Friday, February 23, 2007

Jude 8

Jude 8

Likewise also these filthy dreamers defile the flesh, despise dominion, and speak evil of dignities.

a. [RSV] Yet in like manner these men in their dreamings defile the flesh, reject authority, and revile the glorious ones.

b. [NASB] Yet in the same way these men, also by dreaming, defile the flesh, and reject authority, and revile *angelic majesties.

c. [NIV] In the very same way, these dreamers pollute their own bodies, reject authority and slander celestial beings.

1. “Likewise also these filthy dreamers defile the flesh,…”

a. The word “filthy” is not in the Greek text, it was added by the KJV translators.

b. dreamers [1797 * enupniazo] [Zodhiates: spoken of visions in dreams.]

c. defile [3392 * miano] [Zodhiates: To stain with color as the staining of glass, to tinge, pollute, defile.]

d. The term, “likewise” in verse 8, “even as” in verse 7, and the account in verse 6 link all these verses together that all tell of sexual uncleanness in one from or another. Angels had sexual intercourse with human women, men had unnatural sex with men, and apparently these are homosexual preachers.

1). [Adam Clark’s Comentary] “He means to say that these false teachers and their followers were as unbelieving and disobedient as the Israelites in the wilderness, as rebellious against the authority of God as the fallen angels, and as impure and unholy as the Sodomites; and that consequently they must expect similar punishment.”

2). [Albert Barnes’ NT Commentary] “In the same way do these persons defile the flesh, or resemble the inhabitants of Sodom; that is, they practise the same kind of vices. What the apostle says is, that their character resembled that of the inhabitants of Sodom; the example which he adduces of the punishment which was brought on those sinners, leaves it to be clearly inferred that the persons of whom he was speaking would be punished in a similar manner.  These filthy dreamers. The word filthy has been supplied by our translators, but there is no good reason why it should have been introduced. The Greek word (enupniazw) means to dream; and is applied to these persons as holding doctrines and opinions which sustained the same relation to truth which dreams do to good sense. Their doctrines were the fruits of mere imagination, foolish vagaries and fancies. The word occurs nowhere else in the New Testament, except in Ac 2:17, where it is applied to visions in dreams.”

e. 2 Peter 2:10 “But chiefly them that walk after the flesh in the lust of uncleanness…”

2. “…despise dominion, and speak evil of dignities.”

a. 2 Peter 2:10 ‘…despise government. Presumptuous are they, selfwilled, they are not afraid to speak evil of dignities.”

1). self-willed [829 * authades; auto-self; hedomai-to please]

b. despise [114 * atheteo] [Zodhiates: To displace, to abrogate, abolish, get rid of.

c. dominion [2963 * kuriotes] [Zodhiates: Dominion, civil power, or authority.
d. speak [987 * blasphemo] rail or rail.

e. Vines say’s these “dignities” are angelic powers. For some unknown reason these ungodly ministers speak against angelic powers. There is a chance they could be speaking against the angels preaching the gospel in Revelation 14:6-11.

1). Revelation 14:6-11 “And I saw another angel fly in the midst of heaven, having the everlasting gospel to preach unto them that dwell on the earth, and to every nation, and kindred, and tongue, and people,
Saying with a loud voice, Fear God, and give glory to him; for the hour of his judgment is come: and worship him that made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of waters.
And there followed another angel, saying, Babylon is fallen, is fallen, that great city, because she made all nations drink of the wine of the wrath of her fornication.
And the third angel followed them, saying with a loud voice, If any man worship the beast and his image, and receive his mark in his forehead, or in his hand,
The same shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out without mixture into the cup of his indignation; and he shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels, and in the presence of the Lamb:
And the smoke of their torment ascendeth up for ever and ever: and they have no rest day nor night, who worship the beast and his image, and whosoever receiveth the mark of his name.”

f. [Matthew Poole’s Commentary] “…either spiritual governors, or rather, civil, called dignities, because of the honourable titles given them, and gifts bestowed on them.”

Jude 7

Jude 7

Even as Sodom and Gomorrah, and the cities about them in like manner, giving them over to fornication, and going after strange flesh, are set forth for an example, suffering the vengeance of eternal fire.

1. “Even as Sodom and Gomorrah, and the cities about them,…”

a. There were four cities destroyed:

1). Deuteronomy 29:23 “And that the whole land thereof is brimstone, and salt, and burning, that it is not sown, nor beareth, nor any grass growth therein, like the overthrow of Sodom and Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboim, which the LORD overthrew in his anger, and in his wrath:

b. The words “Even as” in this verse link the fornication of the angels with the fornication of Sodom and the other cities of the plain.

2. “…in like manner, giving themselves over to fornication, and going after strange flesh,…”

a. giving themselves over to fornication [1608 * ekporneuo; ek-out or from; porneuo-to commit fornication] [Zodhiates].

b. strange [2087 * heteros] [Zodhiates, Other but different, another.]

c. There is irony in the use here in this verse of “heteros to describe homosexual behavior. Normally heterosexual is the word used to describe a normal male or female who are normally drawn towards the opposite sex. Here though, the word heteros is used to describe a homosexual, one who is pervertedly drawn towards a person of the same sex.

d. Genesis 19:1-13 “And there came two angels to Sodom at even; and Lot sat in the gate of Sodom: and Lot seeing them rose up to meet them; and he bowed himself with his face toward the ground; And he said, Behold now, my lords, turn in, I pray you, into your servant’s house, and tarry all night, and was your feet, and ye shall rise early, and go on your ways. And they said, Nay; but we will abide in the street all night. And he pressed upon them greatly; and they turned in unto him, and entered into his house; and he made them a feast, and did bake unleavened bread, and they did eat. But before they lay down, the men of the city, even the men of Sodom, compassed the house round, both old and young, all the people from every quarter: And they called unto Lot, and said unto him, Where are the men which came in to thee this night? Bring them out unto us, that we may know them. And Lot went out at the door unto them, and shut the door after him, And said, I pray you, brethren, do not so wickedly. Behold now, I have two daughters which have not known man; let me, I pray you, bring them out unto you, and do ye to them as is good in your eyes: only unto these men do nothing; for therefore came they under the shadow of my roof, And they said, Stand back, and they said again, This one fellow came in to sojourn, and he will needs: now will we deal worse with thee, than with them. And they pressed sore upon the man, even Lot, and came near to break the door. But the men put forth their hand, and pulled Lot into the house to them, and shut the door. And they smote the men that were at the door of the house with blindness, both small and great: so that they wearied themselves to find the door. And the men said unto Lot, Hast thou here any besides? Son in law, and thy sons, and thy daughters, and what soever thou hast in this city, bring them out of this place: For we will destroy this place, because the cry of them is waxen great before the face of the LORD; and the LORD hath sent us to destroy it.”

e. Genesis 19:24, 25 “Then the LORD rained upon Sodom and Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the LORD out of heaven; and he overthrew those cities, all the plain, and all the inhabitants of the cities, and that which grew upon the ground.”

1). The Hebrew word for “know” in Gesenius’s Hebrew-Chaldean Lexicon[i], it is listed as a “euphemism for sexual intercourse”.  It is used this way in Genesis 4:1, “And Adam knew Eve his wife; and she conceived, and bare Cain,” Likewise in Genesis 4:17, “And Cain knew his wife; and she conceived, and bare Enoch…”  Gesenius writes, “…verbs of knowing are frequently employed for this euphemism in other languages.”  He then lists examples in Syrian, Arabic, Ethiopian, Greek, Latin, Italian, and French.[ii]

f. going [565 * aperchomai; apo-from; erchomai-to come or go] [Zodhiates: To go after someone, to follow as companions or disciples.]

g. after [3694 * opiso] [Zodhiates: a looking back…Of place, behind…With verbs implying motion as after someone, meaning a following as a disciple or otherwise…]

h. The definitions in the phrase “going after” reveal the religious element to the homosexuality of Sodom. There was a religious element to the homosexuality of Sodom just as there was a religious element to the homosexuality of ancient Judah and just as there is to 21st century America.
In Deuteronomy 23:17, 18 God warned Israel. “There shall be no whore of the daughters of Israel, nor a sodomite of the sons of Israel. Thou shalt not bring the hire of a whore, or the price of a dog, into the house of the LORD thy God for any vow: for even both these are abomination unto the LORD thy God.” Unger’s Bible Dictionary says of the term “sodomite” “They were not inhabitants of Sodom or their descendants; but men consecrated to the unnatural vice of Sodom as a religious rite.”[iii] But this is not the only scriptural evidence of a religious element to homosexuality in ancient Israel. In fact the same Hebrew word for sodomite used in Deuteronomy 23 is used in at least two more occasions. One is 1 Kings 14:24: “And there were also sodomites in the land: and they did according to all the abominations of the nations which the LORD cast out before the children of Israel.” The time this was occurring was about 930 B.C., during the beginning of Rehoboam’s reign as King of Judah. This verse gives us a couple facts, these homosexuals were not only in the land of Israel but they also engaged in every behavior the Canaanites engaged in previous to the LORD kicking them out, which implies a religious element to Canaanite homosexuality. About 300 years later Josiah became King of Judah. Josiah was no doubt the greatest King of Judah. During his reign he implemented godly reforms, one of which was he destroyed the places where homosexuals engaged in their behavior. 2 Kings 23:7 says, “And he brake down the houses of the sodomites, that were by the house of the LORD, where the women wove hangings for the grove.” 300 years previous they were just “in the land”, now they “were by the house of the LORD”. In fact the New American Standard Version says of this verse, they “were IN the house of the LORD”. These “houses” according to Gesenius Hebrew Lexicon were nothing more than “a moveable house, a tent”.[iv] If they were in the temple or next to the temple is open to debate, but a couple facts remain, there was a religious element to ancient Israel’s homosexuality, and in the 300 years between Rehoboam and Josiah, Judah’s spiritual culture had degenerated to the degree they allowed homosexuality to infiltrate the temple worship. Just as it was a gradual change in Judah’s spiritual culture, and ours, I believe it was a gradual change in Sodom’s culture as well.

3. “…are set forth for an example suffering the vengeance of eternal fire.”

a. Before its destruction the area around Sodom was compared to the garden of the LORD: Genesis 13:10, presumably Eden.

b. The area was very prosperous: Luke 17:28, 29

c. They had plenty of food: Ezekiel 16:49.

d. Now the description is “…the whole land thereof is brimstone, and salt, and burning, that it is not sown, nor beareth, nor any grass growth therein,…” Deuteronomy 29:23.

e. 2 Peter 2:6 “And turning the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah into ashes condemned them with an overthrow, making them an example unto those that after should live ungodly;”

f. The inhabitants of those cities seemingly will suffer for eternity from the same degree of flame that they died from.

g. According to Josephus [IV:4], the ruins were still visible in New Testament times.

h. Obviously the example set forth is not being heeded in our day, in fact the Biblical example is mocked.

Jude 5

Jude 5

I will therefore put you in remembrance, though ye once knew this, how that the Lord, having saved the people out of Egypt, afterward destroyed them that believed not.

1. “I will therefore put you in remembrance, though ye once knew this,…”

a. put…in remembrance (Zodhiates) (5279 * hupomimnesko) To remember, perhaps after hints or suggestions, to put in mind of, bring to remembrance.

b. 2 Peter 3:1, 2 “This second epistle, beloved, I now write unto you; in both which I stir up your pure minds by way a remembrance: That ye may be mindful of the words which were spoken before by the holy prophets, and of the commandment of us the apostles of the Lord and Saviour:”

c. Verses 5 on to the end of the epistle is written in light of what he said in verses 3 & 4. As Jude gives the examples of apostasy and rebellion of the past, he is also showing us that the same deceptions and evil practices are characteristic in those fallings away of his day and of the day immediately preceding the second coming of Christ.

2. “…how that the Lord, having saved the people out of the land of Egypt, afterward destroyed them that believed not.

a. This is a reference to what happened to Israel when they sent out the 12 spies to spy out the land of Canaan. It is one of the saddest days in their history because they ended up wandering in the desert for forty years because of their sin. Their sin was they “believed not”.

b. believed (Bullinger) (4100 * pisteuo) Be persuaded, to rely upon, N.T. faith: 1. Fully convinced acknowledgement; 2. Self-surrendering fellowship; 3. a fully assured and unswerving confidence. (E.W.Vine) The main elements in faith: 1. A firm conviction, producing a full acknowledgement of God’s revelation, or truth. [His word]. 2. A personal surrender to him. 3. A conduct inspired by such surrender. All this stands in contrast to belief in its purely natural exercise, which consists of an opinion held…without necessary reference to its proof.

c. People who believe in God but are not Christians, are believing in a purely natural exercise. The faith that these people have is not Biblical faith. True Biblical faith will have the three elements mentioned above. Even the devil believes in God, but his belief is not saving faith.

1). James 2:19 “Thou believest that there is one God; thou doest well: the devils also believe and tremble.”

c. The sin that Israel was guilty of was not that they didn’t believe in God for He was manifesting himself right in front of them in a pillar of fire by night and a pillar of cloud by day.

d. Numbers 13:1, 2 “And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, Send thou men, that they may search THE LAND OF CANAAN, WHICH I GIVE UNTO THE CHILDREN OF ISRAEL; of every tribe of their fathers shall ye send a man, everyone a ruler among them.”

1). Here it says in very plain language that God said he was giving the land of Canaan to them.

2). In Deuteronomy 1:22, 23 we see that the original idea to send out spies was not God’s;  the people came to Moses with the idea and apparently he went to the LORD about it and he said do it. All the men though had to be a leader among the people.

e. Numbers 13:17-14:11 “And Moses sent them to spy out the land of Canaan, and said unto them, Get you up this way southward, and go up into the mountain:
13:18 And see the land, what it is; and the people that dwelleth therein, whether they be strong or weak, few or many;
13:19 And what the land is that they dwell in, whether it be good or bad; and what cities they be that they dwell in, whether in tents, or in strong holds;
13:20 And what the land is, whether it be fat or lean, whether there be wood therein, or not. And be ye of good courage, and bring of the fruit of the land. Now the time was the time of the firstripe grapes.
13:21 So they went up, and searched the land from the wilderness of Zin unto Rehob, as men come to Hamath.
13:22 And they ascended by the south, and came unto Hebron; where Ahiman, Sheshai, and Talmai, the children of Anak, were. (Now Hebron was built seven years before Zoan in Egypt.)
13:23 And they came unto the brook of Eshcol, and cut down from thence a branch with one cluster of grapes, and they bare it between two upon a staff; and they brought of the pomegranates, and of the figs.
13:24 The place was called the brook Eshcol, because of the cluster of grapes which the children of Israel cut down from thence.
13:25 And they returned from searching the land after forty days.
13:26 And they went and came to Moses, and to Aaron, and to all the congregation of the children of Israel, unto the wilderness of Paran, to Kadesh; and brought back word unto them, and unto all the congregation, and shewed them the fruit of the land.
 13:27 And they told him, and said, We came unto the land whither thou sendest us, and surely it floweth with milk and honey; and this is the fruit of it.
13:28 Nevertheless the people be strong that dwell in the land, and the cities are walled, and very great: moreover we saw the children of Anak there.
13:29 The Amalekites dwell in the land of the south: and the Hittites, and the Jebusites, and the Amorites, dwell in the mountains: and the Canaanites dwell by the sea, and by the coast of Jordan.
13:30 And Caleb stilled the people before Moses, and said, Let us go up at once, and possess it; for we are well able to overcome it.
13:31 But the men that went up with him said, We be not able to go up against the people; for they are stronger than we.
13:32 And they brought up an evil report of the land which they had searched unto the children of Israel, saying, The land, through which we have gone to search it, is a land that eateth up the inhabitants thereof; and all the people that we saw in it are men of a great stature.
13:33 And there we saw the giants, the sons of Anak, which come of the giants: and we were in our own sight as grasshopper, and so we were in their sight.

14:1 And all the congregation lifted up their voice, and cried; and the people wept that night.
14:2 And all the children of Israel murmured against Moses and against Aaron: and the whole congregation said unto them, Would God that we had died in the land of Egypt! Or would God we had died in this wilderness!
14:3 And wherefore hath the LORD brought us unto this land, to fall by the sword, that our wives and our children should be a prey? Were it not better for us to return unto Egypt?
14:4 And they said one to another, Let us make a captain, and let us return into Egypt.
14:5 Then Moses and Aaron fell on their faces before all the assembly of the congregation of the children of Israel.
14:6 And Joshua the son of Nun, and Caleb the son of Jephunneh, which were of them that searched the land, rent their clothes:
14:7 And they spake unto all the company of the children of Israel, saying, The land, which we passed through to search it, is an exceeding good land.
14:8 If the LORD delight in us, then he will bring us into this land, and give it us; a land which floweth with milk and honey.
14:9 Only rebel not ye against the LORD, neither fear ye the people of the land; for they are bread for us: their defence is departed from them, and the LORD is with us: fear them not.
14:10 But all the congregation bade stone them with stones. And the glory of the LORD appeared in the tabernacle of the congregation before all the children of Israel.
14:11 And the LORD said unto Moses, How long will this people provoke me? and how long will it be ere they believe me, for all the signs which I have shewed among them?

1). Numbers 13:32 says that 10 of the 12 spies brought an “evil report” of the land. They were basically calling God a liar. The LORD said that He had given them the land, but the spies said they could not win the wars necessary to conquer the land.

2). 1 John 5:10 “…he that believeth not God hat made him a liar; because he believeth not the record that God gave…”

3). They believed IN God, but they did not BELIEVE WHAT HE SAID.

4). Hebrews 3:18 “And to whom sware he that they should not enter into his rest, but to them that believed not.

* believed not (Zodhiates) (544* apeitheo) Not to allow oneself to be persuaded or believe, to disbelieve, be disobedient.

* They refused to be persuaded.

f. They would not be persuaded by Joshua and Caleb and not by Moses.

1). Deuteronomy 1:29-33 “Then I said unto you, Dread not, neither be afraid of them. The LORD your God which goeth before you, he shall fight for you, according to all tha he did for you in Egypt before your eyes; And in the wilderness, where thou hast seen how that the LORD thy God bare thee, as a man doth bear his son, in all the way that ye went, until ye came into this place. Yet in this thing ye did not believe the LORD your God. Who went in the way before you, to search you out a place to pitch your tents in, in fire by night, to shew you by what way ye should go, and in a cloud by day.”

g. Because they refused to believe what he promised them, God was so angry he was willing to kill everyone of them except Moses [and of course Joshua, Caleb and Aaron], approximately 3 million people, Numbers 14:12.

h. In Numbers 14:13-19 Moses intercedes for them and God in his mercy forgives them.

i. As a punishment for their refusing to believe God, the whole nation had to wander in the wilderness for forty years, until the generation that refused to believe were all dead. The 10 men who caused it all for bringing an evil report, were struck dead right then.

1). Numbers 14:36-38 “And the men, which Moses sent to search the land, who returned, and made all the congregation to murmur against him, by bringing up a slander upon the sand, Even those men, that did bring up the evil report upon the land, died by the plague before the LORD. But Joshua the son of Nun, and Caleb the son of Jephunneh, which were of the men that went to search the land, lived still.”

Thursday, February 22, 2007

Jude 6

Jude 6

And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day.

1. “And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation,…”

a. There are two classes of fallen angels.

1). Some are loose: Revelation 12:7-9 “And there was war in heaven: Michael and his angels fought against the dragon; and the dragon fought and his angels, And prevailed not; neither was their place found in heaven anymore in heaven. And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world: he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him.” 

2). Some are bound: 2 Peter 2:4 “For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to hell, and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment;”

b. God is no respecter of persons, if they all fell, why are some in hell and some still loosed?

1). kept (Jude 6) (Zodhiates) (tereo * 5083) To keep an eye on, watch, and hence to guard, keep, obey…

2). first estate [Zodhiates][746 * arche] (In Jude 6, “angels who did not keep their own eminence” [a.t.] or original status). [Ben Adam, Origin of Heathendom: “The Ephesisan context is clear as to these ‘principalities’ being companies of angels occupying positions of great  power and authority among the world rulers in the heavenly places; and we learn from Jude 6 that a portion of them failed to keep their position…in the heavenlies.]

3). habitation  [3613 * oiketerion] [Zodhiates, A dwelling, habitation, abode, e.g., of angels, who supposedly relinquished heaven out of love for the daughters of men (Jude 6; see Genesis 6:2). [Ben Adam, Oigin of Heathendom, “…on the generally accepted principle of interpretation of explaining the unknown by the known, we can explain the word in Jude by the meaning that it undoubtedly bears in Corinthians. Thus we learn that these angels not only left their heavenly home, but they left their spiritual bodies also…in other words they exercised that peculiar power that according to Scripture seems to inhere angel nature---the power to materialize at will, in order that they might correspond with their earthly environment and at the same time be physically capable of intercourse with the daughters of men.” [Ruckman: Psalm 82 refers to the physical death of the angels at the flood. Some how and in some way, they gave up their spiritual bodies???]

c. The additional sin that some fallen angels committed was having sex with human women, and giants were the result.

1). Genesis 6:1-4 “And it came to pass, when men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born unto them. That the sons of God saw the daughters of men that they were fair; and they took them wives of all which they chose. And the LORD said, My spirit shall not always strive with man, for that his also is flesh: yet his days shall be an hundred and twenty years. There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown.”

2). In Deuteronomy 3:11, Og, king of Bashan’s bed was “…nine cubits was the length thereof, and four cubits the breadth of it, after the cubit of a man.” [Unger’s Bible Dictionary: cubit=18 inches.] Hence, his bed was 13 1/2 feet long and 6 feet wide. In 1 Samuel 17:4 Goliath was 9 feet and 9 inches tall.

3). Only the angels that are bound [2 Peter 2:4], committed the additional sin of sex with human women. Originally there was only one group of fallen angels that followed Satan in his rebellion, but part of that same group committed the additional sin of sexual relations with women and for that additional sin they were bound

2. “…he hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day.”

a. 2 Peter 2:4 “…but cast them down to hell, and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment.”

1). 1 Corinthians 6:3 “Know ye not that we shall judge angels?”

Friday, February 16, 2007

Jude 4

Jude 4

For there are certain men crept in unawares, who were before of old ordained to this condemnation, ungodly men, turning the grace of our God into lasciviousness, and denying the only Lord God, and our Lord Jesus Christ.

1. “For there are certain men crept in unawares,…”

a. crept in unawares (Zodhiates) (3921 * pareisduo; para-unto at the side of; eisduo-to enter in) To enter in craftily, secretly, without notice, like a thief.

1). John 10:1 “Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that entereth not in by the door into the sheepfold, but climbeth up some other way, the same is a thief and a robber.”

2). Cp. John 10:9, 10 I am the door: by me if any man enter in, he shall be saved, and shall go in and out, and find pasture.
The thief cometh not, but for to steal, and to kill, and to destroy: I am come that they might have life, and that they might have it more abundantly.

3). See 1 John 2:18-23 Little children, it is the last time: and as ye have heard that antichrist shall come, even now are there many antichrists; whereby we know that it is the last time.
They went out from us, but they were not of us; for if they had been of us, they would [no doubt] have continued with us: but [they went out], that they might be made manifest that they were not all of us.
But ye have an unction from the Holy One, and ye know all things.
I have not written unto you because ye know not the truth, but because ye know it, and that no lie is of the truth.
Who is a liar but he that denieth that Jesus is the Christ? He is antichrist, that denieth the Father and the Son.
Whosoever denieth the Son, the same hath not the Father: [(but) he that acknowledgeth the Son hath the Father also].

4). It seems that Jude had gotten word from a number of reliable witnesses that certain teachers were teaching dangerous things to congregations  and the Holy Ghost led him in what he was to write instead. The Old Covenant standard of two or three witnesses was carried over into the New Covenant.

a). Deuteronomy 19:15 One witness shall not rise up against a man for any iniquity, or for any sin, in any sin that he sinneth: at the mouth of two witnesses, or at the mouth of three witnesses, shall the matter be established.

b). Hebrews 10:28 He that despised Moses' law died without mercy under two or three witnesses:

c). Matthew 18:16 But if he will not hear thee, then take with thee one or two more, that in the mouth of two or three witnesses every word may be established.

d). 1 Timothy 5:19 Against an elder receive not an accusation, but before two or three witnesses.

b. Because Jude and 2 Peter 2 address many of the same examples it is necessary to compare the two to get a fuller picture of what the Scriptures are saying for they complement one another. Therefore both will be compared when the subject matter is the same.

c. 2 Peter 2:1 “But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there shall be false teachers among you, who privily shall bring in damnable heresies, even denying the Lord that bought them, and bring upon themselves swift destruction.

1). privily (Zodhiates) (3919 * pareisago) To bring in by the side of, to introduce along with others. In the N.T., to lead or bring in secretly or craftily, to smuggle in. [Note DC: pareisago is synonymous with pareisduo, used in Jude 4, “crept in unawares”.]

2). In Jude 4 the men themselves “crept in unawares”, while in 2 Peter 2:1 it’s their heresies that they “privily shall bring in”.

3). damnable (Zodhiates) (684 * apoleia) In the N.T. apoleia refers to the state after death wherein exclusion from salvation is a realized fact…In 2 Peter 2:1 [it means] “Heresies of destruction”.

4). It is interesting to note that Peter writes in future tense, “there shall be”, while Jude writes in present tense, “there are”. This leads me to believe that Peter wrote his second epistle before Jude wrote his. Unger’s Bible Dictionary has the date of 2 Peter at 66-67 A.D. and Jude dated at any time between 66 and 75-80 A.D. is possible.

d. Other Scriptures that warn of false teachers are:

1). Acts 20:28-30 “Take heed therefore unto yourselves, and to all the flock, over the which the Holy Ghost hath made you overseers, to feed the church of God, which he hath purchased with his own blood. For I know this, that after my departing shall grievous wolves enter in among you, not sparing the flock. Also of your own selves shall men arise, speaking perverse things, to draw away disciples after them.”

a). We must remember that Paul was saying this to the elders of Ephesus. Centuries later, true to the prophetic warning, it was a Ephesus in 431 A.D., at the Council of Ephesus, that Mary the mother of Jesus was also officially declared the Mother of God.

b). CHURCH PROCLAIMS MARY MOTHER OF GOD, Pope John Paul II: “Contemplation of the mystery of the Saviour's birth has led Christian people not only to invoke the Blessed Virgin as the Mother of Jesus, but also to recognize her as Mother of God. This truth was already confirmed and perceived as belonging to the Church's heritage of faith from the early centuries of the Christian era, until it was solemnly proclaimed at the Council of Ephesus in 431.”
[Eternal Word Television Network, Global Catholic Network]

2). See also: 1 Timothy 4:1-3; Revelation 2:11-16; Revelation 2:18-29.

3). 2 Timothy 4:2-4 “Preach the word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all longsuffering and doctrine. For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine, but after their own lusts shall they heap to themselves teachers, having itching ears; And they shall turn away their ears from the truth, and shall be turned unto fables.”

4). Doctrine comes from the word and therefore the word is the final authority.

a). 2 Timothy 3:16 All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness:

b). Romans 3:3, 4 For what if some did not believe? shall their unbelief make the faith of God without effect?
God forbid: yea, let God be true, but every man a liar; as it is written, That thou mightest be justified in thy sayings, and mightest overcome when thou art judged.

2. “…who were before of old ordained to this condemnation,…”

a. Amplified Bible: “Their doom was predicted long ago…”

b. who were before of old ordained (Zodhiates) (4270 * prographo) To write before.

3. “…ungodly men, turning the grace of our God into lasciviousness…”

a. ungodly (Zodhiates) (765 * asebes; a-without; sebomai-to worship, venerate) Basically it means godless, without fear and reverence of God. It does not mean irreligious, but one who actively practices the opposite of what the fear of God demands.

b. lasciviousness (Zodhiates) (766 * aselgeia) License, debauchery, sexual excess, absence of restraint, insatiable desire for pleasure.

c. These false teachers will have no reverence for God, they will teach that the grace of God covers any kind of fleshly excess, including sexual excess [sex outside of marriage, living together, homosexuality].

d. But the Scriptures teach something different.

1). Romans 6:1, 2 “What shall we say then? Shall we continue in sin, that grace may abound? God forbid…”

2). Titus 2:11, 12 “For the grace of God that bringeth salvation hath appeared to all men, teaching us that, denying ungodliness and worldly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly, in this present world;”

4. “…and denying the only Lord God, and our Lord Jesus Christ.”

a. 2 Peter 2:1 “…even denying the Lord that bought them, and bring upon themselves swift destruction.”

1). Denying (Zodhiates) (720 * arneomai) To deny…decline, reject, give up.

b. These false teachers are among other things, anti-christs.

1). 1 John 2:18-22 “Little Children, it is the last time: and as ye have heard that antichrist shall come, even now are there many antichrists; whereby we know that it is the last time. They went out from us, but they were not of us; for if they had been of us, they would have no doubt have continued with us: but they went out, that they might be made manifest that they were not all of us. But ye have an unction from the Holy One, and ye know all things. I have written unto you because ye know not the truth, but because ye know it, and that no lie is of the truth. Who is a liar but he that denieth that Jesus is the Christ? He is antichrist, that denieth the Father and the Son.”

2). We can also deny him in our actions.

a). Titus 1:15, 16 Unto the pure all things are pure: but unto them that are defiled and unbelieving is nothing pure; but even their mind and conscience is defiled.
They profess that they know God; but in works they deny him, being abominable, and disobedient, and unto every good work reprobate.

b). Matthew 10:33 But whosoever shall deny me before men, him will I also deny before my Father which is in heaven.

NOTE: Because of the similarity between Jude and 2 Peter, we will continue 2 Peter where Jude leaves off.

5. 2 Peter 2:2 “And many shall follow their pernicious ways; by reason of whom the way of truth shall be evil spoken of.”

a. Many shall follow these destructive and ungodly heresies because of who is doing the teaching. [Cp. 2 Timothy 4:3, 4.]

b. evil spoken of (Zodhiates) (987 * blasphemeo) To blaspheme, revile. To hurt the reputation or smite with reports of words, speak evil of, slander.

1). These false teachers will teach blasphemy.

6. 2 Peter 2:3 “And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you…”

a. feigned (Zodhiates) (4112 * plastos; Eng. Plastic) Artificial, false, hypocritical, deceitful. [Words] easily shaped as desired.

b. merchandise (Zodhiates) (1710 * emporeuomai) To go or enter in, travel about in journey. In the N.T., to travel about as a merchant or trader on a large scale…

7. 2 Peter 2:3”…whose judgment now of a long time lingereth not, and their damnation slumbereth not.”

a. Their damnation will be swift.