Monday, May 12, 2008

2 Timothy 4:4

2 Timothy 4:4

And they shall turn away their ears from the truth, and shall be turned unto fables.

a. NLT: They will reject the truth and chase after myths.

b. NIV: They will turn their ears away from the truth and turn aside to myths.

c. Young’s Literal Translation: and indeed, from the truth the hearing they shall turn away, and to the fables they shall be turned aside.

d. Amplified Bible: And will turn aside from hearing the truth and wander off into myths and man-made fictions.

1.”And they shall turn away their ears from the truth…”

a. shall turn away [654 * apostrepho; apo-from; strepho-to turn] [Vine: to cause to turn away, to remove.] [Strong: to turn away or back (literally or figuratively):--bring again, pervert, turn away (from).]

b. ears [189 * akoe][ [Strong: hearing (the act, the sense or the thing heard):--audience, ear, fame, which ye heard, hearing, preached, report, rumor.]

c. truth [225 * aletheia][Strong: truth:--true, X truly, truth, verity.]

1). The truth is the Scriptures. They turn away their ears from the truth because they don’t love the truth or believe the truth. Individuals who choose this path not only hate  the Scriptures, they set themselves up to be deceived in the same way people will be deceived who accept the anti-Christ, by rejecting the Scriptures.

a). 2 Thessalonians 2:9-12 Even him, whose coming is after the working of Satan with all power and signs and lying wonders,
2:10 And with all deceivableness of unrighteousness in them that perish; because they received not the love of the truth, that they might be saved.
2:11 And for this cause God shall send them strong delusion, that they should believe a lie:
2:12 That they all might be damned who believed not the truth, but had pleasure in unrighteousness.

2. “…and shall be turned unto fables.”

a. fables [3454 * muthos] [Zodhiates: “Commonly rendered as a tale or a fable or that which is fabricated by the mind in contrast to reality. It is the word from which Mythology is derived. In the N.T. the word myth does not have the meaning of being a vehicle of some lofty truth as in the early use of the word. Mostly used in the N.T. denoting a fable full of falsehoods and pretenses.”

1). The fables or myths center on their not upholding sound doctrine and accumulating teachers that reinforce their false beliefs, in this case their lusts. In the previous verse Paul wrote that these last day apostate Christians would not “endure sound doctrine but after their own lusts shall they heap to themselves teachers”. No doubt one of the myths being referred to here is sexual orientation.

2). The American Psychological Association gives this definition: “…an enduring emotional, romantic, sexual or affectional [sic] attraction to another person” .  A political definition was given in H.R. 4636, from the House of Representatives, 103rd Congress on June 23, 1994: “The term sexual orientation means lesbian, gay, bisexual or heterosexual orientation, real or perceived as manifested by identity, acts, statements or associations.”[i] A legal definition is given by Judge Arthur S. Spiegel, in his August 9, 1994 ruling granting a permanent injunction prohibiting Cincinnati’s Issue Three from becoming effective. “Sexual orientation is a deeply rooted complex combination of factors including a predisposition towards affiliation, affection or bonding with members of the opposite and or same gender.”[ii] A religious definition but certainly not Biblical is given by the Episcopal Church in a Study called,  Continuing the Dialogue  A Pastoral Study Document of the House of Bishops to the Church as the Church Considers Issues of Human Sexuality. Their definition says, “…the homosexually oriented person is one who is consistently attracted affectionately, romantically, and erotically to persons of the same sex. Persistent patterns of homosexual attraction, enduring experience of intimacy, and continuing manifestations of devoted love are the most trustworthy signs of sexual orientation, not simply genital activity.”[iii]

3). It was Isaiah who said in Isaiah 8:20 “To the law and to the testimony: if they speak not according to this word, it is because there is no light in them.” What the previously mentioned groups and individuals are saying reveals they have no light in them, because what they are saying is darkness. For the so called Christians in this group, it is far more serious, because they are calling God a liar, they know what God’s word says and they choose to say differently.

4). Make no mistake about it, Biblically, man and woman were created heterosexual. This is established in Matthew 19:4-6. “And he answered and said unto them, Have ye not read, that he which made them at the beginning made them male and female, And said, For this cause shall a man leave father and mother, and shall cleave to his wife: and they shall be one flesh? Wherefore they are no more twain, but one flesh. What therefore God hath joined together, let not man put asunder.” The sexual behaviors of men with men and women with women are not sexual orientations; they are, according to Romans 1:26, “vile affections”. And they “defile the flesh” according to Jude 8. The Apostle Paul described their feelings this way in Romans 1:27, these men “burned in their lust one toward another”. The Greek word for “burned” is ekkaio and according to Zodhiates Word Study Dictionary it means “to burn, light, set fire to, to cause to burn or flame up, to kindle”. In the Septuagint, the Greek Old Testament it is used of an actual fire in Exodus 22:6 and Judges 15:5. It is also used metaphorically for the anger of the LORD in Deuteronomy 29:20; Psalm 2:12 and Jeremiah 4:4.[iv] The Greek word for “lust” is orexis and according to Zodhiates, it means, “to desire…appetite, lust or concupiscence. It is always the reaching out after an object with the purpose of drawing it to oneself and appropriating it.”[v] Paul goes on to say in Romans 1:27, “…men with men working that which is unseemly.” The Greek word for “working” according to Zodhiates is katergazomai and it means “to work, to bring about, to carry out a task until it’s finished”.[vi] The phrase, “that which is unseemly” is the Greek word aschemosune and it means “indecently, obscenity, nakedness”. In the Septuagint it is used in Exodus 20:26 and Leviticus 18:6, 7 to mean the sexual private parts of male and female.[vii] The complete phrase, “men with men working that which is unseemly” is a discreet way of saying, “men engaging in actions with the sexual private parts of another man.” When all the grammar and definitions of Romans 1:27 are put together this is the sum, “the enflamed desire and appetite and lust of a man to appropriate or seize upon and engage in actions with the private sexual parts of other men.” What a reprobate calls ‘homosexual orientation’, Paul calls a “vile affection”.  On two separate occasions the Apostle Paul warned us not to be deceived about homosexual behavior. In 1 Corinthians 6:9, 10, of which I will comment on more in a later chapter, Paul writes, “…Do not be deceived, neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor homosexuals, nor thieves, nor the covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor swindlers, shall inherit the kingdom of God” (NASV). And again in Ephesians 5:5, 6 “For this ye know, that no whoremonger, nor unclean person, nor covetous man…has any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and God. Let no man deceive you with vain words; for because of these things cometh the wrath of God upon the children of disobedience” (KJV). The Greek word for “whoremonger” is ‘pornos’. It is #4205 in the Strong’s numbering system. I consulted 4 different Greek dictionaries and found the following: Strong’s: male prostitute; Thayer: male prostitute; Zodiates: male prostitute; Bullinger: sodomite.[viii] So there is no doubt that this is referring to homosexual behavior.

 
 

5). According to Paul’s God breathed warning, all the arguments defending homosexuality are nothing but “vain words” we are not to be deceived by, including all the deception of sexual orientation. Concerning the phrase vain words, there is an interesting verse in Jonah 2:8 that I believe can be applied here. “They that observe lying vanities forsake their own mercy”. By clinging to the lying vanity of sexual orientation many are forsaking the mercy in Jesus Christ that could not only forgive them but also set them free.


[i] 103rd Congress, House Of Representatives, June 23, 1994, H.R. 4636.
[ii] Judge S. Arthur Spiegel, U.S. District Court, Southern District of Ohio, Western Division, Permanent Injunction against Issue Three, August 9, 1994.
[iii] Continuing the Dialogue, Definition of homosexual orientation, p.39, Lines 266-271.
[iv] Spiros Zodhiates Complete Word Study Dictionary of the New Testament, # 1572.
[v] Ibid. # 3715.
[vi] Ibid. #2716.
[vii] Ibid. #808.
[viii] Joseph H. Thayer’s Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament. #4205.
Spiros Zodhiates Complete Word Study Dictionary of the New Testament, # 4205.
The New Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible, #4205.
Ethelbert W. Bullinger, A Critical Lexicon & Concordance to the English and Greek New Testament.

















































      
  























2 Timothy 4:3

2 Timothy 4:3

For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine, but after their own lusts will they heap to themselves teachers having itching ears;

a. NLT: For a time is coming when people will no longer listen to sound and wholesome teaching. They will follow their own desires and will look for teachers who will tell them whatever their itching ears want to hear.

b. NIV: For the time will come when people will not put up with sound doctrine. Instead, to suit their own desires, they will gather around them a great number of teachers to say what their itching ears want to hear.

c. Young’s Literal Translation: for there shall be a season when the sound teaching they will not suffer, but according to their own desires to themselves they shall heap up teachers -- itching in the hearing,

d. Amplified Bible:  For the time is coming when [people] will not tolerate (endure) sound and wholesome instruction, but, having ears itching [for something pleasing and gratifying], they will gather to themselves one teacher after another to a considerable number, chosen to satisfy their own liking and to foster the errors they hold,

1. “For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine…”

  a. for [1063 * gar] [Strong: a primary particle; properly, assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles):--and, as, because (that), but, even, for, indeed, no doubt, seeing, then, therefore, verily, what, why, yet.]

b. the time [2540 * kairos] [Strong: an occasion, i.e. set or proper time:--X always, opportunity, (convenient, due) season, (due, short, while) time, a while.]

c. will come [2071 * esomai][Strong: will be:--shall (should) be (have), (shall) come (to pass), X may have, X fall, what would follow, X live long, X sojourn.] 

d. when [3753 * hote] [Strong: from 3739 and 5037; at which (thing) too, i.e. when:--after (that), as soon as, that, when, while.]

e. they will…endure [anecho * 430] [Zodhiates: to hold up or back from falling; in 2 Timothy 4:3 by implication, to admit, receive, i.e., to listen to.] [Strong: to hold oneself up against, i.e. (figuratively) put up with:--bear with, endure, forbear, suffer.]

f. not [3565 * ou] [Strong: also (before a vowel) ouk ook, and (before an aspirate) ouch ookh a primary word; the absolute negative (compare 3361) adverb; no or not:--+ long, nay, neither, never, no (X man), none, (can-)not, + nothing, + special, un(-worthy), when, + without, + yet but.]

1). The time will come when many in the church will not tolerate or put up with sound, healthy teaching. Many in the church will no longer consider the Bible to be the “holy Scriptures”. Paul wrote in 2 Timothy 3:15 that the Scriptures were “holy”.

g. sound [5198 * hugiaino] [Zodhiates: to be healthy, sound, physically well. Metaphorically of persons, to be sound in the faith, meaning firm, pure in respect to Christian doctrine.  Of doctrine, meaning sound doctrine, i.e., true, pure, uncorrupted. ][Where we get the English word “hygiene”.]

h. doctrine [1319 * didaskalia] [Zodhiates: the act or manner of teaching, with the meaning of warning.]

1). Looking at its uses in the New Testament gives us a good idea of what sound doctrine is.
a). 2 Timothy 1:13 Hold fast the form of sound words, which thou hast heard of me, in faith and love which is in Christ Jesus.
b). Titus 1:9 Holding fast the faithful word as he hath been taught, that he may be able by sound doctrine both to exhort and to convince the gainsayers.
2). In the second chapter of Titus, the Apostle Paul gives a short list of things that are sound doctrine.
a). Titus 2:1-8 But speak thou the things which become sound doctrine:
2:2 That the aged men be sober, grave, temperate, sound in faith, in charity, in patience.
2:3 The aged women likewise, that they be in behaviour as becometh holiness, not false accusers, not given to much wine, teachers of good things;
2:4 That they may teach the young women to be sober, to love their husbands, to love their children,
2:5 To be discreet, chaste, keepers at home, good, obedient to their own husbands, that the word of God be not blasphemed.
2:6 Young men likewise exhort to be sober minded.
2:7 In all things shewing thyself a pattern of good works: in doctrine shewing uncorruptness, gravity, sincerity,
2:8 Sound speech, that cannot be condemned; that he that is of the contrary part may be ashamed, having no evil thing to say of you.

b). Notice the effect of “sound speech”, that there could be no evil thing said in response to you.

3). In the first chapter of 1 Timothy the Apostle Paul also gives a list of things that are contrary to sound doctrine. Along with some general offences of being lawless, disobedient, ungodly and so on, Paul lists eight specific crimes that are “contrary to sound doctrine”. Although there are a number of sinful offences listed in the verses below, the focus will be on homosexuality, because as 2 Timothy 4:3 declares along with the complimentary verses, the last days will be marked with a definite similarity with Sodom and Gomorrah and the cities of the plain. The rise of the homosexual movement worldwide is a prophetic moment. It is one of the signs of the end times.

a). 1 Timothy 1:8-11 But we know that the law is good, if a man use it lawfully;
1:9 Knowing this, that the law is not made for a righteous man, but for the lawless and disobedient, for the ungodly and for sinners, for unholy and profane, for murderers of fathers and murderers of mothers, for manslayers,
1:10 For whoremongers, for them that defile themselves with mankind, for menstealers, for liars, for perjured persons, and if there be any other thing that is contrary to sound doctrine;
1:11 According to the glorious gospel of the blessed God, which was committed to my trust.

(1) Laws that forbid the sinful behaviors listed in 1 Timothy 1:8-11 are not only “sound doctrine” i.e., healthy teaching, but they are also “according to the glorious gospel of the blessed God,” the glorious good news.

b). whoremonger [4205 * pornos] [Strongs: to sell; a male prostitute, a debauchee, fornicator, whoremonger.][Zodhiates: to sell, which is from perao (n.f.), to pass through, carry over (particularly as merchants) and thence to sell, which in the N.T. appears piprasko (4097). A whoremonger or male prostitute.][Thayer: a man who prostitutes his body to another’s lust for hire, a male prostitute.][Vines: denotes a man who indulges in fornication.][Bullinger: a sodomite, a catamite.]

(1) Four of the five Greek Dictionaries define the word as a homosexual prostitute. This Greek word is where we get the prefix to the compound English word, pornography.  The word “graph” is also of Greek origin.

c). them that defile themselves with mankind [733 * arsenokoites; arsen-a male; koite-a bed][Zodhaites: a man who lies in bed with another male, a homosexual.] [James B. De Young, Professor of NT, Western Conservative Baptist Seminary:  “Paul coined the term arsenkoitai, deriving it from the LXX translation of Leviticus 20:13 (cf. 18:22) and using it for homosexual…behavior, the latter of which should be an occasion for church discipline (1 Corinthians 5-6), and legislation in society (1 Timothy 1:8-11).”

 (1) The context clearly says that laws that forbid homosexual behavior are sound doctrine and according to the glorious gospel of the blessed God. In light of that what are we to think concerning ministers of the gospel and Christians who support homosexual rights, including the right to participate in homosexual behavior and get married?  We put them right in the context of 2 Timothy 3:1-2 Timothy 4:4, 21 verses that clearly describe the characteristics of Christianity in the last days, including of course 2 Timothy 4:3, the particular verse we are studying. Not only are these individuals described as not enduring sound doctrine and teaching according to their lusts, but also earlier in 2 Timothy 3 they are described as men whose minds are corrupt and rejected concerning faith. It also describes men during this time as evil men and seducers getting worse and worse, being deceived themselves and deceiving others.

d). Also listed is three types of murder, kidnapping, lying, and perjury.

(1) Murderers of fathers, murderers of mothers, manslayers.

(2) Menstealers.

(1)   Liars, perjured persons.

4). Jesus said that the last days would be similar to the last days of Sodom and Gomorrah.

1). Luke 17:28-30 Likewise also as it was in the days of Lot; they did eat, they drank, they bought, they sold, they planted, they builded;
17:29 But the same day that Lot went out of Sodom it rained fire and brimstone from heaven, and destroyed them all.
17:30 Even thus shall it be in the day when the Son of man is revealed.

2). In order to get a better understanding of what Jesus was referring to, I challenge everyone reading this to study out every reference to Sodom in the whole Bible. Doing so will reveal not only other ungodly characteristics Sodom was guilty of, but also show how the modern homosexual movement also exhibits these same ungodly characteristics toward the things of God and the people of God.

2. “…but after their own lusts…”

a. but [235 * alla] [Strong: neuter plural of 243; properly, other things, i.e. (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations):--and, but (even), howbeit, indeed, nay, nevertheless, no, notwithstanding, save, therefore, yea, yet.]

b. after [2596 * kata] [Strong: a primary particle; (prepositionally) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case (genitive, dative or accusative) with which it is joined):--about, according as (to), after, against, (when they were) X alone, among, and, X apart, (even, like) as (concerning, pertaining to touching), X aside, at, before, beyond, by, to the charge of, (charita-)bly, concerning, + covered, (dai-)ly, down, every, (+ far more) exceeding, X more excellent, for, from ... to, godly, in(-asmuch, divers, every, -to, respect of), ... by, after the manner of, + by any means, beyond (out of) measure, X mightily, more, X natural, of (up-)on (X part), out (of every), over against, (+ your) X own, + particularly, so, through(-oughout, -oughout every), thus, (un-)to(-gether, -ward), X uttermost, where(-by), with. In composition it retains many of these applications, and frequently denotes opposition, distribution, or intensity.]

c. their own [2398 * idios] [Strong: of uncertain affinity; pertaining to self, i.e. one's own; by implication, private or separate:--X his acquaintance, when they were alone, apart, aside, due, his (own, proper, several), home, (her, our, thine, your) own (business), private(-ly), proper, severally, their (own).]

d. lusts [1939 * epithumia] [Strong: from 1937; a longing (especially for what is forbidden):--concupiscence, desire, lust (after).] [Zodhiates: Strong desire, longing, lust.] [Vine: denotes strong desire of any kind…specified by some adjective, refers to those evil desires which are ready to express themselves in bodily activity.]

1). According to Blue Letter Bible this word occurs 37 times in the N.T. and 34 times it is used in an evil sense. Examples: “lusts of the flesh”, Galatians 5:16; “lust of uncleaness”, 2 Peter 2:10; “worldly lusts”, Titus 2:12; “lusts and pleasures”, Titus 3:3; “ungodly lusts”, Jude 18.

2). In Romans 1:26 Paul refers to male and female same sex desire as a “vile affection” (King James Version), “shameful desires” (New Living Translation), “shameful lusts” (New International Version), “vile affections and degrading passions” (Amplified Bible). As such it is to be included in the lusts of the flesh listed in Galatians 5 and 1 John. Same sex attraction is not an orientation, according to the God inspired Scripture, it is a lust.

 a). Galatians 5:19-21 Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are these; Adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness,
5:20 Idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, variance, emulations, wrath, strife, seditions, heresies,
5:21 Envyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings, and such like: of the which I tell you before, as I have also told you in time past, that they which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God.

b). 1 John 2:15-17 Love not the world, neither the things that are in the world. If any man love the world, the love of the Father is not in him.
2:16 For all that is in the world, the lust of the flesh, and the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life, is not of the Father, but is of the world.
2:17 And the world passeth away, and the lust thereof: but he that doeth the will of God abideth for ever.

3). It is also to be included in the law of sin and death that began to plague mankind beginning at the fall of man and described in Romans 7.

a). Romans 7:14-24 For we know that the law is spiritual: but I am carnal, sold under sin.
7:15 For that which I do I allow not: for what I would, that do I not; but what I hate, that do I.
7:16 If then I do that which I would not, I consent unto the law that it is good.
7:17 Now then it is no more I that do it, but sin that dwelleth in me.
7:18 For I know that in me (that is, in my flesh,) dwelleth no good thing: for to will is present with me; but how to perform that which is good I find not.
7:19 For the good that I would I do not: but the evil which I would not, that I do.
7:20 Now if I do that I would not, it is no more I that do it, but sin that dwelleth in me.
7:21 I find then a law, that, when I would do good, evil is present with me.
7:22 For I delight in the law of God after the inward man:
7:23 But I see another law in my members, warring against the law of my mind, and bringing me into captivity to the law of sin which is in my members.
7:24 O wretched man that I am! who shall deliver me from the body of this death?

4). All of the law of sin and death is overcome through the new birth in Christ Jesus.

a). Romans 8:2 For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus hath made me free from the law of sin and death.

5). All sins, including same sex lust can be forgiven to the degree you are no longer tied to that sin. We are no longer drug addicts, alcholics, thieves, or homosexual, whatever.

a). 1Corinthians 6:9-11 Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind,
6:10 Nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortioners, shall inherit the kingdom of God.
6:11 And such were some of you: but ye are washed, but ye are sanctified, but ye are justified in the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God.

b). justified [1344 * dikaioo] [Zodhiates: it is used with the preposition ‘apo’-from, referring to all those things from which the Mosaic Law could not liberate us. In this instance as well as in Romans 6:7 where ‘apo’ is used with the word sin, it refers to our liberation from something, i.e., sin which holds a man a prisoner, a slave…thus dikaioo does not mean the mere declaration of innocence, but the liberation from sin which holds a man a prisoner.]

c). We are not only forgiven but also delivered by what ever sin held us in bondage. Glory to God!

3. “…shall they heap to themselves teachers, having itching ears.”

a. shall they heap [2002 * episoreuo] [Strong: from 1909 and 4987; to accumulate further, i.e. (figuratively) seek additionally:--heap.] [Vine: to heap upon or together.] [Bullinger: to accumulate.]

b. to themselves [1438 * heautou] [Strong: from a reflexive pronoun otherwise obsolete and the genitive case (dative case or accusative case) of 846; him- (her-, it-, them-, also (in conjunction with the personal pronoun of the other persons) my-, thy-, our-, your-) self (selves), etc.:--alone, her (own, -self), (he) himself, his (own), itself, one (to) another, our (thine) own(-selves), + that she had, their (own, own selves), (of) them(-selves), they, thyself, you, your (own, own conceits, own selves, -selves).]

c. teachers [1320 * didaskalos] [Strong: from 1321; an instructor (genitive case or specially):--doctor, master, teacher.]

d. having itching [2833 * knetho] [Strong: from a primary knao (to scrape); to scratch, i.e. (by implication) to tickle:--X itching.]

e. ears [189 * akoe] [Strong: from 191; hearing (the act, the sense or the thing heard):--audience, ear, fame, which ye heard, hearing, preached, report, rumor.]

1). I believe the Amplified Bible says it clearly “…they will gather to themselves one teacher after another to a considerable number, chosen to satisfy their own liking and to foster the errors they hold.” These people want to hear teachers who bolster their belief that they can engage in these lusts and still be in relationship with God.
2). Since the late sixties there has been an incredible steady increase in the number of false teachers that have been teaching male and female homosexuality are just two of the many sexual orientations that comprise human sexuality. I became aware of this false teaching in 1976 right before I got saved. Not long after I got saved I began collecting newspaper and magazine articles that began to appear more frequently but it wasn’t until the early 80’s that I began a serious look into this heresy. The effects of this false teaching has literally split whole denominations and has caused major rifts in all the main line denominations, specifically those denominations that do not accept the Scriptures as the inspired Word of God and the final authority on all matters of faith and living. When Scripture is not judged as our final authority there are no boundaries.

3). There are many false teachers now teaching that those in bondage to same sex lust are born that way and it is their orientation. They are teaching lying vanities similar to what Jeremiah warned about.

a). Jeremiah 7:8-10 Behold, ye trust in lying words, that cannot profit.
7:9  Will ye steal, murder, and commit adultery, and swear falsely, and burn incense unto Baal, and walk after other gods whom ye know not;
7:10 And come and stand before me in this house, which is called by my name, and say, We are delivered to do all these abominations?

2 Timothy 4:2

2 Timothy 4:2

Preach the word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all longsuffering and doctrine.

a. NLT: Preach the word of God. Be prepared, whether the time is favorable or not. Patiently correct, rebuke, and encourage your people with good teaching.

b. NIV: Preach the word; be prepared in season and out of season; correct, rebuke and encourage—with great patience and careful instruction.

c. Young’s Literal Translation: preach the word; be earnest in season, out of season, convict, rebuke, exhort, in all long-suffering and teaching,

d. Amplified Bible: Herald and preach the Word! Keep your sense of urgency [stand by, be at hand and ready], whether the opportunity seems to be favorable or unfavorable. [Whether it is convenient or inconvenient, whether it is welcome or unwelcome, you as preacher of the Word are to show people in what way their lives are wrong.] And convince them, rebuking and correcting, warning and urging and encouraging them, being unflagging and inexhaustible in patience and teaching.

1. “Preach the word; be instant in season, out of season…”

a. instant [2186 * ephistemi; epi-by, near, upon; histemi-to stand] [Zodhiates: to place oneself upon or near, to stand upon, by, near.] [Strong: to stand upon, i.e. be present (in various applications, friendly or otherwise, usually literal); --assault, come (in, to, unto, upon), be at hand (instant), present, stand (before, by, over).]

b. in season [2122 * eukairos; eu-well, good; kairos-season] [Zodhiates: opportunely, convienently, in season.] [Strong: opportunely:--conveniently, in season.]

c. out of season [171 * akairos; a-negative; kairos-season] [Zodhiates: inopportunely, unseasonably.] [Strong: inopportunely:--out of season.

1). 1 Peter 3:15 But sanctify the Lord God in your hearts: and be ready always to give an answer to every man that asketh you a reason of the hope that is in you, with meekness and fear.

2). We are to always be ready to give the word, when it’s the opportune time and when its not the opportune time.

2. “…reprove, rebuke, exhort…”

a.       reprove [1651 * elegcho] [Zodhiates: In th NT, to convict, to prove one in the wrong and thus to shame him…to convince of error…to reprove by chastisement, correct.] [Strong: of uncertain affinity; to confute, admonish:--convict, convince, tell a fault, rebuke, reprove.]

1). Examples: John 16:8, “he will reprove the world of sin”; 1 Timothy 5:20, “them that sin rebuke before all;” Titus 1:13, “rebuke them sharply”; Titus 2:15, “rebuke with all authority”; Revelation 3:19, “As many as I love, I rebuke”.

2). There is an interesting passage in Jeremiah that indicates people can get in bondage to the point they refuse to be ashamed.

a). Jeremiah 3:3 Therefore the showers have been withholden, and there hath been no latter rain; and thou hadst a whore’s forehead, thou refusest to be ashamed.   

b). I made up a saying from Proverbs 16:31 and Jeremiah 3:3 that goes, “I’d rather have a hoary head, than a whores forehead.”

b.      rebuke [epitimao * 2008] [Zodhiates: In the N.T. to punish, rebuke, charge. By implication, to admonish strongly, with urgency, authority. One may rebuke another without bringing that one to a conviction of any fault, perhaps because there may have not been any fault or because there was fault but the rebuke was insufficient and ineffectual to bring the offender to acknowledge it. Therefore, epitimao is merely the rebuke without any result in the person who is being rebuked.]

c.       exhort [parakaleo * 3870] [Zodhiates: to aid, help, comfort, encourage.]

3. “…with all longsuffering and doctrine.”

a. longsuffering [3115 * makrothumia] [Zodhiates: Forbearance, longsuffering, self-restraint before proceeding to action. The quality of a person who is able to avenge himself yet refrains from doing so.]

      b. doctrine [1322 * didache] [Zodhiates: In an active sense it means the act of teaching, instruction,               tutoring.]

2 Timothy 4:1

2 Timothy 4:1

I charge thee therefore before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, who shall judge the quick and the dead at his appearing and his kingdom;

a. NLT: I solemnly urge you in the presence of God and Christ Jesus, who will someday judge the living and the dead when he appears to set up his Kingdom:

b. NIV: In the presence of God and of Christ Jesus, who will judge the living and the dead, and in view of his appearing and his kingdom, I give you this charge:

c. Young’s Literal Translation: I do fully testify, then, before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, who is about to judge living and dead at his manifestation and his reign --

d. Amplified Bible: I charge [you] in the presence of God and of Christ Jesus, Who is to judge the living and the dead, and by (in the light of) His coming and His kingdom:

1. “I charge thee therefore before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ…”

a. charge [1263 * diamarturomai] [Zodhiates: To bear witness, testify earnestly or repeatedly, or to charge as it were before witnesses, to affirm.

1). The word “charge” is used many times in the Old Testament in connection with the commandments of God. It is never used lightly. One can do a word search of it and be struck by the heaviness associated with it.

a). 1 Kings 2:1-3 Now the days of David drew nigh that he should die; and he charged Solomon his son, saying,
2:2 I go the way of all the earth: be thou strong therefore, and shew thy self a man;
2:3 And keep the charge of the LORD thy God, to walk in his ways, to keep his statutes, and his commandments, and his judgments, and his testimonies, as it is written in the law of Moses, that thou mayest prosper in all that thou doest, and whitherso ever thou turnest thyself.

b). Numbers 27:18-23 And the LORD said unto Moses, Take thee Joshua the son of Nun, an man in whom is the spirit, and lay thine hand upon him;
27:19 And set him before Eleazar the priest, and before all the congregation; and give him a charge in their sight.
27:20 And thou shalt put some of thine honour upon him, that all the congregation of the children of Israel may be obedient.
27:21 And he shall stand before Eleazar the priest, who shall ask counsel for him after the judgment of the Urim before the LORD: at his word shall they go out, and at his word they shall come in, both he, and all the children of Israel with him, even all the congregation.
27:22 And Moses did as the LORD commanded him: and he took Joshua, and set him before Eleazar the priest, and before all the congregation:
27:23 And he laid his hands upon him, and gave him a charge, as the LORD commanded by the hand of Moses.



b. therefore [3767 * oun][Thayer: a conjunction indicating that something follows from another necessarily; [al. regard the primary force of the particle as confirmatory and continuative…] [Strong:  apparently a primary word; (adverbially) certainly, or (conjunctionally) accordingly:--and (so, truly), but, now (then), so (likewise then), then, therefore, verily, wherefore.]

1). The charge is being given to Timothy by Paul in light of what Paul wrote in the previous verses, in particular what he wrote concerning the inspiration and authority of the Scripture. It is paramount for the true and faithful believer to position the word of God as the final authority in his life. God and the Lord Jesus Christ are witnesses to Paul’s charge of Timothy.

2. “…who shall judge the quick and the dead at his appearing and his kingdom.”

a.       There are two general judgments mentioned here, that incorporate all the judgments. The first at his appearing, i.e., the second coming, and the second during his Kingdom.

1). Matthew 25:14-46; 2 Thessalonians 1:6-10; Jude 15; Revelation 20:4-6;

b.      2 Timothy 4:1 is a lead up to verse 2. Paul is saying here that in light of the charge or commandment of God, and the fact that Jesus Christ will be the judge of our obedience to that charge, then he speaks verse 2. “Preach the word!” 

2 Timothy 3:16

2 Timothy 3:16

All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness:

a. NLT: All Scripture is inspired by God and is useful to teach us what is true and to make us realize what is wrong in our lives. It corrects us when we are wrong and teaches us to do what is right.

b. NIV: All Scripture is God-breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness,

c. Young’s Literal Translation: every Writing is God-breathed, and profitable for teaching, for conviction, for setting aright, for instruction that is in righteousness,

d. Amplified Bible: Every Scripture is God-breathed (given by His inspiration) and profitable for instruction, for reproof and conviction of sin, for correction of error and discipline in obedience, [and] for training in righteousness (in holy living, in conformity to God’s will in thought, purpose, and action),

e. Worrell Translation: Every Scripture inspired of God is also profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness;

1. “All Scripture is given by inspiration of God…”

a. Scripture [1124 * graphe] [Strong: a document, i.e. holy Writ (or its contents or a statement in it):--scripture.]

b. inspiration [2315 * theopneustos; Theo-God; pneu-to breathe; God breathed] [Zodhiates:Prompted by God, divinely inspired, occurs only once in the N.T.,  in 2 Timothy 3:16.]

1). Some scholars because of the similarity of the words believe when God created Adam and breathed into him the breath of life, that He also breathed into him the word of God. I can see the similarity in the words but I do not share that belief.

a). Genesis 2:7 And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul.

2). If that were the case, that when God breathed into Adam the word of God as well as the breath of life, why did God have to give Adam the command of not eating of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil?

3). The Scriptures themselves teach that they are the inspiration of God.

a). 2 Peter 1:19-21 We have also a more sure word of prophecy; whereunto ye do well that ye take heed, as unto a light that shineth in a dark place, until the day dawn, and the day-star arise in your hearts:
1:20 Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the Scripture is of any private interpretation.
1:21 For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost.

4). These verses establish the Biblical principle that the Scriptures carry more authority than dreams , visions, and prophecies or any so called spiritual experience. Peter’s statement concerning the “more sure word” of Scripture was said immediately after Peter recounted of one of the greatest visions a person could experience, the transfiguration of Jesus Christ.

a). 2 Peter 1:16-18 For we have not followed cunningly devised fables, when we made known unto you the power and coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, but were eyewitnesses of his majesty.
For he received from God the Father honour and glory, when there came such a voice to him from the excellent glory, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.
And this voice which came from heaven we heard, when we were with him in the holy mount.

5). The clear lesson in this must be that the Scriptures are the final authority, especially when it comes to spiritual experiences. I don’t care what my Grandma saw or what my Uncle experienced in a dream, if it doesn’t line up with the Scriptures, I disregard it. Period! The weight of this principle is shown by the fact that the vision Peter wrote about was experienced by not only himself but also James and John and is recorded in three of the Gospels, Matthew 17:1-9, Mark 9:2-8, and Luke 9:28-36.    

6). In the Old Testament there are 600 times that the phrase “Thus saith the Lord” is found. It is found in Genesis, Exodus, Numbers, Joshua, Judges, I & II Samuel, I & II Kings, I & II Chronicles, Psalms, Proverbs, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zachariah, Malachi. In Leviticus the phrase, “And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying” is used. In Deuteronomy the phrase, “The LORD our God spake unto us in Horeb saying,” is used.

7). Paul knew that his writings were the commandments of the Lord and he commanded his letters to be read by every believer.

a). 1 Corinthians 14:37 If any man think himself to be a prophet, or spiritual, let him acknowledge that the things that I write unto you are the commandments of the Lord.

b). 1 Thessalonians 5:27 I charge you by the Lord that this epistle be read unto all the holy brethren.

8). The Apostle Peter recognized Paul’s epistles are Scripture.

a). 2 Peter 3:15, 16 And account that the long suffering of our Lord is salvation; even as our beloved brother Paul also according to the wisdom given unto him hath written unto you;
3:16 As also in all his epistles, speaking in them of these things; in which are some thing hard to be understood, which they  that are unlearned and unstable wrest, as they do also the other Scriptures, unto their own destruction.

9). Paul quotes Luke as Scripture along with Deuteronomy.

a). 1 Timothy 5:18 For the Scripture saith, Thou shalt not muzzle the ox that treadeth out the corn. And, The labourer is worthy of his reward.

b). The phrase, “The labourer is worthy of his reward”, is a quote from Luke 10:7.

2. “…and is profitable for doctrine…”

a. profitable [5624 * ophelimos] [Zodhiates: Helpful, profitable, useful.] [D.C.: It is not referring to money.]

b. doctrine [1319 * didaskalia] [Zodhiates: Teaching or instruction as spoken of…The act or manner of teaching…with the meaning of warning.]

1). 1 Timothy 1:8-11 But we know that the law is good, if a man use it lawfully;
1:9 Knowing this, that the law is not made for a righteous man, but for the lawless and disobedient, for the ungodly and for sinners, for unholy and profane, for murderers of fathers and murderers of mothers, manslayers,
1:10 For whoremongers, for them that defile themselves with mankind, for menstealers, for liars, for perjured persons, and if there be any other thing that is contrary to sound doctrine;
1:11 According to the glorious gospel of the blessed God, which was committed to my trust.

2). Isaiah 8:20 To the law and to the testimony: if they speak not according to this word, it is because they have no light in them.

3). Romans 3:1-4 What advantage then hath the Jew? or what profit is there of circumcision?
3:2 Much every way: chiefly, because that unto them were committed the oracles of God.
3:3 For what if some did not believe? shall their unbelief make the faith of God without effect?
3:4 God forbid: yea, let God be true, but every man a liar; as it is written, That thou mightest be justified in thy sayings, and mightest overcome when thou art judged.

c. The attitude of believers toward the Scriptures.

1). Psalm 119:128 Therefore I esteem all thy precepts concerning all things to be right;  and I hate every false way.

3. “…for reproof…”

a. reproof [1650 * elechos] [Zodhiates: Conviction. Metonymically, meaning certain persuasion.]

1). Proverbs 6:23 “For the commandment is a lamp; and the law is light; and reproofs of instruction are the way of life.”

2). Proverbs 10:17 “He is in the way of life that keepeth instruction: but he that refuseth reproof erreth.”

3). Proverbs 13:18 “…but he that regardeth reproof shall be honoured.”

4. “…for correction…”

a. correction [1882 * epanorthosis] [Zodhiates: Correction, setting up straight again.]

1). Proverbs 3:11, 12 “My son, despise not the chastening of the LORD; neither be weary of  his correction:
For whom the LORD loveth he correcteth; even as a father the son in whom he delighteth.”

5. “…for instruction in righteousness:”

a. instruction [3809 * paideia] [Zodhiates: Originally instruction of children. It evolved to mean chastening because all effectual instruction for the sinful children of men includes and implies chastening, correction.]

1). Proverbs 4:13 “Take hold of instruction; let her not go: keep her; for she is thy life.”

2).Proverbs 19:27 “Cease, my son, to hear the instruction that causeth to err from the words of knowledge.”

b. Institute of Creation Research Daily Devotional 7/29/11 Among the many evidences for verbal inspiration, both within and without Scripture, is the frequent interchange of God recognized as the author of a particular passage with the human author who actually penned it. This can be true only if the very words recorded by the various authors are "God breathed" (the meaning of "inspiration"). For example, the early Christians exclaimed, "Lord, thou art God, which hast made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and all that in them is: Who by the mouth of thy servant David hast said, Why did the heathen rage, and the people imagine vain things?" (Acts 4:24-25), thereby recognizing that God spoke through David, who wrote God's words in Psalm 2:1-2.  Likewise, Paul, in his masterful dissertation on God's sovereignty, claimed "the scripture saith unto Pharaoh" (Romans 9:17) that which God Himself had spoken unto Moses (Exodus 9:13). In other words, what Scripture says, God says.  Even Christ Jesus, who Himself had written with His finger "honour thy father and thy mother" (Exodus 20:12) on tables of stone, personally ascribed the authorship of the passage to Moses (Mark 7:10). Evidently to Christ, there was no difference. That which Moses had written under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, and in this case what he had copied from the stone tablet, was fully the Word of God.  We can be sure that what Scripture says, God says. "That the man of God may be perfect, thoroughly furnished unto all good works" (2 Timothy 3:17). We can trust our lives on earth, our view of history, and our eternal destiny to what is written on the pages of Scripture. JDM

Additional Notes On The Inspiration Of Scripture
All the notes in this study were taken from the book, Many Infallible Proofs by Henry M. Morris, a great man of God who is in heaven.

1. Claims of the writers

a. In the Old Testament the writers claimed to have written the words of God. An approximate figure from the Old Testament alone is 2,600 claims of inspiration. Some Examples:

1). Deuteronomy 4:2 Ye shall not add unto the word which I command you, neither shall ye diminish ought from it, that ye may keep the commandments of the LORD your God which I command you.

2). 1 Kings 12:24 Thus saith the LORD, Ye shall not go up, nor fight against your brethren the children of Israel: return every man to his house; for this thing is from me. They hearkened therefore to the word of the LORD, and returned to depart, according to the word of the LORD.

3). Isaiah 43:1 But now thus saith the LORD that created thee, O Jacob, and he that formed thee, O Israel, Fear not: for I have redeemed thee, I have called thee by thy name; thou art mine.

4). Jeremiah 26:18 Micah the Morasthite prophesied in the days of Hezekiah king of Judah, and spake to all the people of Judah, saying, Thus saith the LORD of hosts; Zion shall be plowed like a field, and Jerusalem shall become heaps, and the mountain of the house as the high places of a forest.

b. These claims are not found in every book of the Old Testament, for Esther has no mention of any claim of divine inspiration. Nevertheless they were accepted by the people of Israel as equal in divine inspiration and authority.

c. The New Testament writings were claimed by the Apostles as inspired by God and accepted by the early church as divinely inspired by God.

1). Galatians 1:11, 12 But I certify you, brethren, that the gospel which was preached of me is not after man.
1:12 For I neither received it of man, neither was I taught it, but by the revelation of Jesus Christ.

2). 1 Corinthians 2:13 Which things also we speak, not in the words which man's wisdom teacheth, but which the Holy Ghost teacheth; comparing spiritual things with spiritual.

3). 1 Thessalonians 2:13 For this cause also thank we God without ceasing, because, when ye received the word of God which ye heard of us, ye received it not as the word of men, but as it is in truth, the word of God, which effectually worketh also in you that believe.

4). 1 Corinthians 14:37 If any man think himself to be a prophet, or spiritual, let him acknowledge that the things that I write unto you are the commandments of the Lord.

5). Ephesians 3:4, 5 Whereby, when ye read, ye may understand my knowledge in the mystery of Christ)
3:5 Which in other ages was not made known unto the sons of men, as it is now revealed unto his holy apostles and prophets by the Spirit;

d. The canon of Scripture closes with a warning upon those who would take away or add to the words of God.

1). Revelation 22:18, 19 For I testify unto every man that heareth the words of the prophecy of this book, If any man shall add unto these things, God shall add unto him the plagues that are written in this book:
22:19 And if any man shall take away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part out of the book of life, and out of the holy city, and from the things which are written in this book.

2. The Old Testament in the New

a. There are over 320 quotations from the Old Testament in the New Testament, as well as over 1000 clear references to the Old Testament. In the context it indicates the belief of the writer or speaker that he was referring to the words of God.

1). Matthew 4:4 But he answered and said, It is written, Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God. [From Deuteronomy 8:3]

2). Matthew 18:16 But if he will not hear thee, then take with thee one or two more, that in the mouth of two or three witnesses every word may be established. [From Deuteronomy 19:15]

3). Romans 9:15 For he saith to Moses, I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion. [From Exodus 33:19]

4). Revelation 21:23 And the city had no need of the sun, neither of the moon, to shine in it: for the glory of God did lighten it, and the Lamb is the light thereof. [From Isaiah 60:20, 21]

b. The first 11 chapters of Genesis (Creation thru the Tower of Babel), is the most criticized of the Old Testament by liberals. Yet there are more than 80 quotes or clear allusions to this section in the New Testament. Every one of the N.T. writers refers at least once in his writings to something recorded in Genesis 1 thru Genesis 11.

1). Noah’s flood, 2 Peter 2:5 And spared not the old world, but saved Noah the eighth person, a preacher of righteousness, bringing in the flood upon the world of the ungodly;

2). Creation of Man, 1 Corinthians 15:45 And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a quickening spirit.

3). Enoch, Jude 14, 15 And Enoch also, the seventh from Adam, prophesied of these, saying, Behold, the Lord cometh with ten thousands of his saints,
15 To execute judgment upon all, and to convince all that are ungodly among them of all their ungodly deeds which they have ungodly committed, and of all their hard speeches which ungodly sinners have spoken against him.

c. The Apostles also accepted other parts of the New Testament as divinely inspired.

1). In 1 Timothy 5:18 Paul quotes both Testaments as Scripture.

a). 1 Timothy 5:18 For the scripture saith, thou shalt not muzzle the ox that treadeth out the corn. And, The labourer is worthy of his reward.

(1) Deuteronomy 25:4 Thou shalt not muzzle the ox when he treadeth out the corn.

(2) Luke 10:7 And in the same house remain, eating and drinking such things as they give: for the labourer is worthy of his hire. Go not from house to house.

2). Peter compares the writings of Paul to “the other Scriptures”, thus placing them on the same level.

a). 2 Peter 3:15, 16 And account that the longsuffering of our Lord is salvation; even as our beloved brother Paul also according to the wisdom given unto him hath written unto you;
3:16 As also in all his epistles, speaking in them of these things; in which are some things hard to be understood, which they that are unlearned and unstable wrest, as they do also the other scriptures, unto their own destruction.

3). Peter also places his own writings and the writings of the other Apostles on the same level as the writings of the prophets.

a). 2 Peter 3:1, 2 This second epistle, beloved, I now write unto you; in both which I stir up your pure minds by way of remembrance:
3:2 That ye may be mindful of the words which were spoken before by the holy prophets, and of the commandment of us the apostles of the Lord and Saviour:

4). In Jude 17, 18 Jude quotes 2 Peter 3:3.

a). Jude 17, 18 But, beloved, remember ye the words which were spoken before of the apostles of our Lord Jesus Christ;
18 How that they told you there should be mockers in the last time, who should walk after their own ungodly lusts.

b). 2 Peter 3:3 Knowing this first, that there shall come in the last days scoffers, walking after their own lusts,

3. The Testimony of Jesus Christ

a. As God manifested in the flesh there is no doubt that Jesus knew and understood the nature of Scripture.

1). John 5:46, 47 For had ye believed Moses, ye would have believed me; for he wrote of me.
5:47 But if ye believe not his writings, how shall ye believe my words?

b. Jesus believed and cited passages of Scripture which might seem particularly difficult for the natural man to believe.

1). He quoted the supposedly contradictory accounts [liberal and apostate viewpoint] of man’s creation in the same passage.

a). Matthew 19:4-6 And he answered and said unto them, Have ye not read, that he which made them at the beginning made them male and female,
19:5 And said, For this cause shall a man leave father and mother, and shall cleave to his wife: and they twain shall be one flesh?
19:6 Wherefore they are no more twain, but one flesh. What therefore God hath joined together, let not man put asunder.

2). He believed and quoted about Noah’s flood.

a). Luke 17:26, 27 And as it was in the days of Noe, so shall it be also in the days of the Son of man.
17:27 They did eat, they drank, they married wives, they were given in marriage, until the day that Noah entered into the ark, and the flood came, and destroyed them all.

b). Matthew 24:37-39 But as the days of Noah were, so shall also the coming of the Son of man be.
24:38 For as in the days that were before the flood they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day that Noe entered into the ark,
24:39 And knew not until the flood came, and took them all away; so shall also the coming of the Son of man be.

3). He believed and quoted passages about the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah.

a). Luke 17:28, 29 Likewise also as it was in the days of Lot; they did eat, they drank, they bought, they sold, they planted, they builded;
17:29 But the same day that Lot went out of Sodom it rained fire and brimstone from heaven, and destroyed them all.

4). Jonah and the whale.

a). Matthew 12:39-41  But he answered and said unto them, An evil and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign; and there shall no sign be given to it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas:
12:40 For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale's belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.
12:41 The men of Nineveh shall rise in judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it: because they repented at the preaching of Jonas; and, behold, a greater than Jonas is here.

5). He believed and accepted the prophecies of Daniel as true prophecies not yet fulfilled.

a). Matthew 24:15 When ye therefore shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy place, (whoso readeth, let him understand:)

6). Jesus believed and taught that Isaiah was the author of both parts of the book bearing his name. Isaiah is divided into two sections, 39 chapters in the first section and 27 in the second, corresponding to the 39 books of the Old Testament and 27 of the New Testament. Liberal, apostate Christianity believe there are three sections of Isaiah and that Isaiah only wrote a portion of the book.

a). Mark 4:11, 12 [Quoted from Isaiah 6:9, 10] And he said unto them, Unto you it is given to know the mystery of the kingdom of God: but unto them that are without, all these things are done in parables:
4:12 That seeing they may see, and not perceive; and hearing they may hear, and not understand; lest at any time they should be converted, and their sins should be forgiven them.

b). Luke 4:16-21 [Quoted from Isaiah 61:1, 2]And he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up: and, as his custom was, he went into the synagogue on the sabbath day, and stood up for to read.
4:17 And there was delivered unto him the book of the prophet Esaias. And when he had opened the book, he found the place where it was written,
4:18 The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he hath sent me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised,
4:19 To preach the acceptable year of the Lord.
4:20 And he closed the book, and he gave it again to the minister, and sat down. And the eyes of all them that were in the synagogue were fastened on him.
4:21 And he began to say unto them, This day is this scripture fulfilled in your ears.

7). He believed Moses to be the author of the Pentateuch.

a). Luke 24:27 And beginning at Moses and all the prophets, he expounded unto them in all the scriptures the things concerning himself.

b). John 5:46, 47 For had ye believed Moses, ye would have believed me; for he wrote of me.
5:47 But if ye believe not his writings, how shall ye believe my words?

8). He accepted the writings of Moses and referred to some of the miracles.

a). The burning bush.

(1)  Luke 20:37 Now that the dead are raised, even Moses shewed at the bush, when he calleth the Lord the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.

b). The giving of manna.

(1) John 6:31, 32 Our fathers did eat manna in the desert; as it is written, He gave them bread from heaven to eat.
6:32 Then Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Moses gave you not that bread from heaven; but my Father giveth you the true bread from heaven.

c). The brazen serpent.

(1) John 3:14, 15 And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of man be lifted up:
3:15 That whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have eternal life.

9). Jesus condemned his contemporaries nowhere more harshly then when they had rejected or corrupted Scripture.

a). Matthew 15:1-9  Then came to Jesus scribes and Pharisees, which were of Jerusalem, saying,
15:2 Why do thy disciples transgress the tradition of the elders? for they wash not their hands when they eat bread.
15:3 But he answered and said unto them, Why do ye also transgress the commandment of God by your tradition?
15:4 For God commanded, saying, Honour thy father and mother: and, He that curseth father or mother, let him die the death.
15:5 But ye say, Whosoever shall say to his father or his mother, It is a gift, by whatsoever thou mightest be profited by me;
15:6 And honour not his father or his mother, he shall be free. Thus have ye made the commandment of God of none effect by your tradition.
15:7 Ye hypocrites, well did Esaias prophesy of you, saying,
15:8 This people draweth nigh unto me with their mouth, and honoureth me with their lips; but their heart is far from me.
15:9 But in vain they do worship me, teaching for doctrines the commandments of men.

b). John 5:42-47 But I know you, that ye have not the love of God in you.
5:43 I am come in my Father's name, and ye receive me not: if another shall come in his own name, him ye will receive.
5:44 How can ye believe, which receive honour one of another, and seek not the honour that cometh from God only?
5:45 Do not think that I will accuse you to the Father: there is one that accuseth you, even Moses, in whom ye trust.
5:46 For had ye believed Moses, ye would have believed me; for he wrote of me.
5:47 But if ye believe not his writings, how shall ye believe my words?

10). Probably the most important passage of all regarding the reliability of the Old Testament Scriptures is how Jesus responded to two of his disciples after his resurrection for their doubt. He called them fools. Likewise if we as professing believers doubt or write off God’s word we are fools.

a). Luke 24:25-27 Then he said unto them, O fools, and slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have spoken:
24:26 Ought not Christ to have suffered these things, and to enter into his glory?
24:27 And beginning at Moses and all the prophets, he expounded unto them in all the scriptures the things concerning himself.

4. The nature of Scripture

a. Inadequate theories of inspiration

1). Naturalist Theory: Inspired only in the sense that great writers and artists are inspired.

2). Partial theory: Only parts are inspired while other parts are not; matters of history and science are not inspired whereas spiritual and devotional passages are inspired.

3). Dynamic theory: Holds that the thoughts are inspired but not the words.

4). Encounter theory: Holds that the Bible is a vehicle of revelation but is not itself a divine revelation. It becomes inspired when and only when it inspires the reader…A passage which thus may be inspired so far as one reader is concerned, may be utterly uninspired to others.

b. Each of the above theories make man the judge of Scripture. Anyone who approaches the Bible with one of the above theories is himself usurping the place of God. The proper godly attitude toward Scripture is shown in the following two passages.

1). Romans 3:3, 4 For what if some did not believe? shall their unbelief make the faith of God without effect?
3:4 God forbid: yea, let God be true, but every man a liar; as it is written, That thou mightest be justified in thy sayings, and mightest overcome when thou art judged.

2). Psalm 119:128 Therefore I esteem all thy precepts concerning all things to be right; and I hate every false way.

c. In 2 Timothy 3:16 all four erroneous theories are dealt with.

1). 2 Timothy 3:16 All [refuting the partial theory] scripture [the writings, refuting the dynamic theory] is given by inspiration of God, [refuting the naturalistic theory] and is profitable [refuting the encounter theory] for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness:

d. Plenary Verbal Inspiration: The proper and godly view of Scripture, holds that the Bible is completely and literally inspired, altogether free from error and conveying exactly what God wished to say to man.

e. Jesus believed in plenary verbal inspiration. In Matthew 4:4 Jesus quoted Deuteronomy 8:3 when he rebuked Satan.

1). Matthew 4:4 But he answered and said, It is written, Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God.

2). Deuteronomy 8:3 And he humbled thee, and suffered thee to hunger, and fed thee with manna, which thou knewest not, neither did thy fathers know; that he might make thee know that man doth not live by bread only, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of the Lord doth man live.