Sunday, January 28, 2007

Isaiah 40:12

Isaiah 40:12

Who hath measured the waters in the hollow of his hand, and meted out heaven with the span, and comprehended the dust of the earth in a measure, and weighed the mountains in scales, and the hills in a balance?

1. “Who hath measured the waters in the hollow of his hand,…”

a. measured (4058 * madad) By implication to measure (as if by stretching a line).

b. hollow (8168 * sho’al) To hollow out:- the palm, a handful.

c. When God created the earth, He beforehand had the amount of water that should be on the earth, and measured it out by the handfuls.

d. God created the water cycle.

1). Ecclesiastes 1:7 “All the rivers run into the sea; yet the sea is not full; unto the place from whence the rivers come, thither they return again.”

e. The Lord used the creation of water, as he did with all of creation, and weaved it into the history of the redemption of man.

1). Isaiah 55:10, 11; John 4:5-15;

2). Psalm 145:10 “All thy works shall praise thee, O LORD; and thy saints shall bless thee.”

f. God in his wisdom set boundaries for the seas and oceans: Job 38:8-11.

2. “…and meted out heaven with a span,”

a. meted (8505 * tokan) To balance, measure out, (by weight or dimension) figuratively, to arrange, equalize.

b. Proverbs 3:19 “…by understanding he established the heavens.”

1). Understanding (8394 * 3 different words) Intelligence, skillfulness.

2). Established (3559 * kuwn) To be erect, to set up…prepare…fashion…frame.

3). When God created the heavens, he prepared it with skilful intelligence.

c. span (2239 * zereth) The spread of the fingers. [The Amplified Bible reads “9 inch span”.]

d. Amateur Astronomer’s Handbook: “I we construct a scale model of the solar system, with the sun about 4 inches across, the  earth will be about 25 feet away, the size of a grain of sand, and Pluto [Just recently demoted from being a planet.] will be about 300 yards away. But the nearest star to the sun, represented by another 4 inch globe would have to be placed almost 1500 miles away.” [The nearest star is Alpha Centauri, 4 and1/3 light years away: 186,000 miles per second for a year = 6 million million miles.]

e. Stars, Planets, and Galaxies: “There are at least 100 billion stars in this expansive disk [The Milky Way] which is so large that a light beam would require 100,000 years to cross it.”

f. Amateur Astronomer’s Handbook: “It is obvious, then, that the whole galaxy is of enormous extent, and that a mile is an absurdly inadequate unit of distance. Instead, astronomers make use of the light year.” [God uses his hands! Chuckle, Chuckle.]

g. Popular Science, 2/78; “Giant Telescopes”: “One thing is certain. There’s enough universe out there for all the 1000 inch telescopes we could ever dream of building. A single gnat flying a foot in front of your face on a summer evening, hides the light of dozens of distant galaxies, each containing some 100,000 million (100 billion) suns…”

h. Stars, Planets, and Galaxies; Clusters of galaxies: “At a distance of several diameters from the Local Group there are other clusters of galaxies. North of Spica in Virgo, there is a region called the Realm of the Galaxies. Here, vast assemblages are found containing thousands of galaxies in one of the largest clusters known. Its distance is about 40 million light years. The number of galaxies contained may be numbered in the tens of thousands, with the greatest concentration toward the constellation Virgo; the number of Galaxies tapers off as the Local Group is reached. From all appearances, this is the local Supergalaxy, a galaxy of galaxies, instead of stars. Our galaxy, the Milky Way, is one in tens of thousands far out on the rim of a gigantic wheel of galaxies whose flat distribution indicates a rotation  about the center. The local supergalaxy is only one of many, for investigations show others in the direction of Hydra and Pavo. Clusters of galaxies extend into space in all directions many billions of light years. Thus, we can see that the universe is composed of hierarchies of increasing magnitude, in constant motion, in an unimaginably vast sea of space.”

i. Jeremiah 33:22 “…the host of heaven cannot be numbered…”

j. Psalm 147:4 “He telleth the number of the stars; he calleth them all by their names.”

3. “…and comprehended the dust of the earth in a measure…”

a. comprehended (3557 * kuwl) To keep in; hence- to measure; figuratively, to maintain.

b. comprehend (Webster) To grasp with the mind, conceive.

c. measure (7991 * 3 different words).

d. dust is a symbol of humility: Job 42:6.

e. the shaking  off of dust, a sign of contempt: Matthew 10:14; Acts 13:51.

f. We were created out of the dust of the ground: Genesis 2:7; And we will return: Genesis 3:19. Hence Job 7:21; Psalm 22:15. God’s behavior towards his children is tempered with the fact he knows we are but dust: Psalm 103:13, 14.

4. “…and weighed the mountains in scales and the hills in a balance.”

a. scales (6425 * pelec) a balance; derived from another word meaning to weigh mentally.

b. balance (3976 * mo’zen) a pair of balances, scales.

c. God mentally weighed the mountains and hills.

Saturday, January 27, 2007

Isaiah 53:4

Isaiah 53:4

Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted.

a. NLT: Yet it was our weaknesses he carried; it was our sorrows that weighed him down.
And we thought his troubles were a punishment from God, a punishment for his own sins!

b. NIV: Surely he took up our pain and bore our suffering, yet we considered him punished by God, stricken by him, and afflicted.

c. Amplified Bible: Surely He has borne our griefs (sicknesses, weaknesses, and distresses) and carried our sorrows and pains [of punishment], yet we [ignorantly] considered Him stricken, smitten, and afflicted by God [as if with leprosy].

d. Septuagint: He bears our sins, and is pained for us: yet we accounted him to be in trouble, and in suffering, and in affliction.

e. Stone Edition Torah/Writings/Prophets: But in truth, it was our ills that he bore, and our pains that he carried—but we had regarded him diseased, stricken by God, and afflicted.

1. “Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows:…”

a. surely [403 * ‘ken] [Strong: from 3559 (Compare 3651); firmly; figuratively, surely; also (advers.) but:--but, certainly, nevertheless, surely, truly, verily.]

b. borne [5375 * nasa] [Strong:  a primitive root; to lift, in a great variety of applications, literal and figurative, absol. and rel. (as follows):--accept, advance, arise, (able to, (armor), suffer to) bear(-er, up), bring (forth), burn, carry (away), cast, contain, desire, ease, exact, exalt (self), extol, fetch, forgive, furnish, further, give, go on, help, high, hold up, honorable (+ man), lade, lay, lift (self) up, lofty, marry, magnify, X needs, obtain, pardon, raise (up), receive, regard, respect, set (up), spare, stir up, + swear, take (away, up), X utterly, wear, yield.]

1). Christ the Healer, F.F. Bosworth, Revell Publishing, 1973. Chapter 2. “In the 4th verse, the word “borne” (nasa) means to lift up, to bear away, to convey, or to remove to a distance. It is a Levitical word, and is applied to the scapegoat, that bare away the sins of the people. “The goat shall bear (nasa) upon him all their iniquities unto a land not inhabited; and he shall let go the goat into the wilderness” (Leviticus 16:22. So Jesus bore my sins and sicknesses away “without the camp” to the cross. Sin and sickness have passed from me to Calvary—salvation and health have passed from Calvary to me. Again, in this 4th verse of the Redemption Chapter the Hebrew verbs for “borne” and “carried” (nasa and sabal) are both the same as are used in the 11th and 12th verses for the substitutionary bearing of sin, “He shall bear (carry) their iniquities”, and “He shall bear the sin of many””.

a). It is true because I checked it out myself the Hebrew word for “borne” in Isaiah 53:4 is the same word used in Isaiah 53:12 for “bare”. The Strong’s number in the Hebrew is 5375. [See above.]

2). Bodily Healing and the Atonement, Dr. T.J. McCrossan, Dr. Roy Hicks & Dr. Kenneth E. Hagin, pp. 11 & 12 “The Hebrew verb nasa [In Isaiah 53:4]means to bear in the sense of “suffering punishment for something”. Leviticus 5:1, “And if a soul sin…then he shall bear (nasa) his iniquity.” In Isaiah 53:12 we have the true meaning of nasa set forth: “And he (Christ) was numbered with the transgressors; and he bare (nasa) the sin of many.” Now how did Christ bear our sins? Vicariously, as our Substitute. But this is the same verb used in Isaiah 53:4, “Surely he [Christ] hath borne [nasa] our sicknesses. We all admit that this verb (nasa) in Isaiah 53:12 teaches us that Christ bore our sins vicariously; so all unprejudiced minds must admit that this very same verb (nasa) in Isaiah 53:4 teaches us that He (Christ) bore (nasa) our sicknesses vicariously…The clear teaching, therefore, is that Christ bore our sicknesses in the same way that He bore our sins. There can be no other conclusion.”

c. griefs (2483 * choliy) Malady, anxiety, calamity, disease, grief, sickness.

1). This same word is translated sickness in the following verses. 

a). Deuteronomy 7:15 And the LORD will take away from thee all sickness, and will put none of the evil diseases of Egypt, which thou knowest, upon thee; but will lay them upon all them that hate thee.

b). Deuteronomy 28:61 Also every sickness, and every plague, which is not written in the book of this law, them will the LORD bring upon thee, until thou be destroyed.

c). 1 Kings 17:17 And it came to pass after these things, that the son of the woman, the mistress of the house, fell sick; and his sickness was so sore, that there was no breath left in him.

d). 2 Chronicles 21:15 And thou shalt have great sickness by disease of thy bowels, until thy bowels fall out by reason of the sickness day by day.

2). It is also translated disease in a few examples.

a). 2 Kings 1:2 And Ahaziah fell down through a lattice in his upper chamber that was in Samaria, and was sick: and he sent messengers, and said unto them, Go, enquire of Baalzebub the god of Ekron whether I shall recover of this disease.

b). 2 Chronicles 8:8 And the king said unto Hazael, Take a present in thine hand, and go, meet the man of God, and enquire of the LORD by him, saying, Shall I recover of this disease?

d. carried [5445 * cabal] [Strong:  a primitive root; to carry (literally or figuratively), or (reflexively) be burdensome; specifically, to be gravid:--bear, be a burden, carry, strong to labour.]

1). Matthew confirms that it was referring to disease and sickness.

a). Matthew 8:16, 17 When even was come, they brought unto him many that were possessed with devils: and he cast out the spirits with his word, and healed all that were sick: That it might be fulfilled which was spoken by Esaias the prophet, saying, Himself took our infirmities, and bare our sicknesses.

2). It is also clear that in Peter’s first epistle that he was linking Jesus baring our sins and our sicknesses in his body on the cross. Physical bodily healing is just as much a part of our redemption as the forgiveness of sins.

a). 1 Peter 2:24 Who his own self bare our sins in his own body on the tree, that we, being dead to sins, should live unto righteousness: by whose stripes ye were healed.

b). It is no wonder the first of the seven redemptive names of God given in Scripture, i.e., Exodus 15:26, [“I am the LORD that healeth thee”, literally, Jehovah-Rapha, the Lord your healer], involves a tree making the bitter water sweet!

c). This clearly shows that while Jesus was on the cross he bore my sins and my sickness.

e. sorrows [4341 * mak’ob][Gesenius:  pain, sorrow pain (physical), pain (mental).] [Strong: sometimes makcowb {mak-obe'}; also (feminine Isaiah 53:3) makfobah {mak-o-baw'}; from 3510; anguish or (figuratively) affliction:--grief, pain, sorrow.]

2. “…yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted.”

a. esteem [2803 * chashab] [Strong: a primitive root; properly, to plait or interpenetrate, i.e. (literally) to weave or (gen.) to fabricate; figuratively, to plot or contrive (usually in a malicious sense); hence (from the mental effort) to think, regard, value, compute:--(make) account (of), conceive, consider, count, cunning (man, work, workman), devise, esteem, find out, forecast, hold, imagine, impute, invent, be like, mean, purpose, reckon(-ing be made), regard, think.]

b. stricken [5060 * naga’] [Strong: a primitive root; properly, to touch, i.e. lay the hand upon (for any purpose; euphem., to lie with a woman); by implication, to reach (figuratively, to arrive, acquire); violently, to strike (punish, defeat, destroy, etc.):--beat, (X be able to) bring (down), cast, come (nigh), draw near (nigh), get up, happen, join, near, plague, reach (up), smite, strike, touch.]

c. smitten [5221 * nakah] [Strong: a primitive root; to strike (lightly or severely, literally or figuratively):--beat, cast forth, clap, give (wounds), X go forward, X indeed, kill, make (slaughter), murderer, punish, slaughter, slay(-er, -ing), smite(-r, -ing), strike, be stricken, (give) stripes, X surely, wound.]

d. God [430 * ‘elohiym] [Strong: plural of 433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative:--angels, X exceeding, God (gods)(-dess, -ly), X (very) great, judges, X mighty.]

e. afflicted [6031 * ‘anah] [Strong: a primitive root (possibly rather ident. with 6030 through the idea of looking down or browbeating); to depress literally or figuratively, transitive or intransitive (in various applications, as follows):--abase self, afflict(-ion, self), answer (by mistake for 6030), chasten self, deal hardly with, defile, exercise, force, gentleness, humble (self), hurt, ravish, sing (by mistake for 6030), speak (by mistake for 6030), submit self, weaken, X in any wise.]

1). It seems that Isaiah is not only looking forward 700 years to the time of  Jesus the Messiah, it also seems at the same time, he is looking back at the crucifixion of Christ, from a time in the future in explaining the reason the Jewish people rejected him. The Scripture does say a man hung on a tree is cursed of God.

2). Deuteronomy 21:22, 23 And if a man have committed a sin worthy of death, and he be put to death, and thou hang him on a tree:
21:23 His body shall not remain all night upon the tree, but thou shalt in any wise bury him that day; (for he that is hanged is accursed of God;) that thy land be not defiled, which the LORD thy God giveth thee for an inheritance.

3). The Apostle Paul affirms this in Galatians 3:13, Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree. This truth became a stumblingblock to the Jewish people to keep them from believing that Jesus is the Messiah.

a). 1 Corinthians 1:23, “But we preach Christ crucified, unto the Jews a stumblingblock,…”

b). The Jewish thinking on this is how could someone who is cursed of God be the Messiah? Therefore they rejected him.  

4). This also was foretold by Isaiah.

a). Isaiah 8:14, 15 And he shall be for a sanctuary; but for a stone of stumbling and for a rock of offence to both the houses of Israel, for a gin and for a snare to the inhabitants of Jerusalem.
And many among them shall stumble, and fall, and be broken, and be snared, and be taken.
  
5). This fascinating passage is foretelling of Israel’s rejection of the Messiah, but it does not stop there, it goes on to speak of the blindness upon Israel during this dispensation.

a). Isaiah 8:16-18 Bind up the testimony, seal the law among my disciples.
8:17 I will wait upon the LORD, that hideth his face from the house of Jacob, and I will look for him.
8:18 Behold, I and the children whom the LORD hath given me are for signs and for wonders in Israel from the LORD of hosts, which dwelleth in mount Zion.  

a). I have placed words in italics that the inspired writer of Hebrews 2:13 declares are the words of the pre-incarnate Christ!

6). Within the prophetic passage foretelling of the Messiah being a stumbling block to Israel, causing them to reject the Messiah is a hint to our present dispensation of grace.

a). Hebrews 2:10-13 For it became him, for whom are all things, and by whom are all things, in bringing many sons unto glory, to make the captain of their salvation perfect through sufferings.
2:11 For both he that sanctifieth and they who are sanctified are all of one: for which cause he is not ashamed to call them brethren,
2:12 Saying, I will declare thy name unto my brethren, in the midst of the church will I sing praise unto thee.
2:13 And again, I will put my trust in him. And again, Behold I and the children which God hath given me.

7). Many individual Jews have accepted Christ Jesus over the last 20 centuries, but the nation as a whole is still in unbelief because of this stumbling block. After Christ returns the stumbling block will be commanded to be removed.

a). Isaiah 57:13-18 When thou criest, let thy companies deliver thee; but the wind shall carry them all away; vanity shall take them: but he that putteth his trust in me shall possess the land, and shall inherit my holy mountain;
57:14 And shall say, Cast ye up, cast ye up, prepare the way, take up the stumblingblock out of the way of my people.
57:15 For thus saith the high and lofty One that inhabiteth eternity, whose name is Holy; I dwell in the high and holy place, with him also that is of a contrite and humble spirit, to revive the spirit of the humble, and to revive the heart of the contrite ones.
57:16 For I will not contend for ever, neither will I be always wroth: for the spirit should fail before me, and the souls which I have made.
57:17 For the iniquity of his covetousness was I wroth, and smote him: I hid me, and was wroth, and he went on frowardly in the way of his heart.
57:18 I have seen his ways, and will heal him: I will lead him also, and restore comforts unto him and to his mourners.

Man's Three Dimensions

Man’s Three Dimensions

1. Man is a three fold being.

a. 1 Thessalonians 5:23 “And the very God of peace sanctify you wholly; and I pray God your whole spirit and soul and body be preserved blameless unto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ.”

2. The soul and spirit are not the same because they can be divided:

a. Hebrews 4:12 “For the word of God is quick and powerful, and sharper than any twoegded sword, piercing even to the dividing of soul and spirit,…”

3. The heart is the spirit of man: this is a general rule in Scripture, it is not absolute.

a. Romans 2:29 “…circumcision is that of the heart, in the spirit…”

4. Paul used the terms “I” and “my spirit” interchangeably:

a. 1 Corinthians 14:14 “For if I pray in an unknown tongue, my spirit prayeth, but my understanding is unfruitful.”

b. The spirit is the real me.

5. Man’s Three Dimensions.

a. Spirit: The part of man which deals with the spiritual, the part of man that knows God.

b. Soul: The dimension of man which deals in the mental, man’s intellect, the will and personality, the part that reasons and thinks.

c. Body: The part of man that deals with the physical realm, the house we live in.

The Spirit

1. God is a Spirit.

a. John 4:24 “God is a Spirit: and they that worship him must worship him in spirit and truth.

2. Man is a spirit, because we were created in God’s image.

a. Genesis 1:26 “And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness:…”

b. Genesis 1:27 “So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him;…”

3. The Bible says when we are born again we become new creations, our spirits are recreated.

a. 2 Corinthians 5:17 Amplified Bible. “Therefore if any person in [ingrafted] in Christ (the Messiah) he is a new creation (a new creature altogether); the old [previous moral and spiritual condition] has passed away. Behold, the fresh and new has come!” 2 Corinthians 5:17, Amplified Bible.

4. When we become born again our spirit is recreated by the Holy Ghost.

a. Titus 3:5 “Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost.”

1). regeneration (3824 * palinggenesia; palin-again; genesis-generation) Again birth; born again: John 3:3, 7.

5. The inner man, the real me is my spirit.

a. Ephesians 3:16 “That he would grant you, according to the righes of his glory, to be strengthened with might by his Spirit in the inner man;”

b. 2 Corinthians 4:16 “For which cause we faint not; but though our outward man perish, yet the inward man is renewed day by day.”

The Soul

1. The mind is the door to our spirits.

a. 2 Corinthians 4:3, 4 “But if our gospel be hid, it is hid to them that are lost: In whom the god of this world hath blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine unto them.”

2. James wrote in his epistle that the word of God can save our soul.

a. James 1:21 “Wherefore lay apart all filthiness and superfluity of naughtiness, and receive with meekness the engrafted word, which is able to save your souls.”

1). James was not referring to our salvation at the born again experience, because our salvation is by grace through faith, it is not of works, Ephesians 2:8, 9.

b. James was referring to what Paul meant when he wrote of “the renewing of your mind”.

1). Romans 12:2 “And be not conformed to this world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind,…”

2). The “renewing of your mind” or “to save your soul” is only accomplished by doing the word, by being obedient to what it says to do.

4. We are required to discipline our thought life, to bring our thoughts into harmony or agreement with what God’s word says.

a. 2 Corinthians 10:4, 5 “(For the weapons of our warfare are not carnal, but mighty through God to the pulling down of strongholds;) Casting down imaginations, and every high thing that exalteth itself against the knowledge of God, and bringing into captivity every thought to the obedience of Christ;”

3. The most important aspect of a man’s soul is his free will.

a. Matthew 16:24-26 “Then said Jesus unto his disciples, If any man will come after me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross, and follow me. For whosoever will save his life shall lose it: and whosoever will lose his life for my sake shall find it. For what is a man profited, if he shall gain the whole world, and lose his own soul? or what shall a man give in exchange for his soul?”

1). To deny myself in order to follow Christ, or to not deny myself in order to save my life is a product of my free will. It is the only part of my soul that I can lose.

2). In Luke 16:23-31 the rich man that was cast into hell, still had all his mental abilities, including his memory. What he lost forever was his ability to choose. He no longer had a free will.

The Body

1. Our body is the house we live in, our earth suit.

a. 2 Corinthians 5:1 “For we know that if our earthly house of this tabernacle were dissolved, we have a building of God, an house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens.”

2. We have the responsibility with the help of God, to bring our bodies into subjection to the word of God.

a. 1 Corinthians 9:27 “But I keep under my body, and bring it into subjection: lest that by any means, when I have preached to others, I myself should be a castaway.”

b. Romans 12:1 “I beseech you therefore brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is your reasonable service.”

Steps To Development

1. Meditate God’s word.

a. Joshua 1:8 “This book of the law shall not depart out of thy mouth; but thou shalt meditate therein day and night, that thou mayest observe to do according to all that is written therein: for then thou shalt make thy way prosperous, and then thou shalt have good success.”

2. Be doers of the word.

a. James 1:22-25 “But be ye doers of the word, and not hearers only, deceiving your own selves. For if any be a hearer of the word, and not a doer, he is like unto a man, beholding his natural face in a glass: For he beholdest himself, and goeth his way, and straightway forgetteth what manner of man he was. But whoso looketh into the perfect law of liberty, and continueth therein, he being not a forgetful hearer, but a doer of the work, this man shall be blessed in his deed.”

After The Mourning

After the mourning

1. There are a number of Scriptures that I believe fit right here chronologically, that is, after the mourning period and the comforting process is. The first is Psalm 30:11, 12

a. Psalm 30:11, 12 “Thou hast turned for me my mourning into dancing: thou hast put off my sackcloth, and girded me  with gladness; To the end that my glory may sing praise to thee, and not be silent. O LORD my God, I will give thanks unto thee for ever.

2. Another is Isaiah 12:1-6.

a. Isaiah 12:1-6 “And in that day thou shalt say, O LORD, I will praise thee: though thou wast angry with me, thine anger is turned away, and thou comfortedst me. Behold, God is my salvation;I will trust, and not be afraid: for the LORD JEHOVAH is my strength and my song; he also is become my salvation, Therefore with joy shall ye say, Praise the LORD, call upon his name, declare his doings among the people, make mention that his name is exalteld. Sing unto the LORD; for he hath done excellent things; this is known in all the earth. Cry out and shout, thou inhabitant of Zion: for great is the Holy One of Israel in the midst of thee.

1). The phrase “the Holy One of Israel in the midst of thee,” is not an abstract truth in the sense of God being in the Temple in the midst of Israel. No, Jesus will be there bodily.

3. Compare also Zephaniah.

a. Zephaniah 3:14-17 “Sing, O daughter of Zion; shout, O Israel; be glad and rejoice with all the heart, O daughter of Jerusalem. The LORD hath taken away thy judgments, he hath cast out thine enemy: the king of Israel, even the LORD, is in the midst of thee: thou shalt not see evil any more. In that day is shall be said to Jerusalem, Fear thou not: and to Zion, Let not thine hands be slack. The LORD thy God in the midst of thee is mighty; he will save, he will rejoice over thee with joy; he will rest in his love, he will joy over thee with singing.

1). rejoice (7797 * suws) Greatly joy, be glad; Gesenius: To leap, to spring, rejoice.

2). joy (1523 * guwl) To spin around (under the influence of any violent emotion. Gesenius: to dance, to leap for joy.

3). I believe the world is going to see Jesus dance wildly after his reunion with his people. In fact, I believe it will
be “with all his might.”

4. Other passages that fit here chronologically, are Isaiah 61:7-11; and Jeremiah 33:9-14.

Zechariah 12:14


Zechariah 12:14

All the families that remain, every family apart, and their wives apart.

a. NLT: Each of the surviving clans from Judah will mourn separately, and with the husbands separate from their wives.

b. NIV: And all the rest of the clans and their wives.

c. YLT: All the families that are left, Every family apart, and their women apart!

d. Amplified Bible Classic: All the families that are left, each by itself, and their wives by themselves [each with an overwhelming individual sorrow over having blindly rejected their unrecognized Messiah].

e. Septuagint: all the families that are left, each family by itself, and their wives by themselves.

f. Stone Edition Torah/Prophets/Writings: And all the families that remain, each of the families by itself and their wives by themselves.

1. “All the families that remain,…”

a. All the families [Strong: 4940 mishpachah mish-paw-khaw' from 8192 (Compare 8198); a family, i.e. circle of relatives; figuratively, a class (of persons), a species (of animals) or sort (of things); by extens. a tribe or people:--family, kind(-red).]

b. that remain [Strong: 7604 sha'ar shaw-ar' a primitive root; properly, to swell up, i.e. be (causatively, make) redundant:--leave, (be) left, let, remain, remnant, reserve, the rest.]

1). What this phrase is referring to is, as already mentioned in Zechariah 12:9, two thirds of Jewish people will be slaughtered immediately before Jesus returns. Again the Scripture that attest to this is Zechariah 13:8, 9; Also, the passages that speak of “a remnant” i.e., Romans 9:27, 28 and Isaiah 10:20-23; or “he that is left in Zion”, Isaiah 4:3; and here in Zechariah 12:14, “All the families that remain”, are all indirectly mentioning those who have survived this second and worse holocaust.

2. “…every family apart, and their wives apart.”

a. every [Strong: 4940 mishpachah mish-paw-khaw' from 8192 (Compare 8198); a family, i.e. circle of relatives; figuratively, a class (of persons), a species (of animals) or sort (of things); by extens. a tribe or people:--family, kind(-red).]

b. family [Strong: 4940 mishpachah mish-paw-khaw' from 8192 (Compare 8198); a family, i.e. circle of relatives; figuratively, a class (of persons), a species (of animals) or sort (of things); by extens. a tribe or people:--family, kind(-red).]

c. and their wives [Strong: 802 'ishshah ish-shaw' feminine of 376 or 582; irregular plural, nashiym {naw-sheem'}; a woman (used in the same wide sense as 582):--(adulter)ess, each, every, female, X many, + none, one, + together, wife, woman. Often unexpressed in English.]

d. apart  [Strong: 905 bad bad from 909; properly, separation; by implication, a part of the body, branch of a tree, bar for carrying; figuratively, chief of a city; especially (with prepositional prefix) as an adverb, apart, only, besides:--alone, apart, bar, besides, branch, by self, of each alike, except, only, part, staff, strength.]

1). As the Scriptures show, the mourning of Israel will be perhaps the deepest of any nation in human history. How long this mourning period will last is not stated, but surely it will last longer than the period of mourning for the patriarchs. Just as toward the end of the passage in Luke 4:16-21, Jesus said, “This day is this scripture fulfilled in your ears”, the fulfillment of this passage from Isaiah 61:2-3 will be the healing of the mourning of Zechariah 12:10-14. The healing for this unprecedented mourning is spoken of in Isaiah 61:1-3, which is of course Messianic, i.e., referring to Christ Jesus. The first half deals with his first coming and the second half deals with his second coming. When Jesus began his ministry after he was filled with the Holy Ghost, he went to the synagogue in Nazareth. When he read out of the Scriptures that day he read Isaiah 61:1 almost all of 2, but he stopped right in the middle of the sentence in the second verse. Where Jesus ended his reading was in the middle of the sentence. The passage from Isaiah 61:1-3 goes on.

2). The phrase “…and the day of vengeance of our God;” is referring to the second coming, in particular the battle of Armageddon looked at above in Zechariah 12:9. The rest though, is the focus of our study of Israel’s mourning, at the revelation of Jesus as their Messiah.

a). Isaiah 61:2b-3a “…to comfort all that mourn; to appoint unto them that mourn in Zion, to give them beauty for ashes, the oil of joy for mourning, the garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness; …”

b). “…to comfort all that mourn…” Isaiah 61:2

3). Chronologically this is immediately after the second coming of Christ, and immediately before the Millennial reign of Christ. Israel will enter an eternal union with her God, never to be separated again. When Jesus quoted this passage in Luke 4 he said that the Spirit of the Lord anointed Jesus “to comfort all that mourn.” Jesus was anointed of the Father to comfort his people.

a). Isaiah 40:1, 2 Comfort ye, comfort ye my people, saith your God.
40:2 Speak ye comfortably to Jerusalem, and cry unto her, that her warfare is accomplished, that her iniquity is pardoned: for she hath received of the LORD’S hand double for her sins.

4). Not only will the people be comforted, but the land as well.

a).  Isaiah 51:3 “For the LORD shall comfort Zion: he will comfort all her waste places; and he will make her wilderness like Eden, and her desert like the garden of the LORD; joy and gladness shall be found therein, thanksgiving, and the voice of melody.”

b). Jesus is going to minister personally to his people probably while they are apart from each other. He is going to give them beauty, the oil of joy, and the garment of praise, in exchange for ashes, mourning, and the spirit of heaviness.

5). The Old Testament is filled with types and foreshadows of the New Covenant. In that sense I believe we can see a picture of this healing and reunion in Genesis with the story of Joseph and his brothers. In the book of Acts 7:13 it says, “And at the second time Joseph was made know to his brothers; and Joseph’s kindred was made known unto Pharaoh.” Just as Joseph was made know to his brothers on the second visit, Jesus will be made know to the nation of Israel after his second coming. In the account of Genesis is a very touching reunion that I believe is a picture of the reunion of Jesus and his people.

a). Genesis 45:1-4, 14, 15 Then Joseph could not refrain himself before all them that stood by him; and he cried, Cause every man to go out from me. And there stood no man with him, while Joseph made himself known unto his brethren.
45:2 And he wept aloud: and the Egyptians and the house of Pharaoh heard.
45:3 And Joseph said unto his brethren, I am Joseph; doth my father yet live? And his brethren could not answer him; for they were troubled at his presence.
45:4 And Joseph said unto his brethren, Come near to me, I pray you. And they came near. And he said, I am Joseph your brother, whom ye sold into Egypt.

45:14 And he fell upon his brother Benjamin’s neck, and wept; and Benjamin wept upon his neck.
45:15 Moreover he kissed all his brethren, and wept upon them: after that his brethren talked with him.