Friday, February 29, 2008

Deuteronomy 26:6

Deuteronomy 26:6

“And the Egyptians evil entreated, and afflicted us, and laid upon us hard bondage.”

a. This is speaking of the slavery Israel was subjected to in Egypt,

1). Exodus 1:7-14 And the children of Israel were fruitful, and increased abundantly, and multiplied, and waxed exceeding mighty; and the land was filled with them.

Now there arose up a new king over Egypt, which knew not Joseph.

And he said unto his people, Behold, the people of the children of Israel are more and mightier than we:

Come on, let us deal wisely with them; lest they multiply, and it come to pass, that, when there falleth out any war, they join also unto our enemies, and fight against us, and so get them up out of the land.

Therefore they did set over them taskmasters to afflict them with their burdens. And they built for Pharaoh treasure cities, Pithom and Raameses.

But the more they afflicted them, the more they multiplied and grew. And they were grieved because of the children of Israel.

And the Egyptians made the children of Israel to serve with rigour:

And they made their lives bitter with hard bondage, in morter, and in brick, and in all manner of service in the field: all their service, wherein they made them serve, was with rigour.”

b. It is also a fore shadow of us and the redemption that Jesus wrought for us.

1). John 8:34 “Jesus answered them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Whosoever committeth sin is the servant of sin.”

2). Proverbs 13:15 “Good understanding giveth favor: but the way of transgressors is hard.”

3). Ephesians 2:2, 3 “Wherein in time past ye walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience:

Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others.”

Sunday, February 24, 2008

Deuteronomy 26:5

Deuteronomy 26:5

And thou shalt speak and say before the LORD thy God, A Syrian ready to perish was my father, and he went down into Egypt, and sojourned there with a few, and became there a nation, great, mighty, and populous:

a. Deuteronomy 26:5-10 is a confession of faith that the Israelites said every time they offered their firstfruits.

b. The beginning of this confession is speaking of Jacob.

1). Genesis 46:1-7 “And Israel took his journey with all that he had, and came to Beersheba, and offered sacrifices unto the god of his father Isaac.

And God spake unto Israel in the visions of the night, and said, Jacob, Jacob. And he said, Here am I.

And he said, I am God, the God of thy father: fear not to go down into Egypt; for I will there make of thee a great nation:

I will go down with thee into Egypt; and I will also surely bring thee up again: and Joseph shall put his hand upon thine eyes.

And Jacob rose up from Beersheba: and the sons of Israel carried Jacob their father, and their little ones, and their wives, in the wagons which Pharoah had sent to carry him.

And they took their cattle, and their goods, which they had gotten in the land of Canaan, and came to Egypt, Jacob, and all his seed with him:

His sons, and his sons’ sons with him, his daughters, and his sons’ daughters, and all his seed brought he with him into Egypt.”

Deuteronomy 26:4

Deuteronomy 26:4

And the priest shall take the basket out of thine hand, and set it down before the altar of the LORD thy God.

a. According to the word what is being pictured here is a shadow of what is going on in heaven’s eternal sanctuary and the eternal priesthood of Jesus Christ.

1). Hebrews 8:3-6 (Amplified Bible) “For every high priest is appointed to offer up gifts and sacrifices; so it is essential for this (High Priest) to have some offering to make also.

If then He were still living on earth, He would not be a priest at all, for there are already priests who offer the gifts in accordance with the Law.

But these offer service merely as a pattern and as a foreshadowing of what has its true existence and reality in the heavenly sanctuary. For when Moses was about to erect the tabernacle, he was warned by God, saying, See to it that you make it all exactly according to the copy (the model), which was shown to you on the mountain.

But as it now is, He (Christ) has acquired a priestly ministry which is as much superior and more excellent than the old as the covenant—the agreement—of which He is the Mediator (the Arbiter, Agent) is superior and more excellent; because it is enacted and rests upon more nobler promises.

b. Another look at Jesus’ priestly ministry is in Revelation.

1). Revelation 8:3-5 “And another angel came and stood at the altar, having a golden censer; and there was given unto him much incense, that he should offer it with the prayers of all saints upon the golden altar which was before the throne.

And the smoke of the incense, which came with the prayers of the saints, ascended up before God out of the angel’s hand.

And the angel took the censer, and filled it with the fire of the altar, and cast it into the earth: and there were voices, and thundering, and lightnings, and an earthquake.”

2). This is no doubt Jesus in his priestly ministry, unless angels have taken over that job in heaven.

c. Under the Old Covenant Israel was the firstfruits of the LORD.

1). Jeremiah 2:3 “Israel was holiness unto the LORD, and the firstfruits of his increase: all that devour him shall offend; evil shall come upon them, saith the LORD.”

d. We are to be a kind of firstfruits of his.

1). James 1:18 Of his own will begat he us with the word of truth, that we should be a kind of firstfruits of his creatures.”

2). Compare Romans 15:16.

Saturday, February 16, 2008

Deuteronomy 26:3

Deuteronomy 26:3

And thou shalt go unto the priest that shall be in those days, and say unto him, I profess this day unto the LORD thy God, that I am come unto the country which the LORD sware unto our fathers for to give us.

1.”And thou shalt go unto the priest that shall be in those days…”

a. Jesus is the priest that is in these days.

1). Hebrews 4:14 “Seeing then that we have a great high priest, that is passed into the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast our profession.”

b. All believers are a nation of priest’s.

1). 1 Peter 2:9 “But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye should shew forth the praises of him who hath called you forth out of darkness into his marvelous light.”

c. Primarily this is speaking to the Jewish people. This is a commandment that will last over the lifetime of many priests.

2. “…and say unto him, I profess this day unto the LORD thy God…”

a. We are to hold fast our profession.

1). Hebrews 4:14 “Seeing then that we have a great high priest, that is passed into the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast our profession.

2). Hebrews 10:23 “Let us hold fast the profession of our faith without wavering; (for he is faithful that promised;)

b. Jesus is the high priest of our profession.

1). Hebrews 3:1 “Wherefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, consider the Apostle and High Priest of our profession, Christ Jesus;”

c. Jesus receives our words and everything we offer to Him and he offers them to the Father.

1). Hebrews 8:3 “For every high priest is ordained to offer gifts and sacrifices: wherefore it is of necessity that this man have somewhat also to offer.”

3. “…that I am come unto the country which the LORD sware unto our fathers for to give us.”

a. We have been given a spiritual country by our Father.

1). Colossians 1:13 (Amplified Bible) “…The Father has delivered and drawn us to Himself out of the control and dominion of darkness and has transformed us into the kingdom of the Son of his love…”

Saturday, February 02, 2008

Job 1:6

Job 1:6

Now there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan came also among them.

a. NLT: One day the members of the heavenly courtfn came to present themselves before the LORD, and the Accuser, Satan, came with them.

b. NIV: One day the angels came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan also came with them.

c. YLT: And the day is, that sons of God come in to station themselves by Jehovah, and there doth come also the Adversary in their midst.

d. Amplified Bible Classic: Now there was a day when the sons (the angels) of God came to present themselves before the Lord, and Satan (the adversary and accuser) also came among them.

e. Septuagint: And it came to pass on a day, that behold, the angels of God came to stand before the Lord, and the devil came with them.

f. Stone Edition Torah/Prophets:/Writings: It happened one day: The angels came to stand before HASHEM, and the Satan, too, came among them

1. “Now there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD…”

a. now there was a day [3117 * yowm] [Strong: from an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literal (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figurative (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverb):--age, + always, + chronicals, continually(-ance), daily, ((birth-), each, to) day, (now a, two) days (agone), + elder, X end, + evening, + (for) ever(-lasting, -more), X full, life, as (so) long as (... live), (even) now, + old, + outlived, + perpetually, presently, + remaineth, X required, season, X since, space, then, (process of) time, + as at other times, + in trouble, weather, (as) when, (a, the, within a) while (that), X whole (+ age), (full) year(-ly), + younger.]

b. the sons [1121 * ben] [Strong: from 1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like 1, 251, etc.)):--+ afflicted, age, (Ahoh-) (Ammon-) (Hachmon-) (Lev-)ite, (anoint-)ed one, appointed to, (+) arrow, (Assyr-) (Babylon-) (Egypt-) (Grec-)ian, one born, bough, branch, breed, + (young) bullock, + (young) calf, X came up in, child, colt, X common, X corn, daughter, X of first, + firstborn, foal, + very fruitful, + postage, X in, + kid, + lamb, (+) man, meet, + mighty, + nephew, old, (+) people, + rebel, + robber, X servant born, X soldier, son, + spark, + steward, + stranger, X surely, them of, + tumultuous one, + valiant(-est), whelp, worthy, young (one), youth.]

c. of God [430 * 'elohiym] [Strong: plural of 433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative:--angels, X exceeding, God (gods)(-dess, -ly), X (very) great, judges, X mighty.]

1). Comparing Scripture with Scripture, it is obvious that the sons of God are angels. In the following passage the context is the creation of the earth.

a). 1). Job 38:4-7  Where wast thou when I laid the foundations of the earth? declare if thou hast understanding.
38:5 Who hath laid the measures thereof, if thou knowest? Or who hath stretched the line upon it?
38:6 Whereupon are the foundations thereof fastened? Or who laid the corner stone thereof;
38:7 When all the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy?

d. came [935 * bow’] [Strong: a primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications):--abide, apply, attain, X be, befall, + besiege, bring (forth, in, into, to pass), call, carry, X certainly, (cause, let, thing for) to come (against, in, out, upon, to pass), depart, X doubtless again, + eat, + employ, (cause to) enter (in, into, -tering, -trance, -try), be fallen, fetch, + follow, get, give, go (down, in, to war), grant, + have, X indeed, (in-)vade, lead, lift (up), mention, pull in, put, resort, run (down), send, set, X (well) stricken (in age), X surely, take (in), way.]

e. to present themselves [3320 * yatsab] [Strong: a primitive root; to place (any thing so as to stay); reflexively, to station, offer, continue:--present selves, remaining, resort, set (selves), (be able to, can, with-) stand (fast, forth, -ing, still, up).]

a). This word is used only 5 times in the Bible: Deuteronomy 31:14; 1 Samuel 10:19; Job 1:6; 2:1 (twice). The use of the phrase “came to present themselves” implies that the devil or his angels just don’t drop in on God any time they please. It seems that there is a set time and they fulfill the appointment.

f. before the LORD [3068 * Yhovah] [Strong: from 1961; (the) self-Existent or Eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God:--Jehovah, the Lord.]

1). These are the same “sons of God” that are referred to in the early chapters of Genesis, who incredibly as it sounds had sexual intercourse with daughters of men.

a). a). Genesis 6:1-4 And it came to pass, when men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born unto them,
6:2 That the sons of God saw the daughters of men that they were fair; and they took them wives of all which they chose.
6:3 And the Lord said, My spirit shall not always strive with man, for that he also is flesh: yet his days shall be an hundred and twenty years.
6:4 There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown.

2). After the flood there was another group of angels who had previously joined Lucifer’s rebellion before the creation of man, this other group of fallen angels committed the additional sin of having sexual relations with human women. Because of this there were giants after the flood all the way up to the time of David.

a). 1 Samuel 17:1-58 (Goliath)

b). 2 Samuel 21:15-22   Moreover the Philistines had yet war again with Israel; and David went down, and his servants with him, and fought against the Philistines: and David waxed faint.
21:16 And Ishbibenob, which was of the sons of the giant, the weight of whose spear weighed three hundred shekels of brass in weight, he being girded with a new sword, thought to have slain David.
21:17 But Abishai the son of Zeruiah succoured him, and smote the Philistine, and killed him. Then the men of David sware unto him, saying, Thou shalt go no more out with us to battle, that thou quench not the light of Israel.
21:18 And it came to pass after this, that there was again a battle with the Philistines at Gob: then Sibbechai the Hushathite slew Saph, which was of the sons of the giant.
21:19 And there was again a battle in Gob with the Philistines, where Elhanan the son of Jaareoregim, a Bethlehemite, slew the brother of Goliath the Gittite, the staff of whose spear was like a weaver's beam.
21:20 And there was yet a battle in Gath, where was a man of great stature, that had on every hand six fingers, and on every foot six toes, four and twenty in number; and he also was born to the giant.
21:21 And when he defied Israel, Jonathan the son of Shimeah the brother of David slew him.
21:22 These four were born to the giant in Gath, and fell by the hand of David, and by the hand of his servants.

3). I believe these Scriptures reveal that Satan cannot just drop in on God anytime he pleases, but there is an appointed time when Satan and his angels are required by God to appear before Him and give account of their doings.

2. “…and Satan came also among them.”

a. and Satan [7854 * satan] [Strong: from 7853; an opponent; especially (with the article prefixed) Satan, the arch-enemy of good:--adversary, Satan, withstand.]

b. came also [935 * bow’] [Strong: a primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications):--abide, apply, attain, X be, befall, + besiege, bring (forth, in, into, to pass), call, carry, X certainly, (cause, let, thing for) to come (against, in, out, upon, to pass), depart, X doubtless again, + eat, + employ, (cause to) enter (in, into, -tering, -trance, -try), be fallen, fetch, + follow, get, give, go (down, in, to war), grant, + have, X indeed, (in-)vade, lead, lift (up), mention, pull in, put, resort, run (down), send, set, X (well) stricken (in age), X surely, take (in), way.]

c. among them[8432 * tavek] [Strong: from an unused root meaning to sever; a bisection, i.e. (by implication) the centre:--among(-st), X between, half, X (there- ,where-), in(-to), middle, mid(-night), midst (among), X out (of), X through, X with(-in).]

1 Samuel 31:8-10

1 Samuel 31:8

And it came to pass on the marrow, when the Philistines came to strip the slain, that they found Saul and his three sons fallen in Mount Gilboa.

1. “And it came to pass on the marrow, when the Philistines came to strip the slain…”

a. 1 Chronicles 10:8 “And it came to pass on the marrow, when the Philistines came to strip the slain…”

1). strip [6584 * pashat] [Strongs: unclothe, plunder, flay.]

2). A common characteristic after a battle was that the victor plundered the bodies of the fallen, and in some cases, dismembering them.

2. “…that they found Saul and his three sons fallen in Mount Gilboa.”

a. 1 Chronicles 10:8 “…that they found Saul and his sons fallen in Mount Gilboa.”

b. The discovery of the remains of Saul and his sons was a prize.

1). Jamieson/Fausset/Brown commentary: “On discovering the corpses of the slaughtered princes on the battlefield, the enemy reserved them for special indignities.”




1 Samuel 31:9

And they cut off his head, and stripped off his armour, and sent into the land of the Philistines round about, to publish it in the house of their idols, and among the people.

1. “And they cut off his head, and stripped of his armour…”

a. 1 Chronilcles 10:9 “And when they had stripped him, they took his head, and his armour…”

b. When David fought Goliath, he first knocked him down and out with a slingshot to the head, then killed by cutting off his head.

1). 1 Samuel 17:50, 51 “So David prevailed over the Philistine with a sling and with a stone, and smote the Philistine, and slew him; but there was no sword in the hand of David.
Therefore David ran, and stood upon the Philistine, and took his sword, and drew it out of the sheath thereof, and slew him, and cut off his head therewith. And when the Philistines saw their champion was dead, they fled.”

c. David then brought the head of Goliath to Jerusalem.

1). 1 Samuel 17:54 And David took the head of the Philistine, and brought it to Jerusalem; but he put his armour in his tent.

d. The sword ended up in Nob, the city of the priests.

1). 1 Samuel 21:1 Then came David to Nob to Ahimelech the priest: and Ahimelech was afraid at the meeting of David, and said unto him, Why [art] thou alone, and no man with thee?
1 Samuel 21:8 And David said unto Ahimelech, And is there not here under thine hand spear or sword? for I have neither brought my sword nor my weapons with me, because the king's business required haste.
1 Samuel 21:9 And the priest said, The sword of Goliath the Philistine, whom thou slewest in the valley of Elah, behold, it is here wrapped in a cloth behind the ephod: if thou wilt take that, take it: for there is no other save that here. And David said, There is none like that; give it me.

2. “…and sent into the land of the Philistines round about, to publish it in the house of their idols, and among the people.”

a. 1 Chronicles 10:9 “…and sent into the land of the Philistines round about, to carry tidings unto their idols, and to the people.”

b. publish [1319 * basar] [Strong’s: to announce, preach, shew forth good tidings]

c. These people were very religious. The preaching, the announcing, or the showing of the good tidings that Saul their enemy was dead and his body and armour and that of his sons could be seen in their temples, all this was being accomplished in their houses of worship, where they worshipped their devils. Check out 1 Corinthians 10:20.

1). 1 Corinthians 10:20 But I say, that the things which the Gentiles sacrifice, they sacrifice to devils, and not to God: and I would not that ye should have fellowship with devils.

2). As they were praising their god they were worshipping the devil.

d. At the news of the deaths of Saul and Jonathan, David wrote a song and in the song he implored the the news not be published in Gath or Askelon because it would cause the Philistines to rejoice.

1). 2 Samuel 1:20 “Tell it not in Gath, publish it not in the streets of Askelon; lest the daughters of the uncircumsized triumph.

2). triumph [5937 * alaz][Strong’s; to jump for joy.]

3). No doubt the rejoicing would be similar to the rejoicing of the Philistines because of the capture of Samson.

a). Jedges 16:23, 24 Judges 16:23, 24 “Then the lords of the Philistines gathered them together for to offer a great sacrifice unto Dagon their god and to rejoice: for they said, Our god hath delivered Samson our enemy into our hand.
And when the people saw him, they praised their god: for they said, Our god hath delivered into our hands our enemy, and the destroyer of our country, which slew many of us.

e. Saul ended up being a trophy of the enemies of God’s people. After they were slain, Saul and his sons bodily members, were treated as spiritual trophies in the houses of their gods. When we sin against God and fall in front of the world, we become trophies of the enemy.

1). Romans 2:23, 24 Thou that makest thy boast of the law, through breaking the law dishonourest thou God?
For the name of God is blasphemed among the Gentiles through you, as it is written.

a). 2 Samuel 12:7-14 And Nathan said to David, Thou art the man. Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, I anointed thee king over Israel, and I delivered thee out of the hand of Saul;
And I gave thee thy master's house, and thy master's wives into thy bosom, and gave thee the house of Israel and of Judah; and if that had been too little, I would moreover have given unto thee such and such things.
Wherefore hast thou despised the commandment of the LORD, to do evil in his sight? thou hast killed Uriah the Hittite with the sword, and hast taken his wife to be thy wife, and hast slain him with the sword of the children of Ammon.
Now therefore the sword shall never depart from thine house; because thou hast despised me, and hast taken the wife of Uriah the Hittite to be thy wife.
Thus saith the LORD, Behold, I will raise up evil against thee out of thine own house, and I will take thy wives before thine eyes, and give them unto thy neighbour, and he shall lie with thy wives in the sight of this sun.
For thou didst it secretly: but I will do this thing before all Israel, and before the sun.
And David said unto Nathan, I have sinned against the LORD. And Nathan said unto David, The LORD also hath put away thy sin; thou shalt not die.
Howbeit, because by this deed thou hast given great occasion to the enemies of the LORD to blaspheme, the child also that is born unto thee shall surely die.
1 Samuel 31:10

And they put his armour in the house of Ashtoroth: and they fastened his body to the wall of Bethshan.

1. “And they put his armour in the house of Ashtoroth…”

a. 1 Chronicles 10:10 And they put his armour in the house of their gods, and fastened his head in the temple of Dagon.

b. Looking at both passages we see the body and head and armour of Saul all went to different locations.

1). 1 Samuel 31:10 says his armour went to the house of Ashtoroth.

a).  Ashstoroth [6252 * Ashtarowth][Strong: a Sidonian god.]

2). According to 1 Samuel 31:10, his body went to Bethshan.

a). Bethshan [1052 * Beyth Shean][Strong’s: house of ease.]

3). 1 Chronicles 10:10 says his head went to the temple of Dagon.

a).  Dagon [1712 * Dagown][Strong’s: the fish god of the Philistines.]

c. Looking at the previous verse it seems that these three items went throughout the Philistine nation and then were permanently fixed to these three locations.

1). And they cut off his head, and stripped off his armour, and sent into the land of the Philistines round about, to publish it in the house of their idols, and among the people.

d. The bodies of his sons were included.

1). 1 Samuel 31:12 “All the valiant men arose, and went all night, and took the body of Saul and the bodies of his sons from the wall of Beth-shan, and came to Jabesh, and burnt them there.”

e. Under the Old Covenant especially bodily members were weapons. Under the New Covenant it is also true that our bodily members are weapons also.

1). Romans 6:13 “Neither yield ye your members snstruments of unrighteousness unto sin: but yield yourselves unto God, as those that are alive unto from the dead, and your members as instruments of righteousness unto God.”

a). yield [3936 * paristano] [W.E.Vine’s: to present, is translated to yield.]

(1). The Greek word for “yield” is the same word used in Romans 12:1 for “present”. In light of that, as we are obedient to God’s word, we are presenting our bodily members to God, as “weapons”, Romans 6:13; as “servants”, Romans 6:16; and as “sacrifices”, Romans 12:1. 

b). instruments [3696 * hoplon][Zodhiates: in the plural, standing for weapons of warfare.]

2). Jeremiah 51:20 “Thou art my battle axe and weapons of war…”

f. Because of Christ’s victory and our repentance and making him Lord of our lives, he leads us in victory.

1). 2 Corinthians 2:14 Now thanks be unto God, which always causeth us to triumph in Christ, and maketh manifest the savour of his knowledge by us in every place.

2).  [Amplified Bible] But thanks be to God, Who in Christ always leads us in triumph as trophies of Christ’s victory and through us spreads and makes evident the fragrance of the knowledge of God everywhere.

Friday, February 01, 2008

Psalm 139:16

Psalm 139:16

Thine eyes did see my substance, yet being unperfect; and in thy book all my members were written, which in continuance were fashioned, when as yet their was none of them.

a. NLT: You saw me before I was born. Every day of my life was recorded in your book.
Every moment was laid out before a single day had passed.

b. NIV: Your eyes saw my unformed body. All the days ordained for me were written in your book before one of them came to be.

c. YLT: Mine unformed substance Thine eyes saw, And on Thy book all of them are written, The days they were formed -- And not one among them.

d. Amplified Bible: “Your eyes saw my unformed substance, and in Your book all the days of my life were written, before ever they took shape, when as yet there was none of them.

e. Septuagint: Psalm 139:16 is listed under Psalm 138:16: Thine eyes saw my unwrought [substance], and all [men] shall be written in thy book; they shall be formed by day, though [there should for a time] be no one among them. 

f. Stone Edition Torah/Prophets/Writings: Your eyes saw my unshaped form, and in Your book all were recorded; though they will be fashioned  through many days, to Him they are one.

1. “Thine eyes did see my substance, yet being unperfect…”

a. thine eyes [5869 * ‘ayin] [Strong: probably a primitive word; an eye (literally or figuratively); by analogy, a fountain (as the eye of the landscape):--affliction, outward appearance, + before, + think best, colour, conceit, + be content, countenance, + displease, eye((-brow), (-d), -sight), face, + favour, fountain, furrow (from the margin), X him, + humble, knowledge, look, (+ well), X me, open(-ly), + (not) please, presence, + regard, resemblance, sight, X thee, X them, + think, X us, well, X you(-rselves).]

b. did see [7200 * ra’ah] [Strong: a primitive root; to see, literally or figuratively (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitive, intransitive and causative):--advise self, appear, approve, behold, X certainly, consider, discern, (make to) enjoy, have experience, gaze, take heed, X indeed, X joyfully, lo, look (on, one another, one on another, one upon another, out, up, upon), mark, meet, X be near, perceive, present, provide, regard, (have) respect, (fore-, cause to, let) see(-r, -m, one another), shew (self), X sight of others, (e-)spy, stare, X surely, X think, view, visions.]

c. my substance yet being unperfect [1564 * golem] [Strong’s: a wrapped (and unformed mass, i.e., as the embryo):- substance yet being unperfect.]

1). During the forming of our body in the womb God saw our substance. Not only that but He saw the finished product, including the plan for our lives.

a). Jeremiah 1:4, 5  Then the word of the LORD came unto me, saying,
1:5 Before I formed thee in the belly I knew thee; and before thou camest forth out of the womb I sanctified thee, and I ordained thee a prophet unto the nations.

2. “…and in thy book all my members were written…”

a. and in thy book [5612 * ciphrah] [Strong’s: writing, by implication a book.]

b. all my members were written [3789 * katab] [Strong’s: by implication, to write describe, inscribe, prescribe, subscribe.]

1). All of the translations listed mention a book, “Thy Book”, or “your book”, that is, God’s book. I believe that in keeping with the context of the passage, and modern science the book could be the human cell.

a). The Incredible Machine, Copyright 1986, National Geographic Society p.15. “Heredity is written on a chemical ribbon that twists like a spiral staircase, the steps built of 4 chemical bases attached to chains of sugars and phosphates—DNA…thousands of these steps make up a single gene. Tens of thousands of genes, arranged along structures called chromosomes, transmit the instruction for existence, dictating eye color, hair texture…[Some 6 billion steps of DNA in a single cell record one’s life blueprint. This DNA plan for a single human life can be stretched six feet, yet coiled in a repository just 1/2500 of an inch in diameter—the cells nucleus.”]

b). The Incredible Machine, “Before long, the groups of cells are gathering into layers, then into sheets and tubes, sliding into proper places at the proper times, forming an eye exactly where an eye should be, the pancreas where the pancreas should belongs. The order of appearance is precise, with structures like veins and nerves appearing just in time to support the organs that will soon require them.”

c). All this is dictated by what is written on that chemical ribbon, “God’s book”, within the nucleus of the cell.

(1) Job writes in 38:36 Who hath put wisdom in the inward parts? The inward parts being the chemical ribbon within the cell, the inward parts.

3. “…which in continuance were fashioned…”

a. which in continuance [3117 * yowm] to be hot; a day as the warm hours) (from sunrise to sunset).  A space of time defined by an associated term, age, day, daily, always, continuance.]

b. were fashioned [3335 * yatsar] [Strong’s: through squeezing into shape; to mould into a from.]

4. “…when as yet their was none of them.”

a. when as yet there was none of them [259 * echad] [Strong: a numeral from 258; properly, united, i.e. one; or (as an ordinal) first:--a, alike, alone, altogether, and, any(-thing), apiece, a certain, (dai-)ly, each (one), + eleven, every, few, first, + highway, a man, once, one, only, other, some, together,]

1). There are two schools of thought in the study of this verse. One school of thought focuses on the days of a persons life, while the other focuses on the days there bodily members were fashioned in the womb. I list the former first.

a). NLT: You saw me before I was born. Every day of my life was recorded in your book. Every moment was laid out before a single day had passed.

b). NIV: Your eyes saw my unformed body. All the days ordained for me were written in your book before one of them came to be.

c).  Amplified Bible: Your eyes saw my unformed substance, and in Your book all the days of my life were written, before ever they took shape, when as yet there was none of them.

d). NASV Thine eyes have seen my unformed substance; And in thy book they were all written, The days that were ordained for me, when as yet there was not one of them.

e). NRSV: Your eyes beheld my unformed substance. In your book were written all the days that were formed for me, when none of them as yet existed.

2). The following translations are in agreement with the KJV, i.e., all stay with the same context, the days the baby was forming in the womb.

a). Young’s Literal Translation: Mine unformed substance, thine eyes saw, and on thy book all of them were written, the days they were formed and not one of them.

b). Darby Translation: Thine eyes did see my unformed substance, and in thy book all my members were written, during many days were they fashioned when as yet there was none of them.

c). Stone Edition Torah/Prophets/Writings: Your eyes saw my unshaped form, and in Your book all were recorded; though they will be fashioned  through many days, to Him they are one.

3). My personal belief is the translations that point to the days the baby was formed in the womb are more accurate. I believe they stay within the context of the forming of the infant.

a). DC: Your eyes saw my embryo. Before my bodily members were fashioned, they were written in your book (writing). Then they were fashioned day by day according to what was written in your book.

4). Let me say that it is possible that we have a set number of days on this earth in conjunction with the plan that God has for our life, and when that plan is fulfilled we go on to be with the Lord.  It is also clear from Scripture that we can lengthen or shorten our days on this earth by our obedience or disobedience to the word of God, and I believe that most of us probably shorten our lives.  Here are a few examples of how we can lengthen or conversely shorten our lives by obedience or disobedience.

a). Exodus 19:12 Honour thy father and mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee.

b). Proverbs 9:10, 11 The fear of the LORD is the beginning of wisdom: and the knowledge of the holy is understanding.
9:11 For by me thy days shall be multiplied, and the years of thy life shall be increased.

c). Proverbs 10:27 “The fear of the LORD prolongeth days:…”

Psalm 139:17

 Psalm 139:17

How precious also are thy thoughts unto me, O God! How great is the sum of them!

a. NLT: How precious are your thoughts about me, O God.
They cannot be numbered!

b. NIV: How precious to me are your thoughts, God! How vast is the sum of them!

c. YLT: And to me how precious have been Thy thoughts, O God, how great hath been their sum!

d. Amplified Bible:  How precious and weighty also are Your thoughts to me, O God! How vast is the sum of them!

e. Septuagint: But thy friends, O God, have been greatly honoured by me; their rule has been greatly strengthened.

1). I have no clue about the Septuagint’s wording.

f. Stone Edition Torah/Prophets/Writings: To me—how glorious are Your thoughts, O God! How very great are their headings!

1.”How precious also are thy thoughts unto me…”

a. How precious [3365 * yaqar] [Strong’s:To be heavy, valuble, be (make) precious.][Gesenius: to esteem, be prized, be valuable, be precious, be costly, be appraised, to be precious, be highly valued, be esteemed, be costly, to be appraised, to make something precious.]

b. are thy thoughts [ 7454 * rea’] [Strong’s: A thought, association of ideas.]

c. God [410 * ‘El] [Strong: shortened from 352; strength; as adjective, mighty; especially the Almighty (but used also of any deity):--God (god), X goodly, X great, idol, might(-y one), power, strong. Compare names in "-el."]

1). The English words “unto me” were added by the translators, considering the context I believe it is needed. These are God’s thoughts about the infant He is forming in the womb. God’s thoughts toward us are precious. We are in his eyes, prized, we are highly valued, highly thought of and greatly loved.

a). John 3:16 For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten son that whosoever believeth in him should not perish but have everlasting life.

(1) His love was there since before the creation of the earth (1 Peter 1:18-20).

b). Jeremiah 29:11 For I know the thoughts that I think toward you, saith the LORD, thoughts of peace, and not of evil, to give you an expected end.

(1) Most people do not realize the context this verse was spoken. It was immediately after they were taken captive to Babylon by Nebuchadnezzer. In order to see this one must read the whole of Jeremiah 29.

2. “…how great is the sum of them.”

a. how great [6105 * atsam] [Strong’s: to bind fast, i.e., close (the eyes), to be make powerful or numerous, be great, be increased…][Gesenius:  to be vast, be numerous, be mighty, to be mighty, to be numerous,  to make strong, make mighty…]

b. is the sum [7218 * ro’sh] Gesenius: head, top, summit, upper part, chief, total, sum, height, front, beginning,  head (of man, animals), top, tip (of mountain),  height (of stars), chief, head (of man, city, nation, place, family, head, front, beginning, chief, choicest, best, head, division, company, band, sum.]

1). Imagine if you will the amount of thought it would take to design and fashion a human body, the intricacies and processes of all the organs.

Psalm 139:18

Psalm 139:18

If I should count them, they are more in number than the sand: when I awake, I am still with thee.

a. NLT: I can’t even count them; they outnumber the grains of sand! And when I wake up,
you are still with me!

b. NIV: Were I to count them, they would outnumber the grains of sand— when I awake, I am still with you.

c. YLT: I recount them! than the sand they are more, I have waked, and I am still with Thee.

d. Amplified Bible:  If I could count them, they would be more in number than the sand. When I awoke, [could I count to the end] I would still be with You.

e. Septuagint: I will number them, and they shall be multiplied beyond the sand; I awake, and am still with thee.

f. Stone Edition Torah/Prophets/Writings: Were I to count them, they would outnumber the grains of sand, even if I were to be constantly awake, and always with You

1.”If I should count them, they are more in number than the sand…”

a. If I should count [5608 * caphar ] [Strong’s: to score with a mark as a tally or record, to count.]

b. they are more more in number [7235 * rabah] [Strong’s: to increase.] [Gesenius: be or become great, be or become many, be or become much, be or become numerous, to become many, become numerous, multiply (of people, animals, things), to be or grow great, to make large, enlarge, increase, become many, to make much, make many, have many, to multiply, increase, to make much to do, do much in respect of, transgress greatly, to increase greatly or exceedingly, to make great, enlarge, do much, to shoot.]

c. than the sand [2344 * chowl] [Strong: from 2342; sand (as round or whirling particles):--sand.]

1). David wrote under the inspiration of the Holy Ghost that the number of God’s thoughts can not be given.

a). Psalm 40:5 Many, O LORD my God, are thy wonderful works which thou hast done, and thy thoughts which are to us-ward: they cannot be reckoned up in order unto thee: if I would declare and speak of them, they are more than can be numbered.

b). Jeremiah 29:11 For I know the thoughts that I think toward you, saith the LORD, thoughts of peace, and not of evil, to give you an expected end.

c). We must include in these thoughts that they are the plans for developing not only their body but the talents and abilities God infused into them to be used for His glory.

2). We must realize that God word says that His thoughts toward us are not only innumerable but also full of love and mercy. We are highly valued and highly prized to Him. How easy we can see this in the Divine fulfillment the promise in Philippians.

a). Philippians 1:6 Being confident of this very thing, that he which hath begun a good work in you will perform it until the day of Jesus Christ:

2. “…when I awake, I am still with thee.”

a. when I awake [6974 * quwts] [Strong: a primitive root (identical with 6972 through the idea of abruptness in starting up from sleep (Compare 3364); to awake (literally or figuratively):--arise, (be) (a-)wake, watch.]

1). Perhaps awoke from the dream or vision from the Lord.

b. I am still [5750 * ‘owd] [Strong: from 5749; properly, iteration or continuance; used only adverbially (with or without preposition), again, repeatedly, still, more:--again, X all life long, at all, besides, but, else, further(-more), henceforth, (any) longer, (any) more(-over), X once, since, (be) still, when, (good, the) while (having being), (as, because, whether, while) yet (within).]