Sunday, August 24, 2008

Acts 28:30, 31

Acts 28:30, 31

And Paul dwelt two whole years in his own hired house, and received all that came unto him,
Preaching the kingdom of God, and teaching those things which concern the Lord Jesus Christ, with all confidence, no man forbidding him.

a.    Amplified Bible: “After this Paul lived there for two entire years at his own expense, in his own rented lodging, and he welcomed all who came to him,
Preaching to them about the Lord Jesus Christ with boldness and quite openly, and without being molested or hindered.”

1). hired house [3410 * misthoma][is used of a hired house dwelling.][D.C. perhaps similar to a rental house or apartment.

2). Paul had rented a house and was completely unhindered from preaching the gospel. And this went on for two years. When they arrived at Rome all the other prisoners were given to the captain of the guard. Paul was permitted to live by himself with the soldier who guarded him.

a). Acts 28:16 “And when we came to Rome, the centurion delivered the prisoners to the captain of the guard: but Paul was suffered to dwell by himself with a soldier.”

b.    Scofield Reference Bible: “It has been much disputed whether Paul endured two Roman imprisonments, from A.D. 62 to 68, or one. The tradition from Clement to Eusebius favors two imprisonments with a year of liberty in between. [Some have] pointed out that leaving of Trophimus sick at Miletus, mentioned in 2 Timothy 4:20, could not have been a occurrence of Paul’s last journey to Jerusalem, for then Trophimus was mpt left (Acts 20:4; 21:29), nor of the journey to Rome to appear before Ceasar, for then he did not touch at Miletus. To make this incident possible there must have been a release from the first imprisonment, and an interval of ministry and travel.”

c.     It is traditionally accepted that Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, and Philemon were all written while Paul was in prison in Rome. Philippians is the only letter where he writes that he is in jail.

1). Philippians 1:12, 13 “But I would ye should understand, brethren, that the things which happened unto me have fallen out rather unto the furtherance of the gospel;
So that my bonds in Christ are manifest in all the palace, and in other places.”

2). Philippians 4:22 “All the saints salute you, chiefly they that are of Caesar’s household.” 

Sunday, August 17, 2008

1 Corinthians 9:27

1 Corinthians 9:27

But I keep under my body, and bring it into subjection: lest that by any means when I have preached to others, I myself should be a castaway.

a. NLT: I discipline my body like an athlete, training it to do what it should. Otherwise, I fear that after preaching to others I myself might be disqualified.

b. NIV: No, I strike a blow to my body and make it my slave so that after I have preached to others, I myself will not be disqualified for the prize.

c. YLT: but I chastise my body, and bring it into servitude, lest by any means, having preached to others -- I myself may become disapproved.

d. Amplified Bible: But [like a boxer] I buffet my body [handle it roughly, discipline it by hardships] and subdue it, for fear that after proclaiming to others the Gospel and things pertaining to it, I myself should become unfit [not stand the test, be unapproved and rejected as a counterfeit].

e. Worrell Translation: But I buffet my body and bring it into bondage; lest, by any means, after having preached to others, I myself should be rejected.

1. “But I keep under my body, and bring it into subjection…”

a. but [235 * alla] [Strong: neuter plural of 243; properly, other things, i.e. (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations):--and, but (even), howbeit, indeed, nay, nevertheless, no, notwithstanding, save, therefore, yea, yet.]

b. keep under [ 5299 * hupoiazo; hupo-under; ops-the area under the eye.] [Zodhiates: to strike under the eye, beat the face black and blue, give a black eye. In the NT generally means to subject the body with hardship.] [Strong: from a compound of 5259 and a derivative of 3700; to hit under the eye (buffet or disable an antagonist as a pugilist), i.e. (figuratively) to tease or annoy (into compliance), subdue (one's passions):--keep under, weary.]

c. my [3450 * mou] [Strong: the simpler form of 1700; of me:--I, me, mine (own), my.]

d. body [4983 * soma] [Strong: from 4982; the body (as a sound whole), used in a very wide application, literally or figuratively:--bodily, body, slave.]

e. and [2532 * kai] [Strong: apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words:--and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.]

f. and bring it into subjection [1396 * doulagogeo; doulos-in bondage; ago-to bring] [Strong: from a presumed compound of 1401 and 71; to be a slave-driver, i.e. to enslave (figuratively, subdue):--bring into subjection.] [Literally to bring into bondage]

            1). The Greek word Paul used for “subjection” is a compound word, the first half, “doulos” of             course means slave. Doulos is the same word Paul used in Romans 6:16.

a). Romans 6:16 Know ye not that to whom ye yield yourselves servants to obey, his servants ye are to whom ye obey; whether of sin unto death or obedience unto righteousness?

           2). We as Christians have the covenantal responsibility to bring our flesh under subjection, i.e.,            through the power of the Holy Ghost, to make or force our bodies to be obedient to the word                of God. This process of course involves our responsibilities of prayer and study of the word,                without which, this process is just a futile attempt of physical discipline.

a). Romans 12:1 I beseech you brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is your reasonable service.

b). 1 Thessalonians 4:3, 4 For this is the will of God, even your sanctification, that ye should abstain from fornication:
That every one of you should know how to possess his vessel in sanctification and honour;

c). Others that could be written out are more than a few, but I will at least list some of them. Romans 6:13, Romans 6:16-18.

2. “…lest that by any means when I have preached to others, I myself should be a castaway.”

a. lest by any means [3381 * mepos] [Strong: from 3361 and 4458; lest somehow:--lest (by any means, by some means, haply, perhaps).]

b. when I have preached [2784 * kerusso] [Strong: of uncertain affinity; to herald (as a public crier), especially divine truth (the gospel):--preacher(-er), proclaim, publish.]

c. to others [243 * allos] [Strong: a primary word; "else," i.e. different (in many applications):--more, one (another), (an-, some an-)other(-s, -wise).]

d. I myself [846 * autos] [Strong: from the particle au (perhaps akin to the base of 109 through the idea of a baffling wind) (backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the comparative 1438) of the third person , and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons:--her, it(-self), one, the other, (mine) own, said, (self-), the) same, ((him-, my-, thy- )self, (your-)selves, she, that, their(-s), them(-selves), there(-at, - by, -in, -into, -of, -on, -with), they, (these) things, this (man), those, together, very, which.]

e. should be [1096 * ginomai] [Strong: a prolongation and middle voice form of a primary verb; to cause to be ("gen"-erate), i.e. (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literal, figurative, intensive, etc.):--arise, be assembled, be(-come, -fall, -have self), be brought (to pass), (be) come (to pass), continue, be divided, draw, be ended, fall, be finished, follow, be found, be fulfilled, + God forbid, grow, happen, have, be kept, be made, be married, be ordained to be, partake, pass, be performed, be published, require, seem, be showed, X soon as it was, sound, be taken, be turned, use, wax, will, would, be wrought.]

f. a castaway [96 * adokimos; a-without; dokimos-acceptable, approved.] [Zodhiates: Unapproved, unworthy, spurious, worthless.] [Strong: unapproved, i.e. rejected; by implication, worthless (literally or morally):--castaway, rejected, reprobate.]

           1). Amplified Bible: “…for fear that after proclaiming to others the Gospel and things                          pertaining to it, I myself should become unfit—not stand the test and be unapproved and                      rejected as a counterfeit.”

          2). Paul clearly said that he would be rejected even if he preached the gospel but did not bring             his flesh body under subjection. I believe that means he would not make it to heaven. I believe             this is shown in not only his statement here but coupled with the examples from the Old                       Covenant he also gives in the next chapter. This same word is translated “reprobate” in                         Romans 1:28, Titus 1:16, and 2 Timothy 3:8. It is translated “rejected” in Hebrews 6:8.

a). Romans 1:28 And even as they did not like to retain God in their knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind, to do those things which are not convenient;

b). Hebrews 6:8 But that which beareth thorns and briers is rejected, and is nigh unto cursing; whose end is to be burned.

c). Titus 1:16 They profess that they know God; but in works they deny him, being abominable, and disobedient, and unto every good work reprobate.

d). 2 Timothy 3:8 Now as Jannes and Jambres withstood Moses, so do these also resist the truth: men of corrupt minds, reprobate concerning the faith.


Tuesday, August 12, 2008

1 Corinthians 9:26

1 Corinthians 9:26

I therefore so run, not as uncertainly; so fight I, not as one that beateth the air:

a. NLT: So I run with purpose in every step. I am not just shadowboxing.

b. NIV: Therefore I do not run like someone running aimlessly; I do not fight like a boxer beating the air.

c. YLT: I, therefore, thus run, not as uncertainly, thus I fight, as not beating air;

d. Amplified Bible: Therefore I do not run uncertainly (without definite aim). I do not box like one beating the air and striking without an adversary.

e. Worrell Translation: I, therefore, so run, as not uncertainly; I so fight, as not beating the air.

1. “I therefore so run, not as uncertainly…”

a. I [1473 * ego] [Strong: a primary pronoun of the first person I (only expressed when emphatic):--I, me. For the other cases and the plural see 1691, 1698, 1700, 2248, 2249, 2254, 2257, etc.]

b. therefore [5106 * toinun] [Strong: from 5104 and 3568; truly now, i.e. accordingly:--then, therefore.]

c. so [3779 * houto] [Strong: or (before a vowel houtos hoo'-toce adverb from 3778; in this way (referring to what precedes or follows):--after that, after (in) this manner, as, even (so), for all that, like(-wise), no more, on this fashion(-wise), so (in like manner), thus, what.]

d. run [5143 * trecho] [Strong: apparently a primary verb (properly, threcho; compare 2359); which uses dremo drem'-o (the base of 1408) as alternate in certain tenses; to run or walk hastily (literally or figuratively):--have course, run.]

e. not [3756 * ou] [Strong: also (before a vowel) ouk ook, and (before an aspirate) ouch ookh a primary word; the absolute negative (compare 3361) adverb; no or not:--+ long, nay, neither, never, no (X man), none, (can-)not, + nothing, + special, un(-worthy), when, + without, + yet but.]

f. as [5613 * hos] [Strong: probably adverb of comparative from 3739; which how, i.e. in that manner (very variously used, as follows):--about, after (that), (according) as (it had been, it were), as soon (as), even as (like), for, how (greatly), like (as, unto), since, so (that), that, to wit, unto, when(-soever), while, X with all speed.]

g. uncertainly [84 * adelos; a-negative; delos-evident.] [Strong: probably adverb of comparative from 3739; which how, i.e. in that manner (very variously used, as follows):--about, after (that), (according) as (it had been, it were), as soon (as), even as (like), for, how (greatly), like (as, unto), since, so (that), that, to wit, unto, when(-soever), while, X with all speed.]

          1). Of the effort he put forth and his destination Paul was not unsure.

a). 2 Timothy 1:12 For the which cause I also suffer these things: nevertheless I am not ashamed; for I know in whom I have believed, and am persuaded that he is able to keep that which I have committed unto him against that day.

b). One of the key words in this verse is the word, “committed”.  A committed man is a stable man.

(1)  Proverbs 16:3 Commit thy works unto the Lord, and thy thoughts shall be established.

(2) James 1:8 A double minded man is unstable in all his ways.

2 “…so fight I, not as one that beatheth the air.”

a. so [3779 * houto] [Strong: or (before a vowel houtos hoo'-toce adverb from 3778; in this way (referring to what precedes or follows):--after that, after (in) this manner, as, even (so), for all that, like(-wise), no more, on this fashion(-wise), so (in like manner), thus, what.]

b. fight [4438 * pukteo] [Strong: from a derivative of the same as 4435; to box (with the fist), i.e. contend (as a boxer) at the games (figuratively):--fight.]

c. not [3756 * ou] [Strong: also (before a vowel) ouk ook, and (before an aspirate) ouch ookh a primary word; the absolute negative (compare 3361) adverb; no or not:--+ long, nay, neither, never, no (X man), none, (can-)not, + nothing, + special, un(-worthy), when, + without, + yet but.]

d. as [5613 * hos] [Strong: probably adverb of comparative from 3739; which how, i.e. in that manner (very variously used, as follows):--about, after (that), (according) as (it had been, it were), as soon (as), even as (like), for, how (greatly), like (as, unto), since, so (that), that, to wit, unto, when(-soever), while, X with all speed.]

e. beateth [1194 * dero] [Strong: a primary verb; properly, to flay, i.e. (by implication) to scourge, or (by analogy) to thrash:--beat, smite.]

f. the air [109 * aer] [Strong: from aemi (to breathe unconsciously, i.e. respire; by analogy, to blow); "air" (as naturally circumambient):--air.]

1). Shadow boxing, no damage done, beating the air, or in a boxing match, missing my target. The Amplified Bible reads, “…I do not box as one beating the air and striking without an adversary.” Paul made his punches count and he exhorts us to do the same in our spiritual battles using our faith.

a). 1 Timothy 6:12 Fight the good fight of faith, lay hold on eternal life, whereunto thou art also called, and hast professed a good profession before many witnesses.

             2). Near the end of Paul’s ministry, he declared that he had been faithful.

a). 2 Timothy 4:7, 8 I have fought a good fight, I have finished my course, I have kept the faith:
4:8 Henceforth there is laid up for me a crown of righteousness, which the Lord the righteous judge, shall give me at that day: and not to me only, but unto all them also that love his appearing.

           3). Paul isn’t the only one who exhorts us to fight the good fight.

a). Jude 3 Beloved, when I gave all diligence to write unto you of the common salvation, it was needful for me to write unto you, and exhort you that ye should earnestly contend for the faith which was once delivered unto the saints.



Sunday, August 10, 2008

1 Corinthians 9:25

1 Corinthians 9:25

And everyman that striveth for the mastery is temperate in all things. Now they do it to obtain a corruptible crown, but we an incorruptible.

a. NLT: All athletes are disciplined in their training. They do it to win a prize that will fade away, but we do it for an eternal prize.

b. NIV: Everyone who competes in the games goes into strict training. They do it to get a crown that will not last, but we do it to get a crown that will last forever.

c. YLT: and every one who is striving, is in all things temperate; these, indeed, then, that a corruptible crown they may receive, but we an incorruptible;

d. Amplified Bible:  Now every athlete who goes into training conducts himself temperately and restricts himself in all things. They do it to win a wreath that will soon wither, but we [do it to receive a crown of eternal blessedness] that cannot wither.

e. Worrell Translation: And everyone who strives in ther games exercises slef-restraint in all things; they, indeed, therefore, to receive a corruptible crown, but we an incorruptible.

1. “And every man that striveth for the mastery is temperate in all things…”

a. and [1161 * de] [Strong: [1161 * de] [Strong: a primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.:--also, and, but, moreover, now (often unexpressed in English).]

b. every man [3956 * pas] [Strong: including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole:--all (manner of, means), alway(-s), any (one), X daily, + ever, every (one, way), as many as, + no(-thing), X thoroughly, whatsoever, whole, whosoever.]

c. that striveth for the mastery [75 * agonizomai] [Strong: from 73; to struggle, literally (to compete for a prize), figuratively (to contend with an adversary), or genitive case (to endeavor to accomplish something):--fight, labor fervently, strive.] [Zodhiates: To contend for victory in the public games…generally to fight or wrestle…as an inward contest…to take pains…straining every nerve to the  uttermost towards the goal…special pain and toil. (English: agony)]

d. temperate [1467 * enkrateuomai] [Zodhiates: To be continent, temperate, to have self-control.] [Strong: middle voice from 1468; to exercise self-restraint (in diet and chastity):--can(-not) contain, be temperate.]

1). One of the hallmarks of the last days is the failure of people to control themselves. Lack of self control or addiction is just another word for bondage.

a). 2 Timothy 3:1- This know also, that in the last days perilous times shall come.
For men shall be lovers of their own selves, covetous, boasters, proud, blasphemers, disobedient to parents, unthankful, unholy,
Without natural affection, trucebreakers, false accusers, incontinent, fierce, despisers of those that are good,
Traitors, heady, highminded, lovers of pleasures more than lovers of God;
Having a form of godliness, but denying the power thereof: from such turn away.

2). When we were born again we were given in our spirit the power of self control.

a). 2 Timothy 1:7 [KJV] For God hath not given us the spirit of fear; but of power, and of love, and of a sound mind.

b). 2 Timothy 1:7 [NIV] For God did not give us a spirit of timidity, but a spirit of power, of love and of self-discipline.

3). But even we as Christians have the free will to neglect the Covenant promises and sin and fall into bondage.  But it is not God’s will. There is total and absolute victory over every sin and bondage in Christ.

a). Romans 6:15-18 What then? shall we sin, because we are not under the law, but under grace? God forbid.
6:16 Know ye not, that to whom ye yield yourselves servants to obey, his servants ye are to whom ye obey; whether of sin unto death, or of obedience unto righteousness?
6:17 But God be thanked, that ye were the servants of sin, but ye have obeyed from the heart that form of doctrine which was delivered you.
6:18 Being then made free from sin, ye became the servants of righteousness.

b). 2 Timothy 2:25, 26 In meekness instructing those that oppose themselves; if God peradventure will give them repentance to the acknowledging of the truth;
2:26 And that they may recover themselves out of the snare of the devil, who are taken captive by him at his will.

e. in all things [3956 * pas] [Strong: including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole:--all (manner of, means), alway(-s), any (one), X daily, + ever, every (one, way), as many as, + no(-thing), X thoroughly, whatsoever, whole, whosoever.]

1). The training that an athlete puts forth to win is sometimes incredible. The Greek word Paul used for “striveth” is where the English word ‘agony’ comes from. The NIV uses the phrase “competes in the games”. It involves bodily exercise, weight lifting, diet, and sleeping habits, everything that would improve their chances of winning. Their whole world revolves around it. Here the Spirit of God encourages us to use the same amount of effort to live for Christ as an athlete does to win the race. I am reminded of what Paul wrote to Timothy in his first letter.

a). 1 Timothy 4:7, 8 But refuse profane and old wives fables, and exercise thyself unto godliness.
4:8 For bodily exercise profiteth little: but godliness is profitable unto all things, having promise of the life that now is, and of that which is to come.

b). Paul is not saying there is anything wrong with bodily exercise, in fact he writes that it is profitable. The profit is little but there is profit, but he says that godliness is much more profitable not only in this life but also in the life to come.

2). The bottom line in all of this is use the same effort to pursue godliness that is used to pursue excellence in athletics. The effort has to be according to the rules.

a). 2 Timothy 2:5 And if a man strive for masteries, yet is he not crowned, except he strive lawfully.

3). According to His working.

a). Colossians 1:28, 29 Whom we preach, warning every man, and teaching every man in all wisdom; that we may present every man perfect in Christ Jesus:
1:29 Whereunto I also labor, striving according to his working, which worketh in me mightily.

4). We have a covenantal responsibility to put forth effort if need be agonizing effort to run the race.

a). Galatians 5:19-24 Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are these; Adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness,
5:20 Idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, variance, emulations, wrath, strife, seditions, heresies,
5:21 Envyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings, and such like: of the which I tell you before, as I have also told [you] in time past, that they which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God.
5:22 But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith,
5:23 Meekness, temperance: against such there is no law.
5:24 And they that are Christ's have crucified the flesh with the affections and lusts.

b). 1 Peter 5:8-10 Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may devour:
5:9 Whom resist stedfast in the faith, knowing that the same afflictions are accomplished in your brethren that are in the world.
5:10 But the God of all grace, who hath called us unto his eternal glory by Christ Jesus, after that ye have suffered a while, make you perfect, stablish, strengthen, settle you.

2. “…Now they do it to obtain a corruptible crown, but we an incorruptible.”

a. now [3767 * oun] [Strong:  apparently a primary word; (adverbially) certainly, or (conjunctionally) accordingly:--and (so, truly), but, now (then), so (likewise then), then, therefore, verily, wherefore.]

b. they [1565 * ekeinos] [Strong: from 1563; that one (or (neuter) thing); often intensified by the article prefixed:--he, it, the other (same), selfsame, that (same, very), X their, X them, they, this, those.]

c. do it [2443 * hina] [Strong: probably from the same as the former part of 1438 (through the demonstrative idea; compare 3588); in order that (denoting the purpose or the result):--albeit, because, to the intent (that), lest, so as, (so) that, (for) to.]

d. to obtain [2983 * lambano] [Strong: a prolonged form of a primary verb, which is use only as an alternate in certain tenses; to take (in very many applications, literally and figuratively (properly objective or active, to get hold of; whereas 1209 is rather subjective or passive, to have offered to one; while 138 is more violent, to seize or remove)):--accept, + be amazed, assay, attain, bring, X when I call, catch, come on (X unto), + forget, have, hold, obtain, receive (X after), take (away, up).]

e. a corruptible [5349 * phthartos] [Strong: from 5351; decayed, i.e. (by implication) perishable:--corruptible.]

f. crown [4735 * stephanos] [Strong: from an apparently primary stepho (to twine or wreathe); a chaplet (as a badge of royalty, a prize in the public games or a symbol of honor generally; but more conspicuous and elaborate than the simple fillet, 1238), literally or figuratively:--crown.]

1). The crown that these athletes received was merely a wreath of a leafed vine that within days falls apart.

g. but [1161 * de] [Strong: [1161 * de] [Strong: a primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.:--also, and, but, moreover, now (often unexpressed in English).]

h. we [2249 * hemies] [Strong: nominative plural of 1473; we (only used when emphatic):--us, we (ourselves).]

 i. an incorruptible [862 * aphthartos] [Strong: from 1 (as a negative particle) and a derivative of 5351; undecaying (in essence or continuance):--not (in-, un-)corruptible, immortal.]

1). We on the other hand receive a crown that is incorruptible, an eternal one. There are five crowns mentioned in the New Testament that are rewards for believers faithfulness.

a). Incorruptible Crown : Given to those who successfully run their race, bringing their bodies into subjection, crucifying  lusts: 1 Corinthians 9:24-27.

b). The Crown of Rejoicing:  Soul winners crown, given to those who win others to Christ: 1 Thessalonians 2:19, 20; Daniel 12:3.

c). The Crown of Life: Given to those who endure trials and severe suffering: James 1:12; Revelation 2:8-11.

d). The Crown of Righteousness: Given to those who faithfully and anxiously await the coming of the Lord: 2 Timothy 4:8.

e). The Crown of Glory: Given to those who faithfully lead the flock of God, pastors, teachers, Sunday school teachers: 1 Peter 5:1-4.


1 Corinthians 9:24

1 Corinthians 9:24

Know ye not that they who run in a race run all, but one receiveth the prize? So run that ye may obtain.

a. NLT: Don’t you realize that in a race everyone runs, but only one person gets the prize? So run to win!

b. NIV: Do you not know that in a race all the runners run, but only one gets the prize? Run in such a way as to get the prize.

c. YLT: have ye not known that those running in a race -- all indeed run, but one doth receive the prize? so run ye, that ye may obtain;

d. Amplified Bible:  Do you not know that in a race all the runners compete, but [only] one receives the prize? So run [your race] that you may lay hold [of the prize] and make it yours.

e. Worrell Translation:  Know ye not that those running a race, indeed, run; but one receives the prize? So run; that ye may obtain.

f. MEV: Do you not know that all those who run in a race run, but one receives the prize? So run, that you may obtain it.

1.”Know ye not that they who run in a race run all,

a. know ye [1492 * eido] [Strong: a primary verb; used only in certain past tenses, the others being borrowed from the equivalent 3700 and 3708; properly, to see (literally or figuratively); by implication, (in the perfect tense only) to know:--be aware, behold, X can (+ not tell), consider, (have) know(-ledge), look (on), perceive, see, be sure, tell, understand, wish, wot.]

b. not [3756 * ou] [Strong: also (before a vowel) ouk ook, and (before an aspirate) ouch ookh a primary word; the absolute negative (compare 3361) adverb; no or not:--+ long, nay, neither, never, no (X man), none, (can-)not, + nothing, + special, un(-worthy), when, + without, + yet but.]

c. that [3754 * hoti] [Strong: neuter of 3748 as conjunction; demonstrative, that (sometimes redundant); causative, because:--as concerning that, as though, because (that), for (that), how (that), (in) that, though, why.]

d. they who run [5143 * trecho] [Strong: apparently a primary verb (properly, threcho; compare 2359); which uses dremo drem'-o (the base of 1408) as alternate in certain tenses; to run or walk hastily (literally or figuratively):--have course, run.]

e. in [1722 * en] [Strong: a primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), i.e. a relation of rest (intermediate between 1519 and 1537); "in," at, (up-)on, by, etc.:--about, after, against, + almost, X altogether, among, X as, at, before, between, (here-)by (+ all means), for (... sake of), + give self wholly to, (here-)in(-to, -wardly), X mightily, (because) of, (up-)on, (open-)ly, X outwardly, one, X quickly, X shortly, (speedi-)ly, X that, X there(-in, -on), through(-out), (un-)to(-ward), under, when, where(-with), while, with(-in). Often used in compounds, with substantially the same import; rarely with verbs of motion, and then not to indicate direction, except (elliptically) by a separate (and different) preposition.]

f. a race [4712 * stadion] [Strong:  masculine (in plural) stadios stad'-ee-os from the base of 2476 (as fixed); a stade or certain measure of distance; by implication, a stadium or race-course:--furlong, race.]

g. run [5143 * trecho] [Strong: apparently a primary verb (properly, threcho; compare 2359); which uses dremo drem'-o (the base of 1408) as alternate in certain tenses; to run or walk hastily (literally or figuratively):--have course, run.]

1). [3303 * men] [Strong: a primary particle; properly, indicative of affirmation or concession (in fact); usually followed by a contrasted clause with 1161 (this one, the former, etc.):--even, indeed, so, some, truly, verily. Often compounded with other particles in an intensive or asseverative sense.]

h. all [3956 * pas][Strong: including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole:--all (manner of, means), alway(-s), any (one), X daily, + ever, every (one, way), as many as, + no(-thing), X thoroughly, whatsoever, whole, whosoever.

2. “…but one receiveth the prize?...”

a. but [1161 * de] [Strong: a primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.:--also, and, but, moreover, now (often unexpressed in English).]

b. one [1520 * heis] [Strong: (including the neuter (etc.) hen); a primary numeral; one:--a(-n, -ny, certain), + abundantly, man, one (another), only, other, some.]

c. receiveth [2983 * lambano] [Strong: a prolonged form of a primary verb, which is used only as an alternate in certain tenses; to take (in very many applications, literally and figuratively (properly objective or active, to get hold of; whereas 1209 is rather subjective or passive, to have offered to one; while 138 is more violent, to seize or remove)):--accept, + be amazed, assay, attain, bring, X when I call, catch, come on (X unto), + forget, have, hold, obtain, receive (X after), take (away, up).]

d. the prize [1017 * brabeion] [Strong: from brabeus (an umpire of uncertain derivation); an award (of arbitration), i.e. (specially) a prize in the public games:--prize.]

3. “…So run that ye may obtain.”

a. so [3779 * houto] [Strong: or (before a vowel houtos hoo'-toce adverb from 3778; in this way (referring to what precedes or follows):--after that, after (in) this manner, as, even (so), for all that, like(-wise), no more, on this fashion(-wise), so (in like manner), thus, what.]

b. run [5143 * trecho] [Strong: apparently a primary verb (properly, threcho; compare 2359); which uses dremo drem'-o (the base of 1408) as alternate in certain tenses; to run or walk hastily (literally or figuratively):--have course, run.]

c. that [2443 * hina] [Strong: probably from the same as the former part of 1438 (through the demonstrative idea; compare 3588); in order that (denoting the purpose or the result):--albeit, because, to the intent (that), lest, so as, (so) that, (for) to.]

d. ye may obtain [2638 * katalambano; kata-intensive; lambano-to take] [Strong: from 2596 and 2983; to take eagerly, i.e. seize, possess, etc. (literally or figuratively):--apprehend, attain, come upon, comprehend, find, obtain, perceive, (over-)take.] [Zodhiates: to apprehend, attain, obtain, find. To lay hold of, to seize with eagerness, to obtain the prize with the idea of eager and strenuous exertion, to grasp, to seize upon, to seize with the mind, to comprehend.]

1). Scripture gives us some hints about running the race.

a). Hebrews 12:1, 2 Wherefore seeing we also are compassed about with so great a cloud of witnesses, let us lay aside every weight, and every sin which doth so easily beset us, and let us run with patience the race that is set before us,
12:2 Looking unto Jesus the author and finisher of our faith; who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God.

(1)  patience [5281 * hupomone; hupo-under; meno-to abide.] [Zodhiates: A bearing up under, patience, endurance as to things or circumstances.]

b). John 15:4-6 Abide in me, and I in you. As the branch cannot bear fruit of itself, except it abide in the vine; no more can ye, except ye abide in me.
15:5 I am the vine, ye are the branches: He that abideth in me, and I in him, the same bringeth forth much fruit: for without me ye can do nothing.
15:6 If a man abide not in me, he is cast forth as a branch, and is withered; and men gather them, and cast them into the fire, and they are burned.

c). The only way to run successfully is abiding in Christ.

2). Isaiah 40:13 But they that wait upon the LORD shall renew their strength; they shall mount up with wings as eagles; they shall run, and not be weary; and they shall walk, and not faint.
a).wait  [6960 * qavah] [Strongs: to bind together perhaps by twisting…to collect…gather together, wait…] [AMG: The root meaning is that of twisting or winding a strand of cord or rope. The word also means to be gathered…]
3). Romans 8:26 Likewise the Spirit also helpeth our infirmities: for we know not what we should pray for as we ought: but the Spirit itself maketh intercession for us with groaning which cannot be uttered.
a). helpeth [4878 * sunantilambanetai; sun-together with; anti-against; lambano-to take hold of.] [DC: to take hold together against.]
b). I cannot help but see a similarity in the Hebrew word for “wait” and the Greek word “helpeth”.  The implication of strength through prayer, to me is inescapable.
4). Psalm 18:29 For by thee I have run through a troop; and by my God have I leaped over a wall.

5). Psalm 119:32 I will run the way of thy commandments, when thou shalt enlarge my heart.

a). The three last Scriptures, Isaiah 40:13; Psalm 18:29; Psalm 119:32 all relate how that when God strengthens, we are enabled to do what we were unable to do.


Saturday, August 09, 2008

Jeremiah 12:5

Jeremiah 12:5

If thou hast run with the footmen, and they have wearied thee, then how canst thou contend with horses? And if in the land of peace, wherein thou trustedst, they wearied thee, then how wilt thou do in the swelling of Jordan?

a. NLT: “If racing against mere men makes you tired, how will you race against horses?
If you stumble and fall on open ground, what will you do in the thickets near the Jordan?

b. NIV: “If you have raced with men on foot and they have worn you out, how can you compete with horses? If you stumble in safe country, how will you manage in the thickets by the Jordan?

c. Amplified Bible: [But the Lord rebukes Jeremiah’s impatience, saying] If you have raced with men on foot and they have tired you out, then how can you compete with horses? And if [you take to flight] in a land of peace where you feel secure, then what will you do [when you tread the tangled maze of jungle haunted by lions] in the swelling and flooding of the Jordan?

d. Septuagint: Thy feet run, and they cause thee to faint; how wilt thou prepare [to ride] upon horses? and thou hast been confident in the land of thy peace? how wilt thou do in the roaring of Jordan?

e. Stone Edition Torah/Writings/Prophets: If when you race with footmen they exhaust you, how can you compete with horses? [If] in peaceful territory, where you are secure, [you are endangered,] how will you cope in the geights of the Jordan?

1.”If thou hast run with the footmen, and they have wearied thee, then how canst thou contend with horses?

a. If thou hast run [7323 * ruwts] [Strong: a primitive root; to run (for whatever reason, especially to rush):--break down, divide speedily, footman, guard, bring hastily, (make) run (away, through), post.]

b. footman [7273 * ragliy] [Strong: from 7272; a footman (soldier):--(on) foot(- man).]

c. wearied [3811 * la’ah] [Strong: a primitive root; to tire; (figuratively) to be (or make) disgusted:--faint, grieve, lothe, (be, make) weary (selves).]

d. contend [8474 * tacharah] [Strong: a facitious root from 2734 through the idea of the heat of jealousy; to vie with a rival:--close, contend.]

e. horses [5483 * cuwc] [Strong: from an unused root meaning to skip (properly, for joy); a horse (as leaping); also a swallow (from its rapid flight):--crane, horse((-back, -hoof)).]

1). If we cannot contend with circumstances which are common everyday circumstances, how are we going to contend with circumstances that are overwhelmingly severe? The comparison is from running with men to running with horses. The Apostle Paul wrote in his first epistle to the Corinthians how we are to run the race, with all our might

a). 1 Corinthians 9:24-27 Know ye not that they which run in a race run all, but one receiveth the prize? So run, that ye may obtain.
9:25 And every man that striveth for the mastery is temperate in all things. Now they do it to obtain a corruptible crown; but we an incorruptible.
9:26 I therefore so run, not as uncertainly; so fight I, not as one that beateth the air:
9:27 But I keep under my body, and bring it into subjection: lest that by any means, when I have preached to others, I myself should be a castaway.

2). Although the question is predominantly rhetorical, there is an example in Scripture where a man did outrun horses, but only because the Spirit of the LORD came upon him.

a). 1 Kings 18:44-46 And it came to pass at the seventh time, that he said, Behold, there ariseth a little cloud out of the sea, like a man’s hand. And he said, Go up, say unto Ahab, Prepare thy chariot, and get thee down, that the rain stop thee not.
18:45 And itcame to pass in the mean while, that the heaven was back with clouds and wind, and there was a great rain. And Ahab rode, and went to Jezreel.
18:46 And the hand of the LORD was on Elijah; and he girded up his loins, and ran before Ahab to the entrance of Jezreel.

a). To give some perspective, Mount Carmel, where the confrontation with the prophets of Baal happened, and where Ahab left to ride to Jezreel is about 25 miles.

2). To walk and run in the supernatural we must walk with the Lord.

a). Isaiah 40:28-31 hast thou not known? Hast thou not heard, that the everlasting God, the LORD, the Creator of the ends of the earth, fainteth not, neither is weary? There is no searching of his understanding.
40:29  He giveth power to the faint; and to them that have no might he increaseth strength.
40:30 Even the youths shall faint and be weary, and the young men shall utterly fall:
40:31 But they that wait upon the Lord shall renew their strength; they shall mount up with wings of eagles; they shall run, and not be weary; and they shall walk, and not faint.

b). Psalm 18:29 For by thee I have run through a troop; and by my God have I leaped over a wall.

3). Under the New Covenant it is the same. We can do nothing by ourselves, it is only by the grace of God.

a). 1 Corinthians 15:10  But by the grace of God I am what I am: and his grace which was bestowed upon me was not in vain; but I laboured more abundantly than they all: yet not I, but the grace of God which was with me.

2. “…and if in the land of peace, wherein thou trustedst, they wearied thee…”

a. land [776 * ‘erets] [Strong: from an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land):--X common, country, earth, field, ground, land, X natins, way, + wilderness, world.]

b. peace [ 7965 * shalowm] [Strong: from 7999; safe, i.e. (figuratively) well, happy, friendly; also (abstractly) welfare, i.e. health, prosperity, peace:--X do, familiar, X fare, favour, + friend, X great, (good) health, (X perfect, such as be at) peace(-able, -ably), prosper(-ity, -ous), rest, safe(-ty), salute, welfare, (X all is, be) well, X wholly.

1). [NIV note] “The Lord warns Jeremiah that in the future his troubles will increase. The Hebrew word for ‘stumble’ which usually means “trust” has a negative meaning in a few passages…”

2). [NRSV note] “…God , by two proverbs, informs him [Jeremiah] that the present is but a preparation for a more demanding future.”

3). The land of peace seems to me a land of no resistance, a land where basically no one is opposed to what I am doing. It reminds me of say life as a Christian in the US compared to say life in China as a Christian, or in Indonesia, or in Nigeria where on July 16th, 50 Christians were burned alive in their Pastors house. In those and many more countries it is not a land of peace. It is God’s will for us to live in a land of peace, a peace produced because the preaching of the gospel flourishes and men come to a knowledge of the truth.

a). 1 Timothy 2:1-4 I exhort therefore, first of all, supplications, prayers, intercessions, and giving of thanks, be made for all man;
2:2 For kings, and for all that are in authority; that we may lead a quiet and peaceable life in all godliness and honesty.
2:3 For this is good and acceptable in the sight of God our Saviour;
2:4 Who will have all men to be saved, and come to the knowledge of the truth.

b). Acts 17:26, 27 And hath made of one blood all nations of men for to dwell on all the face of the earth, and hath determined the times before appointed, and the bounds of their habitation;
17:27 That they should seek the Lord, if haply they might feel after him, and find him, though he be not far from every one of us.

c). But if we are wearied in our faith living for God in America where there is little in the way of physical opposition compared with other countries, how can we expect to live by faith when our lives are in danger and obedience will be demanded for the supernatural to be manifested. I phrased it that way because of the next part of the verse in Jeremiah.

c. trustedst [982 * batach] [Strongs: to trust, be confident.]

1). A similar proverb was spoken by Jesus on his way up to Golgotha.

a). Luke 23:31 For if they do these things in a green tree, what shall be done in the dry?

b). Luke 23:31 NIV For if men do these things when the tree is green, what will happen when it is dry?

c). [NIV note] “If they treat the Messiah this way when the “tree” is well watered and green, what will their plight be when he is withdrawn from them and they suffer for their rejection in the dry period?

d). The bottom line in this study is if we can’t live for God or believe God when things are good, when circumstances are advantageous, then how will we live for God when things are not good, when circumstances are not advantageous. If I can’t believe God for relief from a headache, how can I believe him for something major?

3. “…then how wilt thou do in the swelling of Jordan?”

a. do [6213 * ‘asah] [Strong: a primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application (as follows):--accomplish, advance, appoint, apt, be at, become, bear, bestow, bring forth, bruise, be busy, X certainly, have the charge of, commit, deal (with), deck, + displease, do, (ready) dress(-ed), (put in) execute(-ion), exercise, fashion, + feast, (fight-)ing man, + finish, fit, fly, follow, fulfill, furnish, gather, get, go about, govern, grant, great, + hinder, hold ((a feast)), X indeed, + be industrious, + journey, keep, labour, maintain, make, be meet, observe, be occupied, offer, + officer, pare, bring (come) to pass, perform, pracise, prepare, procure, provide, put, requite, X sacrifice, serve, set, shew, X sin, spend, X surely, take, X thoroughly, trim, X very, + vex, be (warr-)ior, work(-man), yield, use.

b. swelling [1347 *  ga’own] [Strongs: arrogancy, excellency, majesty, pomp, pride, proud, swelling.] [AMG: A masculine noun designating pride, majesty, arrogance, excellence…It is used in a neutral sense to describe the proud high waves of the sea (Job 38:11). [Or ]and the thick growth or thicket around some areas of the Jordan (Jeremiah 12:5).

1). [NIV] “…how will you manage in the thickets by the Jordan?”

2). [NIV note] regarding “thickets”: “If the Hebrew for this word means “flooding” here, an ancient example is described in Joshua 3:15.”

3). The search that I did regarding this Hebrew word did not find any use of it in the KJV for ‘thickets’. In the NASB it is used 44 times, but in only 3 examples it is used for ‘thickets’; Jeremiah 12:5, Jeremiah 49:19, Jeremiah 50:44. In light of that I believe that the KJV use of it in the sense of the flooding or “swelling” of Jordan is correct.

c. Jordan [3383 * Yarden] [Strong: from 3381; a descender; Jarden, the principal river of Palestine:--Jordan.]

1). This incident is about Israel crossing the Jordan River to conquer Jericho and the rest of the nations that comprised the inheritance God had given them. Before we get to that point we need to look at some background first. The morning after the spies came back from Jericho, Joshua moved Israel from Shittim to the river Jordan.

a). Joshua 3:1 And Joshua rose early in the morning; and they removed from Shittim, and came to Jordan, he and all the children of Israel, and lodged there before they passed over.

2). Shittim was about 7 miles from the Jordan river and Israel had been at Shittim for about a year, having arrived there immediately after the battles with Sihon and Og in Numbers 21.

a). Turn to Numbers 22 and hold your finger there and turn to Joshua 3. All the material in between your fingers comprise about one year of time and everything that occurred in that time occurred about 7 miles from the Jordan river.

b). Now take your finger and put it in Exodus 12 and go to Numbers 14. Everything that occurred in between those pages took place more or less in about one years’ time. The year immediately after the exodus from Egypt.

c). The rest of the 38 years of wandering of Israel happen in between Numbers 15 and 20; that was a very eye opening revelation for me.  

d. Before Israel crossed the Jordan, Joshua gave Israel the final instruction.

1). Joshua 3:9-13 And Joshua said unto the children of Israel, Come hither, and hear the words of the LORD your God.
3:10 And Joshua said, Hereby ye shall know that the living God is among you, and that he will without fail drive out from before you the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Hivites, and the Perizzites, and the Girgashites, and the Amorites, and the Jebusites.
3:11 Behold, the ark of the covenant, even the LORD of all the earth passeth over before you into Jordan.
3:12 Now therefore take ye twelve men out of the tribes of Israel, out of every tribe a man.
3:13 And it shall come to pass, as soon as the soles of the feet of the priests that bear the ark of the LORD, the Lord of all the earth, shall rest in the waters of Jordan, that the waters of Jordan shall be cut off from the waters that come down from above; and they shall stand upon a heap.

2). This miracle was different than the parting of the Red Sea in that the Red Sea was parted completely before they even began to walk through it.

 

a). Exodus 14:21, 22  And Moses stretched out his hand over the sea; and the LORD caused the sea to go back by a strong east wind all that night, and made the sea dry land, and the waters were divided.

14:22 And the children of Israel went into the midst of the sea upon the dry ground: and the waters were a wall unto them on their right hand, and on their left.

b). Here at the Jordan, the river did not part until the soles of the feet of the priests carrying the ark hit the water.

e. One of the factors in the parting of the Jordan River is that the Jordan River at this time of year which was harvest, always overflowed its banks. Whenever a river overflows it s banks, it complicates the matter of crossing it, sometimes making it humanly impossible. But in reality, in the case of Israel, the depth or the power level of the flow of the river was irrelevant when it came right down to it, but faith in the Almighty Covenant keeping God is the bottom line.

1). Joshua 3:13-17 And it shall come to pass, as soon as the soles of the feet of the priests that bear the ark of the LORD, the Lord of all the earth, shall rest in the waters of Jordan, that the waters of the Jordan shall be cut off from the waters that come down from above; and they shall stand upon an heap.
3:14 And it came to pass, when the people removed from their tents, to pass over Jordan, and the priests bearing the ark of the covenant before the people;
3:15 And as they that bare the ark were come unto Jordan, and the feet of the priests that bare the ark were dipped in the brim of the water, (for Jordan overfloweth all his banks all the time of harvest,)
3:16 That the waters which came down from above stood and rose up upon an heap very far from the city of Adam, that is beside Zaretan: and those that came down toward the sea of the plain, even the salt sea, failed, and were cut off: and the people passed over right against Jericho.
3:17 And the priests that bare the ark of the covenant of the LORD stood firm on dry ground in the midst of Jordan, and all the Israelites passed over on dry ground, until all the people were passed clean over Jordan.

2). The distance from the city of Adam to Jericho was about 15 miles and the distance from Jericho to the Dead Sea was about 5 miles. The whole area that was affected was about 20 miles.

f. God also promised that when the soles of the feet of the priests that carried the ark left the water that the river returned to overflow its banks

2). Joshua 4:15-18    And the LORD spake unto Joshua, saying,
4:16 Command the priests that bear the ark of the testimony that they come up out of Jordan.
3:17 Joshua therefore commanded the priests, saying Come ye up out of Jordan.
3:18 And it came to pass, when the priests that bare the ark of the covenant of the LORD were come up out of the midst of Jordan, and the soles of the priests’ feet were lifted up unto the dry land, that the waters of Jordan returned unto their place, and flowed over all his banks, as they did before.

g. The effect of the miracle of the crossing of the Jordan River upon the neighboring nations Interesting

1). Joshua 5:1 And it came to pass, when all the kings of the Amorites, which were on the side of Jordan westward, and all the kings of the Canaanites, which were by the sea, heard that the LORD had dried up the waters of Jordan from before the children of Israel, until we were passed over, that there heart melted, neither was there spirit in them anymore, because of the children of Israel.

2). The phrase “neither was there spirit in them anymore” is also used in 1 Kings 10 when the queen of Sheba witnessed for herself the glories of Solomon’s court.

a). 1 Kings 10:4, 5 And when the queen of Sheba had seen all Solomon’s wisdom, and the house that he had built.
10:5 And the meat of his table, and the sitting of his servants, and the attendance of his ministers, and their apparel, and his cupbearers, and his ascent by which he went up unto the house of the LORD; there was no more spirit in her.

b). The difference of what happened to the neighboring nations and the Queen of Sheba was she got right with God as a result of what she saw and the neighboring nations armed themselves for war.  

h. An interesting element about the location of the crossing of the Jordan River is it’s the same place that Elijah and Elisha crossed before Elijah was taken up in the fiery chariot and where of course Elisha crossed going back. You will notice both partings, Elijah’s and Elisha’s both took place at Jericho, the Jordan river being about seven miles away. I personally believe it was at the very same spot where Israel crossed the Jordan over 5 centuries earlier.

 

1). 2 Kings 2:1-14 And it came to pass, when the LORD would take up Elijah into heaven by a whirlwind, that Elijah went with Elisha from Gilgal.

2:2 And Elijah said unto Elisha, Tarry here, I pray thee; for the LORD hath sent me to Bethel. And Elisha said unto him, As the LORD liveth, and as thy soul liveth, I will not leave thee. So they went down to Bethel.

2:3 And the sons of the prophets that were at Bethel came forth to Elisha, and said unto him, Knowest thou that the LORD will take away thy master from thy head to day? And he said, Yea, I know it; hold ye your peace.

2:4 And Elijah said unto him, Elisha, tarry here, I pray thee; for the LORD hath sent me to Jericho. And he said, As the LORD liveth, and as thy soul liveth, I will not leave thee. So they came to Jericho.

2:5 And the sons of the prophets that were at Jericho came to Elisha, and said unto him, Knowest thou that the LORD will take away thy master from thy head to day? And he answered, Yea, I know it; hold ye your peace.

2:6 And Elijah said unto him, Tarry, I pray thee, here; for the LORD hath sent me to Jordan. And he said, As the LORD liveth, and as thy soul liveth, I will not leave thee. And they two went on.

2:7 And fifty men of the sons of the prophets went, and stood to view afar off: and they two stood by Jordan.

2:8 And Elijah took his mantle, and wrapped it together, and smote the waters, and they were divided hither and thither, so that they two went over on dry ground.

2:9 And it came to pass, when they were gone over, that Elijah said unto Elisha, Ask what I shall do for thee, before I be taken away from thee. And Elisha said, I pray thee, let a double portion of thy spirit be upon me.

2:10 And he said, Thou hast asked a hard thing: nevertheless, if thou see me when I am taken from thee, it shall be so unto thee; but if not, it shall not be so.

2:11 And it came to pass, as they still went on, and talked, that, behold, there appeared a chariot of fire, and horses of fire, and parted them both asunder; and Elijah went up by a whirlwind into heaven.

2:12 And Elisha saw it, and he cried, My father, my father, the chariot of Israel, and the horsemen thereof. And he saw him no more: and he took hold of his own clothes, and rent them in two pieces.

2:13 He took up also the mantle of Elijah that fell from him, and went back, and stood by the bank of Jordan;

2:14 And he took the mantle of Elijah that fell from him, and smote the waters, and said, Where is the LORD God of Elijah? and when he also had smitten the waters, they parted hither and thither: and Elisha went over.