Tuesday, April 22, 2008

2 Timothy 3:15

 2 Timothy 3:15

And that from a child thou hast known the holy Scriptures, which are able to make thee wise unto salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus.

a. NLT: You have been taught the holy Scriptures from childhood, and they have given you the wisdom to receive the salvation that comes by trusting in Christ Jesus.

b. NIV: and how from infancy you have known the Holy Scriptures, which are able to make you wise for salvation through faith in Christ Jesus.

c. Young’s Literal Translation: and because from a babe the Holy Writings thou hast known, which are able to make thee wise -- to salvation, through faith that is in Christ Jesus;

d. Amplified Bible: And how from your childhood you have had a knowledge of and been acquainted with the sacred Writings, which are able to instruct you and give you the understanding for salvation which comes through faith in Christ Jesus [through the leaning of the entire human personality on God in Christ Jesus in absolute trust and confidence in His power, wisdom, and goodness].

1.”And that from a child thou hast known the holy Scriptures…”

a.       child  [1025 * brephos] [Zodhiates: Babe, an unborn child, or an older infant. In 2 Timothy 3:15 meaning from infancy from the cradle.

b. known [1492 * eido][Strong: properly, to see (literally or figuratively); by implication, (in the perfect tense only) to know:--be aware, behold, X can (+ not tell), consider, (have) know(-ledge), look (on), perceive, see, be sure, tell, understand, wish, wot.][Thayer: to know, find, to perceive by any of the senses, notice, discover.]

c. holy [2413 * hieros] [Strong:  of uncertain affinity; sacred:--holy.

d. Scriptures [1121 * gramma] [Strong: a writing, i.e. a letter, note, epistle, book, etc.; plural learning:--bill, learning, letter, scripture, writing, written.]

1). The only Scriptures available when Timothy was an infant were the Old Testament Scriptures, the New Testament had not been written yet. From infancy Timothy’s mother and grandmother taught him the Scriptures raising him as a Jew. Because Timothy’s mother Eunice was married to a Greek, a Gentile, there was probably some opposition from an unbelieving husband. Perhaps this was the reason he was not circumcised. Timothy was not circumcised until after he was a Christian. But none the less, he knew the Scriptures.

2). Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah, Alfred Edershiem, p.230 “…from their earliest consciousness they learned the laws, so as to have them as it were engraven on the soul…Directly the child learned to speak, his religious instruction was to begin, no doubt, with such verses of Holy Scripture as composed that part of the Jewish liturgy, which answers to our Creed.

a). The Shema: Deuteronomy 6:4-9; Included in the Mezuzah, Deuteronomy 11:13-21; Numbers 15:37-41.

3). The Biblical and historical background of Jewish customs and ceremonies, By Abraham P. Bloch, p.265. “In addition, there was a custom of smearing honey on the letters of the alphabet which the child was taught and to have him lick the honey so that he could savor the sweetness of the Torah.”

4). I have heard of another tradition that Jewish mothers after the children would recite verses of Scripture, the mothers would dip their fingers in honey and have the children to lick the honey to always have the children associate sweetness with the Scriptures.

a). Psalm 119:103 How sweet are thy words unto my taste! yea, sweeter than honey to my mouth!

b). Proverbs 24:13, 14 My son, eat thou honey, because it is good; and the honeycomb, which is sweet to thy taste:
24:14 So shall the knowledge of wisdom be unto thy soul: when thou hast found it, then there shall be a reward, and thy expectation shall not be cut off.

5). Messianic Jewish Scholar David Bivin: “The New Testament says almost nothing about Jesus' life from after his birth until he appeared in the temple at age twelve, and from then until he began his public ministry at about the age of thirty. Yet a good indication of what a young Jewish man in Jesus' day would have been doing may be found in Avot 5:21, a tractate from a collection of rabbinic sayings called the Mishnah, which states: “At five years of age, one is ready for the study of the Written Torah, at ten years of age for the study of the Oral Torah, at thirteen for bar mitzvah [the religious coming-of-age ceremony], at fifteen for the study of halachot [rabbinic legal decisions], at eighteen for marriage, at twenty for pursuing a vocation, at thirty for entering one's full vigor...Although this statement cannot be dated with certainty, and may come some 100 years after the time of Jesus, there are many other passages in rabbinic works that indicate the importance placed upon the education of children and provide some insight into how the young Jesus was probably spending his time.”

6). Flavius Josephus, wrote that “from the earliest infancy” they were taught the Laws of God. 

7). This letter that Paul was writing to Timothy is part of the Scriptures that make up the New Testament, so from our perspective we include them in Scriptures we should know from infancy, but from Timothy’s infancy it would have been the Old Testament only.   

2. “…which are able to make thee wise unto salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus.”

a. able [1410 * dunamai] [Strong: to be able or possible:--be able, can (do, + -not), could, may, might, be possible, be of power.] [Thayer: to be able, have power whether by virtue of one's own ability and resources, or of a state of mind, or through favourable circumstances, or by permission of law or custom.]

b. wise [4679 * sophizo] [Strong: to render wise; in a sinister acceptation, to form "sophisms", i.e. continue plausible error:--cunningly devised, make wise.] [Thayer: to make wise, to teach, to become wise, to have understanding.]

c. salvation [4991 * soteria] [Strong: noun; rescue or safety (physically or morally):--deliver, health, salvation, save, saving.] [[Scofield Reference Bible: “The Hebrew and Greek words for salvation imply the ideas of deliverance, safety, preservation, healing and soundness. Salvation is the great inclusive word of the Gospel, gathering into itself all the redemptive acts and processes…”]

d. faith [4102 * pistis] [Strong: persuasion, i.e. credence; moral conviction (of religious truth, or the truthfulness of God or a religious teacher), especially reliance upon Christ for salvation; abstractly, constancy in such profession; by extension, the system of religious (Gospel) truth itself:--assurance, belief, believe, faith, fidelity.]

e. Word Studies In the New Testament, Marvin R. Vincent. P. 316 “To give thee understanding of that which lies behind the letter; to enable thee to detect in the O.T. books various hidden allusions to Christ; to draw from the O.T. the mystery of messianic salvation, and to interpret the O.T. with Christ as the key.” 

1). John 5:39 Search the Scriptures; for in them ye think ye have eternal life: and they are they which testify of me.

2). Luke 24:25-27 Then he said unto them, O fools, and slow of heart to believe all that the prophet have spoken:
24:26 Ought not Christ to have suffered these things, and to enter into his glory?
24:27 And beginning at Moses and all the prophets, he expounded unto them in all the Scriptures the things concerning himself.

3). Acts 28:23 And when they had appointed him a day, there came many to him into his lodging; to whom he expounded and testified the kingdom of God, persuading them concerning Jesus, both out of the law of Moses, and out of the prophets, from morning till evening.  

4). D.C. Note: In both the Old and New Testaments Jesus is the central focus. In type, or Theophany, or in prophetic mention, He is there, throughout. The Scriptures are able to make us wise unto salvation. The Greek and Hebrew concepts of salvation incorporate everything included in our inheritance, safety, deliverance, preservation, healing and soundness.

2 Timothy 3:14

2 Timothy 3:14

But continue thou in the things which thou hast learned and hast been assured of, knowing of whom thou hast learned them,

a. NLT: But you must remain faithful to the things you have been taught. You know they are true, for you know you can trust those who taught you.

b. NIV: But as for you, continue in what you have learned and have become convinced of, because you know those from whom you learned it,

c. Young’s Literal Translation: And thou -- be remaining in the things which thou didst learn and wast entrusted with, having known from whom thou didst learn,

d. Amplified Bible: But as for you, continue to hold to the things that you have learned and of which you are convinced, knowing from whom you learned [them],

e. Worrell Translation: But do you abide in the things which you learned and were assured of; knowing from whom you learned them;

1. “But continue thou in the things which thou hast learned and hast been assured of…”

a. But [1161 * de] [Strong: a primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.:--also, and, but, moreover, now (often unexpressed in English).

b. continue [3306 * meno] [Thayer’s: to remain, abide, in reference to place, to sojourn, tarry,  not to depart. In reference to state or condition, to remain as one, not to become another or different.]

1). As believers we need to continue in the Word of God. Study it, believe it, meditate it, and obey it.

a). 1 Timothy 4:16 Take heed unto thyself, and unto the doctrine; continue in them: for in doing this thou shalt both save thyself, and them that hear thee.

2). Jesus said that one of the marks of a disciple was to continue in the truth.

a). John 8:31, 32 Then said Jesus to those Jews which believed on him, If ye continue in my word, then are ye my disciples indeed;
8:32 And ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free.

3). Paul writing to the Colossians encouraged them to continue in the faith.

a). Colossians 1:19-23 For it pleased the Father that in him should all fulness dwell;
 1:20 And, having made peace through the blood of his cross, by him to reconcile all things unto himself; by him, I say, whether they be things in earth, or things in heaven.
1:21 And you, that were sometime alienated and enemies in your mind by wicked works, yet now hath he reconciled
1:22 In the body of his flesh through death, to present you holy and unblameable and unreproveable in his sight:
1:23 If ye continue in the faith grounded and settled, and be not moved away from the hope of the gospel, which ye have heard, and which was preached to every creature which is under heaven; whereof I Paul am made a minister;

c. thou [4771 * su] [Strong:  the person pronoun of the second person singular; thou:-- thou.]

d. in [1722 * en] [Strong: a primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), i.e. a relation of rest (intermediate between 1519 and 1537); "in," at, (up-)on, by, etc.:--about, after, against, + almost, X altogether, among, X as, at, before, between, (here-)by (+ all means), for (... sake of), + give self wholly to, (here-)in(-to, -wardly), X mightily, (because) of, (up-)on, (open-)ly, X outwardly, one, X quickly, X shortly, (speedi-)ly, X that, X there(-in, -on), through(-out), (un-)to(-ward), under, when, where(-with), while, with(-in). Often used in compounds, with substantially the same import; rarely with verbs of motion, and then not to indicate direction, except (elliptically) by a separate (and different) preposition.]

e. the things which [3739 * hos] [Strong: including feminine he hay, and neuter ho ho probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article 3588); the relatively (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that:--one, (an-, the) other, some, that, what, which, who(-m, -se), etc.]

f. thou hast learned [3129 * manthano] [Strong: prolongation from a primary verb, another form of which, matheo, is used as an alternate in certain tenses; to learn (in any way):--learn, understand.]

g. and [2532 * kai] [Strong: apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words:--and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.]

h. has been assured of [4104 * pistoo] [Strong: to assure:--assure of.] [Thayer:  to make faithful, render trustworthy, to make firm, establish, to firmly persuaded of, to be assured of.] [Zodhiates: to confirm, establish, ascertain, make sure or certain.]

1). According to Vincent’s Word Studies this word is used often in the Septuagint and he gives two examples.

a). 2 Samuel 7:16 And thine house and thy kingdom shall be established for ever before thee: thy throne shall be established for ever.

b). Psalms 78:37 For their heart was not right with him, neither were they stedfast in his covenant.

2). This sentence/verse was written in response to 2Timothy 3:13: “But evil men and seducers shall wax worse and worse, deceiving, and being deceived.” It is the answer, it is our response when we see deceived or pretending ministers of the gospel preach apostate messages. Go to the word. Continue in it.

2. “…knowing of whom thou hast learned them.”

a. knowing [1492 * eido] [Strong: properly, to see (literally or figuratively); by implication, (in the perfect tense only) to know:--be aware, behold, X can (+ not tell), consider, (have) know(-ledge), look (on), perceive, see, be sure, tell, understand, wish, wot.]

b. of [3844 * para] [Strong: a primary preposition; properly, near; i.e. (with genitive case) from beside (literally or figuratively), (with dative case) at (or in) the vicinity of (objectively or subjectively), (with accusative case) to the proximity with (local (especially beyond or opposed to) or causal (on account of):--above, against, among, at, before, by, contrary to, X friend, from, + give (such things as they), + that (she) had, X his, in, more than, nigh unto, (out) of, past, save, side...by, in the sight of, than, (there-)fore, with. In compounds it retains the same variety of application.]

c. whom [5101 * tis] [Strong: probably emphatic of 5100; an interrogative pronoun, who, which or what (in direct or indirect questions):--every man, how (much), + no(-ne, thing), what (manner, thing), where (-by, -fore, -of, -unto, - with, -withal), whether, which, who(-m, -se), why.]

d. thou hast learned them [3129 * manthano] [Strong: prolongation from a primary verb, another form of which, matheo, is used as an alternate in certain tenses; to learn (in any way):--learn, understand.]

1). Timothy had been influenced by two godly Jewish women, his mother Eunice and his grandmother Lois. Add to that the examples of Paul, Barnabas, and Silas and that is quite a spiritual roster.

a). 2 Timothy 1:5 When I call to remembrance the unfeigned faith that is in thee, which dwelt first in thy grandmother Lois, and thy mother Eunice; and I am persuaded that in thee also.

2). Paul was warning Timothy and us, what we should do when we see deceived or pretending ministers of the gospel preach apostate messages. We are seeing them spring up like weeds across the landscape of Christianity and supporting ungodliness. We continue in the word.

2 Timothy 3:13

2 Timothy 3:13

But evil men and seducers shall wax worse and worse, deceiving, and being deceived.

a. NLT: But evil people and impostors will flourish. They will deceive others and will themselves be deceived.

b. NIV: while evildoers and impostors will go from bad to worse, deceiving and being deceived.

c. Young’s Literal Translation: and evil men and impostors shall advance to the worse, leading astray and being led astray.

d. Amplified Bible: But wicked men and imposters will go on from bad to worse, deceiving and leading astray others and being deceived and led astray themselves.

e. Worrell Translation:  But evil men and imposters will grow worse and worse, deceiving and being deceived.

1.”But evil men and seducers shall wax worse and worse…”

a. evil men [These two words are a combination of three different numbers] [4190 * poneros] [Zodhiates: Evil in a moral or spiritual sense, wicked, malicious, mischievous.] [4191 * poneroteros] [Zodhiates: More wicked.] [444 * anthropos] [Zodhiates: Man, a generic name in distinction from gods and animals.]

b. seducers [1114 * goetos] [Zodhiates: A conjurer, an enchanter. In the N.T. a deceiver, imposter.] [Vine: primarily denotes a wailer (goao-to wail); hence, from the howl in which spells were chanted, a wizard, sorcerer, enchanter, and hence, a juggler, cheat, imposter…possibly the false teachers referred to practiced magical arts.]

c. wax [4298 * prokopto; pro-before; kopto-to cut or strike forward, impel.] [Zodhiates: to beat or drive forward as if with repeated strokes, hence to go forward or further.]

d. worse [5501 * cherion] [Zodhiates: worse, inferior in rank, goodness and excellence or condition.

1). This warning primarily is about apostate Christians. The New Testament is full of warnings concerning them. Jesus warned about them, Paul warned about them, as well as Peter, Jude and John. I can see in this word “wax”, a progressiveness toward evil, a step by step descent. Though portions of the words of the writers of the New Testament have found fulfillment in every century of the last 2000 years, in the last 100, the cancer they warned of is reaching its prophetic fulfillment.  In 1922 when Harry Emerson Fosdick, Pastor of New York’s First Presbyterian Church preached his sermon, “Shall the Fundamentalists Win?” He was booted out of his church because of his views were contrary to Scripture. Below is a small portion of his poisonous views. Though all are important, pay close attention to his attack on the inspiration of Scripture and the Blood Atonement.

a). “It is interesting to note where the Fundamentalists are driving in their stakes to mark out the deadline of doctrine around the church, across which no one is to pass except on terms of agreement. They insist that we must all believe in the historicity of certain special miracles, preeminently the virgin birth of our Lord; that we must believe in a special theory of inspiration—that the original documents of the Scripture, which of course we no longer possess, were inerrantly dictated to men a good deal as a man might dictate to a stenographer; that we must believe in a special theory of the Atonement—that the blood of our Lord, shed in a substitutionary death, placates an alienated Deity and makes possible welcome for the returning sinner; and that we must believe in the second coming of our Lord upon the clouds of heaven to set up a millennium here, as the only way in which God can bring history to a worthy denouement. Such are some of the stakes which are being driven to mark a deadline of doctrine around the church.”

b). These same two foundational doctrines, the inspiration of Scripture and the Blood Atonement of Christ Jesus are now attacked on an everyday basis in liberal Christianity. Though Mr. Fosdick was booted out of his church in the 1920’s, in 2014 he would be applauded and awarded, because just as the Scripture warned, evil men and seducers have waxed worse and worse. Today you can surf progressive Christian websites all over the internet and find it riddled with articles attacking the inspiration of Scripture and the Blood Atonement. Because of the waxing “worse and worse”, you can add Biblical morality and the institution of marriage and others to the list of godly doctrines under attack. Two of the most popular sites are Sojourners and Red Letter Christians, but sites similar to them are all over the internet.

2.”…deceiving and being deceived.”

a. deceiving [4105 * planao] [Zodhiates: To cause to wander, lead astray.] [Strong: planao plan-ah'-o from 4106; to (properly, cause to) roam (from safety, truth, or virtue):--go astray, deceive, err, seduce, wander, be out of the way.]

b. and [Strong: 2532 * kai kahee apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words:--and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.]

c. being deceived [4105 * planao] [Zodhiates: To cause to wander, lead astray.] [Strong: planao plan-ah'-o from 4106; to (properly, cause to) roam (from safety, truth, or virtue):--go astray, deceive, err, seduce, wander, be out of the way.]

1). The word for deceived is the same as deceiving. These evil people, these seducers are progressively getting more and more evil, hence we can look back at our opening verses and see the reason.

a). 2 Timothy 3:1, 2 “This know also, that in the last days perilous times shall come.
For men shall be…”

2). The time period for these warnings are the last days. The number of false and dangerous doctrines now being circulated by deceived individuals in the church are numerous, too much to mention here. The answer for though is given in the next verses. “But continue thou in the things which thou hast learned and hast been assured of, knowing of whom thou hast learned them, And that from a child thou hast known the holy Scriptures, which are able to make thee wise unto salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus.

2 Timothy 3:12

2 Timothy 3:12

Yea, and all that will live godly in Christ Jesus shall suffer persecution.

a. NLT: Yes, and everyone who wants to live a godly life in Christ Jesus will suffer persecution.

b. NIV: In fact, everyone who wants to live a godly life in Christ Jesus will be persecuted,

c. Young’s Literal Translation:

d. Amplified Bible: Indeed all who delight in piety and are determined to live a devoted and godly life in Christ Jesus will meet with persecution [will be made to suffer because of their religious stand].

1. “…all that will live godly in Christ jesus shall suffer persecution…”

a. persecution [1377 * dioko][Strong: a prolonged (and causative) form of a primary verb dio (to flee; compare the base of [deiloV] - deilos 1169 and 1249); to pursue (literally or figuratively); by implication, to persecute:--ensue, follow (after), given to, (suffer) persecute(-ion), press forward.

b. It is inevitable that those who live godly lives as a believer in Christ will suffer persecution. In the Parable of the Sower Jesus said persecution would inevitably come because of obedience to the word of God.

1). Matthew 13:21Yet hath he not root in himself, but dureth for a while: for when tribulation or persecution ariseth because of the word, by and by he is offended.

2 Timothy 3:11

2 Timothy 3:11

Persecutions, afflictions, which came unto me at Antioch, at Iconium, at Lystra; what persecutions I endured: but out of them all the Lord delivered me.

a. NLT: You know how much persecution and suffering I have endured. You know all about how I was persecuted in Antioch, Iconium, and Lystra—but the Lord rescued me from all of it.

b. NIV: persecutions, sufferings—what kinds of things happened to me in Antioch, Iconium and Lystra, the persecutions I endured. Yet the Lord rescued me from all of them.

c. Young’s Literal Translation: the persecutions, the afflictions, that befel me in Antioch, in Iconium, in Lystra; what persecutions I endured, and out of all the Lord did deliver me,

d. Amplified Bible: Persecutions, sufferings—such as occurred to me at Antioch, at Iconium, and at Lystra, persecutions I endured, but out of them all the Lord delivered me.

1.”Persecutions, afflictions,

a.       persecutions [1375 * diogmos] [Zodhiates: pursuit, particularly of enemies, hostile persecution.]

b.      afflictions [3804 * pathema] [Zodhiates: suffering, affliction.]

2. “…which came unto me at Antioch…”

a. Acts 13:50-52 “But the Jews stirred up the devout and honourable women, and the chief men of the city, and raised persecution against Paul and Barnabas, and expelled them out of their coasts.”
But they shook off the dust of their feet against them, and came unto Iconium.
And the disciples were filled with joy, and with the Holy Ghost.”

3. “…at Iconium…”

a.       Acts 14:1-7 “And it came to pass in Iconium, that they went both together into the synagogue of the Jews, and so spake, that a great multitude both of the Jews and also of the Greeks believed.
But the unbelieving Jews stirred up the Gentiles, and made their minds evil affected against the brethren.
Long time therefore abode they speaking boldly in the Lord, which gave testimony unto the word of his grace, and granted signs and wonders to be done by their hands.
But the multitude of the city was divided: and part held with the Jews, and part with the apostles.
And when there was an assault made both of the Gentiles, and also of the Jews, with their rulers, to use them despitefully, and to stone them,
They were ware of it, and fled unto Lystra and Derbe, cities of Lyconia, and unto the region that lieth round about:
And there they preached the gospel.”

4. “…at Lystra…”

a.       Acts 14:8-20 “And there sat a man at Lystra, impotent in his feet, being a cripple from his mother’s womb, who never had walked:
The same heard Paul speak: who steadfastly beholding him, and perceiving that he had faith to be healed.
Said with a loud voice, Stand upright on thy feet. And he leaped and walked.
And when the people saw what Paul had done, they lifted up their voices, saying in the speech of Lyconia, The gods are come down to us in the likeness of men.
And they called Barnabas, Jupiter; and Paul, Mercurius, because he was the chief speaker.
Then the priest of Jupiter, which was before the city, brought oxen and garlands unto the gates, and would have done sacrifice with the people.
Which when the apostles, Barnabas and Paul, heard of, they rent their clothes, and ran in among the people, crying out,
And saying, Sirs, why do ye these things? We also are men of like passions with you, and preach unto you that ye should turn from these vanities unto the living God, which made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and all things that are therein:
Who in times past suffered all nations to walk in their own ways.
Nevertheless he left not himself without witness, in that he did good, and gave us rain from heaven, and fruitful seasons, filling our hearts with food and gladness.
And with these sayings scarce restrained they the people, that they had not done sacrifice unto them.
And there came thither certain Jews from Antioch and Iconium, who persuaded the people, and having stoned Paul, drew him out of the city, supposing he had been dead.
Howbeit, as the disciples stood round about him, he rose up, and came into the city: and the next day he departed with Barnabas to Derbe.”

b. According to these verses, Timothy witnessed all these things that Paul experienced.

5. “…what persecutions I endured…”

a. persecutions [1375 * diogmos][Thayer: persecution.][Zodhiates: Pursuit, particularly of enemies, hostile prosecution.]

1). Jesus said persecution would come because of the word’s sake.

a). Mark 4:16, 17 And these are they likewise which are sown on stony ground; who, when they have heard the word, immediately receive it with gladness;
And have no root in themselves, and so endure but for a time: afterward, when affliction or persecution ariseth for the word's sake, immediately they are offended.

b. Paul endured these persecutions and encouraged Timothy and us to endure them when they come. If we do not successfully endure them, then our hearts are like “stony ground” . Our hearts are not rooted in Christ Jesus.

6. “… but out of them all the Lord delivered me.”

a.       Psalm 34:19 “Many are the afflictions of the righteous: but the LORD delivereth him out of them all.”

2 Timothy 3:10

2 Timothy 3:10

But thou hast fully known my doctrine, manner of life, purpose, faith, longsuffering, charity, patience,

a. NLT: But you, Timothy, certainly know what I teach, and how I live, and what my purpose in life is. You know my faith, my patience, my love, and my endurance.

b. NIV: You, however, know all about my teaching, my way of life, my purpose, faith, patience, love, endurance,

c. Young’s Literal Translation: And thou -- thou hast followed after my teaching, manner of life, purpose, faith, long-suffering, love, endurance,

d. Amplified Bible: Now you have closely observed and diligently followed my teaching, conduct, purpose in life, faith, patience, love, steadfastness,

1.”But thou hast fully known …”

a.       Timothy was already a disciple when Paul came through Lystra on the second missionary journey. This means of course he got saved when Paul was there during the first missionary journey, recorded in Acts 14:8-20. God moved mightily during that time in Lystra, healing a man who was a cripple from birth (Acts 14:8-10), and raising Paul after he was stoned. Timothy must have heard or seen these things. Timothy was aware of Paul’s doctrine, manner of life and so on.

b.      fully known [3877 * parakoloutheo; para-near; akoloutheo-to follow] [Zodhiates: To accompany side by side, follow closely, attend to carefully.]

1). The definition of this word is illustrated by the following passage.

a). Acts 16:1-5 Then came he to Derbe and Lystra: and, behold, a certain disciple was there, named Timotheus, the son of a certain woman, which was a Jewess, and believed; but his father was a Greek:
Which was well reported of by the brethren that were at Lystra and Iconium.
Him would Paul have to go forth with him; and took and circumcised him because of the Jews which were in those quarters: for they knew all that his father was a Greek.
And as they went through the cities, they delivered them the decrees for to keep, that were ordained of the apostles and elders which were at Jerusalem.
And so were the churches established in the faith, and increased in number daily.

b). Timothy “fully knew” Paul personally, he accompanied Paul side by side, following closely and attending to him as he taught and ministered and he witnessed churches being established in the faith and increasing in numbers daily.

2. “…my doctrine, manner of life, purpose, faith, longsuffering, charity, patience,”

c.       doctrine [1319 * didaskalia] [Zodhiates: Teaching or instruction.]

d.      manner of life [72 * agoges] [Zodhiates: A way of life, the manner of leading or spending life.]

e.       longsuffering [3115 * makrothumia] [Zodhiates: Forebearance, long-suffering, self-restraint before leading to action.]

f.       charity [26 * agape] [Zodhiates: Love].

g.      patience  [5281 * hupomone] [Zodhiates: A bearing up under, patience, endurance as to things or circumstances.]

Sunday, April 20, 2008



1. The following information was cut and pasted from various Islamic and Christian websites. The information included here can be obtained from a number of secular, Islamic and Christian sites. I make no apology that the information though received off a Islamic or a secular site has been presented here from a Christian perspective.

a. Muhammad was born in 570 AD in Mecca and according to Islamic tradition he was a descendant of Ismail through the lineage of his second son, Kedar. His father, Abdullah, died in Medina, several weeks before Muhammad’s birth. His mother died when he was six years old. He was raised by his paternal grandfather until the age of eight, and after his death, by his paternal uncle, 'Abd al Muttalib. Many years before Muhammad's birth, his uncle had established himself as an influential leader of the Arab tribe ‘Quraish’ in Mecca and took care of the holy sanctuary Kabah. The Ka’bah at this time was filled with three hundred sixty idols. This confirms archeology’s evidence that prior to Islam Arabia was filled with idol worship.The Kabah according to Islam is the holiest site in Islam; in later centuries Muslims built a mosque around it. The Kabah contains a black stone, that according to Islamic tradition, fell from Heaven during the time of Adam and Eve, when it was a pure and dazzling white, but has since turned black because of the sins it has absorbed over the years. It was later removed and hidden in the hill near Mecca. According to Islamic tradition when Abraham rebuilt the Kaaba, the Archangel Gabriel brought the stone out of hiding and gave it to him. Islamic scholars and historians say that the Kabah has been reconstructed between five to 12 times. The very first construction of the Kabah was done by Adam. The Koran says theKobah was the first house built for humanity to worship Allah. After this, Abraham and Ishmael rebuilt the Kaba. Under the guardianship of his uncle, Muhammad began to earn a living as a businessman and a trader. Muhammad married Khadijah a widowed rich merchant woman when he was 25. They had six children, four daughters and two sons.According to Islam, the original, pristine message of the Prophet Abraham was lost, and it was mixed with superstitions and traditions of pilgrims and visitors from distant places, who were used to idol worship and myths. Muhammad was chosen to restore that original message. Islam teaches that Muhammad was forty when, during his one of many retreats to Mount Hira for meditation during the month of Ramadan, he received the first revelation from the Archangel Gabriel. On this first appearance, Gabriel said to Muhammad: Read or Recite. Muhammad replied, “I cannot read," as he had not received any formal education and did not know how to read or write. The Angel Gabriel then embraced him until he reached the limit of his endurance and after releasing said: "I cannot read." Gabriel repeated the embrace for the third time, asked him to repeat after him and said: "Recite in the name of your Lord who created! He created man from that which clings. Recite; and thy Lord is most Bountiful, He who has taught by the pen, taught man what he knew not." According to Islam, these revelations are the first five verses of the Koran given to Muhammad. Thus it was in the year 610 AD the revelation began. According to Islam, Gabriel visited the Prophet as commanded by Allah revealing the verses of the Koran in Arabic over a period of twenty-three years. The revelations that he received were sometimes a few verses, a part of a chapter or the whole chapter. Some revelations came down in response to an inquiry by the nonbelievers. Angel Gabriel taught the order and arrangement of verses. All the revealed verses were compiled in the book known as Qur’an. The name Qur’an appears in the revealed verses. The Koran does not contain even a word from the Prophet. The Koran speaks in the first person, i.e., Allah's commandments to His creation. Gabriel also visited the Prophet throughout his mission informing and teaching him of events and strategy as needed to help in the completion of the prophetic mission. The Prophet’s sayings, actions, and approvals are recorded separately in collections known as Hadith. According to Islam, the Koran is the sacred book of Islam. For Muslims, it is the word of God as revealed by the archangel Gabriel to the prophet Mohammed and thence to mankind.

1). Galatians 1:8, 9 “But though we, or an angel from heaven, preach any other gospel unto you than that which we have preached unto you, let him be accursed.

As we said before, so say I now again, If any man preach any other gospel unto you than that ye have received, let him be accursed.

2). In light of the above warning by the Apostle Paul , 1 Kings 13:1-24 should be looked at.

b. According to Islam, the mission of Muhammad was to restore the worship of the One True God, the creator and sustainer of the universe, as taught by Abraham and all the Prophets of God, and to demonstrate and complete the laws of moral, ethical, legal, and social conduct and all other matters of significance for the humanity at large. According to Islam, Muhammad was not the founder of Islam, only the last in the chain of messengers beginning with Adam, Noah, Abraham, Lot, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, Joseph, Job, Moses, Aaron, David, Solomon, Elias, Jonah, John, the Baptist, Jesus and many others who brought the same message, i.e., submission to the one God, the Creator and Sustainer of the universe. Therefore, Islam in essence is the oldest religion, and at the same time, in the chain of revelations, it is the youngest among the major religions of the world. The Koran, the last revealed book of Allah, in our possession today is the same word for word as it was revealed to Muhammad more than fourteen centuries ago. Muhammad died in 632 A.D.

c. The Dome of the Rock, was built in 687 A.C. by Caliph Abd al-Malik, half a century after the death of the Prophet Muhammad. The rock marks the site from where according to Islam Muhammad made his Night Journey.

The name "Al-Aqsa Mosque" translates to "the farthest mosque" or "the remote mosque" according to some translations, and is associated with the journey Muslims believe was made around 621 by Muhammad on the winged steed Buraq, which was brought to him by the Archangel Gabriel. According to the verse in the Koran, Muhammad took the journey in a single night from "the sacred mosque" in Mecca to "the farthest mosque" al-Masjid al-Aqsa, in Jerusalem. From a rock there, Muhammad ascended to heaven, accompanied by Gabriel, touring heaven and receiving the commandments, including the five daily prayers, before returning to Earth and back to Mecca to communicate them to the faithful. According to Jewish tradition, which I believe, it was actually the site where Abraham was to offer Issac for a sacrifice. It is also believed to be the foundation stone for Solomon’s temple. I personally believe that Satan inspired the the poor saps who believe in Islam to steal the site away from Judaism and fictitiously incorporate it into Islam.

The moon god and Allah

a. In order to show the difference between the God of Christianity and the god of Islam, there is an effort to show that the worship of Allah evolved out of pre-Islamic idolatry. There is no doubt about the archaeological evidence that points to this link, but of course Islamic scholars are now coming to the front to dispute this link. Although I believe it, the bottom line is that regardless of this evidence, the most sure evidence that reveals the God of Christianity and the god of Islam are not the same is the Bible.

1.In pre-Islamic times, pagan Arabs worshipped 360 gods at the Kabah in Mecca, and the Moon-god was the chief deity…According to numerous inscriptions, while the name of the Moon-god was Sin, his title was al-ilah, i.e. "the deity," meaning that he was the chief or high god among the gods. The Moon-god was called al-ilah, i.e. the god, which was shortened to Allah in pre-Islamic times. The pagan Arabs even used Allah in the names they gave to their children. For example, both Muhammad's father and uncle had Allah as part of their names. The fact that they were given such names by their pagan parents proves that Allah was used in pre-Islamic times. Professor Carleton S. Coon goes on to say, "Similarly, under Mohammed's tutelage, the relatively anonymous Ilah, became Al-Ilah, The God, or Allah, the Supreme Being."

2. A temple of the Moon-god has been excavated in Ur by Sir Leonard Woolley. He dug up many examples of moon worship in Ur and these are displayed in the British Museum to this day. Harran was likewise noted for its devotion to the Moon-god.

The God of Christianity and the god of Islam are not the same

1.There is a dangerous statement that is making its way through Christianity that the god of Islam is the same God of Christianity. It does not help matters when some of the individuals saying this are influential in some circles of Christianity. For example, Dr. Miroslav Volf, Founding Director of Yale’s Center for Faith and Culture said on the PBS program, Religion and Ethics Newsweekly, on 4/2/2004: “The Christian God is different, is different than the Muslim God, but not other than the Muslim God. I do believe that Muslims and Christians and Jews pray to the same God. And yet they understand who God is in significantly different ways.”

2. In October of 2007 138 scholars from Islam sent a letter entitled, “A Common Word” to Christian leaders worldwide. The following is an excerpt of that letter.

a. “Muslims and Christians together make up well over half of the world’s population. Without peace and justice between these two religious communities, there can be no meaningful peace in the world. The future of the world depends on peace between Muslims and Christians.Finding common ground between Muslims and Christians is not simply a matter for polite ecumenical dialogue between selected religious leaders. Christianity and Islam are the largest and second largest religions in the world and in history. Christians and Muslims reportedly make up over a third and over a fifth of humanity respectively. Together they make up more than 55% of the world’s population, making the relationship between these two religious communities the most important factor in contributing to meaningful peace around the world. If Muslims and Christians are not at peace, the world cannot be at peace. With the terrible weaponry of the modern world; with Muslims and Christians intertwined everywhere as never before, no side can unilaterally win a conflict between more than half of the world’s inhabitants. Thus our common future is at stake. The very survival of the world itself is perhaps at stake.”

3. Marvin Olasky writes in an article, God And Allah Aren’t The Same, “I’m all for people from different religions talking with each other…Nevertheless, our desire to make friends should not lead us to obscure the truth, as America Online’s primer about “Understanding Islam” did recently when it proclaimed, “Same God: Muslims accept the teachings of the Jewish Torah and the Christian Gospels.” Actually, Muslims accept neither the Bible as written nor the God of the Bible.”

4. In order for the belief, “it is the same God for both religions” to be true, God would have to be either a liar giving one inspired message to the writers of the New Testament and then turn around 5 centuries later and give Muhammad another inspired message through Gabriel. So either he is a liar or he is schizophrenic. No! Both of those lines of thought are impossible, the truth of the matter is it is not the same God. Now it is true that the God of Judaism and the God of Christianity are the same God, but the god of Islam is a devil!

a. 1 Corinthians 10:19, 20 “What say I then? That the idol is anything, or that which is offered in sacrifice to idols is anything?

But I say, that the things which the Gentiles sacrifice, they sacrifice to devils, and not to God: and I would not that ye should have fellowship with devils.”

b. All one has to do is compare the God inspired writings of the Bible and the demonic inspired writings of the Koran to see the fundamental differences in the two.

Scripture & the Koran

5.72: Certainly they disbelieve who say: Surely Allah, He is the Messiah, son of Marium; and the Messiah said: O Children of Israel! serve Allah, my Lord and your Lord. Surely whoever associates (others) with Allah, then Allah has forbidden to him the garden, and his abode is the fire; and there shall be no helpers for the unjust.

a. 1 John 2:22 “Who is a liar but he that denieth that Jesus is the Christ? He is an anti-christ, that denieth the Father and the Son.”

b. John 1:1, 14 “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.

And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.

5.73: Certainly they disbelieve who say: Surely Allah is the third (person) of the three; and there is no god but the one God, and if they desist not from what they say, a painful chastisement shall befall those among them who disbelieve.

4.171: O followers of the Book! do not exceed the limits in your religion, and do not speak (lies) against Allah, but (speak) the truth; the Messiah, Isa son of Marium is only an apostle of Allah and His Word which He communicated to Marium and a spirit from Him; believe therefore in Allah and His apostles, and say not, Three. Desist, it is better for you; Allah is only one God; far be It from His glory that He should have a son, whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth is His, and Allah is sufficient for a Protector.

a. 1 John 5:9-12 “If we receive the witness of men, the witness of God is greater: for this is the witness of God which he hath testified of his Son.

He that believeth on the Son of God hath the witness in himself: he that believeth not God hath made him a liar; because he believeth not the record that God gave of his Son

And this is the record, that God hath given to us eternal life, and this life is in his Son.

He that hath the Son hath life; and he that hath not the Son of God hath not life.”

b. In some English translations of the Koran there is commentary at the bottom of the page referring to the various verses. Note 676 referring to 4.171 says the following: “Christ’s attributes are mentioned: 1. That he was the son of a woman, Mary, and therefore a man; 2. A messenger, a man with a mission from Allah, and therefore entitled to honor; 3. A Word bestowed on Mary, for he was created by Allah’s word “Be” (3.59); 4. A spirit proceeding from Allah, but not Allah; his life and his mission were more limited that in the case of some other messengers, though we must pay equal honour to him as a Prophet of Allah. The doctrines of Trinity, equality with Allah, and sonship, are repudiated as blasphemies.”

4.157: And their saying: Surely we have killed the Messiah, Isa son of Marium, the apostle of Allah; and they did not kill him nor did they crucify him, but it appeared to them so (like Isa) and most surely those who differ therein are only in a doubt about it; they have no knowledge respecting it, but only follow a conjecture, and they killed him not for sure.

4.158: Nay! Allah took him up to Himself; and Allah is Mighty, Wise.

a. In some English translations of the Koran there is commentary at the bottom of the page referring to the various verses. Note 663 referring to verse 4.157 says the following: “The end of the life of Jesus on earth is as much involved mystery as his birth, and indeed the greater part of his ministry. It is not profitable to discuss the many doubts and conjectures among the early Christian sects and among Muslim theologians. The Orthodox Christians Churches make it a cardinal point of their doctrine that his life was taken on the Cross, that he died and was buried, that on the third day he rose in the body with his wonds intact, and walked about and conversed, and ate with his disciples, and was afterwards taken up bodily to heaven. This is necessary for the theological doctrine of blood sacrifice and vicarious atonement for sins, which is rejected by Islam.”

5.75: The Messiah, son of Marium is but an apostle; apostles before him have indeed passed away; and his mother was a truthful woman; they both used to eat food. See how We make the communications clear to them, then behold, how they are turned away.

9.30: And the Jews say: Uzair is the son of Allah; and the Christians say: The Messiah is the son of Allah; these are the words of their mouths; they imitate the saying of those who disbelieved before; may Allah destroy them; how they are turned away!

19.54 Maryam

Also mention in the Book (the story of) Ismail: He was (strictly) true To what he promised, And he was a messenger (And) Prophet.

a. Note 2506: Islamic Commentary: “Ismail was Dhabih Allah, i.e., the chosen sacrifice of Allah in Muslim tradition. When Abraham told him of the sacrifice, he voluntarily offered himself for it, and never flinched from his promise, until the sacrifice was redeemed by the substitution of a ram under Allah’s command.”