Sunday, July 27, 2008

1 Corinthians 10:4

1 Corinthians 10:4
And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ.

a. NLT: and all of them drank the same spiritual water. For they drank from the spiritual rock that traveled with them, and that rock was Christ.

b. NIV: and drank the same spiritual drink; for they drank from the spiritual rock that accompanied them, and that rock was Christ.

c. YLT: and all the same spiritual drink did drink, for they were drinking of a spiritual rock following them, and the rock was the Christ;

d. Amplified Bible: And they all drank the same spiritual (supernaturally given) drink. For they drank from a spiritual Rock which followed them [produced by the sole power of God Himself without natural instrumentality], and the Rock was Christ.

e. Worrell Translation: and all drank the same spiritual drink; for they were drinking of the spiritual Rock that followed them, and the Rock was Christ.

1. “And did all drink the same spiritual drink…”

a. and [2532 * kai] [Strong: apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words:--and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.]

b. all [3956 * pas] [Strong: including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole:--all (manner of, means), alway(-s), any (one), X daily, + ever, every (one, way), as many as, + no(-thing), X thoroughly, whatsoever, whole, whosoever.]

c. did drink [4095 * pino] [Strong: a prolonged form of pio pee'-o, which (together with another form) poo po'-o occurs only as an alternate in certain tenses; to imbibe (literally or figuratively):--drink.]

d. the same [846 * autos] [Strong: from the particle au (perhaps akin to the base of 109 through the idea of a baffling wind) (backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the comparative 1438) of the third person , and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons:--her, it(-self), one, the other, (mine) own, said, (self-), the) same, ((him-, my-, thy- )self, (your-)selves, she, that, their(-s), them(-selves), there(-at, - by, -in, -into, -of, -on, -with), they, (these) things, this (man), those, together, very, which.]

e. spiritual [4152 * pneumatikos] [Strong: from 4151; non-carnal, i.e. (humanly) ethereal (as opposed to gross), or (daemoniacally) a spirit (concretely), or (divinely) supernatural, regenerate, religious:--spiritual.]

f. drink [4188 * poma] [Strong: rom the alternate of 4095; a beverage:--drink.]

2. “…for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them…”
a. for [1063 * gar] [Strong: a primary particle; properly, assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles):--and, as, because (that), but, even, for, indeed, no doubt, seeing, then, therefore, verily, what, why, yet.

b. they drank [4095 * pino] [Strong: a prolonged form of pio pee'-o, which (together with another form) poo po'-o occurs only as an alternate in certain tenses; to imbibe (literally or figuratively):--drink.]

c. of [1537 * ek] [Strong: a primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence action or motion proceeds), from, out (of place, time, or cause; literal or figurative; direct or remote):--after, among, X are, at, betwixt(-yond), by (the means of), exceedingly, (+ abundantly above), for(- th), from (among, forth, up), + grudgingly, + heartily, X heavenly, X hereby, + very highly, in, ...ly, (because, by reason) of, off (from), on, out among (from, of), over, since, X thenceforth, through, X unto, X vehemently, with(-out). Often used in composition, with the same general import; often of completion.]

d. spiritual [4152 * pneumatikos] [Strong: from 4151; non-carnal, i.e. (humanly) ethereal (as opposed to gross), or (daemoniacally) a spirit (concretely), or (divinely) supernatural, regenerate, religious:--spiritual.]

e. Rock [4073 * petra] [Strong: feminine of the same as 4074; a (mass of) rock (literally or figuratively):--rock.]

f. that followed them [190 * akoloutheo] [Strong: from 1 (as a particle of union) and keleuthos (a road); properly, to be in the same way with, i.e. to accompany (specially, as a disciple):--follow, reach.]

1). This is an example where under the direction of the Holy Ghost, Paul included a Jewish tradition into the inspired canon of Scripture. Which means the Jewish tradition regarding this incident was inspired.

a). Jewish New Testament Commentary, David H.  Stearn, Jewish New Testament publications, Inc. p. 469.  “According to the Aggadah [the legendary and midrashic material woven bout the Tanakh], the Children of Israel were accompanied in the desert by a rolling stone that poured forth water.” (Avraham Chill, The Minhagim, New York: Sepher-Hermon Press, Inc., 1979, p.322)

b). THE  CHUMASH; The Torah, Haftaros and Five Megillos with a Commentary Anthologized from the Rabbinic Writings; The Stone Edition, Ninthth Impression of the Eleventh Edition. [Note on Numbers 20:8]. “The rock. The definite article the indicates that this was a known rock. The Sages teach that God had created a rock that He used often as a source of miraculous waters. This was the rock that the angel revealed to Hagar when her son Ishmael was dying of thirst (Genesis 21:19), and from which Moses was commanded to draw water nearly forty years earlier (Exodus 17:6). And that same rock accompanied the people throughout their wanderings, as long as Miriam was alive. After her death, it ceased to yield water and was hidden (Ramban).”



2. “…and that Rock was Christ.”

a. and [1161 * de] [Strong: a primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.:--also, and, but, moreover, now (often unexpressed in English).]

b. that Rock [4073 * petra] [Strong: feminine of the same as 4074; a (mass of) rock (literally or figuratively):--rock.]

c. was [2258 * en] [Strong:  imperfect of 1510; I (thou, etc.) was (wast or were):--+ agree, be, X have (+ charge of), hold, use, was(-t), were.]

d. Christ [5547 * Christos] [Strong: from 5548; anointed, i.e. the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus:--Christ.]

1). There are a few instances where the pre-incarnate Christ is referred to as a rock.

a). Deuteronomy 32:3, 4 Because I will publish the name of the LORD: ascribe ye greatness unto our God.
32:4 He is the Rock, his work is perfect: for all his ways are judgment: a God of truth and without iniquity, just and right is he.

b). 1 Peter 2:6-8 Wherefore also it is contained in Scripture, Behold, I lay in Sion a chief corner stone, elect, precious: and he that believeth on him shall not be confounded.
2:7 Unto you therefore which believe he is precious: but unto them which be disobedient, the stone which the builders disallowed, the same is made the head of the corner,
2:8 And a stone of stumbling, and a rock of offence, even to them which stumble at the word, being disobedient: whereunto also they were appointed.

           2). Peter is quoting from the book of Isaiah.

a). Isaiah 28:16 Therefore thus saith the LORD GOD, Behold, I lay in Zion for a foundation a stone, a tried stone, a precious corner stone, a sure foundation: he that believeth shall not make haste.

b). aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa

Numbers 25:3

Numbers 25:3

And Israel joined himself unto Baal-peor: and the anger of the LORD was kindled against Israel.

1.”And Israel joined himself unto Baal-peor…”

a. joined [6775 * tsamad] [Strongs: to link, i.e., gird; figuratively, to serve (mentally); contrive:-fasten, frame; join (self).

[Gesenius: to be fastened, i.e., to adhere, “he adhered to Baal-peor”, devoted himself to his

worship].

1). Within the definition of joined is the concept of “to serve mentally”. This will surface later in the study in importance.

b. Fornication, sexual immorality was an integral part of the worship of Baal-peor.

1). Numbers 25:6-9 “And behold, one of the children of Israel came and brought unto his brethren a Midianitish woman in the sight of Moses, and in the sight of the children of Israel, who were weeping before the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.

And when Phinehas, the son of Eleazar, the son of Aaron the priest, saw it, he rose up from among the congregation, and took a javelin in his hand;

And he went after the man of Israel into the tent, and thrust both of them through, the man of Israel, and the woman through her belly. So the plague was stayed from the children of Israel.”

c. This incident is mentioned more than once in the New Testament.

1). Revelation 2:14 “But I have a few things against thee, because thou hast there them that hold the doctrine of Balaam, who taught Balac to cast a stumblingblock before the children of Israel, to eat things sacrificed unto idols, and to commit fornication.”

2). 1 Corinthians 10:8 “Neither let us commit fornication, as some of them committed, and fell in one day three and twenty thousand.”

d. Idolatry is spiritual fornication also. When the Apostle Paul was warning the Corinthians against fornication he said so.

1). 1 Corinthians 6:15-17 “Know ye not that your bodies are the members of Christ? shall I then take the members of Christ, and make them the members of an harlot? God forbid.

What? know ye not that he which is joined to an harlot is one body? For two, saith he, shall be one flesh.

But he that is joined unto the Lord is one spirit.

2). The individual who commits fornication is not only fornicating physically, but also spiritually.

Numbers 21:9

Numbers 21:9

And Moses made a serpent of brass, and put it upon a pole, and it came to pass, that if a serpent had bitten any man, when he beheld the serpent of brass, he lived.

a. NLT: So Moses made a snake out of bronze and attached it to a pole. Then anyone who was bitten by a snake could look at the bronze snake and be healed!

b. NIV: So Moses made a bronze snake and put it up on a pole. Then when anyone was bitten by a snake and looked at the bronze snake, they lived.

c. YLT: And Moses maketh a serpent of brass, and setteth it on the ensign, and it hath been, if the serpent hath bitten any man, and he hath looked expectingly unto the serpent of brass -- he hath lived.

d. Amplified Bible Classic Edition: And Moses made a serpent of bronze and put it on a pole, and if a serpent had bitten any man, when he looked to the serpent of bronze [attentively, expectantly, with a steady and absorbing gaze], he lived.

e. Septuagint: And Moses made a serpent of brass, and put it upon a signa-[staff]: and it came to pass that whenever a serpent bit a man, and he looked on the brazen serpent, he lived.

f. Stone Edition Chumash:

1. “And Moses made a serpent of brass, and put it upon a pole…”

a. Moses [4872 * Mosheh] [Strong: from 4871; drawing out (of the water), i.e. rescued;Mosheh, the Israelite lawgiver:--Moses.]

b. made [6213 * `asah aw-saw' a primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application (as follows):--accomplish, advance, appoint, apt, be at, become, bear, bestow, bring forth, bruise, be busy, X certainly, have the charge of, commit, deal (with), deck, + displease, do, (ready) dress(-ed), (put in) execute(-ion), exercise, fashion, + feast, (fight-)ing man, + finish, fit, fly, follow, fulfill, furnish, gather, get, go about, govern, grant, great, + hinder, hold ((a feast)), X indeed, + be industrious, + journey, keep, labour, maintain, make, be meet, observe, be occupied, offer, + officer, pare, bring (come) to pass, perform, pracise, prepare, procure, provide, put, requite, X sacrifice, serve, set, shew, X sin, spend, X surely, take, X thoroughly, trim, X very, + vex, be (warr-)ior, work(-man), yield, use.]

c. a serpent [5175 * nachash] [Strong: from 5172; a snake (from its hiss):--serpent.]

d. of brass [5178 * nchosheth] [Strong: for 5154; copper, hence, something made of that metal, i.e. coin, a fetter; figuratively, base (as compared with gold or silver):--brasen, brass, chain, copper, fetter (of brass), filthiness, steel.]

e. put it [7760 * suwm, or siym] Strong: a primitive root; to put (used in a great variety of applications, literal, figurative, inferentially, and elliptically):--X any wise, appoint, bring, call (a name), care, cast in, change, charge, commit, consider, convey, determine, + disguise, dispose, do, get, give, heap up, hold, impute, lay (down, up), leave, look, make (out), mark, + name, X on, ordain, order, + paint, place, preserve, purpose, put (on), + regard, rehearse, reward, (cause to) set (on, up), shew, + stedfastly, take, X tell, + tread down, ((over-))turn, X wholly, work.]

f. on a pole [5251 * nec] [Strong: nace from 5264; a flag; also a sail; by implication, a flagstaff; generally a signal; figuratively, a token:--banner, pole, sail, (en-)sign, standard.]

2. “…and it came to pass, that if a serpent had bitten any man…”

a. if a serpent [5175 * nachash] [Strong: from 5172; a snake (from its hiss):--serpent.]

b. had bitten [5391 * nashak] [Strong: a primitive root; to strike with a sting (as a serpent); figuratively, to oppress with interest on a loan:--bite, lend upon usury.]

c. any man [376 * 'iysh] [Strong: contracted for 582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation):--also, another, any (man), a certain, + champion, consent, each, every (one), fellow, (foot-, husband-)man, (good-, great, mighty) man, he, high (degree), him (that is), husband, man(-kind), + none, one, people, person, + steward, what (man) soever, whoso(-ever), worthy.]

3. “…when he beheld the serpent of brass, he lived.”

a. when he beheld [5027 * nabat] [Strongs: to scan, look intently at; by implication to regard with pleasure, cause to consider, behold, look.] [Note: Strongs gave a wide variety of definitions and I was respectful of those that applied to the context.]

          1). Amplified Bible Note: under Numbers 21:9. “Jesus said that as Moses lifted up the serpent              in the wilderness, so must the Son of man be lifted up, “that everyone who believes in Him—              who cleaves to Him, trusts and relies on Him-- may not perish, but have eternal life and                        actually live forever!” (John 3:14, 15). Obviously this implies that the look that caused the                  victim of a fiery serpent to be healed was something far more than a casual glance. A “look”                would save, but what kind of look?  The Hebrew text here means “look attentively,                             expectantly, with a steady and absorbing gaze.” Or as Jesus said in the last verse of the chapter           quoted above, “He who believes on, has faith in, clings to, relies on the Son has (now possess)             eternal life.” But whoever does not so believe in, cling to, and rely on the Son, “will never                   see…life.” The look that saves is not just a fleeting glance, it is a God honoring, God answered,           fixed and absorbing gaze!”

b. the serpent a serpent [5175 * nachash] [Strong: from 5172; a snake (from its hiss):--serpent.]

c. of brass [5178 * nchosheth] [Strong: for 5154; copper, hence, something made of that metal, i.e. coin, a fetter; figuratively, base (as compared with gold or silver):--brasen, brass, chain, copper, fetter (of brass), filthiness, steel.]

d. he lived [2425 * chayay] [Strong: a primitive root (Compare 2421); to live; causatively to revive:--live, save life.]

          1). This was a type and foreshadow of Jesus dying on the cross.

a). John 3:14, 15 And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of man be lifted up:
3:15 That whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.

b). Christ the Healer, F.F. Bosworth, Published by Fleming H. Revell Company, 1973, Reprint of 8th Edition, Copyright, R.V. Bosworth, p.20. “If healing was not in the Atonement, why were these dying Israelites required to look at the type of the Atonement for bodily healing? Since both healing and forgiveness came through the type of the Atonement, why not to us through Christ the antitype? If we cannot, then the type is placed in higher ground than Christ Himself, and the type becomes a false prophecy.”

           2). Why would Jesus be typified by a serpent? Because the bible says he became our sin.

a). 2 Corinthians 5:21 For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.

b). Jesus is Jehovah-tsidkenu, the LORD our Righteousness.

(1) Jeremiah 23:5, 6 Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth.
23:6 In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely: this is the name whereby he shall be called, THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS.


1 Corinthians 9:14

1 Corinthians 9:14

Even so hath the Lord ordained that they which preach the gospel should live of the gospel.

a. NLT: In the same way, the Lord ordered that those who preach the Good News should be supported by those who benefit from it.

b. NIV: In the same way, the Lord has commanded that those who preach the gospel should receive their living from the gospel.

c. YLT: so also did the Lord direct to those proclaiming the good news: of the good news to live.

d. Amplified Bible: [On the same principle] the Lord directed that those who publish the good news (the Gospel) should live (get their maintenance) by the Gospel.

e. Worrell Translation: Even so did the Lord ordain, that those who proclaim the Gospel should live by the Gospel.

1. “Even so…”

a. even [2532 * kai] [Strong: apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words:--and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.]

b. so [3779 * houto] [Strong: or (before a vowel houtos hoo'-toce adverb from 3778; in this way (referring to what precedes or follows):--after that, after (in) this manner, as, even (so), for all that, like(-wise), no more, on this fashion(-wise), so (in like manner), thus, what.]

1). Albert Barnes Commentary: In the same manner, and for the same reasons.

2. “…hath the Lord ordained that they which preach the gospel should live of the gospel.”

a. the Lord [2962 * kurios] [Strong: from kuros (supremacy); supreme in authority, i.e. (as noun) controller; by implication, Master (as a respectful title):-- God, Lord, master, Sir.]

b. ordained [1299 * diatasso] [Strong:  from 1223 and 5021; to arrange thoroughly, i.e. (specially) institute, prescribe, etc.:--appoint, command, give, (set in) order, ordain.]

c. they which preach [2605 * katagggello] [Strong: from 2596 and the base of 32; to proclaim, promulgate:--declare, preach, shew, speak of, teach.]

d. the gospel [2098 * euaggelion] [Strong: from the same as 2097; a good message, i.e. the gospel:--gospel.]

e. should live [2198 * zao] [Strong: a primary verb; to live (literally or figuratively):--life(-time), (a-)live(-ly), quick.]

f. of [1537 * ek] [Strong: a primary verb; to live (literally or figuratively):--life(-time), (a-)live(-ly), quick.]

g. the gospel [2098 * euaggelion] See “gospel” above.

1). Here Paul under the inspiration of the Holy Ghost summarizes his Scriptural position of supporting the ministry. Just as the Old Covenant ministries were supported by the Covenant people, the Lord Jesus ordained that New Covenant ministers should be supported by New Covenant people.

a).  Matthew 10:5-10  These twelve Jesus sent forth, and commanded them, saying, Go not into the way of the Gentiles, and into any city of the Samaritans enter ye not:
10:6 But go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel.
10:7 And as ye go, preach, saying, The kingdom of heaven is at hand.
10:8 Heal the sick, cleanse the lepers, raise the dead, cast out devils: freely ye have received, freely give.
10:9 Provide neither gold, nor silver, nor brass in your purses,
10:10 Nor scrip for your journey, neither two coats, neither shoes, nor yet staves: for the workman is worthy of his meat.

b). Luke 10:3-7 Go your ways: behold, I send you forth as lambs among wolves.
10:4 Carry neither purse, nor scrip, nor shoes: and salute no man by the way.
10:5 And into whatsoever house ye enter, first say, Peace be to this house.
10:6 And if the son of peace be there, your peace shall rest upon it: if not, it shall turn to you again.
10:7 And in the same house remain, eating and drinking such things as they give: for the labourer is worthy of his hire. Go not from house to house.


1 Corinthians 9:13

1 Corinthians 9:13

Do ye not know that they which minister about holy things live of the things of the temple? And they which wait at the altar are partakers with the altar?

a. NLT: Don’t you realize that those who work in the temple get their meals from the offerings brought to the temple? And those who serve at the altar get a share of the sacrificial offerings.

b. NIV: Don’t you know that those who serve in the temple get their food from the temple, and that those who serve at the altar share in what is offered on the altar?

c. YLT: Have ye not known that those working about the things of the temple -- of the temple do eat, and those waiting at the altar -- with the altar are partakers?

d. Amplified Bible: Do you not know that those men who are employed in the services of the temple get their food from the temple? And that those who tend the altar share with the altar [in the offerings brought]?

e. Worrell Translation: Know ye not that those who are occupied upon sacred things eat of the things of the temple? And that those who wait at the altar partake with the altar?

1.”Do ye not know that they which minister about holy things live of the things of the temple?...”

a. do ye…know [1492 * eido] [Strong:   a primary verb; used only in certain past tenses, the others being borrowed from the equivalent 3700 and 3708; properly, to see (literally or figuratively); by implication, (in the perfect tense only) to know:--be aware, behold, X can (+ not tell), consider, (have) know(-ledge), look (on), perceive, see, be sure, tell, understand, wish, wot.]

b. not [3756 * ou]  [Strong: a primary word; the absolute negative (compare 3361) adverb; no or not:--+ long, nay, neither, never, no (X man), none, (can-)not, + nothing, + special, un(-worthy), when, + without, + yet but.]

c. that [3754 * hoti] [Strong: neuter of 3748 as conjunction; demonstrative, that (sometimes redundant); causative, because:--as concerning that, as though, because (that), for (that), how (that), (in) that, though, why.]

d. they which minister [2038 * ergazomai] [Strong: middle voice from 2041; to toil (as a task, occupation, etc.), (by implication) effect, be engaged in or with, etc.:--commit, do, labor for, minister about, trade (by), work.]

e. holy things [2413 * hieros] [Strong: of uncertain affinity; sacred:--holy.]

f. live [2068 * esthio] [Strong: strengthened for a primary edo (to eat); used only in certain tenses, the rest being supplied by 5315; to eat (usually literal):--devour, eat, live.]

g. of the things [1537 * ek] [Strong:  a primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence action or motion proceeds), from, out (of place, time, or cause; literal or figurative; direct or remote):--after, among, X are, at, betwixt(-yond), by (the means of), exceedingly, (+ abundantly above), for(- th), from (among, forth, up), + grudgingly, + heartily, X heavenly, X hereby, + very highly, in, ...ly, (because, by reason) of, off (from), on, out among (from, of), over, since, X thenceforth, through, X unto, X vehemently, with(-out). Often used in composition, with the same general import; often of completion.]

h. the temple [2411 * hieron] [Strong: neuter of 2413; a sacred place, i.e. the entire precincts (whereas 3485 denotes the central sanctuary itself) of the Temple (at Jerusalem or elsewhere):--temple.]

1). This verse speaks of the different ministries between the Levites and the priests. All priests were Levites but not all Levites were priests. The Levites were divided into the family of Aaron who were the priests and the other families of Levites who were not priests but had responsibilities of transporting the tabernacle. Moses and Aaron were Levites.

a). Exodus 2:1-10 And there went a man of the house of Levi, and took to wife a daughter of Levi.
2:2 And the woman conceived, and bare a son: and when she saw him that he was a goodly child, she hid him three months.
2:3 And when she could not longer hide him, she took for him an ark of bulrushes, and daubed it with slime and with pitch, and put the child therein; and she laid it in the flags by the river's brink.
2:4 And his sister stood afar off, to wit what would be done to him.
2:5 And the daughter of Pharaoh came down to wash herself at the river; and her maidens walked along by the river's side; and when she saw the ark among the flags, she sent her maid to fetch it.
2:6 And when she had opened it, she saw the child: and, behold, the babe wept. And she had compassion on him, and said, This is one of the Hebrews' children.
2:7Then said his sister to Pharaoh's daughter, Shall I go and call to thee a nurse of the Hebrew women, that she may nurse the child for thee?
2:8 And Pharaoh's daughter said to her, Go. And the maid went and called the child's mother.
2:9 And Pharaoh's daughter said unto her, Take this child away, and nurse it for me, and I will give thee thy wages. And the women took the child, and nursed it.
2:10 And the child grew, and she brought him unto Pharaoh’s daughter, and he became her son. And she called his name Moses: and she said, Because I drew him out of the water.

b). Exodus 4:14 And the anger of the Lord was kindled against Moses, and he said, Is not Aaron the Levite thy brother? I know that he can speak well. And also, behold, he cometh forth to meet thee: and when he seeth thee, he will be glad in his heart.

2). Levi had three sons and Moses and Aaron were descended from Levi through Kohath.

a). Numbers 3:17-20 And these were the sons of Levi by their names; Gershon, and Kohath, and Merari.
3:18 And these are the names of the sons of Gershon by their families; Libni, and Shimei.
3:19 And the sons of Kohath by their families; Amram, and Izehar, Hebron, and Uzziel.
3:20 And the sons of Merari by their families; Mahli, and Mushi. These are the families of the Levites according to the house of their fathers.

3). Aside from the family of Aaron, the three sons of Levi each had their particular tasks concerning the Tabernacle, that is the “holy things” things referred to in 1 Corinthians 9:13. The  Gershonites responsibilities in the tabernacle were the materials of the tabernacle.

a). Numbers 3:25 And the charge of the sons of Gershon in the tabernacle of the congregation shall be the tabernacle, and the tent, the covering thereof, and the hangings for the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.
3:26 And the hangings of the court, and the curtain for the door of the court, which is by the tabernacle, and by the altar round about, and the cords of it for all the service thereof.

4). The Kohathites responsibilities was the sacred furniture of the tabernacle.

a). Numbers 3:31 And their charge shall be the ark, and the table, and the candlestick, and the altars, and the vessels of the sanctuary wherewith they minister, and the hanging, and all the service thereof.
5). The sons of Merari had the responsibilities of the wooden supports of the tabernacle.

a). Numbers 3:36, 37 And under the custody and charge of the sons of Merari shall be the boards of the tabernacle, and the bars thereof, and the pillars thereof, and the sockets thereof, and all the vessels thereof, and all that serveth thereto,
3:37 And the pillars of the court round about, and their sockets, and their pins, and their cords.
6). When Israel was traveling, these particular families would carry the tabernacle only. When Israel would break camp, the priests would disassemble the tabernacle and cover all the pieces. Only then would these three families then accomplish their ministry (Numbers 4:5-15). This was their ministry.

a). Numbers 3:5-8 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
3:6 Bring the tribe of Levi near, and present them before Aaron the priest, that they may minister unto him.
3:7 And they shall keep his charge, and the charge of the whole congregation before the tabernacle of the congregation, to do the service of the tabernacle.
3:8 And they shall keep all the instruments of the tabernacle of the congregation, and the charge of the children of Israel, to do the service of the tabernacle.

7). Because of their sacred service, they received the tithe of Israel and therefore lived “of the things of the temple”.

a). Numbers 18:21-24 And, behold, I have given the children of Levi all the tenth in Israel for an inheritance, for their service which they serve, even the service of the tabernacle of the congregation.
18:22 Neither must the children of Israel henceforth come nigh the tabernacle of the congregation, lest they bear sin, and die.
18:23 But the Levites shall do the service of the congregation, and they shall bear their iniquity: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations, that among the children of Israel they have no inheritance.
18:24 But the tithes of the children of Israel, which they offer as an heave offering unto the LORD, I have given to the Levites to inherit: therefore I have said unto them, Among the children of Israel they have no inheritance.
2. “…And they which wait at the altar are partakers of the altar?”
a. they which wait [4332 * prosedreuo; pros-to; hedra-a seat] [Strong: to sit near, i.e. attend as a servant:--wait at.]

b. at the altar [2379 * thusiasterion] [Strong: from a derivative of 2378; a place of sacrifice, i.e. an altar (special or genitive case, literal or figurative):--altar.]

c. partakers [4829 * summerizomai] [Strong: middle voice from 4862 and 3307; to share jointly, i.e. participate in:--be partaker with.]

d. with the altar [2379 * thusiasterion] [Strong: from a derivative of 2378; a place of sacrifice, i.e. an altar (special or genitive case, literal or figurative):--altar.]

1). What is meant by “partakers with the altar”? In many of the offerings made by Israel, there was a portion that was given to the priests, and they were allowed to eat it with their families. There are a few examples given in Scripture.

a). Leviticus 2:1-3 [NIV] When someone brings a grain offering to the LORD, his offering is to be of fine flour. He is to pour oil on it, put incense on it,
2:2 And take it to Aaron’s sons the priests. The priest shall take a handful of the fine flour and oil, together with all the incense, and burn this as a memorial portion on the altar, and offering made by fire, an aroma pleasing to the LORD.
2:3 The rest of the grain offering belongs to Aaron and his sons; it is a most holy part of the offerings made to the LORD by fire.

b). Leviticus 7:28-34 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
7:29 Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, He that offereth the sacrifice of his peace offerings unto the LORD shall bring his oblation unto the LORD of the sacrifice of his peace offerings.
7:30 His own hands shall bring the offerings of the LORD made by fire, the fat with the breast, it shall he bring, that the breast may be waved for a wave offering before the LORD.
7:31 And the priest shall burn the fat upon the altar: but the breast shall be Aaron and his sons’.
7:32 And the right shoulder shall ye give unto the priest for an heave offering of the sacrifices of your peace offerings.
7:33 He among the sons of Aaron, that offereth the blood of the peace offerings, and the fat, shall have the right shoulder for his part.
7:34 For the wave breast and the heave shoulder have I taken of the children of Israel from off the sacrifices of their peace offerings, and have given them unto his sons by a statute for ever from among the children of Israel.

             2). Paul also mentioned this principle in the next chapter when addressing behavior that                        opens the door to the demonic.

a). 1 Corinthians 10:18-20 Behold Israel after the flesh: are not they which eat of the sacrifices partakers of the altar?
10:19 What say I then? That the idol is anything, or that which is offered in sacrifice to idols is anything?
10:20 But I say, that the things which the Gentiles sacrifice, they sacrifice to devils, and not to God: and I would not that ye should have fellowship with devils.

3). In this one verse Paul includes both groups who serve in the Temple, the priests and the Levites, with the purpose of providing a foundation to exhort believers to support the ministry financially.


1 Corinthians 9:5

1 Corinthians 9:5
Have we not power to lead about a sister, a wife, as well as other apostles, and as the brethren of the Lord, and Cephas?
a. NLT: Don’t we have the right to bring a Christian wife with us as the other apostles and the Lord’s brothers do, and as Peter does?

b. NIV: Don’t we have the right to take a believing wife along with us, as do the other apostles and the Lord’s brothers and Cephasfn?

c. YLT: have we not authority a sister -- a wife -- to lead about, as also the other apostles, and the brethren of the Lord, and Cephas?

d. Amplified Bible:  Have we not the right also to take along with us a Christian sister as wife, as do the other apostles and the Lord’s brothers and Cephas (Peter)?

e. Worrell Translation: Have we no right to lead about a sister as our wife, even as the rest of the apostles, and the brothers of the Lord, and Cephas?

1.”Have we not power to lead about a sister, a wife,
a. have we [2192 * echo] [Strong: including an alternate form scheo skheh'-o; (used in certain tenses only) a primary verb; to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession; ability, contiuity, relation, or condition):--be (able, X hold, possessed with), accompany, + begin to amend, can(+ -not), X conceive, count, diseased, do + eat, + enjoy, + fear, following, have, hold, keep, + lack, + go to law, lie, + must needs, + of necessity, + need, next, + recover, + reign, + rest, + return, X sick, take for, + tremble, + uncircumcised, use.]

b. not[3378 * me ouk] [Strong: 3361 and 3756; as interrogative and negative, is it not that?:--neither (followed by no), + never, not.]

c. power [1849 * exousia] [Strong: from 1832 (in the sense of ability); privilege, i.e. (subjectively) force, capacity, competency, freedom, or (objectively) mastery (concretely, magistrate, superhuman, potentate, token of control), delegated influence:--authority, jurisdiction, liberty, power, right, strength.]

d. to lead about [4013 * periago] [Strong: from 4012 and 71; to take around (as a companion); reflexively, to walk around:--compass, go (round) about, lead about.]

e. a sister [79 * adelphe] [Strong: fem of 80; a sister (naturally or ecclesiastically):--sister.]

f. a wife [1135 * gune] [Strong:  probably from the base of 1096; a woman; specially, a wife:--wife, woman.]

2. “…as well as other apostles…”


a. as well as [5613 * hos] [Strong: probably adverb of comparative from 3739; which how, i.e. in that manner (very variously used, as follows):--about, after (that), (according) as (it had been, it were), as soon (as), even as (like), for, how (greatly), like (as, unto), since, so (that), that, to wit, unto, when(-soever), while, X with all speed.]

1). [2532 * kai] [Strong: apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words:--and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.]

b. other [3062 * loipoy] [Strong:  masculine plural of a derivative of 3007; remaining ones:--other, which remain, remnant, residue, rest.]

c. apostles [652 * apostolos] [Strong: from 649; a delegate; specially, an ambassador of the Gospel; officially a commissioner of Christ ("apostle") (with miraculous powers):--apostle, messenger, he that is sent.]

1). This confirms that not only were some of the other apostles married, but they brought their wives along with them as they ministered.

3. “…and as the brethren of the Lord…”
 a. and [2532 * kai] [Strong: apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words:--and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.]
 b. the brethren [80 * adelphos] [Strong: from 1 (as a connective particle) and delphus (the womb); a brother (literally or figuratively) near or remote (much like 1):--brother.]
 c. the Lord [2962 * kurios] [Strong: from kuros (supremacy); supreme in authority, i.e. (as noun) controller; by implication, Master (as a respectful title):-- God, Lord, master, Sir.]
             1). This shows that the Lord’s own flesh [half] brothers were married.
4. “…and Cephas.”
a. and and [2532 * kai] [Strong: apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words:--and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.]

b. Cephas [2786 * Kephas] [Strong: of Chaldee origin (compare 3710); the Rock; Cephas (i.e. Kepha), a surname of Peter:--Cephas.]

1). Peter was married.

a). Matthew 8:14, 15 And when Jesus was come into Peter’s house, he saw his wife’s mother laid, and sick of a fever.
8:15 And he touched her hand, and the fever left her: and she arose, and ministered unto them.


1 Corinthians 2:1

1 Corinthians 2:1

And I brethren, when I came to you, came not with excellency of speech or of wisdom, declaring unto you the testimony of God.

1.”And I brethren, when I came to you, came not with excellency of speech or wisdom…”

a. When Paul first came to Corinth in Acts 18 he had just come from Athens.

1). Acts 18:1 “After these things Paul departed from Athens, and came to Corinth;”

b. Athens at this time was the world capital of philosophy. It was in Athens that Paul was forced to appear before the philosophers on Mars Hill.

c. Some Bible scholars believe that Paul was disappointed with the results in Athens.

1). Saint Paul, the Traveler and Roman Citizen, William M. Ramsay. Reprinted 1925 Edition, 1982, Baker Book House, Second printing 1985. P252. “It would appear that Paul was disappointed and perhaps disillusioned by his experience in Athens. He felt that he had gone at least as far as was right in the way of presenting his doctrine in a from suited to the current philosophy; and the result had been little more than naught. When he went on from Athens to Corinth, he no longer spoke in the philosophic style. In replying afterwards to the unfavorable comparison between his preaching and the more philosophical style of Apollos, he told the Corinthians that, when he came among them, he “determined not to know anything save Jesus Christ, and Him crucified” (1 Cor.11:2); and nowhere throughout his writings is he so hard on the wise, the philosophers, and the dialecticians, as when he defends the way in which he had presented Christianity at Corinth.

d. Whether or not that is true it is a fact that Paul left a body of believers in Athens.

1). Acts 17:34 “Howbeit certain men clave unto him, and believed: among the which was Dionysius the Areopagite, and a woman named Damaris, and others with them.

2). Paul later wrote in 1 Corinthians 16:15 of the household of Stephanas as being the firstfruits of Achaia; Athens was in Achaia not in Macedonia as was Thessalonica and Berea.