Monday, December 31, 2007

Hebrews 11:2

Hebrews 11:2

For by it the elders obtained a good report.

a. “obtained a good report” [3140 * martureomai] [Bullinger: “To witness, be a witness, bear witness of, testify, to be well testified of, have a good witness borne in favor of.”

b. In Hebrews 11 this word is used four more times, 11:4 twice: “obtained witness” and “God testifying”; 11:5 “he had this testimony”; 11:39 “obtained a good report”.

c. What follows in Hebrews 11 is “the good report” that these men and women obtained.

Hebrews 11:1

Hebrews 11:1

Now faith is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen.

1.”Now faith…”

a.    faith [pistis * 4102] [W.E. Vine: The main elements in faith in its relation to the invisible God…are especially brought out in the use of this noun and the corresponding verb, they are: 1. A firm conviction producing a full acknowledgement of god’s revelation or truth [His word]. 2. A personal surrender to Him. 3. A conduct inspired by such surrender.]

b.    Pink: “Crediting the sure testimony of God, resting on His promises, and expecting the accomplishment of them, faith gives the object hoped for at a future period, a present reality and power in the soul, as if already possessed, for the believer is satisfied with the security afforded, and acts under the full persuasion that God will not fail of His engagement. Faith gives the soul an appropriating hold of them…it gives not an imaginary appearance to things, but a real subsistence.”

c.     Also faith by definition involves a previous instruction. God had to speak faith to the heart in order for the heart to experience “faith”.

1). Romans 10:17 “So the faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of God.”

2). In every verse that tells of a man or woman having faith, we must recognize that God had previously spoken, even though the text does not say it. The perfect example in our study is Hebrews 11:4, where because of faith, Abel offered a more excellent sacrifice than Cain. Many people wonder why Cain’s offering was rejected and why Abel’s was not. It was because there was a previous instruction that Abel from the heart obeyed and Cain did not. Even though the text does not show a previous instruction, the presence of faith in Abel demands it.

d.    Word [4487 * rhema] [Zodhiates: That which is spoken, a statement, word.]
[W.E. Vine: “The significance of rhema (as distinct from logos) is exemplified in the injunction to take “the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God,” Ephesians 6:17; here the reference is not to the whole Bible as such, but to the individual scripture which the Spirit brings to our remembrance for use in time of need, a prerequisite being the regular storing of the mind with Scripture.”

1). Word [3056 * logos] [Zodhiates: Intelligence, word as the expression of that intelligence, discourse, saying, thing.]
[W.E. Vine: “The expression of thought…as embodying a concept or idea…a saying or statement…sometimes it is used as the sum of God’s utterances, a discourse, speech, of instruction, a word…Also a title of the Son of God.”]

2). Dr. Charles Farah, Jr. Professor of Theology at ORU. “The Logos tends to be universal, while  the Rhema is often used as a particular…the Logos is eternal, while the Rhema is often contemporary…It is a word a man takes action on; a personal word he hears…”The word is nigh thee, even in thy mouth, and in thy heart…” Romans 10:8. Here the word Rhema is used, and I believe, though not all scholars would agree, that Paul is saying this: Because the word is in your heart, it is necessary to use the word Rhema rather than the Logos, because God’s word has become a personal word to you.”

3). A logos word can become a rhema word through prayer and meditation and confession. See notes on Joshua 1:8 and Proverbs 4:20-22.

2. “…the substance of things hoped for…”

a.    substance [5287 * hupostasis] [Bullinger: What is set or stands under; underlayer, foundation; that which lies at the foundation of a matter, confidence.

1). “confident boasting” 2 Corinthians 9:4.

2). “confidence of boasting” 2 Corinthians 11:17.

3). “image of his person” Hebrews 1:3.

4). “confidence” Hebrews 3:14.

b.    Pink: “…just so far as I am counting upon the  ability, fidelity  of the Promiser, shall I be confident of receiving  the things promised and which I am expecting.”

3. “…the evidence of things not seen.”

a.    evidence  [1650 * elenchus] denotes a proof, proving, test.

b.    Pink: The word evidence is derived from a verb which signifies “to convince”, and that by demonstration…The noun occurs in only one other place, 2 Timothy3:16, “reproof”, to give assurance and certainty to what is true. The word “evidence” in our text denotes that which furnishes proof, so that one is assured of the reality and certainty of things Divine.”

c. Institute Creation Research Daily Devotional 9/3/11 The eleventh chapter of Hebrews, known as the great Hall of Fame of Faith reciting the faith and resulting action of many Old Testament heroes, begins with a description of what faith is.
 First, we see that it is the "substance of things hoped for." Biblically, we know that the Christian "hope" is a hope so real it has substance in the present. None of the people of faith recited in this chapter actually saw the promises made to them come to fruition, but they so believed in them that they lived in the present as if the future were reality.
 The word "substance" occurs only two other times in Hebrews. It is used to speak of Christ as the exact representation of God's essence and nature, "Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person |i.e., substance|" (Hebrews 1:3). It is also translated "confidence," "for we are made partakers of Christ, if we hold the beginning of our confidence stedfast unto the end" (Hebrews 3:14), and speaks of a deep assurance. Putting this all together, our text could then be rendered, "faith is the essence of our assurance of things yet in the future."
 The word "evidence" could be translated "conviction," or even "proof." The word implies a logical, airtight argument. "All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof |same word as 'evidence'|, for correction, for instruction in righteousness" (2 Timothy 3:16). This sort of evidence is something we know to be true, something about which we have such conviction we act accordingly.  The first half of the verse brings a future truth down into the present; the second half commits our lives to that truth. JDM

Saturday, December 29, 2007

Hebrews 7:8

Hebrews 7:8

And here men that die receive tithes; but there he receiveth them of whom it is witnessed that he liveth.

a. NLT: The priests who collect tithes are men who die, so Melchizedek is greater than they are, because we are told that he lives on.

b. NIV: In the one case, the tenth is collected by people who die; but in the other case, by him who is declared to be living.

c. YLT: and here, indeed, men who die do receive tithes, and there he, who is testified to that he was living,

d. Amplified Bible: Furthermore, here [in the Levitical priesthood] tithes are received by men who are subject to death; but in that case [concerning Melchizedek], they are received by one of whom it is testified that he lives on [perpetually].

e. Worrell Translation: And here, indeed men who die receive tithes; but there, one received them who receives witness that he lives.

1.”And here men that die receive tithes…”

a. and [2532 * kai] [Strong: apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words:--and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.]

b. here [5602 * hode] [Strong: from an adverb form of 3592; in this same spot, i.e. here or hither:--here, hither, (in) this place, there.]

c. [3303 * men] [Strong: a primary particle; properly, indicative of affirmation or concession (in fact); usually followed by a contrasted clause with 1161 (this one, the former, etc.):--even, indeed, so, some, truly, verily. Often compounded with other particles in an intensive or asseverative sense.]

d. men [444 * Anthropos] [Strong: from 435 and ops (the countenance; from 3700); man-faced, i.e. a human being:--certain, man.]

e. that die [599 *  apothnesko] [Strong: from 575 and 2348; to die off (literally or figuratively):--be dead, death, die, lie a-dying, be slain (X with).]

f. receive [2983 * lambano] [Strong: a prolonged form of a primary verb, which is use only as an alternate in certain tenses; to take (in very many applications, literally and figuratively (properly objective or active, to get hold of; whereas 1209 is rather subjective or passive, to have offered to one; while 138 is more violent, to seize or remove)):--accept, + be amazed, assay, attain, bring, X when I call, catch, come on (X unto), + forget, have, hold, obtain, receive (X after), take (away, up).]

g. tithes [1181 * dekate] [Strong: feminine of 1182; a tenth, i.e. as a percentage or (technically) tithe:--tenth (part), tithe.]


1). When Paul wrote Hebrews, tithing was a practice that Jews had obeyed for over a thousand years, but it also continued to be practiced by Messianic Jews, Jews who had accepted Jesus as the Messiah.

a). Acts 6:7 And the word of God increased; and the number of the disciples multiplied in Jerusalem greatly; and a great company of the priests were obedient to the faith.

b). Acts 21:20 And when they heard it, they glorified the Lord, and said unto him, Thou seest, brother, how many thousands of Jews there are which believe; and they are all zealous of the law:

2). The present tense used in this verse and in a number of other verses associated with temple worship (Hebrews 8:4; 9:4; 10:1; 13:10), probably means the temple had not yet been destroyed.  The temple was destroyed in 70 A.D. Paul was martyred probably in the middle to late 60’s of the first century. This would explain in part, the wording of the beginning of verse 8.

2. “…but there he receiveth them of whom it is witnessed that he liveth.”

a. but [1161 * de] [Strong: a primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.:--also, and, but, moreover, now (often unexpressed in English).]

b. there [1563 * ekei] [Strong: of uncertain affinity; there; by extension, thither:--there, thither(-ward), (to) yonder (place).]

c. it is witnessed [3140 * martureo] [Strong: from 3144; to be a witness, i.e. testify (literally or figuratively):--charge, give (evidence), bear record, have (obtain, of) good (honest) report, be well reported of, testify, give (have) testimony, (be, bear, give, obtain) witness.]

d. that [3754 * hoti] [Strong: neuter of 3748 as conjunction; demonstrative, that (sometimes redundant); causative, because:--as concerning that, as though, because (that), for (that), how (that), (in) that, though, why.]

e. he liveth [2198 * zao] [Strong: a primary verb; to live (literally or figuratively):--life(-time), (a-)live(-ly), quick.]

1). The writer (probably Paul) is contrasting the receiving of tithes, “here” and “there”. “Here” of course meaning here on earth by Levites in the temple and probably congregations of Messianic Jews and Gentiles, and “there” referring to heaven. The “he” in this verse is no doubt referring to Jesus. The Amplified writes that the “he” is Melchizedek. I personally believe that although Melchizedek is in the passage, he is only there to point to Christ Jesus. I believe the “he” in heaven is Christ.

a). Hebrews 7:13, 14 For he of whom these things are spoken pertaineth to another tribe, of which no man gave attendance at the altar.
7:14 For it is evident that our Lord sprang out of Judah; of which tribe Moses spake nothing concerning priesthood.

2). When we pay tithes and offerings, the Lord Jesus receives them in heaven and offers them to the Father.

a). Hebrews 8:1-3 Now of the things which we have spoken this is the sum: We have such an high priest, who is set on the right hand of the Majesty in the heavens.
8:2 A minister of the sanctuary, and of the true tabernacle, which the Lord pitched, and not man.
8:3 For every high priest is ordained to offer gifts and sacrifices: wherefore it is of necessity that this man have somewhat to also to offer.

a). This is primarily referring to Jesus offering his blood on the Mercy Seat in heaven.

(1) Hebrews 9:11-14 But Christ being come an high priest of good things to come, but a greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building;
9:12 Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood e entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption for us.
9:13 For if the blood of bulls and of goats, and the ashes of an heifer sprinkling the unclean, sanctifieth to the purifying of the flesh:
9:14 How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?

b). But it is also referring to the other spiritual sacrifices we offer to Jesus and he in turn offers them to the Father.

(1) Our tithes and offerings: Hebrews 7:8

(2) Our confession, the words of our mouth: Hebrews 3:1.

(3) Our praise: Hebrews 13:15.

(4) Our obedience to his will: Romans 12:1, 2.

c). While I do not believe the Body of Christ is under the Old Covenant tithe, at the same time, if the Jews could give 23% of their total income just in tithe every year[the adding of all three tithes every three years], under the Old Covenant, can’t we who are under a better Covenant give at least 10%.



Hebrews 7:5

Hebrews 7:5

And verily they that are of the sons of Levi, who receive the office of the priesthood, have a commandment to take tithes of the people according to the law, that is, of their brethren, though they come out of the loins of Abraham:

a. NLT: Now the law of Moses required that the priests, who are descendants of Levi, must collect a tithe from the rest of the people of Israel,fn who are also descendants of Abraham.

b. NIV: Now the law requires the descendants of Levi who become priests to collect a tenth from the people—that is, from their fellow Israelites—even though they also are descended from Abraham.

c. YLT: and those, indeed, out of the sons of Levi receiving the priesthood, a command have to take tithes from the people according to the law, that is, their brethren, even though they came forth out of the loins of Abraham;

d. Amplified Bible Classic: And it is true that those descendants of Levi who are charged with the priestly office are commanded in the Law to take tithes from the people—which means, from their brethren—though these have descended from Abraham.

e. Worrell Translation: And those, indeed, from among the sons of Levi, who receive the priesthood, have a commandment to take tithes of the people according to the law, that is, of their brethren, (though having come out of the loins of Abraham);

1.  “And verily they that are of the sons of Levi, who receive the office of the priesthood…”

a. and [2532 * kai] [Strong: apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words:--and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.]

b. verily [3303 * men] [Strong: a primary particle; properly, indicative of affirmation or concession (in fact); usually followed by a contrasted clause with 1161 (this one, the former, etc.):--even, indeed, so, some, truly, verily. Often compounded with other particles in an intensive or asseverative sense.]

c. they that of [1537 * ek] [Strong: ek or ex ex a primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence action or motion proceeds), from, out (of place, time, or cause; literal or figurative; direct or remote):--after, among, X are, at, betwixt(-yond), by (the means of), exceedingly, (+ abundantly above), for(- th), from (among, forth, up), + grudgingly, + heartily, X heavenly, X hereby, + very highly, in, ...ly, (because, by reason) of, off (from), on, out among (from, of), over, since, X thenceforth, through, X unto, X vehemently, with(-out). Often used in composition, with the same general import; often of completion.]

d. the sons [5207 * huios] [Strong: apparently a primary word; a "son" (sometimes of animals), used very widely of immediate, remote or figuratively, kinship:--child, foal, son.]

e. of Levi [3017 * Leui] [Strong: of Hebrew origin (3878); Levi, the name of three Israelites:--Levi.]

f. who [3588 * ho, including the feminine he, and the neuter to] [Strong: in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom):--the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.]

g. receive [2983 * lambano] [Strong: a prolonged form of a primary verb, which is use only as an alternate in certain tenses; to take (in very many applications, literally and figuratively (properly objective or active, to get hold of; whereas 1209 is rather subjective or passive, to have offered to one; while 138 is more violent, to seize or remove)):--accept, + be amazed, assay, attain, bring, X when I call, catch, come on (X unto), + forget, have, hold, obtain, receive (X after), take (away, up).]

h. the office of the priesthood [2405 *  hierateia] [Strong: from 2407; priestliness, i.e. the sacerdotal function:--office of the priesthood, priest's office.]

1). Yes, all in the priesthood were sons of Levi, but not all Levites were priests. The priesthood was made up of the sons of Aaron exclusively. Only a male Levite descended from Aaron could be a priest. Within the tribe of Levi there were different families.The tribe of Levi had the distinct ministry of the administration of the tabernacle and everything involved in it. There were families within the Levitical tribe that had specific ministries. Numbers chapter 4 gives the directions for three of those families, the Kohathites, the Gershonites, and the sons of Merari. These three families within the tribe of Levi had the exclusive ministry of transporting the pieces of the tabernacle from place to place after the Priests disassembled the tabernacle. Violation of these commandments could mean death, as evidenced in 2 Samuel 6:1-7; 1 Chronicles 13 & 15.

2. “…have a commandment to take tithes of the people according to the law…”

a. have [2192 * echo, including an alternate form scheo, (used in certain tenses only)] [Strong: a primary verb; to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession; ability, contiuity, relation, or condition):--be (able, X hold, possessed with), accompany, + begin to amend, can(+ -not), X conceive, count, diseased, do + eat, + enjoy, + fear, following, have, hold, keep, + lack, + go to law, lie, + must needs, + of necessity, + need, next, + recover, + reign, + rest, + return, X sick, take for, + tremble, + uncircumcised, use.]

b. a commandment [1785 * entole] [Strong: from 1781; injunction, i.e. an authoritative prescription:--commandment, precept.]

c. to take tithes [586 * apodekatoo] ap-od-ek-at-o'-o from 575 and 1183; to tithe (as debtor or creditor):--(give, pay, take) tithe.]

d. of the people [2992 * laos] [Strong: apparently a primary word; a people (in general; thus differing from 1218, which denotes one's own populace):--people.]

e. according to [2596 * kata] [Strong: a primary particle; (prepositionally) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case (genitive, dative or accusative) with which it is joined):--about, according as (to), after, against, (when they were) X alone, among, and, X apart, (even, like) as (concerning, pertaining to touching), X aside, at, before, beyond, by, to the charge of, (charita-)bly, concerning, + covered, (dai-)ly, down, every, (+ far more) exceeding, X more excellent, for, from ... to, godly, in(-asmuch, divers, every, -to, respect of), ... by, after the manner of, + by any means, beyond (out of) measure, X mightily, more, X natural, of (up-)on (X part), out (of every), over against, (+ your) X own, + particularly, so, through(-oughout, -oughout every), thus, (un-)to(-gether, -ward), X uttermost, where(-by), with. In composition it retains many of these applications, and frequently denotes opposition, distribution, or intensity.]

f. the law [3551 * nomos] [Strong: from a primary nemo (to parcel out, especially food or grazing to animals); law (through the idea of prescriptive usage), genitive case (regulation), specially, (of Moses (including the volume); also of the Gospel), or figuratively (a principle):--law.]

1). The “law” here is a clear reference to Numbers 18:20-24.

a). Numbers 18:20-24 And the LORD spake unto Aaron. Thou shalt have no inheritance in their land, neither shalt thou have any part among them: I am thy part and thine inheritance among the children of Israel.
18:21 And, behold, I have given the children of Levi all the tenth in Israel for an inheritance, for their service of which they serve, even the service of the tabernacle of the congregation.
18:22 Neither must the children of Israel henceforth come nigh the tabernacle of the congregation, lest they bear sin, and die.
18:23 But the Levites shall do the service of the tabernacle of the congregation, and they shall bear their iniquity: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations, that among the children of Israel they have no inheritance.
18:24 But the tithes of the children of Israel, which they offer as a heave offering unto the LORD, I have given to the Levites to inherit: therefore I have said unto them, Among the children of Israel they shall have no inheritance.

2. “…that is, of their brethren, though they come out of the loins of Abraham.”

a. that is [5123 * toutesti] [Strong: contraction for 5124 and 2076; that is:--that is (to say).]

b. of their [846 * autos] [Strong: from the particle au (perhaps akin to the base of 109 through the idea of a baffling wind) (backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the comparative 1438) of the third person , and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons:--her, it(-self), one, the other, (mine) own, said, (self-), the) same, ((him-, my-, thy- )self, (your-)selves, she, that, their(-s), them(-selves), there(-at, - by, -in, -into, -of, -on, -with), they, (these) things, this (man), those, together, very, which.]

c. brethren [80 * adephos] [Strong: from 1 (as a connective particle) and delphus (the womb); a brother (literally or figuratively) near or remote (much like 1):--brother.]

d. though [2539 * kaiper] [Strong: from 2532 and 4007; and indeed, i.e. nevertheless or notwithstanding:--and yet, although.]

e. they come [1831 * exerchomai] [Strong: from 1537 and 2064; to issue (literally or figuratively):--come (forth, out), depart (out of), escape, get out, go (abroad, away, forth, out, thence), proceed (forth), spread abroad.]

f. out of [1537 * ek] [Strong: ek or ex ex a primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence action or motion proceeds), from, out (of place, time, or cause; literal or figurative; direct or remote):--after, among, X are, at, betwixt(-yond), by (the means of), exceedingly, (+ abundantly above), for(- th), from (among, forth, up), + grudgingly, + heartily, X heavenly, X hereby, + very highly, in, ...ly, (because, by reason) of, off (from), on, out among (from, of), over, since, X thenceforth, through, X unto, X vehemently, with(-out). Often used in composition, with the same general import; often of completion.]

g. the loins [3751 * osphus] [Strong: of uncertain affinity; the loin (externally), i.e. the hip; internally (by extension) procreative power:--loin.]

h. of Abraham [11 * Abraam] [Strong: of Hebrew origin (85); Abraham, the Hebrew patriarch:--Abraham.]

1). Here he is continuing the original thought of verse 4 where he asked the readers to consider how great Melchizedec was. Here he is establishing the fact that the tithe was to go to the Levites only. Though it was before the law was established, he is still pointing to it relating to the greatness of Melchizedec.


Hebrews 7:4

Hebrews 7:4

Now consider how great this man was, unto whom even the patriarch Abraham gave the tenth of the spoils.

a. NLT: Consider then how great this Melchizedek was. Even Abraham, the great patriarch of Israel, recognized this by giving him a tenth of what he had taken in battle.

b. NIV: Just think how great he was: Even the patriarch Abraham gave him a tenth of the plunder!

1). Note in NIV: “Think how great he was. The one who collects a tithe is greater than the one who pays it, and “the lesser person is blessed by the greater.” In both ways Melchizedec was greater than Abraham.

c. YLT: And see how great this one is, to whom also a tenth Abraham the patriarch did give out of the best of the spoils,

d. Amplified Bible: Now observe and consider how great [a personage] this was to whom even Abraham the patriarch gave a tenth [the topmost or the pick of the heap] of the spoils.

e. Worrell Translation:  Now consider how great this man was to whom Abraham the patriarch gave a thenth of the chief spoils

1. “Now consider how great this man was…”

a. now [1161 * de] [Strong: a primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.:--also, and, but, moreover, now (often unexpressed in English).]

b. consider [2334 * theoreo] [Strong: from a derivative of 2300 (perhaps by addition of 3708); to be a spectator of, i.e. discern, (literally, figuratively (experience) or intensively (acknowledge)):--behold, consider, look on, perceive, see.]

c. how great [4080 * pelikos] [Strong: a quantitative form (the feminine) of the base of 4225; how much (as an indefinite), i.e. in size or (figuratively) dignity:--how great (large).]

d. this man [3778 *  houtos, including nominative masculine plural houtoi, nominative feminine singular haute, and nominative feminine plural hautai] [Strong: from the article 3588 and 846; the he (she or it), i.e. this or that (often with article repeated):--he (it was that), hereof, it, she, such as, the same, these, they, this (man, same, woman), which, who.]

2. “…unto whom even the patriarch Abraham gave the tenth of the spoils.”

a. unto whom [3739 * hos, including feminine he, and neuter ho] [Strong: probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article 3588); the relatively (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that:--one, (an-, the) other, some, that, what, which, who(-m, -se), etc.]

b. even [2532 * kai] [Strong: apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words:--and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.]

c. the patriarch [3966 * patriarches] [Strong: from 3965 and 757; a progenitor ("patriarch"):--patriarch.]

d. Abraham [11 * Abraam] [Strong: of Hebrew origin (85); Abraham, the Hebrew patriarch:--Abraham.]

e. gave [1325 * didomi] [Strong:  a prolonged form of a primary verb (which is used as an alternative in most of the tenses); to give (used in a very wide application, properly, or by implication, literally or figuratively; greatly modified by the connection):--adventure, bestow, bring forth, commit, deliver (up), give, grant, hinder, make, minister, number, offer, have power, put, receive, set, shew, smite (+ with the hand), strike (+ with the palm of the hand), suffer, take, utter, yield.]

f. the tenth [1181 * dekate] [Strong: feminine of 1182; a tenth, i.e. as a percentage or (technically) tithe:--tenth (part), tithe.]

g. of [1537 * ek] [Strong: ek or ex ex a primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence action or motion proceeds), from, out (of place, time, or cause; literal or figurative; direct or remote):--after, among, X are, at, betwixt(-yond), by (the means of), exceedingly, (+ abundantly above), for(- th), from (among, forth, up), + grudgingly, + heartily, X heavenly, X hereby, + very highly, in, ...ly, (because, by reason) of, off (from), on, out among (from, of), over, since, X thenceforth, through, X unto, X vehemently, with(-out). Often used in composition, with the same general import; often of completion.]

h. the spoils[ 205 * akrothinion] [Strong: from 206 and this (a heap); properly (in the plural) the top of the heap, i.e. (by implication) best of the booty:--spoils.]

1). This is referring to Abraham’s battle with the kings of Mesopotamia.

a). Genesis 14:14-20 And when Abram heard that his brother was taken captive, he armed his trained servants, born in his own house, three hundred and eighteen, and pursued them unto Dan.
14:15 And he divided himself against them, he and his servants, by night, and smote them, and pursued them unto Hobah, which is on the left hand of Damascus.
14:16 And he brought back all the goods, and also brought again his brother Lot, and his goods, and the women also, and the people.
14:17 And the king of Sodom went out to meet him after his return from the slaughter of Chedorlaomer, and of the kings that were with him, at the valley of Shaveh, which is the king's dale.
14:18 And Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine: and he was the priest of the most high God.
14:19 And he blessed him, and said, Blessed be Abram of the most high God, possessor of heaven and earth:
14:20 And blessed be the most high God, which hath delivered thine enemies into thy hand. And he gave him tithes of all.

2). This tithe was probably a worship act in response to God faithfully delivering these enemies into Abraham’s hands. I believe this is more than hinted at in Abraham’s response to the king of Sodom when he offered to give Abraham all the goods. Abraham’s statement that he lifted up his hand to the Most High God is key.

a). Genesis 14:21-24 And the king of Sodom said unto Abram, Give me the persons, and take the goods to thyself.
14:22 And Abram said to the king of Sodom, I have lift up mine hand unto the Lord, the most high God, the possessor of heaven and earth,
14:23 That I will not take from a thread even to a shoelatchet, and that I will not take any thing that is thine, lest thou shouldest say, I have made Abram rich:
14:24 Save only that which the young men have eaten, and the portion of the men which went with me, Aner, Eshcol, and Mamre; let them take their portion.


Hebrews 7:3

Hebrews 7:3

Without father, without mother, without descent, having neither beginning of days, nor end of life; but made like unto the Son of God; abideth a priest continually.

1.”Without father, without mother, without descent, having neither beginning of days, nor end of life…”

a. This is speaking of the genealogy for the priesthood. Every priest had to come not only from the tribe of Levi, but also from the family of Aaron. All priests were Levites but not all Levites were priests.

b. An example of the required genealogy is found in Ezra 2:61, 62.

1). Ezra 2:61, 62 “And the children of the priests: the children of Habaiah, the children of Koz, the children of Barzillai; which took a wife of the daughters of Barzillai the Gileadite, and was called after their name:

These sought their register among those that were reckoned by their genealogy, but they were not found: therefore were they, as polluted, put from the priesthood.”

2). Dake’s Annotated Reference Bible: Only those who could prove they were priests by genealogy were accepted.

2. “…but made like unto the Son of God; abideth a priest continually.”

a. In Psalm 110:4; Hebrews 5:6; 5:10; 6:20, they all refer to Jesus being made a priest “after the order of Melchizedec”. But here Melchizedec is said to have been “made like unto the Son of God.”

b. Here we have the foreshadow of Jesus in the person of Melchizedec , and the person casting the shadow, Jesus.

c. Jesus is in his High Priestly ministry right now and will be for eternity.

1). Hebrews 7:24, 25 “But this man, because he continueth ever, hath an unchangeable priesthood.

Wherefore he is able also to save them to the uttermost that come unto God by him, seeing he everliveth to make intercession for them.”

Friday, December 28, 2007

Hebrews 7:2

Hebrews 7:2

To whom also Abraham gave a tenth part of all; first being by interpretation King of righteousness, and after that also King of Salem, which is King of peace;

1.”To whom also Abraham gave a tenth part of all…”

a. One of the reasons that Abraham gave a tithe to Melchizedec was that he honored his Priesthood.

2. “…first by interpretation King of righteousness…”

a. Melchizedec [4442 * Malkiy-Tsedeq; from 4428 melek-a king; and 6664 tsedeq-the right;]

b. Jesus is our righteousness.

1). Jeremiah 23:5, 6 “Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth.

In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely: and this is his name whereby he shall be called, THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS.”

2). 1 Corinthians 1:30 “But of him are ye in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption:”

3). 2 Corinthians 5:21 “For he hath made him to be sin who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.”

3. “…and after that also King of Salem, which is King of peace;”

a. Jesus is our peace.

1). Ephesians 2:13, 14 “But now in Christ Jesus ye who sometimes were far off are made nigh by the blood of Christ.

For he is our peace, who hath made both one, and hath broken down the middle wall of partition between us;”

2). Isaiah 9:6 “For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counselor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.”

3). Judges 6:23, 24 “And the LORD said unto him, Peace be unto thee; fear not thou shalt not die.

Then Gideon built an altar there unto the LORD, and called it Jehovah shalom: unto this day it is yet in Ophrah of the Abiezrites.”

Hebrews 7:1

Hebrews 7:1

For this Melchizedec, king of Salem, priest of the most high God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings, and blessed him;

1.”For this Melchizedec, king of Salem, priest of the most high God…”

a. One of the references we have of Melchizedec is in Genesis 14:18-20. “And Melchizedec the king of Salem brought forth bread and wine: and he was the priest of the most high God.

And he blessed him, and said, Blessed be Abram of the most high God, possessor of heaven and earth:

And blessed be the most high God, which hath delivered thine enemies into thine hand. And he gave him tithes of all.”

1). Salem (8004 * Shalem) Strongs: an early name of Jerusalem. [He was the king of Salem].

2). Melchizedec was also a genuine priest of the most high God.

3). Melchizedec and Abraham had a meal and a time of communion together. During that time together, Melchizedec blessed Abraham and acknowledged that God had delivered Abraham’s enemies into his hand. Abraham had previously made a covenant with God about rescuing Lot as is revealed in Genesis 14:22, 23, and the Hebrew word for “confederate” in Genesis 14:13.

b. The only other reference is in Psalm 110:4, which is a prophetic Messianic reference.

“The LORD hath sworn, and will not repent. Thou art a priest forever after the order of Melchizedek.”

c. In chapter 7, the writer of Hebrews tells us what he started to say in Chapter 5:10, but he stopped and gave a severe warning about the stages of apostasy and committing an unpardonable sin. Then in Hebrews 6:20 he picks up the theme again.

2. “…who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings and blessed him.”

a. There is no question in my mind that this event is a sort of spiritual closure that began with a covenant in Genesis 14:13, where Abraham [I believe]swore with his uplifted hand that not only would he tithe what he recovered, but also that he would give everything left to the king of Sodom to prevent him from saying that he made Abraham rich.

Hebrews 6:12

Hebrews 6:12

That ye be not slothful, but followers of them who through faith and patience inherit the promises.

a. NLT: Then you will not become spiritually dull and indifferent. Instead, you will follow the example of those who are going to inherit God’s promises because of their faith and endurance.

b. NIV: We do not want you to become lazy, but to imitate those who through faith and patience inherit what has been promised.

c. YLT: that ye may not become slothful, but followers of those who through faith and patient endurance are inheriting the promises.

d. Amplified Bible: In order that you may not grow disinterested and become [spiritual] sluggards, but imitators, behaving as do those who through faith (by their leaning of the entire personality on God in Christ in absolute trust and confidence in His power, wisdom, and goodness) and by practice of patient endurance and waiting are [now] inheriting the promises.

e. Worrell Translation: that ye may not become slothful, but imitators of those who, through faith and long-suffering, inherit the promises.

1.”That ye be not slothful…”

a. That…not [3363 * hina] [Strong: 2443 and 3361; in order (or so) that not:--albeit not, lest, that, no(-t, (-thing)).]

b. ye be [1096 * ginomai] [Strong: a prolongation and middle voice form of a primary verb; to cause to be ("gen"-erate), i.e. (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literal, figurative, intensive, etc.):--arise, be assembled, be(-come, -fall, -have self), be brought (to pass), (be) come (to pass), continue, be divided, draw, be ended, fall, be finished, follow, be found, be fulfilled, + God forbid, grow, happen, have, be kept, be made, be married, be ordained to be, partake, pass, be performed, be published, require, seem, be showed, X soon as it was, sound, be taken, be turned, use, wax, will, would, be wrought.]

c. slothful [3576 * nothros] [Zodhiates: sluggish, dull, lazy.] [Strong: from a derivative of 3541; sluggish, i.e. (literally) lazy, or (figuratively) stupid:--dull, slothful.]

1). As previously mentioned in Hebrews 5:11, Paul rebuked these Messianic Jews for being spiritually lazy which leads to being spiritually asleep.

2. “…but followers of them who through faith and patience inherit the promises.”

a. but [1161 * de] [Strong:  a primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.:--also, and, but, moreover, now (often unexpressed in English).]
b. followers [3402 * mimetes] [Zodhiates: a follower, an imitator.] [Strong: from 3401; an imitator:--follower.]

c. of them who through [1223 * dia] [Strong: a primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal, or occasional):--after, always, among, at, to avoid, because of (that), briefly, by, for (cause) ... fore, from, in, by occasion of, of, by reason of, for sake, that, thereby, therefore, X though, through(-out), to, wherefore, with (-in). In composition it retains the same general importance.]

d. faith [4102 * pistis] [W.E.Vine: 1. A firm conviction, producing a full acknowledgment of God’s revelation, or truth[His word!] 2. A personal surrender to Him. 3. A conduct inspired by such surrender.] [Strong: from 3982; persuasion, i.e. credence; moral conviction (of religious truth, or the truthfulness of God or a religious teacher), especially reliance upon Christ for salvation; abstractly, constancy in such profession; by extension, the system of religious (Gospel) truth itself:--assurance, belief, believe, faith, fidelity.]

e. and [2532 * kai] [Strong: apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words:--and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.]

f. patience  [3115 * makrothumia] Forebearance, long suffering, self-restraint before proceeding to action.] [Strong: from the same as 3116; longanimity, i.e. (objectively) forbearance or (subjectively) fortitude:--longsuffering, patience.] [Webster: the quality of enduring with calmness, quiet perseverance.]

1). From the time we begin to believe God for a promise until the manifestation of that promise, there is usually a period of time.  During that time, our hearts need to exercise patience, i.e., enduring with calmness, exercising self-restraint and not proceeding to action until the promise is manifested.

a). James 1:3-5 Knowing this, that the trying of your faith worketh patience.
1:4 But let patience have her perfect work, that ye may be perfect and entire, wanting nothing.
1:5 If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, that giveth to all men liberally, and upbraided not, and it shall be given him.

b). 1 Peter 1:7 That the trial of your faith, being much more precious than of gold that perisheth, though it be tried with fire, might be found unto praise and honour and glory at the appearing of Jesus Christ.

c). 1 Peter 5:8-10 Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may devour:
5:9 Whom resist stedfast in the faith, knowing that the same afflictions are accomplished in your brethren that are in the world.
5:10 But the God of all grace, who hath called us unto his eternal glory by Christ Jesus, after that ye have suffered a while, make you perfect, stablish, strengthen, settle you.

g. inherit [2816 * kleronomeo] [Strong: from 2818; to be an heir to (literally or figuratively):--be heir, (obtain by) inherit(-ance).]

h. the promises [1860 * epaggelia] [Strong: from 1861; an announcement (for information, assent or pledge; especially a divine assurance of good):--message, promise.]