Sunday, January 28, 2007

Isaiah 40:12, 13

Isaiah 40:12

Who hath measured the waters in the hollow of his hand, and meted out heaven with the span, and comprehended the dust of the earth in a measure, and weighed the mountains in scales, and the hills in a balance?

a. ASV: Who hath measured the waters in the hollow of his hand, and meted out heaven with the span, and comprehended the dust of the earth in a measure, and weighed the mountains in scales, and the hills in a balance?

b. YLT: Who hath measured in the hollow of his hand the waters? And the heavens by a span hath meted out, And comprehended in a measure the dust of the earth, And hath weighed in scales the mountains, And the hills in a balance?

c. Amplified Bible Classic: Who has measured the waters in the hollow of his hand, marked off the heavens with a [nine-inch] span, enclosed the dust of the earth in a measure, and weighed the mountains in scales and the hills in a balance?

d. Septuagint: Who has measured the water in his hand, and the heaven with a span, and all the earth in a handful? Who has weighed the mountains in scales, and the forests in a balance?

e. Stone Edition Torah/Prophets/Writings: Who measured the waters in His palm, gauged th Heavens with a span, measured in a huge vessel the dust of the earth, and weighed mountains with a scale and hills with a balance?

1. “Who hath measured the waters in the hollow of his hand,…”

a. Who [Strong: 4310 miy me an interrogative pronoun of persons, as 4100 is of things, who? (occasionally, by a peculiar idiom, of things); also (indefinitely) whoever; often used in oblique construction with prefix or suffix:--any (man), X he, X him, + O that! what, which, who(-m, -se, -soever), + would to God.]

b. [hath] measured [Strong: 4058  mâdad, maw-dad'; a primitive root; properly, to stretch; by implication, to measure (as if by stretching a line); figuratively, to be extended:—measure, mete, stretch self.]

c. [the] waters [Strong: 4325 mayim, mah'-yim; dual of a primitive noun (but used in a singular sense); water; figuratively, juice; by euphemism, urine, semen:— piss, wasting, water(-ing, (-course, -flood, -spring)).]

d. [in the] hollow of his hand [Strong: 8168  shôʻal, sho'-al; from an unused root meaning to hollow out; the palm; by extension, a handful:—handful, hollow of the hand.]

1). When God created the earth, He beforehand had the amount of water that should be on the earth, and measured it out by the handfuls. God also created the water cycle.

a). Ecclesiastes 1:7 All the rivers run into the sea; yet the sea is not full; unto the place from whence the rivers come, thither they return again.

2). The Lord used the creation of water, as he did with all of creation, and weaved it into the history of the redemption of man.

a). Isaiah 55:10, 11 For as the rain cometh down, and the snow from heaven, and returneth not thither, but watereth the earth, and maketh it bring forth and bud, that it may give seed to the sower, and bread to the eater:
55:11 So shall my word be that goeth forth out of my mouth: it shall not return unto me void, but it shall accomplish that which I please, and it shall prosper in the thing whereto I sent it.

b). John 4:5-15

c). Psalm 145:10 All thy works shall praise thee, O LORD; and thy saints shall bless thee.

3). God in his wisdom set boundaries for the seas and oceans: Job 38:8-11.

2. “…and meted out heaven with a span,”

a. [and] meted out [Strong: 8505  tâkan, taw-kan'; a primitive root; to balance, i.e. measure out (by weight or dimension); figuratively to arrange, equalize, through the idea of levelling (ment, estimate, test):—bear up, direct, be (un-)equal, mete, ponder, tell, weigh.]

b. heaven [Strong: 8064 shâmayim, shaw-mah'-yim; dual of an unused singular שָׁמֶה shâmeh; from an unused root meaning to be lofty; the sky (as aloft; the dual perhaps alluding to the visible arch in which the clouds move, as well as to the higher ether where the celestial bodies revolve):—air, × astrologer, heaven(-s).]

c. [with a] span [Strong: 2239 zereth, zeh'-reth; from H2219; the spread of the fingers, i.e. a span:—span.]

1). Proverbs 3:19  The LORD by wisdom hath founded the earth; by understanding hath he established the heavens.

a). understanding [Strong: 8394  tabuwn taw-boon' and (feminine) tbuwnah {teb-oo-naw'}; or towbunah {to-boo-naw'}; from 995; intelligence; by implication, an argument; by extension, caprice:--discretion, reason, skilfulness, understanding, wisdom.]

b). established [Strong: 3559 kuwn koon a primitive root; properly, to be erect (i.e. stand perpendicular); hence (causatively) to set up, in a great variety of applications, whether literal (establish, fix, prepare, apply), or figurative (appoint, render sure, proper or prosperous):--certain(-ty), confirm, direct, faithfulness, fashion, fasten, firm, be fitted, be fixed, frame, be meet, ordain, order, perfect, (make) preparation, prepare (self), provide, make provision, (be, make) ready, right, set (aright, fast, forth), be stable, (e-)stablish, stand, tarry, X very deed.]

c). When God created the heavens, he prepared it with skilful intelligence.


2). Amateur Astronomer’s Handbook: “I we construct a scale model of the solar system, with the sun about 4 inches across, the  earth will be about 25 feet away, the size of a grain of sand, and Pluto [Just recently demoted from being a planet.] will be about 300 yards away. But the nearest star to the sun, represented by another 4 inch globe would have to be placed almost 1500 miles away.” [The nearest star is Alpha Centauri, 4 and1/3 light years away: 186,000 miles per second for a year = 6 million million miles.]

3). Stars, Planets, and Galaxies: “There are at least 100 billion stars in this expansive disk [The Milky Way] which is so large that a light beam would require 100,000 years to cross it.”

4). Amateur Astronomer’s Handbook: “It is obvious, then, that the whole galaxy is of enormous extent, and that a mile is an absurdly inadequate unit of distance. Instead, astronomers make use of the light year.” [God uses his hands! Chuckle, Chuckle.]

5). Popular Science, 2/78; “Giant Telescopes”: “One thing is certain. There’s enough universe out there for all the 1000 inch telescopes we could ever dream of building. A single gnat flying a foot in front of your face on a summer evening, hides the light of dozens of distant galaxies, each containing some 100,000 million (100 billion) suns…”

6). Stars, Planets, and Galaxies; Clusters of Galaxies: “At a distance of several diameters from the Local Group there are other clusters of galaxies. North of Spica in Virgo, there is a region called the Realm of the Galaxies. Here, vast assemblages are found containing thousands of galaxies in one of the largest clusters known. Its distance is about 40 million light years. The number of galaxies contained may be numbered in the tens of thousands, with the greatest concentration toward the constellation Virgo; the number of Galaxies tapers off as the Local Group is reached. From all appearances, this is the local Supergalaxy, a galaxy of galaxies, instead of stars. Our galaxy, the Milky Way, is one in tens of thousands far out on the rim of a gigantic wheel of galaxies whose flat distribution indicates a rotation about the center. The local supergalaxy is only one of many, for investigations show others in the direction of Hydra and Pavo. Clusters of galaxies extend into space in all directions many billions of light years. Thus, we can see that the universe is composed of hierarchies of increasing magnitude, in constant motion, in an unimaginably vast sea of space.”

a). Jeremiah 33:22  As the host of heaven cannot be numbered, neither the sand of the sea measured: so will I multiply the seed of David my servant, and the Levites that minister unto me.

b). Psalm 147:4 He telleth the number of the stars; he calleth them all by their names.

3. “…and comprehended the dust of the earth in a measure…”

a. [and] comprehended [Strong: 3557 kûwl, kool; a primitive root; properly, to keep in; hence, to measure; figuratively, to maintain (in various senses):—(be able to, can) abide, bear, comprehend, contain, feed, forbearing, guide, hold(-ing in), nourish(-er), be present, make provision, receive, sustain, provide sustenance (victuals).]  

1). comprehend [Webster: To grasp with the mind, conceive.]

b. [the] dust [Strong: 6083 ʻâphâr, aw-fawr'; from H6080; dust (as powdered or gray); hence, clay, earth, mud:—ashes, dust, earth, ground, morter, powder, rubbish.]

c. [of the] earth [Strong: 776 ʼerets, eh'-rets; from an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land):—× common, country, earth, field, ground, land, × natins, way, + wilderness, world.]

1). We were created out of the dust of the ground: Genesis 2:7; And we will return: Genesis 3:19. Hence Job 7:21; Psalm 22:15.

2). God’s behavior towards his children is tempered with the fact he knows we are but dust: Psalm 103:13, 14.

3). Dust is a symbol of humility: Job 42:6.

d. [in a] measure [Strong: 7991 shâlîysh, shaw-leesh'; or שָׁלוֹשׁ shâlôwsh; (1 Chronicles 11:11; 1 Chronicles 12:18), or שָׁלֹשׁ shâlôsh; (2 Samuel 23:13), from H7969; a triple, i.e. (as a musical instrument) a triangle (or perhaps rather three-stringed lute); also (as an indefinite, great quantity) a three-fold measure (perhaps a treble ephah); also (as an officer) a general of the third rank (upward, i.e. the highest):—captain, instrument of musick, (great) lord, (great) measure, prince, three (from the margin).]

4. “…and weighed the mountains in scales and the hills in a balance.”

a. [and] weighed [Strong: 8254 shâqal, shaw-kal'; a primitive root; to suspend or poise (especially in trade):—pay, receive(-r), spend, × throughly, weigh.]

b. [the] mountains [Strong: 2022 har, har; a shortened form of H2042; a mountain or range of hills (sometimes used figuratively):—hill (country), mount(-ain), × promotion.]

c. [in] scales [Strong: 6425 peleç, peh'-les; from H6424; a balance:—scales, weight.]

d. [and the] hills [Strong: 1389 gibʻâh, ghib-aw'; feminine from the same as H1387; a hillock:—hill, little hill.]

e. [in a] balance [Strong: 3976 môʼzên, mo-zane'; from H239; (only in the dual) a pair of scales:—balances.]

1). God mentally weighed the mountains and hills.

Isaiah 40:13

Who hath directed the Spirit of the Lord, or being his counselor hath taught him?

a. ASV: Who hath directed the Spirit of Jehovah, or being his counsellor hath taught him?

b. YLT: Who hath meted out the Spirit of Jehovah, And, being His counsellor, doth teach Him!

c. Amplified Bible Classic: Who has directed the Spirit of the Lord, or as His counselor has taught Him?

d. Septuagint: Who has known the mind of the Lord? and who has been his counsellor, to instruct him?

e. Stone Edition Torah/Prophets/Writings: Who can appraise the Spirit of HASHEM, His man of counsel who informs Him?

1. “Who hath directed the Spirit of the Lord…”

a. Who [Strong: 4310 miy me an interrogative pronoun of persons, as 4100 is of things, who? (occasionally, by a peculiar idiom, of things); also (indefinitely) whoever; often used in oblique construction with prefix or suffix:--any (man), X he, X him, + O that! what, which, who(-m, -se, -soever), + would to God.]

b. [hath] directed [Strong: 8505 tâkan, taw-kan'; a primitive root; to balance, i.e. measure out (by weight or dimension); figuratively to arrange, equalize, through the idea of levelling (ment, estimate, test):—bear up, direct, be (un-)equal, mete, ponder, tell, weigh.]

c. [the] Spirit [Strong: 7307 rûwach, roo'-akh; from H7306; wind; by resemblance breath, i.e. a sensible (or even violent) exhalation; figuratively, life, anger, unsubstantiality; by extension, a region of the sky; by resemblance spirit, but only of a rational being (including its expression and functions):—air, anger, blast, breath, × cool, courage, mind, ×quarter, × side, spirit(-ual), tempest, × vain, (whirl-) wind(-y).]

d. [of the] LORD [Strong: 3068  Yᵉhôvâh, yeh-ho-vaw'; from H1961; (the) self-Existent or Eternal; Jeho-vah, Jewish national name of God:—Jehovah, the Lord.]

1). Wisdom directed the Spirit of God.

a).  Ecclesiastes 10:10  If the iron be blunt, and he do not whet the edge, then must he put to more strength: but wisdom is profitable to direct.

b). Proverbs 3:19 The LORD by wisdom hath founded the earth; by understanding hath he established the heavens.

c). Proverbs 8:22-31

2).  Purpose of wisdom directing creation.

a). To give a revelation of God: Job 12:7-10.

b). His eternal power and Godhead: Romans 1:19, 20.

c). A revelation that produced faith: Psalm 19:1-4; Romans 10:17, 18.

2. “...or being his counselor hath taught him?

a.  or [Strong: 376 'iysh eesh contracted for 582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation):--also, another, any (man), a certain, + champion, consent, each, every (one), fellow, (foot-, husband-)man, (good-, great, mighty) man, he, high (degree), him (that is), husband, man(-kind), + none, one, people, person, + steward, what (man) soever, whoso(-ever), worthy.]

b. [being his] counselor [Strong: 6098 `etsah ay-tsaw' from 3289; advice; by implication, plan; also prudence:--advice, advisement, counsel(l-(or)), purpose.]

c. [hath] taught [him] [Strong: 3045 yâdaʻ, yaw-dah'; a primitive root; to know (properly, to ascertain by seeing); used in a great variety of senses, figuratively, literally, euphemistically and inferentially (including observation, care, recognition; and causatively, instruction, designation, punishment, etc.):—acknowledge, acquaintance(-ted with), advise, answer, appoint, assuredly, be aware, (un-) awares, can(-not), certainly, comprehend, consider, × could they, cunning, declare, be diligent, (can, cause to) discern, discover, endued with, familiar friend, famous, feel, can have, be (ig-) norant, instruct, kinsfolk, kinsman, (cause to let, make) know, (come to give, have, take) knowledge, have (knowledge), (be, make, make to be, make self) known, be learned, lie by man, mark, perceive, privy to, × prognosticator, regard, have respect, skilful, shew, can (man of) skill, be sure, of a surety, teach, (can) tell, understand, have (understanding), × will be, wist, wit, wot.]

1). Paul cited this verse when describing the depth of the wisdom and riches of the knowledge of God.

a). Romans 11:33-35  O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! how unsearchable are his judgments, and his ways past finding out!
11:34 For who hath known the mind of the Lord? or who hath been his counsellor?
11:35 Or who hath first given to him, and it shall be recompensed unto him again?

2). There are a number of instances in Scripture where the Spirit of God operated in creation.

a). Psalm 104:24-30 O LORD, how manifold are thy works! In wisdom hast thou made them all: the earth is full of thy riches.
104:25 So is this great and wide sea, wherein are things creeping innumberable, both small and great beasts.
104:26 There go the ships: there is that leviathan, whom thou hast made to play therein. 104:27 These wait all upon thee; that thou mayest give them there meat in due season.
104:28 That thou givest them they gather: thou openest thine hand, they are filled with good. 104:29 Thou hidest thy face, they are troubled: thou takest away their breath, they die, and return to their dust.
104:30 Thou sendest forth thy spirit, they are created: and thou renewest the face of the earth.

b). Genesis 1:2

c). Job 26:13 By his spirit he hath garnished the heavens; his hand hath formed the crooked serpent.

3). Likewise in the born again experience, it is the Holy Spirit that recreates our spirit man.

a). Titus 3:5 Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost.

b). 2 Corinthians 5:17 Therefore if any man be in Christ, he is a new creature: old things are passed away; behold, all things are become new.

4). We have been given that same Spirit.

a). 1 Corinthians 2:9-12 But as it is written, Eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, neither have entered into the heart of man, the things which God hath prepared for them that love hem.
2:10 But God hath revealed them unto us by his Spirit: for the Spirit searcheth all things, yea, the deep things of God.
2:11 For what man knoweth the things of a man, save the spirit of a man which is in him? Even so the things of God knoweth no man, but the Spirit of God.
2:12 Now we have received, not the spirit of the world, but the spirit which is of God; that we might know the things that are freely given to us of God.
2:13 Which things also we speak, not in the words which man's wisdom teacheth, but which the Holy Ghost teacheth; comparing spiritual things with spiritual.
2:14 But the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him: neither can he know them, because they are spiritually discerned.

Saturday, January 27, 2007

Isaiah 53:4

Isaiah 53:4
Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted.
a. NLT: Yet it was our weaknesses he carried; it was our sorrows that weighed him down.
And we thought his troubles were a punishment from God, a punishment for his own sins!
b. NIV: Surely he took up our pain and bore our suffering, yet we considered him punished by God, stricken by him, and afflicted.
c. Amplified Bible: Surely He has borne our griefs (sicknesses, weaknesses, and distresses) and carried our sorrows and pains [of punishment], yet we [ignorantly] considered Him stricken, smitten, and afflicted by God [as if with leprosy].
d. Septuagint: He bears our sins, and is pained for us: yet we accounted him to be in trouble, and in suffering, and in affliction.
e. Stone Edition Torah/Writings/Prophets: But in truth, it was our ills that he bore, and our pains that he carried—but we had regarded him diseased, stricken by God, and afflicted.
1. “Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows:…”
a. surely [Strong: 403 'aken aw-kane'  from 3559 (Compare 3651); firmly; figuratively, surely; also (advers.) but:--but, certainly, nevertheless, surely, truly, verily.]
b. He [Strong: 1931 huw' hoo of which the feminine (beyond the Pentateuch) is hiyw {he}; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are:--he, as for her, him(-self), it, the same, she (herself), such, that (...it), these, they, this, those, which (is), who.]

c. [hath] borne [Strong: 5375  nasa' naw-saw' or nacah (Psalm 4 : 6 (7)) {naw-saw'};  a primitive root; to lift, in a great variety of applications, literal and figurative, absol. and rel. (as follows):--accept, advance, arise, (able to, (armor), suffer to) bear(-er, up), bring (forth), burn, carry (away), cast, contain, desire, ease, exact, exalt (self), extol, fetch, forgive, furnish, further, give, go on, help, high, hold up, honorable (+ man), lade, lay, lift (self) up, lofty, marry, magnify, X needs, obtain, pardon, raise (up), receive, regard, respect, set (up), spare, stir up, + swear, take (away, up), X utterly, wear, yield.]

d. [our] griefs [Strong:2483  choliy khol-ee' from 2470; malady, anxiety, calamity, disease, grief, sickness.

e. [and] carried [Strong: 5445 cabal saw-bal'  a primitive root; to carry (literally or figuratively), or (reflexively) be burdensome; specifically, to be gravid:--bear, be a burden, carry, strong to labour.]

f. [our] sorrows [Strong: 4341  mak'ob mak-obe' sometimes makcowb {mak-obe'}; also (feminine Isaiah 53:3) makfobah {mak-o-baw'}; from 3510; anguish or (figuratively) affliction:--grief, pain, sorrow.] [Gesenius:  pain, sorrow pain (physical), pain (mental).] [Strong: sometimes makcowb {mak-obe'}; also (feminine Isaiah 53:3) makfobah {mak-o-baw'}; from 3510; anguish or (figuratively) affliction:--grief, pain, sorrow.]
1). Christ the Healer, F.F. Bosworth, Revell Publishing, 1973. Chapter 2. “In the 4th verse, the word “borne” (nasa) means to lift up, to bear away, to convey, or to remove to a distance. It is a Levitical word, and is applied to the scapegoat, that bare away the sins of the people. “The goat shall bear (nasa) upon him all their iniquities unto a land not inhabited; and he shall let go the goat into the wilderness” (Leviticus 16:22. So Jesus bore my sins and sicknesses away “without the camp” to the cross. Sin and sickness have passed from me to Calvary—salvation and health have passed from Calvary to me. Again, in this 4th verse of the Redemption Chapter the Hebrew verbs for “borne” and “carried” (nasa and sabal) are both the same as are used in the 11th and 12th verses for the substitutionary bearing of sin, “He shall bear (carry) their iniquities”, and “He shall bear the sin of many””.
a).  Leviticus 16:20-22 And when he hath made an end of reconciling the holy place, and the tabernacle of the congregation, and the altar, he shall bring the live goat:
16:21 And Aaron shall lay both his hands upon the head of the live goat, and confess over him all the iniquities of the children of Israel, and all their transgressions in all their sins, putting them upon the head of the goat, and shall send him away by the hand of a fit man into the wilderness:
16:22 And the goat shall bear upon him all their iniquities unto a land not inhabited: and he shall let go the goat in the wilderness.

(1) [shall] bear [Strong: 5375  nasa' naw-saw' or nacah (Psalm 4 : 6 (7)) {naw-saw'};  a primitive root; to lift, in a great variety of applications, literal and figurative, absol. and rel. (as follows):--accept, advance, arise, (able to, (armor), suffer to) bear(-er, up), bring (forth), burn, carry (away), cast, contain, desire, ease, exact, exalt (self), extol, fetch, forgive, furnish, further, give, go on, help, high, hold up, honorable (+ man), lade, lay, lift (self) up, lofty, marry, magnify, X needs, obtain, pardon, raise (up), receive, regard, respect, set (up), spare, stir up, + swear, take (away, up), X utterly, wear, yield.]

2). Christ the Healer, F.F. Bosworth: So Jesus bore my sins and sicknesses away “without the camp” to the cross. Sin and sickness have passed from me to Calvary—salvation and health have passed from Calvary to me. Again, in this 4th verse of the Redemption Chapter the Hebrew verbs for “borne” and “carried” (nasa and sabal) are both the same as are used in the 11th and 12th verses for the substitutionary bearing of sin, “He shall bear (carry) their iniquities”, and “He shall bear the sin of many””

a). Isaiah 53:11, 12 He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear [Strong: 5445 cabal ] their iniquities.
53:12 Therefore will I divide him a portion with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he hath poured out his soul unto death: and he was numbered with the transgressors; and he bare [Strong: 5375 nasa'] the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.

3). Bodily Healing and the Atonement, Dr. T.J. McCrossan, Dr. Roy Hicks & Dr. Kenneth E. Hagin, pp. 11 & 12 “The Hebrew verb nasa [In Isaiah 53:4]means to bear in the sense of “suffering punishment for something”. Leviticus 5:1, “And if a soul sin…then he shall bear (nasa) his iniquity.” In Isaiah 53:12 we have the true meaning of nasa set forth: “And he (Christ) was numbered with the transgressors; and he bare (nasa) the sin of many.” Now how did Christ bear our sins? Vicariously, as our Substitute. But this is the same verb used in Isaiah 53:4, “Surely he [Christ] hath borne [nasa] our sicknesses. We all admit that this verb (nasa) in Isaiah 53:12 teaches us that Christ bore our sins vicariously; so all unprejudiced minds must admit that this very same verb (nasa) in Isaiah 53:4 teaches us that He (Christ) bore (nasa) our sicknesses vicariously…The clear teaching, therefore, is that Christ bore our sicknesses in the same way that He bore our sins. There can be no other conclusion.”

a). Leviticus 5:1 And if a soul sin, and hear the voice of swearing, and is a witness, whether he hath seen or known of it; if he do not utter it, then he shall bear his iniquity.

b). Isaiah 53:12 Therefore will I divide him a portion with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he hath poured out his soul unto death: and he was numbered with the transgressors; and he bare [Strong: 5375 nasa'] the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.

4). Bodily Healing and the Atonement, Dr. T.J. McCrossan, Dr. Roy Hicks & Dr. Kenneth E. Hagin,  Now how did Christ bear our sins? Vicariously, as our Substitute. But this is the same verb used in Isaiah 53:4, “Surely he [Christ] hath borne [nasa] our sicknesses. We all admit that this verb (nasa) in Isaiah 53:12 teaches us that Christ bore our sins vicariously; so all unprejudiced minds must admit that this very same verb (nasa) in Isaiah 53:4 teaches us that He (Christ) bore (nasa) our sicknesses vicariously…The clear teaching, therefore, is that Christ bore our sicknesses in the same way that He bore our sins. There can be no other conclusion.”

5). The Hebrew word for “griefs” in Isaiah 53:4 [Strong:2483  choliy khol-ee' from 2470; malady, anxiety, calamity, disease, grief, sickness.] [Gesenius: disease, affliction, sadness, an evil, a calamity.] This same word is translated sickness in the following verses.

a). Deuteronomy 7:15 And the LORD will take away from thee all sickness, and will put none of the evil diseases of Egypt, which thou knowest, upon thee; but will lay them upon all them that hate thee.
b). Deuteronomy 28:61 Also every sickness, and every plague, which is not written in the book of this law, them will the LORD bring upon thee, until thou be destroyed.
c). 1 Kings 17:17 And it came to pass after these things, that the son of the woman, the mistress of the house, fell sick; and his sickness was so sore, that there was no breath left in him.
d). 2 Chronicles 21:15 And thou shalt have great sickness by disease of thy bowels, until thy bowels fall out by reason of the sickness day by day.
6). It is also translated disease in a few examples.
a). 2 Kings 1:2 And Ahaziah fell down through a lattice in his upper chamber that was in Samaria, and was sick: and he sent messengers, and said unto them, Go, enquire of Baalzebub the god of Ekron whether I shall recover of this disease.
b). 2 Chronicles 8:8 And the king said unto Hazael, Take a present in thine hand, and go, meet the man of God, and enquire of the LORD by him, saying, Shall I recover of this disease?
7). Matthew confirms that it was referring to disease and sickness.
a). Matthew 8:16, 17 When even was come, they brought unto him many that were possessed with devils: and he cast out the spirits with his word, and healed all that were sick: That it might be fulfilled which was spoken by Esaias the prophet, saying, Himself took our infirmities, and bare our sicknesses.
8). It is also clear that in Peter’s first epistle that he was linking Jesus baring our sins and our sicknesses in his body on the cross. Physical bodily healing is just as much a part of our redemption as the forgiveness of sins.
a). 1 Peter 2:24 Who his own self bare our sins in his own body on the tree, that we, being dead to sins, should live unto righteousness: by whose stripes ye were healed.
b). It is no wonder the first of the seven redemptive names of God given in Scripture, i.e., Exodus 15:26, [“I am the LORD that healeth thee”, literally, Jehovah-Rapha, the Lord your healer], involves a tree making the bitter water sweet!
c). This clearly shows that while Jesus was on the cross he bore my sins and my sickness.
2. “…yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted.”
a. yet we [Strong: 587 'anachnuw an-akh'-noo apparently from 595; we:--ourselves, us, we.]

b. [did] esteem [him] [Strong: 2803  chashab khaw-shab' a primitive root; properly, to plait or interpenetrate, i.e. (literally) to weave or (gen.) to fabricate; figuratively, to plot or contrive (usually in a malicious sense); hence (from the mental effort) to think, regard, value, compute:--(make) account (of), conceive, consider, count, cunning (man, work, workman), devise, esteem, find out, forecast, hold, imagine, impute, invent, be like, mean, purpose, reckon(-ing be made), regard, think.]
c.  stricken [Strong: 5060 naga` naw-gah'; a primitive root; properly, to touch, i.e. lay the hand upon (for any purpose; euphem., to lie with a woman); by implication, to reach (figuratively, to arrive, acquire); violently, to strike (punish, defeat, destroy, etc.):--beat, (X be able to) bring (down), cast, come (nigh), draw near (nigh), get up, happen, join, near, plague, reach (up), smite, strike, touch.]
d.  smitten [Strong: 5221 nakah naw-kaw'; a primitive root; to strike (lightly or severely, literally or figuratively):--beat, cast forth, clap, give (wounds), X go forward, X indeed, kill, make (slaughter), murderer, punish, slaughter, slay(-er, -ing), smite(-r, -ing), strike, be stricken, (give) stripes, X surely, wound.]
e. [of] God [Strong: 430 'elohiym el-o-heem'  plural of 433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative:--angels, X exceeding, God (gods)(-dess, -ly), X (very) great, judges, X mighty.]
f. [and] afflicted [Strong: 6031 `anah aw-naw'; a primitive root (possibly rather ident. with 6030 through the idea of looking down or browbeating); to depress literally or figuratively, transitive or intransitive (in various applications, as follows):--abase self, afflict(-ion, self), answer (by mistake for 6030), chasten self, deal hardly with, defile, exercise, force, gentleness, humble (self), hurt, ravish, sing (by mistake for 6030), speak (by mistake for 6030), submit self, weaken, X in any wise.]
1). It seems that Isaiah is not only looking forward 700 years to the time of  Jesus the Messiah, it also seems at the same time, he is looking back at the crucifixion of Christ, from a time in the future in explaining the reason the Jewish people rejected him. The Scripture does say a man hung on a tree is cursed of God.
a). Deuteronomy 21:22, 23 And if a man have committed a sin worthy of death, and he be put to death, and thou hang him on a tree:
21:23 His body shall not remain all night upon the tree, but thou shalt in any wise bury him that day; (for he that is hanged is accursed of God;) that thy land be not defiled, which the LORD thy God giveth thee for an inheritance.
2). The Apostle Paul affirms this in Galatians 3:13, Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree. This truth became a stumblingblock to the Jewish people to keep them from believing that Jesus is the Messiah.
a). 1 Corinthians 1:23, “But we preach Christ crucified, unto the Jews a stumblingblock,…”
b). The Jewish thinking on this is how could someone who is cursed of God be the Messiah? Therefore they rejected him.  
3). This also was foretold by Isaiah.
a). Isaiah 8:14, 15 And he shall be for a sanctuary; but for a stone of stumbling and for a rock of offence to both the houses of Israel, for a gin and for a snare to the inhabitants of Jerusalem.
8:15 And many among them shall stumble, and fall, and be broken, and be snared, and be taken.
 
4). This fascinating passage is foretelling of Israel’s rejection of the Messiah, but it does not stop there, it goes on to speak of the blindness upon Israel during this dispensation. The time period when the Lord is hiding His face from Jacob is the same time period of when “I and the children whom the LORD haveth given me”. He is referring to the Gentiles.
a). Isaiah 8:16-18 Bind up the testimony, seal the law among my disciples.
8:17 I will wait upon the LORD, that hideth his face from the house of Jacob, and I will look for him.
8:18 Behold, I and the children whom the LORD hath given me are for signs and for wonders in Israel from the LORD of hosts, which dwelleth in mount Zion.  
b). I have placed words in italics that the inspired writer of Hebrews 2:13 declares are the words of the pre-incarnate Christ!
5). Within the prophetic passage foretelling of the Messiah being a stumbling block to Israel, causing them to reject the Messiah is a hint to our present dispensation of grace.
a). Hebrews 2:10-13 For it became him, for whom are all things, and by whom are all things, in bringing many sons unto glory, to make the captain of their salvation perfect through sufferings.
2:11 For both he that sanctifieth and they who are sanctified are all of one: for which cause he is not ashamed to call them brethren,
2:12 Saying, I will declare thy name unto my brethren, in the midst of the church will I sing praise unto thee.
2:13 And again, I will put my trust in him. And again, Behold I and the children which God hath given me.
7). Many individual Jews have accepted Christ Jesus over the last 20 centuries, but the nation as a whole is still in unbelief because of this stumbling block. After Christ returns the stumbling block will be commanded to be removed.
a). Isaiah 57:13-18 When thou criest, let thy companies deliver thee; but the wind shall carry them all away; vanity shall take them: but he that putteth his trust in me shall possess the land, and shall inherit my holy mountain;
57:14 And shall say, Cast ye up, cast ye up, prepare the way, take up the stumblingblock out of the way of my people.
57:15 For thus saith the high and lofty One that inhabiteth eternity, whose name is  Holy; I dwell in the high and holy place, with him also that is of a contrite and humble spirit, to revive the spirit of the humble, and to revive the heart of the contrite ones.
57:16 For I will not contend for ever, neither will I be always wroth: for the spirit should fail before me, and the souls which I have made.
57:17 For the iniquity of his covetousness was I wroth, and smote him: I hid me, and was wroth, and he went on frowardly in the way of his heart.
57:18 I have seen his ways, and will heal him: I will lead him also, and restore comforts unto him and to his mourners.

Man's Three Dimensions

Man’s Three Dimensions

1. Man is a three fold being.

a. 1 Thessalonians 5:23 “And the very God of peace sanctify you wholly; and I pray God your whole spirit and soul and body be preserved blameless unto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ.”

2. The soul and spirit are not the same because they can be divided:

a. Hebrews 4:12 “For the word of God is quick and powerful, and sharper than any twoegded sword, piercing even to the dividing of soul and spirit,…”

3. The heart is the spirit of man: this is a general rule in Scripture, it is not absolute.

a. Romans 2:29 “…circumcision is that of the heart, in the spirit…”

4. Paul used the terms “I” and “my spirit” interchangeably:

a. 1 Corinthians 14:14 “For if I pray in an unknown tongue, my spirit prayeth, but my understanding is unfruitful.”

b. The spirit is the real me.

5. Man’s Three Dimensions.

a. Spirit: The part of man which deals with the spiritual, the part of man that knows God.

b. Soul: The dimension of man which deals in the mental, man’s intellect, the will and personality, the part that reasons and thinks.

c. Body: The part of man that deals with the physical realm, the house we live in.

The Spirit

1. God is a Spirit.

a. John 4:24 “God is a Spirit: and they that worship him must worship him in spirit and truth.

2. Man is a spirit, because we were created in God’s image.

a. Genesis 1:26 “And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness:…”

b. Genesis 1:27 “So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him;…”

3. The Bible says when we are born again we become new creations, our spirits are recreated.

a. 2 Corinthians 5:17 Amplified Bible. “Therefore if any person in [ingrafted] in Christ (the Messiah) he is a new creation (a new creature altogether); the old [previous moral and spiritual condition] has passed away. Behold, the fresh and new has come!” 2 Corinthians 5:17, Amplified Bible.

4. When we become born again our spirit is recreated by the Holy Ghost.

a. Titus 3:5 “Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost.”

1). regeneration (3824 * palinggenesia; palin-again; genesis-generation) Again birth; born again: John 3:3, 7.

5. The inner man, the real me is my spirit.

a. Ephesians 3:16 “That he would grant you, according to the righes of his glory, to be strengthened with might by his Spirit in the inner man;”

b. 2 Corinthians 4:16 “For which cause we faint not; but though our outward man perish, yet the inward man is renewed day by day.”

The Soul

1. The mind is the door to our spirits.

a. 2 Corinthians 4:3, 4 “But if our gospel be hid, it is hid to them that are lost: In whom the god of this world hath blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine unto them.”

2. James wrote in his epistle that the word of God can save our soul.

a. James 1:21 “Wherefore lay apart all filthiness and superfluity of naughtiness, and receive with meekness the engrafted word, which is able to save your souls.”

1). James was not referring to our salvation at the born again experience, because our salvation is by grace through faith, it is not of works, Ephesians 2:8, 9.

b. James was referring to what Paul meant when he wrote of “the renewing of your mind”.

1). Romans 12:2 “And be not conformed to this world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind,…”

2). The “renewing of your mind” or “to save your soul” is only accomplished by doing the word, by being obedient to what it says to do.

4. We are required to discipline our thought life, to bring our thoughts into harmony or agreement with what God’s word says.

a. 2 Corinthians 10:4, 5 “(For the weapons of our warfare are not carnal, but mighty through God to the pulling down of strongholds;) Casting down imaginations, and every high thing that exalteth itself against the knowledge of God, and bringing into captivity every thought to the obedience of Christ;”

3. The most important aspect of a man’s soul is his free will.

a. Matthew 16:24-26 “Then said Jesus unto his disciples, If any man will come after me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross, and follow me. For whosoever will save his life shall lose it: and whosoever will lose his life for my sake shall find it. For what is a man profited, if he shall gain the whole world, and lose his own soul? or what shall a man give in exchange for his soul?”

1). To deny myself in order to follow Christ, or to not deny myself in order to save my life is a product of my free will. It is the only part of my soul that I can lose.

2). In Luke 16:23-31 the rich man that was cast into hell, still had all his mental abilities, including his memory. What he lost forever was his ability to choose. He no longer had a free will.

The Body

1. Our body is the house we live in, our earth suit.

a. 2 Corinthians 5:1 “For we know that if our earthly house of this tabernacle were dissolved, we have a building of God, an house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens.”

2. We have the responsibility with the help of God, to bring our bodies into subjection to the word of God.

a. 1 Corinthians 9:27 “But I keep under my body, and bring it into subjection: lest that by any means, when I have preached to others, I myself should be a castaway.”

b. Romans 12:1 “I beseech you therefore brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is your reasonable service.”

Steps To Development

1. Meditate God’s word.

a. Joshua 1:8 “This book of the law shall not depart out of thy mouth; but thou shalt meditate therein day and night, that thou mayest observe to do according to all that is written therein: for then thou shalt make thy way prosperous, and then thou shalt have good success.”

2. Be doers of the word.

a. James 1:22-25 “But be ye doers of the word, and not hearers only, deceiving your own selves. For if any be a hearer of the word, and not a doer, he is like unto a man, beholding his natural face in a glass: For he beholdest himself, and goeth his way, and straightway forgetteth what manner of man he was. But whoso looketh into the perfect law of liberty, and continueth therein, he being not a forgetful hearer, but a doer of the work, this man shall be blessed in his deed.”