Likewise also these filthy dreamers defile the flesh, despise dominion, and speak evil of dignities.
a. [RSV] Yet in like manner these men in their dreamings defile the flesh, reject authority, and revile the glorious ones.
b. [NASB] Yet in the same way these men, also by dreaming, defile the flesh, and reject authority, and revile *angelic majesties.
c. [NIV] In the very same way, these dreamers pollute their own bodies, reject authority and slander celestial beings.
1. “Likewise also these filthy dreamers defile the flesh,…”
a. The word “filthy” is not in the Greek text, it was added by the KJV translators.
b. dreamers [1797 * enupniazo] [Zodhiates: spoken of visions in dreams.]
c. defile [3392 * miano] [Zodhiates: To stain with color as the staining of glass, to tinge, pollute, defile.]
d. The term, “likewise” in verse 8, “even as” in verse 7, and the account in verse 6 link all these verses together that all tell of sexual uncleanness in one from or another. Angels had sexual intercourse with human women, men had unnatural sex with men, and apparently these are homosexual preachers.
1). [Adam Clark’s Comentary] “He means to say that these false teachers and their followers were as unbelieving and disobedient as the Israelites in the wilderness, as rebellious against the authority of God as the fallen angels, and as impure and unholy as the Sodomites; and that consequently they must expect similar punishment.”
2). [Albert Barnes’ NT Commentary] “In the same way do these persons defile the flesh, or resemble the inhabitants of Sodom; that is, they practise the same kind of vices. What the apostle says is, that their character resembled that of the inhabitants of Sodom; the example which he adduces of the punishment which was brought on those sinners, leaves it to be clearly inferred that the persons of whom he was speaking would be punished in a similar manner. These filthy dreamers. The word filthy has been supplied by our translators, but there is no good reason why it should have been introduced. The Greek word (enupniazw) means to dream; and is applied to these persons as holding doctrines and opinions which sustained the same relation to truth which dreams do to good sense. Their doctrines were the fruits of mere imagination, foolish vagaries and fancies. The word occurs nowhere else in the New Testament, except in Ac 2:17, where it is applied to visions in dreams.”
e. 2 Peter 2:10 “But chiefly them that walk after the flesh in the lust of uncleanness…”
2. “…despise dominion, and speak evil of dignities.”
a. 2 Peter 2:10 ‘…despise government. Presumptuous are they, selfwilled, they are not afraid to speak evil of dignities.”
1). self-willed [829 * authades; auto-self; hedomai-to please]
b. despise [114 * atheteo] [Zodhiates: To displace, to abrogate, abolish, get rid of.
c. dominion [2963 * kuriotes] [Zodhiates: Dominion, civil power, or authority.
d. speak [987 * blasphemo] rail or rail.
e. Vines say’s these “dignities” are angelic powers. For some unknown reason these ungodly ministers speak against angelic powers. There is a chance they could be speaking against the angels preaching the gospel in Revelation 14:6-11.
1). Revelation 14:6-11 “And I saw another angel fly in the midst of heaven, having the everlasting gospel to preach unto them that dwell on the earth, and to every nation, and kindred, and tongue, and people,
Saying with a loud voice, Fear God, and give glory to him; for the hour of his judgment is come: and worship him that made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of waters.
And there followed another angel, saying, Babylon is fallen, is fallen, that great city, because she made all nations drink of the wine of the wrath of her fornication.
And the third angel followed them, saying with a loud voice, If any man worship the beast and his image, and receive his mark in his forehead, or in his hand,
The same shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out without mixture into the cup of his indignation; and he shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels, and in the presence of the Lamb:
And the smoke of their torment ascendeth up for ever and ever: and they have no rest day nor night, who worship the beast and his image, and whosoever receiveth the mark of his name.”
f. [Matthew Poole’s Commentary] “…either spiritual governors, or rather, civil, called dignities, because of the honourable titles given them, and gifts bestowed on them.”