 1:5-8 And he shall kill the bullock before the LORD: and the priests, Aaron’s sons, shall bring the blood, and sprinkle the blood round about upon the altar that is by the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.
1:6 And he shall flay the burnt offering, and cut it into his pieces.
1:7 And the sons of Aaron the priest shall put fire upon the altar, and lay the wood in order upon the fire:
1:8 And the priests, Aaron’s sons, shall lay the parts, the head, the fat, in order upon the wood that is on the fire which is upon the altar:

(1)  The one offering the sacrifice kills the animal while the priest catches and sprinkles the blood. The person offering the sacrifice flays the offering and cuts it up into pieces, and the priests lay the pieces upon the altar. In like manner, under the New Covenant we prepare and present our own bodies to be the sacrifice.

c). Leviticus 1:9 But his inwards and his legs shall he wash in water: and the priest shall burn all on the altar, to be a burnt sacrifice, an offering made by fire, of a sweet savor unto the LORD.”

(1) The person giving the offering washes the inwards and the legs in water and the complete animal is consumed by fire. Under the New Covenant we go through a similar process. There is a washing, a cleansing that must be a regular habit in the believers relationship with Christ Jesus, accomplished by daily consecration and obedience to His word.

(2) Hebrews 10:22 Let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from a evil conscience and our bodies washed with pure water.

(3) Psalm 119:9 Wherewithal shall a young man cleanse his way? by taking heed thereto according thy word.

(4) Ephesians 5:26, 27 That he might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of water by the word,
5:27 That he might present it to himself a glorious church, not having spot, or wrinkle, or any such thing; but that it should be holy and without blemish.

3. “…holy…”

a. holy [40 * hagios] [Strong: from hagos (an awful thing) (compare 53, 2282); sacred (physically, pure, morally blameless or religious, ceremonially, consecrated):--(most) holy (one, thing), saint.] [Zodhiates: It’s fundamental idea is separation,  consecration, devotion to the service of God; sharing in God’s purity and abstaining from earths defilement.]

1). Isaiah 52:11 Depart ye, depart ye, go ye out from thence, touch no unclean
thing; go ye out of the midst of her; be ye clean, that bear the vessels of the LORD.

a). 2 Corinthians 6:17-2 Corinthians 7:1 Wherefore come out from among them, and be ye separate, saith the Lord, and touch not the unclean thing; and I will receive you, 6:18 And will be a Father unto you, and ye shall be my sons and daughters, saith the Lord Almighty.
7:1 Having therefore these promises, dearly beloved, let us cleanse ourselves from all filthiness of the flesh, and spirit, perfecting holiness in the fear of God.

2). Under the Old Covenant if an offering had a blemish, it was not acceptable:

a). Leviticus 22:17-25 And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying,
22:18 Speak unto Aaron, and to his sons, and unto all the children of Israel, and say unto them, Whatsoever he be of the house of Israel, or of the strangers in Israel, that will offer his oblation for all his vows, and for all his freewill offerings, which they will offer unto the Lord for a burnt offering;
22:19 Ye shall offer at your own will a male without blemish, of the beeves, of the sheep, or of the goats.
22:20 But whatsoever hath a blemish, that shall ye not offer: for it shall not be acceptable for you.
22:21 And whosoever offereth a sacrifice of peace offerings unto the Lord to accomplish his vow, or a freewill offering in beeves or sheep, it shall be perfect to be accepted; there shall be no blemish therein.
22:22 Blind, or broken, or maimed, or having a wen, or scurvy, or scabbed, ye shall not offer these unto the Lord, nor make an offering by fire of them upon the altar unto the Lord.
22:23 Either a bullock or a lamb that hath any thing superfluous or lacking in his parts, that mayest thou offer for a freewill offering; but for a vow it shall not be accepted.
22:24 Ye shall not offer unto the Lord that which is bruised, or crushed, or broken, or cut; neither shall ye make any offering thereof in your land.
22:25 Neither from a stranger's hand shall ye offer the bread of your God of any of these; because their corruption is in them, and blemishes be in them: they shall not be accepted for you.

b). Likewise, under the New Covenant, we as individuals are to be without blemish:

(1) Philippians 2:12-15 Wherefore, my beloved, as ye have always obeyed, not as in my presence only, but now much more in my absence, work out your own salvation with fear and trembling.
2:13 For it is God which worketh in you both to will and to do of his good pleasure.
2:14 Do all things without murmurings and disputings:
2:15 That ye may be blameless and harmless, the sons of God, without rebuke, in the midst of a crooked and perverse nation, among whom ye shine as lights in the world;

(2) The Greek word for “blameless” in verse 15   is amomos, it means ‘without blemish’.)

4. “…acceptable unto God…”

a. acceptable [2101 * euarestos; eu-well; arestos-pleasing] [Strong: from 2095 and 701; fully agreeable:--acceptable(-ted), wellpleasing.  literally, well pleasing.]

1). 2 Corinthians 5:9, 10 Wherefore we labour, that, whether present or absent, we may be accepted (euarestos- well pleasing) of him.
5:10 For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ; that every one may receive the things done in his body, according to that he hath done, whether it be good or bad.

a). We can be acceptable only in Christ Jesus.

(1) 1 Peter 2:5 Ye also, as lively stones, are built up a spiritual house, an holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God by Jesus Christ.

b). Jesus is our Mediator

(1)   1Timothy 2:5 For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus;

c). Therefore everything has to be done in his name.

(1) Colossians 3:17 And whatsoever ye do in word or deed, do all in the name of the Lord Jesus, giving thanks to God and the Father by him.

b. unto God [2316 * theos] [Strong: of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with 3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively, a magistrate; by Hebraism, very:--X exceeding, God, god(-ly, -ward).

5. “…which is your reasonable service.”
   
a. which is your [5216 * humon] [Strong:  genitive case of 5210; of (from or concerning) you:--ye, you, your (own, -selves).]

b. reasonable [3050 * logikos] Pertaining to reason.(In Romans 12:1 the “reasonable service” or worship is to be understood as that service to God which implies intelligent meditation or reflection…” Zodhiates). (Vines: “The sacrifice is to be intelligent, in contrast to those offered by ritual and compulsion; the presentation is to be in accordance with the spiritual intelligence of those who are new creatures in Christ and are mindful of the mercies of God.”) Contrast this to before we were saved.

1). 1 Peter 1:14-16 As obedient children, not fashioning yourselves according to the former lusts in your ignorance:
1:15 But as he which hath called you is holy, so be ye holy in all manner of conversation;
1:15 Because it is written, Be ye holy; for I am holy.

2). Ephesians 4:17, 18 This I say therefore, and testify in the Lord, that ye henceforth walk not as other Gentiles walk, in the vanity of their mind,
4:18 Having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them, because of the blindness of their heart:


c. service [2999 * latreia] service, divine service. (Bullinger: obedience and
     adoration rendered to God.)

1). This requirement of total ownership and possession by God is reasonable in light of the fact we are not our own, God has purchased us.

a). 1 Corinthians 6:19, 20 What? know ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy Ghost which is in you, which ye have of God, and ye are not your own?
6:20 For ye are bought with a price: therefore glorify God in your body, and in your spirit, which are God's.

Wednesday, October 25, 2006

Romans 1:16

Romans 1:16

For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for it is the power of God unto salvation to everyone that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek.

a. NLT: For I am not ashamed of this Good News about Christ. It is the power of God at work, saving everyone who believes—the Jew first and also the Gentile.

b. NIV: For I am not ashamed of the gospel, because it is the power of God that brings salvation to everyone who believes: first to the Jew, then to the Gentile.

c. Young’s Literal Translation: for I am not ashamed of the good news of the Christ, for it is the power of God to salvation to every one who is believing, both to Jew first, and to Greek.

d. Amplified Bible: For I am not ashamed of the Gospel (good news) of Christ, for it is God’s power working unto salvation [for deliverance from eternal death] to everyone who believes with a personal trust and a confident surrender and firm reliance, to the Jew first and also to the Greek,

e. For I am not ashamed of the Gospel; for it is the power of God unro salvation to everyone that believes; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek;

1. “For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ…”

a. For [1063 * gar] [Strong: a primary particle; properly, assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles):--and, as, because (that), but, even, for, indeed, no doubt, seeing, then, therefore, verily, what, why, yet.]

b. I am…ashamed [1870 * epaischunomai] [Strong: from 1909 and 153; to feel shame for something:--be ashamed.]

c. not [3756 * ou; also (before a vowel) ouk, and (before an aspirate) ouch] [Strong: a primary word; the absolute negative (compare 3361) adverb; no or not:--+ long, nay, neither, never, no (X man), none, (can-)not, + nothing, + special, un(-worthy), when, + without, + yet but.] 

d. of the gospel [2098 * euaggeliom][Strong: a good message, i.e. the gospel:--gospel.]

e. of Christ [5547 * Christos] [Strong: anointed, i.e. the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus:--Christ.]

1). God is not ashamed of us.

a). Hebrews 11:16 But now they desire a better country, that is, an heavenly: wherefore God is not ashamed to be called their God: for he hath prepared for them a  city.

2). We are warned not to be ashamed of Him.

a). Mark 8:38 Whosoever therefore shall be ashamed of me and of my words in this adulterous and sinful generation; of him shall the Son of man be ashamed, when he cometh in the glory of his Father with the holy angels.

 b). 2 Timothy 1:8 Be not thou therefore ashamed of the testimony of our Lord, nor of me his prisoner: but be thou partaker of the afflictions of the gospel according to the power of God;

2. “…for it is the power of God unto salvation to everyone that believeth;”

a. for [1063 * gar] [Strong: a primary particle; properly, assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles):--and, as, because (that), but, even, for, indeed, no doubt, seeing, then, therefore, verily, what, why, yet.]

b. it is [2076 * esti] [Strong:  third person singular present indicative of 1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are:--are, be(-long), call, X can(-not), come, consisteth, X dure for a while, + follow, X have, (that) is (to say), make, meaneth, X must needs, + profit, + remaineth, + wrestle.]

c. the power [1411 * dunamis] [Strong:  from 1410; force (literally or figuratively); specially, miraculous power (usually by implication, a miracle itself):--ability, abundance, meaning, might(-ily, -y, -y deed), (worker of) miracle(-s), power, strength, violence, mighty (wonderful) work.]

d. of God [2316 * theos] [Strong:  from 1410; force (literally or figuratively); specially, miraculous power (usually by implication, a miracle itself):--ability, abundance, meaning, might(-ily, -y, -y deed), (worker of) miracle(-s), power, strength, violence, mighty (wonderful) work.]

e. unto [1519 * eis] [Strong: a primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases:--(abundant-)ly, against, among, as, at, (back-)ward, before, by, concerning, + continual, + far more exceeding, for (intent, purpose), fore, + forth, in (among, at, unto, -so much that, -to), to the intent that, + of one mind, + never, of, (up-)on, + perish, + set at one again, (so) that, therefore(-unto), throughout, til, to (be, the end, -ward), (here-)until(-to), ...ward, (where-)fore, with. Often used in composition with the same general import, but only with verbs (etc.) expressing motion (literally or figuratively).

f. salvation [4991 * soteria] [Scofield Reference Bible: “The Hebrew and Greek words for salvation imply the ideas of deliverance, safety, preservation, healing and soundness. Salvation is the great inclusive word of the Gospel, gathering into itself all the redemptive acts and processes…”]

g. to everyone [3956 * pas] [Strong:  including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole:--all (manner of, means), alway(-s), any (one), X daily, + ever, every (one, way), as many as, + no(-thing), X thoroughly, whatsoever, whole, whosoever.]

h. that believeth [4100 * pisteuo] [Strong: from 4102; to have faith (in, upon, or with respect to, a person or thing), i.e. credit; by implication, to entrust (especially one's spiritual well-being to Christ):--believe(-r), commit (to trust), put in trust with.]

1). The Gospel of Christ is the power of God and we can believe it for our deliverance, our safety, our preservation, our healing and our soundness. Believing the gospel, all the promises that deal with the situations of life, whatever they are,  brings the power of Amighty God to bear on any situation.

3. “…to the Jew first, and also to the Greek.”

a. to the Jew [2453 * Ioudaios] [Strong: from 2448 (in the sense of 2455 as a country); Judaean, i.e. belonging to Jehudah:--Jew(-ess), of Judaea.]

b. first [4412 * proton] [Strong: neuter of 4413 as adverb (with or without 3588); firstly (in time, place, order, or importance):--before, at the beginning, chiefly (at, at the) first (of all).]

c. and [5037 * te] [Strong: a primary particle (enclitic) of connection or addition; both or also (properly, as correlation of 2532):--also, and, both, even, then, whether. Often used in composition, usually as the latter participle.]

d. also [2532 * kai] [Strong: apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words:--and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.]

e. to the Greek [1672 * Hellon] [Strong: from 1671; a Hellen (Grecian) or inhabitant of Hellas; by extension a Greek-speaking person, especially a non-Jew:-- Gentile, Greek.]


1). Paul always went first to the Jew and then to the Gentile, in that order. In Acts 13:5 they preached the word in Jewish synagogues, and in Acts 13:14 Paul went first into the synagogue at Antioch in Pisidia. When the Jews for the most part rejected the gospel in that city, Paul and Barnabas’s reaction was then went to the Gentiles’

a). Acts 13:45-49 But when the Jews saw the multitudes, they were filled with envy, and spake against those things which were spoken by Paul, contradicting and blaspheming.
13:46 Then Paul and Barnabas waxed bold, and said, It was necessary that the word of God should first have been spoken to you: but seeing ye put it from you, and judge yourselves unworthy of everlasting life, lo, we turn to the Gentiles.
13:47 For so hath the Lord commanded us, saying, I have set thee to be a light of the Gentiles, that thou shouldest be for salvation unto the ends of the earth.
13:48 And when the Gentiles heard this, they were glad, and glorified the word of the Lord: and as many as were ordained to eternal life believed.
13:49 And the word of the Lord was published throughout all the region.

2). Yet in the very next town Paul went first into the synagogue.

a). Acts 14:1 And it came to pass in Iconium, that they went both together into the synagogue of the Jews, and so spake, that a great multitude both of the Jews and also of the Greeks believed.

Romans 10:19

Romans 10:19

But I say, Did not Israel know? First Moses saith, I will provoke you to jealously by them that are no people, and by a foolish nation I will anger you.

1. “But I say, Did not Israel know? First Moses saith, I will provoke you to jealously by them that are no people…”

a. provoke(3863 * parazeloo; para-implying movement toward a certain point; zeloo-be jealous). To make jealous, provoke to jealously or emulation.

b. anger (3949 * parargizo; para-implying movement toward a certain point; orgizo-anger).To provoke to anger, irritation, or resentment.

c. At first glimpse it appears that Moses is doing the talking but Moses was writing what God was giving him to write. In this verse the Apostle Paul is quoting Deuteronomy.

1). Deuteronomy 32:21 They have moved me to jealously with that which is not God; they have provoked me to anger with their vanities: and I will move them to jealously with those which are not a people; I will provoke them to anger with a foolish nation.

a). This verse is fascinating because God himself is saying he will do this to Israel.
He will provoke them to jealousy and anger. The context shows that what God uses to provoke Israel with is the gospel. The “foolish nation” who are “no people” that God uses to provoke Israel with is the Gentiles, i.e., non Jews. We can see this in a number of places within the Book of Acts.

b). Acts 13:44-50 “And the next Sabbath day came almost the whole city together to hear the word of God. But when the Jews saw the multitudes, they were filled with envy, and spake against those things which were spoken by Paul, contradicting and blaspheming. Then Paul and Barnabas waxed bold, and said, It was necessary that the word of God should first have been spoken to you: but seeing ye put it from you, and judge yourselves unworthy of everlasting life, lo, we turn to the Gentiles. For so hath the Lord commanded us, saying, I have set thee to be a light of the Gentiles, that thou shouldest be for salvation unto the ends of the earth. And when the gentiles heard this, they were glad, and glorified the word of the Lord: and as many were ordained to eternal life believed. And the word of the Lord was published throughout the region. But the Jews stirred up the devout and honourable women, and the chief men of the city, and raised persecution against Paul and Barnabas, and expelled them out of their coasts.”

(1). envy (2205 * zelos) Zodhiates: To be hot, fervent. Used in a good sense but more often used in an evil sense. Vines: “…is always translated “jealously” in the R.V.”

(2). Acts 13:45 New Revised Standard Version  “But when the Jews saw the crowds, they were filled with jealously; and blaspheming, they contradicted what was spoken by Paul.”

(3). We can see this prophecy of the Lords becoming reality in the following passages: Acts 17:5-9; Acts 17:12-13; and Acts 28:17-29.

(4). This prophetic event was spoken of in the Law and in the Prophets: See Jeremiah 16:19-21.