Thursday, November 15, 2007

1 Peter 5:10

1 Peter 5:10

But the God of all grace, who hath called us unto his eternal glory by Christ Jesus, after you have suffered awhile, make you perfect, stablish, strengthen, settle you.

1.”But the God of all grace…”

a. As we grow in Christ we will need grace

because we will still sin as we mature.

1). Hebrews 4:14-16 “Seeing then that we have

a great high priest, that is passed into the heavens,

Jesus the son of God, let us hold fast our

profession .

For we have not an high priest which cannot be

toughed with the feeling our infirmities; but was

in all points tempted like as we are, yet without


Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne of

grace, that we may obtain mercy, and find grace

to help in time of need.”

b. We need to remain humble.

1). 1 Peter 5:5 “…and be clothed with humility:

For God resisteth the proud, and giveth grace to the


2. “…who hath called us unto his eternal glory by Christ Jesus…”

a. Our calling in life is to be conformed to the image

of Jesus.

1). Romans 8:28, 29 “And we know that all things

Work together for good to them that love God, to

them who are the called according to his purpose.

For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate

to be conformed to the image of his Son, that he

might be the firstborn among many brethren.”

b. It is our reasonable service, our spiritual duty.

1). Romans 12:1, 2 “I beseech ye therefor brethren by the mercies of God that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice holy, acceptable unto God, which is your reasonable service.

And be not conformed to this world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what is that good, and acceptable, and perfect will of God.”

c. It is our ministry.

1). 2 Corinthians 3:18-4:1 “But we all with open face behold as in a glass the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image from glory to glory, even as by the Spirit of the Lord.

Therefore seeing we have this ministry, as we have received mercy, we faint not;”

3. “…after ye have suffered awhile, make you perfect, stablish, strengthen, settle you.”

a. perfect [2675 * katarlizo] [Zodhiates: The

fundamental meaning is to put a thing in its

appropriate condition, to establish, set up, equip,

arrange, prepare.]

b. stablish [4741 * sterizo] [Zodhiates: To set fast,

fix firmly.] [Thayer: make stable, place firmly, set

fast, fix; to strengthen, make firm.]

c. strengthen [4599 * sthenoo] [Zodhiates: To


d. settle [2311 * themlioo] [Zodhiates: To found,

to lay a foundation for anything.]

1). Matthew 7:24, 25 “Therefore whosoever heareth these sayings of mine, and doeth them, I will liken him unto a wise man, which built his house upon a rock:

And the rain descended, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and beat upon that house and it fell not: for it was founded upon a rock.”

1 Peter 5:8

1 Peter 5:8

Be sober, be viligant; because your adversary the devil, as a roraring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may devour:

1.“Be sober, be vigilant…”

a. sober [3525 * nepho] [Zodhiates: To be sober

minded, watchful, circumspect. The word does not mean to abstain from the use of alcohol but rather to refrain from the abuse of it which leads to intoxication.] [Bullinger: To be sober, temperate, abstinate, esp., in respect to wine. Here…sober minded, watchful, circumspect.] [Vines: Signifies to be free from the influence of intoxicants; in the NT metaphorically, it does not in itself imply watchfulness, but is used in association with it.]

1). Three times in this epistle Peter tells us to be

sober: 1 Peter 1:13; 4:7; 5:8. As the definitions

point out, he is speaking spiritually, that we are to

be alert in our spiritual senses.

2). Isaiah 29:9, 10 “Stay yourselves, and wonder;

cry ye out, and cry: they are drunken, but not with

not with wine; they stagger, but not with strong


For the LORD hath poured out upon you the spirit

Of deep sleep, and hath closed your eyes: the

Prophets and your rullers, the seers hath he covered.

b. viligant [1127 * gregoreuo] [Vines: Spiritual alertness.] [Zodhiates: To watch, refrain from sleep. It was transferred in meaning from the physical to the moral sphere.]

1). This word also speaks about our spiritual senses.

It is used 27 times in the NT, 21 times it is

rendered watch; 1 time wake; 1 time vigilant and

4 times exercise or exercised. All of these uses

speak to our spiritual senses.

2). The reason for his admonition is related in the

Rest of the verse.

2. “…because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about seeking whom he may devour.”

a. There is an interesting passage in Job that sheds

on this verse.

1). Job 1:6-7 “Now there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan came also among them.

And the LORD said unto Satan, Whence comest thou? Then Satan answered the LORD, and said, From going to and fro in the earth, and from walking up and down in it.”

2). If we add the last five words of 1 Peter 5:8 onto

Job 1:7 we can see the dialogue more clearly. “Then

Satan answered the LORD and said, From going to

And fro in the earth and from walking up and down

in it seeking whom I may devour.”

b. Psalm 17:8-12 “Keep me as the apple of the eye,

hide me under the shadow of thy wings,

From the wicked that oppress me, from my deadly

enemies, who compass me about.

They are enclosed in their own fat: with their mouth

they speak proudly.

They have now compassed us in our steps: they have

set their eyes bowing down to the earth;

Like as a lion that is greedy of his prey, and as it

were a young lion lurking in secret places.”

1 Corinthians 5:13

1 Corinthians 5:13

But them that are without God judgeth. Therefore put away from among yourselves that wicked person.

a.While it is within the church’s sphere of authority

To judge them that are in that local body, those who are outside are judged by God. It is vital that the church exercise it’s authority and remove the leaven in order that God may judge them outside the Body.

1 Corinthians 5:12

1 Corinthians 5:12

For what have I to do to judge them also that are without? Do not ye judge them that are within?

1.”For what have I to do to judge them also that are without…”

a.This was a formal authoritive spiritual exercise

that was given to the Church by Christ for the health and purity of the church. It was not to be carried out on those outside the church. Just those in the church.

2. “Do not ye judge them that are within?”

a.It is within the church’s sphere of authority to

judge them that are within the local body. 1 Corinthians 6 lays that out very plainly. It is as if the Apostle Paul is saying this is a no brainer!

1). 1 Corinthians 6:2-5 “Do ye not know that the

Saints shall judge the world? and if the world shall

be judged by you, are ye unworthy to judge the

smallest matters?

Know ye not that we shall judge angels? how

much more things that pertain to this life?

If then ye have judgments of things pertaining to

this life, set them to judge who are least esteemed

in the church.

I speak to your shame. Is it so, that there is not a

wise man among you? No, not one that shall be

able to judge between his brethren?”

1 Corinthians 5:11

1 Corinthians 5:11

But now I have written unto you not to keep company, if any man that is called a brother be a fornicator, or covetous, or an idolater, or a railer, or a drunkard, or an extortioner; with such a one, no, not to eat.”

1.”But now I have written unto you not to keep company, if any man that is called a brother…”

a. keep company [4874 * sunanamignumi] [Zodhiates:

See above in verse 9.]

a. He then gives a list of six offences that would

Require us to separate ourselves from a brother ore sister in the Lord.

2. “…be a fornicator, or covetous, or an idolater, or a railer, or a drunkard, or an extortioner; with such a one, no not to eat.”

a. fornicator [4205 * pornos] [Zodhiates: A

Whoremonger or male prostitute. In the NT a fornicator. The word also has the meaning of an impure or unclean person of whatever kind.]

b. covetous [4123 * pleonektes] [Zodhiates: One

who wants more, a person covetous of something that others have, a defrauder for gain.

c. idolater [1496 * eidolotres; eideolon-idol; latris-a

servant, worshipper.] [Zodhiates: Idolater, a servant or

worshipper of idols.]

d. railer [3060 * loidoros] [Zodhiates: A railer,

a reviler.]

e. drunkard [3183 * methusos] [Zodhiates:


f. extortioner [727 * harpax] [Zodhiates: Rapacious

person or animal, as wolves.]

g. In the very next chapter, actually eleven verses a

head, Paul gives another list of offences and again says the individuals guilty of these will not inherit the Kingdom of God. The good news is he goes on to say that some of the Corinthians in their church used to be these people but they have been saved and delivered from those behaviors.

1). 1 Corinthians 6:9-11 “Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God/ Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind,

Nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortioners, shall inherit the kingdom of God.

And such were some of you: but ye are washed, but ye are sanctified, but ye are justified in the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God.”

h. An interesting element in all of this is the

fornicator (1 Corinthians 10:8; Numbers 25:1, 9), and the idolater were punishable by death under the old covenant (Deuteronomy 17:2-5), as was the individual who was sleeping with his step mother (Leviticus 20:11). Yet under the New Covenant there is no death penalty issued. Granted, when all the ingredients of excommunication are added up, the sum is quite terrifying, but the individual is spared immediate death. He is to be removed by a formal spiritual exercise of the local body.

1 Corinthians 5:10

1 Corinthians 5:10

Yet not altogether with the fornicators of this world, or with the covetous, or extortioners, or with idolaters; for then must ye needs go out of the earth.

a.Amplified Bible: “Not [meaning of course that you

must altogether shun] the immoral people of this world or the greedy graspers and cheats and thieves or idolaters, since otherwise you would need to get out of the world and human society altogether!”

b. We can’t shut ourselves away completely from the

world because we would not be effective for Christ. We are just to separate ourselves from unholy situations with unholy people

1 Corinthians 5:9

1 Corinthians 5:9

I wrote unto you in an epistle not to company with fornicators:

1.”I wrote unto you in an epistle…”

a. Amplified Bible: “I wrote you in my [previous] letter not to associate (closely and habitually) with unchaste (impure people);

b. Note from the NIV: “Paul here clarifies a previous letter (not one preserved).”

2. “…not to company with fornicators:”

a. company [4874 * sunanamignumi; sun-together or with; ana-on, upon; mignumi-to mix;] [Zodhiates: To mix together, mingle together, have fellowship or keep company.]

b. 1 Corinthians 15:33 [NIV] “Do not be misled: Bad company corrupts good character.”

1 Corinthians 5:8

1 Corinthians 5:8

Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness; but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.

1. “Therefore let us keep the feast…”

a. keep the feast[1858 * heortazo] [Zodhiates: To

keep a festival, celebrate a holiday.]

a. I do not believe Paul is telling the Corinthians to

literally keep the Feast of Passover, but to celebrate our Passover in Christ by living unleavened lives. The rest of the verse I believe confirms that.

b. I do believe though, that in the Millennial reign of

Christ, many of the Feasts will be reinstituted, but for now in the New Covenant they are done away. Can a Messianic Christian or any Christian celebrate them now, during this dispensation? of course, but only on a volunteer basis.

1). Romans 14:1-6 “Him that is weak in the

faith receive ye, but not to doubtful disputations.

For one believeth that he may eat all things:

another who is weak, eateth herbs.

Let not him that eateth despise him that eateth

not; and let not him which eateth not judge him

that eateth: for God hath received him.

Who art thou that judgest another man’s servant?

to his own master he standeth or falleth. Yea, he

shall be holden up: for God is able to make him


One man esteemeth one day above another:

another esteemeth every day alike.

Let every man be fully persuaded in his own mind.

he that regardeth the day, regardeth it unto the

Lord; and he that regardeth not the day, to the Lord

he doth not regard it. He that eateth, eateth to the

Lord, for he giveth God thanks; and he that eateth

not, to the Lord he eateth not, and giveth God


1) Colossians 2:16 “Let no man therefore judge

you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of a holy day, or of the new moon, or of the Sabbath days:”

2. “…not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness; but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.”

a. The leaven is clearly metaphorical therefore the

keeping of the feast is also.

1 Corinthians 5:7

1 Corinthians 5:7

Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even Christ our Passover is sacrificed for us:

1.”Purge out therefore the old leaven…”

a. purge [1571 * ekkathairo; ek-out; kathairo-to

purge.] [Zodhiates: To purge out thoroughly, meaning to cleanse thoroughly.]

b. Leaven in Biblical typology is sin and so also

is defined that way in verse 8. It is our responsibility to get sin out of our lives by the power of God. He will not do it for us, but we can’t do it on our own. We can only do it by his strength and grace.

1). 2 Corinthians 7:1 “Having therefore these promises, dearly beloved, let us cleanse ourselves from all filtiness of the flesh and spirit, perfecting holiness in the fear of God.

2). Hebrews 10:22 “Let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our bodies washed with pure water.”

3). Psalm 119:9 “Wherewithall shall a young man cleanse his way? by taking heed thereto according to thy word.”

2. “…that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even Christ our Passover is sacrificed for us:”

a. NIV: “Get rid of the old yeast that you may be a new batch without yeast – as you really are. For Christ, our Passover Lamb, has been sacrificed.”

b. Amplified Bible: “Purge (clean out) the old leaven that you may be fresh (new) dough, still uncontaminated (as ye are), for Christ, our Passover [Lamb], has been sacrificed.”

c. Paul was differing between the individual who had sinned with his father’s wife and the rest of the congregation who had not. Yet he was warning them that if they failed to get the leaven out of the congregation, the whole congregation would be defiled.

3. “For even Christ our Passover is sacrificed for us.”

a. Hebrew 10:1 “For the law having a shadow of

Good things to come…”

b. Colossians 2:16, 17 “Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of a holyday, or of the new moon, or of the Sabbath days:

Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body is of Christ.”

c. The feasts of the LORD are all types and foreshadows of Christ and the New Covenant.

Jesus was crucified on Passover. The outpouring of the Holy Ghost occurred on the day of Pentecost, or the Feast of First Fruits.

1 Corinthians 5:6

1 Corinthians 5:6

Your glorying is not good. Know ye not that a little leaven leaveneth the whole lump?

1.“Your glorying is not good…”

a. glorying [2745 * kauchema] [Zodhaites: A boast.]

b. I don’t think they were boasting about the sin in

their congregation, they were just boasting about their congregation.

2. “…Know ye not that a little leaven leaveneth the whole lump?”

a. Matthew 13:33 “Another parable spake he unto them; The kingdom of heaven is like unto leaven, which a woman took, and hid in three measures of meal, till the whole was leavened.”

b. Leaven used as a symbol was never good, especially in the context of Passover, as is used here in 1 Corinthians 5. Here Paul is using it as symbolic of sin in the congregation. During Passover, Israel was not to eat any leavened bread.

1). Exodus 12:15 “Seven days shall ye eat unleavened bread; even the first day ye shall put away leaven out of your houses: for whosoever eateth leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that soul shall be cut off from Israel.

2). Exodus 12:18-20 “In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at even, ye shall eat unleavened bread, until the one and twentieth day of the month at even.

Seven days shall there be no leaven found in your houses: for whosoever eateth that which is leavened, even that soul shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he be a stranger, or born in the land.

Ye shall eat nothing leavened; in all your habitations shall ye eat unleavened bread.

Sunday, November 04, 2007

1 Corinthians 5:4

1 Corinthians 5:4

In the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, when ye are gathered together, and my spirit, with the power of our Lord Jesus Christ,

a. Paul begins his authorative direction by saying

basically, “You need to gather together in the name

and in power and authority of Jesus Christ.” Paul

says he will be there in spirit.

1 Corinthians 5:3

1 Corinthians 5:3

For I verily, as absent in body, but present in spirit, have judged already, as though I were present, concerning him that hath so done this deed.

1. “For I verily, as absent in body, but present in spirit,..”

a. I have always heard this phrase used in a very

common usage in the sense of, I won’t be there

physically but my heart and feelings are with you. I

am with you in spirit. I don’t think that is what is

meant here. There are scriptural instances of saints

being translated over large distances in their

physical bodies by the Spirit of God.

1). Elijah: 2 Kings 2:1, 3, 5, 7, 16.

2). Phillip: Acts 8:39, 40.

b. When the Apostle Paul was caught up to heaven he

did not know if he was in his physical body or out

of it.

1) 2 Corinthians 12:2-4 “I knew a man in Christ

Above fourteen years ago, (whether in the body

or whether out of the body, I cannot tell: God knoweth;)

such an one caught up to the third heaven.

And I knew such a man, (whether in the body, or

out of the body, I cannot tell: God knoweth;)

How that he was caught up into paradise, and heard unspeakable words, which is not lawful for

a man to utter.”

c. John was physically in the Isle of Patmos, but in

his spirit he was given a vision that is the book of


1). “I John, who also am your brother, and

companion in tribulation, and in the kingdom

and patience of Jesus Christ, was in the isle that is

called Patmos, for the word of God, and for the

testimony of Jesus Christ.

I was in the Spirit on the Lord’s day, and heard

Behind me a great voice, as of a trumpet…”

d. Ezekiel had an out of body experience while he

was in exile in Babylon [Chaldea]. Ezekiel 11:1-25.

e. What is meant by “absent in body, present in

spirit is he was having an out of body experience by

the Spirit of God. His spirit left his body and went in

the Spirit to Corinth, while his body physically

stayed where it was.

2. “…have judged already, as though I were present, concerning him that hath so done this deed.”

a. judged [2919 * krino] [Zodhiates: To separate,

distinguish, discriminate between good and evil,

select, choose out the good. In the NT, it means

to judge, to from or give an opinion after

separating and considering the particulars of a


b. After considering the particulars of this case the

Apostle Paul discriminated between the good and evil

and came to a judgment. But some may say, “Didn’t

Jesus say in Matthew 7:1 Judge not, that ye be not judged.? Yes he did, and it is the same Greek word, but what Jesus was referring to and what Paul was dealing with are two different things. Jesus was referring to judging a brother or sister who has a spec in their eye. He is talking about knit picking, and he condemned it. There is a big difference between a spec in my brother’s eye and my brother sleeping with his father’s wife. Later in this study we will show how Jesus spoke on church discipline that deals with more serious matters than a spec in my brother’s eye.