Monday, January 26, 2009

Isaiah 52:15

Isaiah 52:15
So shall he sprinkle many nations; the kings shall shut their mouths at him: for that which has not been told them shall they see; and that which they had not heard shall they consider.

1. “So shall he sprinkle many nations…”
a. So [Strong: 3651 ken kane from 3559; properly, set upright; hence (figuratively as adjective) just; but usually (as adverb or conjunction) rightly or so (in various applications to manner, time and relation; often with other particles):--+ after that (this, -ward, -wards), as ... as, + (for-)asmuch as yet, + be (for which) cause, + following, howbeit, in (the) like (manner, -wise), X the more, right, (even) so, state, straightway, such (thing), surely, + there (where)-fore, this, thus, true, well, X you.]
b. shall he sprinkle [Strong: 5137 nazah naw-zaw'; a primitive root; to spirt, i.e. besprinkle (especially in expiation):--sprinkle.]
c. many [Strong: 7227 rab rab; contracted from 7231; abundant (in quantity, size, age, number, rank, quality):--(in) abound(-undance, -ant, -antly), captain, elder, enough, exceedingly, full, great(-ly, man, one), increase, long (enough, (time)), (do, have) many(-ifold, things, a time), ((ship-))master, mighty, more, (too, very) much, multiply(-tude), officer, often(-times), plenteous, populous, prince, process (of time), suffice(-lent).]
d. nations [Strong: 1471 gowy go'-ee rarely (shortened) goy {go'-ee}; apparently from the same root as 1465 (in the sense of massing); a foreign nation; hence, a Gentile; also (figuratively) a troop of animals, or a flight of locusts:--Gentile, heathen, nation, people.]
1). The phrase “sprinkle many nations” here is referring to two things. Firstly it is referring to the type and foreshadow in the Law.
a). Exodus 24:6-8 And Moses took half of the blood, and put it in basons: and half of the blood he sprinkled on the altar.
24:7 And he took the book of the covenant, and read in the audience of the people: and they said, All that the LORD hath said we will do, and be obedient.
24:8 And Moses took the blood, and sprinkled it on the people, and said, Behold the blood of the covenant, which the LORD hath made with you concerning all these words.
2). The writer of Hebrews used this foreshadow and applied it to the blood of Christ.
a). Hebrews 9:11-14 But Christ being come an high priest of good things to come, by a greater and more perfect tabernacle, made with hands, that is to say, not of this building;
9:12 Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood he entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption for us.
9:13 For if the blood of bulls and of goats, and the ashes of an heifer sprinkling the unclean, sanctifieth to the purifying of the flesh:
9:14 How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God.
3). In the passage of Exodus 24:6-8, the sprinkling of the blood of the covenant that purifies Israel and the use of that terminology in Isaiah 52:15 of referring to sprinkling many nations is the blood covenant given to the nations, the Gentiles. It is the same use of it in Peters first epistle. It can only refer to the blood of Christ that the gospel declares can forgive and save.
a). 1 Peter 1:2 Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace unto you, and peace be multiplied.
b). Hebrews 12:24 And to Jesus the mediator of the new covenant, and to the blood of sprinkling, that speaketh better things than that of Abel.
2. “…the kings shall shut their mouths at him…”
a. the kings [Strong: 4428 melek meh'-lek; from 4427; a king:--king, royal.]
b. shall shut [Strong: 7092 qaphats kaw-fats'; primitive root; to draw together, i.e. close; by implication, to leap (by contracting the limbs); specifically, to die (from gathering up the feet):--shut (up), skip, stop, take out of the way.]
c. their mouths [Strong: 6310 peh peh; from 6284; the mouth (as the means of blowing), whether literal or figurative (particularly speech); specifically edge, portion or side; adverbially (with preposition) according to:--accord(-ing as, -ing to), after, appointment, assent, collar, command(-ment), X eat, edge, end, entry, + file, hole, X in, mind, mouth, part, portion, X (should) say(-ing), sentence, skirt, sound, speech, X spoken, talk, tenor, X to, + two-edged, wish, word.]
d. at him [Strong: 5921 `al al; properly, the same as 5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural often with prefix, or as conjunction with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications (as follow):--above, according to(-ly), after, (as) against, among, and, X as, at, because of, beside (the rest of), between, beyond the time, X both and, by (reason of), X had the charge of, concerning for, in (that), (forth, out) of, (from) (off), (up-)on, over, than, through(-out), to, touching, X with.]
1). The phrase, “kings shall shut their mouths at him” can be applied to, but certainly not limited to part of Paul’s testimony before king Agrippa.
a). Acts 26:24-29 And as he thus spake for himself, Festus said with a loud voice, Paul, thou art beside thyself; much learning doth make thee mad.
26:25 But he said, I am not mad, most noble Festus; but speak forth the words of truth and soberness.
26:26 For the king knoweth of these things, before whom also I speak freely: for I am persuaded that none of these things are hidden from him; for this thing was not done in a corner.
26:27 King Agrippa, believest thou the prophets? I know that thou believest.
26:28 Then Agrippa said unto Paul, Almost thou persuades me to be a Christian.
26:29 And Paul said, I would to God, that not only thou, but also all that hear me this day, were both almost, and altogether such as I am, except these bonds.
b). There is an interesting point about this encounter that goes unnoticed that I believe goes along with the phrase in Isaiah 52:15, of “kings shall shut their mouths at him”. The Greek word for “know” in Acts 26:27, where Paul says to Agrippa, “I know that thou believest.” It is the same word used in Acts 14:9, and translated “perceiving” when Paul through the Holy Ghost perceived that the man in the crowd to whom he was preaching to had faith to be healed. It is also the same Greek word used in Matthew 12:25 where it speaks of Jesus knowing the thoughts of his enemies, through the power of the Holy Ghost. The conclusion is that the Apostle Paul was, through the gifts of the Spirit, either the word of wisdom or the word of knowledge, sensing that God was dealing with Agrippa .
2). Included under these words is the testimony of Jesus before Pilate. Pilate knew Jesus was innocent.
a). 1 Timothy 6:12, 13 Fight the good fight of faith, lay hold on eternal life, whereunto thou art also called, and hast professed a good profession before many witnesses.
6:13 I give thee charge in the sight of God, who quickeneth all things, and before Christ Jesus, who before Pontius Pilate witnessed a good confession;
3. “…for that which has not been told them shall they see…”
a. for [Strong: 3588 kiy kee a primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjunction or adverb (as below); often largely modified by other particles annexed:--and, + (forasmuch, inasmuch, where-)as, assured(-ly), + but, certainly, doubtless, + else, even, + except, for, how, (because, in, so, than) that, + nevertheless, now, rightly, seeing, since, surely, then, therefore, + (al- )though, + till, truly, + until, when, whether, while, whom, yea, yet.]
b. that [Strong: 834 'aher ash-er' a primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as an adverb and a conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.:--X after, X alike, as (soon as), because, X every, for, + forasmuch, + from whence, + how(-soever), X if, (so) that ((thing) which, wherein), X though, + until, + whatsoever, when, where (+ -as, -in, -of, -on, -soever, -with), which, whilst, + whither(- soever), who(-m, -soever, -se). As it is indeclinable, it is often accompanied by the personal pronoun expletively, used to show the connection.]
c. [which had] not [Strong: 3808 lo' lo or lowi {lo}; or loh (Deut. 3:11) {lo}; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abs. negation); by implication, no; often used with other particles (as follows):--X before, + or else, ere, + except, ig(-norant), much, less, nay, neither, never, no((-ne), -r, (-thing)), (X as though...,(can-), for) not (out of), of nought, otherwise, out of, + surely, + as truly as, + of a truth, + verily, for want, + whether, without.]
d. been told [them] [Strong: 5608 caphar saw-far'; a primitive root; properly, to score with a mark as a tally or record, i.e. (by implication) to inscribe, and also to enumerate; intensively, to recount, i.e. celebrate:--commune, (ac-)count; declare, number, + penknife, reckon, scribe, shew forth, speak, talk, tell (out), writer.]
e. they shall see [Strong: 7200 ra’ah raw-aw; a primitive root; to see, literally or figuratively (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitive, intransitive and causative):--advise self, appear, approve, behold, X certainly, consider, discern, (make to) enjoy, have experience, gaze, take heed, X indeed, X joyfully, lo, look (on, one another, one on another, one upon another, out, up, upon), mark, meet, X be near, perceive, present, provide, regard, (have) respect, (fore-, cause to, let) see(-r, -m, one another), shew (self), X sight of others, (e-)spy, stare, X surely, X think, view, visions.]
4. “…and that which they had not heard shall they consider.”
a. and that [Strong: 834 'aher ash-er' a primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as an adverb and a conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.:--X after, X alike, as (soon as), because, X every, for, + forasmuch, + from whence, + how(-soever), X if, (so) that ((thing) which, wherein), X though, + until, + whatsoever, when, where (+ -as, -in, -of, -on, -soever, -with), which, whilst, + whither(- soever), who(-m, -soever, -se). As it is indeclinable, it is often accompanied by the personal pronoun expletively, used to show the connection.]
b. [which they had] not [Strong: 3808 lo' lo or lowi {lo}; or loh (Deut. 3:11) {lo}; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abs. negation); by implication, no; often used with other particles (as follows):--X before, + or else, ere, + except, ig(-norant), much, less, nay, neither, never, no((-ne), -r, (-thing)), (X as though...,(can-), for) not (out of), of nought, otherwise, out of, + surely, + as truly as, + of a truth, + verily, for want, + whether, without.]
c. heard [Strong: 8085 * shama] [Strong: a primitive root; to hear intelligently (often with implication of attention, obedience, etc.; causatively, to tell, etc.):--X attentively, call (gather) together, X carefully, X certainly, consent, consider, be content, declare, X diligently, discern, give ear, (cause to, let, make to) hear(-ken, tell), X  indeed, listen, make (a) noise, (be) obedient, obey, perceive, (make a) proclaim(-ation), publish, regard, report, shew (forth), (make a) sound, X surely, tell, understand, whosoever (heareth), witness.]
d. shall they consider [Strong: 995 biyn bene; a primitive root; to separate mentally (or distinguish), i.e.(generally) understand:--attend, consider, be cunning, diligently, direct, discern, eloquent, feel, inform, instruct, have intelligence, know, look well to, mark, perceive, be prudent, regard, (can) skill(-full), teach, think, (cause, make to, get, give, have) understand(-ing), view, (deal) wise(-ly, man).]
1). This passage was one of the inspirations that motivated the Apostle Paul in preaching the gospel. Some commentators believe that Paul saw his calling and the confirmation of his calling in these and other Scriptures.
a). Romans 15:19-21 Through mighty signs and wonders, by the power of the Spirit of God; so that from Jerusalem, and round about unto Illyricum, I have fully preached the gospel of Christ.
15:20 Yea, so have I strived to preach the gospel, not were Christ was named, lest I should build upon another man’s foundation:
15:21 But as it is written, To whom he was spoken of, they shall see: and they that have not heard shall they understand.
2). Paul was the Apostle to the Gentiles.
a). Romans 11:13 For I speak to you Gentiles, inasmuch as I am the apostle of the Gentiles, I magnify mine office:
3). When Jesus first appeared to Saul on the road to Damascus, his call to go to the Gentiles was given to him, as he related to King Agrippa years later.
a). Acts 26:12-20 Whereupon as I went to Damascus with authority and commission from the chief priests,
26:13 At midday, O king, I saw in the way a light from heaven, above the brightness of the sun, shinning round about me and them which journeyed with me.
26:14 And when we were all fallen to the earth, I heard a voice speaking to me in the Hebrew tongue, Saul, Saul, why persecutes thou me? it is hard for thee to kick against the pricks.
26:15 And I said, Who art thou, Lord? And he said, I am Jesus whom thou persecutest.
26:16 But rise, and stand upon thy feet: for I have appeared unto thee for this purpose, to make thee a minister and a witness both of these things which thou hast seen, and of those things in the which I will appear unto thee;
26:17 Delivering thee from the people, and from the Gentiles, unto whom now I send thee,
26:18 To open their eyes, and to turn them from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan unto God, that they may receive forgiveness of sins, and inheritance among them which are sanctified by faith that is in me.
26:19 Whereupon, O king Agrippa, I was not disobedient unto the heavenly vision:
26:20 But shewed first unto Damascus, and at Jerusalem, and throughout Judea, and then to the Gentiles, that they should repent and turn to God, and do works meet for repentance.

Sunday, January 04, 2009

2 Corinthians 5:17

2 Corinthians 5:17

Therefore if any man be in Christ, he is a new creature: old things are passed away; behold, all things are become new.

a. NLT: This means that anyone who belongs to Christ has become a new person. The old life is gone; a new life has begun!

b. NIV: Therefore, if anyone is in Christ, the new creation has come: The old has gone, the new is here!

c. YLT: so that if any one is in Christ -- he is a new creature; the old things did pass away, lo, become new have the all things.

d. Amplified Bible: Therefore if any man is engrafted in Christ, the Messiah, he is a new creature altogether, a new creation; the old previous moral and spiritual condition has passed away. Behold, the fresh and new has come.

e. Worrell Translation: Wherefore, if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creature; the old things passed away; behold they have become new.

f. Wuest Translation: So that, assuming that anyone is in Christ, he is a creation new in quality. The antiquated, out-of-date things [which do not belong to the new life in Christ jesus] have passed away. Behold, all things have become new in quality.

1. “Therefore if any man be in Christ,…”

a. therefore [5620 * hoste] [Strong: from 5613 and 5037; so too, i.e. thus therefore (in various relations of consecution, as follow):--(insomuch) as, so that (then), (insomuch) that, therefore, to, wherefore.]

b. if [Strong: 1487 ei i a primary particle of conditionality; if, whether, that, etc.:--forasmuch as, if, that, (al-)though, whether.]

c. any man [1536 * ei tis] [Strong: from 1487 and 5100; if any:--he that, if a(-ny) man('s thing, from any, ought), whether any, whosoever.]

d. be in [1722 * en] [Strong: a primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), i.e. a relation of rest (intermediate between 1519 and 1537); "in," at, (up-)on, by, etc.:--about, after, against, + almost, X altogether, among, X as, at, before, between, (here-)by (+ all means), for (... sake of), + give self wholly to, (here-)in(-to, -wardly), X mightily, (because) of, (up-)on, (open-)ly, X outwardly, one, X quickly, X shortly, (speedi-)ly, X that, X there(-in, -on), through(-out), (un-)to(-ward), under, when, where(-with), while, with(-in). Often used in compounds, with substantially the same import; rarely with verbs of motion, and then not to indicate direction, except (elliptically) by a separate (and different) preposition.]

e. Christ [5547 * Christos] [Strong: from 5548; anointed, i.e. the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus:--Christ.]

1). In Scripture, the term “in Christ” is to be a member of the Body of Christ, in the same sense that my arm or leg is a member of my own body.

a). 1 Corinthians 12:12-15 For as the body is one, and hath many members and all the members of that one body, being many, are one body: so also is Christ.
12:13 For by one Spirit are we all baptized into one body, whether we be Jews or Gentiles, whether we be bond or free; and have been made to drink into one Spirit.
12:14 For the body is not one member, but many.
12:15 If the foot shall say, Because I am not the hand, I am not of the body; is it therefore not of the body?

b). Ephesians 5:29, 30 For no man ever yet hated his own flesh; but nourisheth and cherisheth it, even as the Lord the church.
5:30 For we are members of his body, of his flesh, and of his bones.

2). The term “in Christ” is sort of an identification card revealing to us who we really are, what God Almighty says we are, now that we have been born again. We as New Covenant believers are to believe and confess what the word says about us, what He says about us and what we say about ourselves.

2. “…he is a new creature…”

a. [he is] a new [2537 * kainos] [Strong: of uncertain affinity; new (especially in freshness; while 3501 is properly so with respect to age:--new.]

b. creature [2937 * ktisis] [Vines: Primarily, the act of creating or the creative act in process...Like the English word ‘creation’, it also signifies the product of the creative act…The reference is to the creative act of God, whereby a man is introduced into the blessing of salvation, in contrast to circumcision done by hands.] [Strong:  from 2936; original formation (properly, the act; by implication, the thing, literally or figuratively):--building, creation, creature, ordinance.] [D.C. This is the new birth, the born again experience. It is the only way to enter the New Covenant.]

1). Jesus spoke of being born again.

a). John 3:1-7 There was a man of the Pharisees, named Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews:
3:2 The same came to Jesus by night, and said unto him, Rabbi, we know that thou art a teacher come from God: for no man can do these miracles that thou doest, except God be with him.
3:3 Jesus answered and said unto him, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.
3:4 Nicodemus saith unto him, How can a man be born when he is old? Can he enter the second time into his mother’s womb and be born?
3:5 Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God.
3:6 That which is born of the flesh is flesh; and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit.
3:7 Marvel not that I said unto thee, Ye must be born again.

b). When Jesus spoke of being born again he was speaking spiritually. In this passage Jesus spoke of being born of the flesh and born of the Spirit.

(1) born [1080 * gennao] [Zodhiates: generation, kind, offspring.]

(2) again [509 * anothen] [Zodhiates: Of place: from above, from a higher place, in John 3:3, 7, this could also be translated “to be born from above.” Both meanings are correct since this is a birth from God and it is a new birth.]

2). Paul referred to the born again experience in Titus 3:5.

a). Titus 3:5 Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost.

(1) regeneration [3824 * paliggenesia; palin-again; genesis-generation] [Zodhiates: Regeneration, restoration, renovation, rebirth.]

3). Man is a three part being, he is a spirit, he has a soul and he lives in a body.

a). 1 Thessalonians 5:23 And the very God of peace sanctify you wholly; and I pray God your whole spirit and soul and body be preserved blameless unto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ.

4). In the New Birth, the born again experience, our spirit, the real us, has been recreated.

3. “…old things are passed away; behold, all things are become new.”

a. old things [744 * archaios] [Strong: from 746; original or primeval:--(them of) old (time).]

b. are passed away [3928 * parerchomai] [Strong: from 3844 and 2064; to come near or aside, i.e. to approach (arrive), go by (or away), (figuratively) perish or neglect, (causative) avert:--come (forth), go, pass (away, by, over), past, transgress.]

c. behold [2400 * idou] [Strong: second person singular imperative middle voice of 1492; used as imperative lo!; --behold, lo, see.]

d. all things [3956 * pas] [Strong: including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole:--all (manner of, means), alway(-s), any (one), X daily, + ever, every (one, way), as many as, + no(-thing), X thoroughly, whatsoever, whole, whosoever.]

e. are become [1096 * ginomai] [Strong: a prolongation and middle voice form of a primary verb; to cause to be ("gen"-erate), i.e. (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literal, figurative, intensive, etc.):--arise, be assembled, be(-come, -fall, -have self), be brought (to pass), (be) come (to pass), continue, be divided, draw, be ended, fall, be finished, follow, be found, be fulfilled, + God forbid, grow, happen, have, be kept, be made, be married, be ordained to be, partake, pass, be performed, be published, require, seem, be showed, X soon as it was, sound, be taken, be turned, use, wax, will, would, be wrought.]

f. new [2537 * kainos] [Strong: of uncertain affinity; new (especially in freshness; while 3501 is properly so with respect to age:--new.]

1). There are a couple of Old Covenant passages that are used to describe what God has done with our sins.

a). Micah 7:18, 19 Who is a God like unto thee, that pardoneth iniquity, and passeth by the transgression of the remnant of his heritage? He retaineth not his anger for ever, because he delighteth in mercy.
7:19 He will turn again, he will have compassion upon us; he will subdue our iniquities; and thou wilt cast all their sins into the depths of the sea.

b). Psalm 103:10-12 He hath not dealt with us after our sins; nor rewarded us according to our iniquities.
103:11 For as the heaven is high above the earth, so great is his mercy toward them that fear him.
103:12 As far as the east is from the west, so far hath he removed our transgressions from us.

2). As good as that was under the Old Covenant, we under the New Covenant have better promises. Our sins are not only gone, but God has literally forgotten them. Because God has forgotten them we need to not consider them, they are gone.

a). Hebrews 10:15-17 Whereof the Holy Ghost also is a witness to us: for after that he had said before,
10:16 This is the covenant that I will make with them after those days, saith the Lord, I will put my laws into their hearts, and in their minds will I write them;
10:17 And their sin and iniquities will I remember no more.

b). Isaiah 43:18 Remember ye not the former things, neither consider the things of old.

3). We have a better Covenant.

a). Hebrews 7:22 By so much was Jesus made a surety of a better testament.

4). The New Covenant has better promises.

b). 2 Peter 1:3, 4 According as his divine power hath given unto us all things that pertain unto life and godliness, through the knowledge of him that hath called us to glory and virtue:
1:4 Whereby are given unto us exceeding great and precious promises: that by these ye might be partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world through lust.

Friday, January 02, 2009

Hebrews 11:16

Hebrews 11:16

But now they desire a better country, that is, an heavenly: wherefore God is not ashamed to be called their God: for he hath prepared for them a city.

1. “But now they desire a better country, that is, an heavenly…”

a. desire [3713 * orego] [Zodhiates: Literally to stretch out especially with the hands to snatch, to stretch oneself, reach after something, and hence metaphorically meaning to covet, long after, desire, try to gain…”]

b. Amplified Bible: “But the truth is that they were yearning for and aspiring to a better and more delightful country, that is, an heavenly (one)…”

c. It is obvious that these saints were seeking and looking toward New Jerusalem.

2. “…wherefore God is not ashamed to be called their God…”
a. Amplified Bible: “…For that reason God is not ashamed to be called their God-even to be surnamed their God (the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob…”

b. The A.V. says “wherefore”, the Amplified says, “For that reason”. Because they were responding in faith to the promises of God concerning New Jerusalem.

3. “…for he hath prepared for them a city.”

a. This is in contrast to what was prepared for the devil and his angels.

1). Matthew 25:41 “Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels:”

2). The doctrine of New Jerusalem is not exclusively a New Testament doctrine. It is actually pre-Old Covenant.

Hebrews 11:15

Hebrews 11:15

And truly, if they had been mindful of that country from whence they came out, they might have had opportunity to have returned.

1. “And truly, if they had been mindful of that country from whence they came out…”

a. mindful [3421 * mnemoneuo] [Zodhiates: To exercise memory, be mindful, remember.] [Vincent: habitually remembered.]

b. Exposition of Hebrews, Arthur W. Pink, Baker Book House, pp. 730, 731. “Note how positively the apostle expressed it: “And truly”, or “verily.” “If they had been mindful,” which means, had their minds frequently dwe;t upon Chaldea, had their hearts desired it. How this shows the great importance of “girding up the loins of our minds” (1 Peter 1:13), of disciplining our thoughts…”

1). 2 Corinthians 10:4, 5 “(For the weapons of our warfare are not carnal, but mighty through God to the pulling down of strongholds;)
Casting down imaginations, and every high thing that exalteth itself against the knowledge of God, and bringing into captivity every thought to the obedience of Christ;”

c. This is in contrast to Israel after they had been brought out of Egypt. They were constantly thinking of going back to Egypt.

1). Numbers 14:2-4 “And all the children of Israel murmured against Moses and against Aaron: and the whole congregation said unto them, Would God that we had died in the land of Egypt! Or would God we had died in this wilderness! And wherefore hath the LORD brought us unto this land, to fall be the sword, that our wives and our children should be a prey? Were it not better for us to return into Egypt? And they said to one another, Let us make a captain, and let us return into Egypt.”
d. If we as Christian are constantly thinking in a favorable light of how this life in Christ is so hard or so unenjoyable and how good life was in sin, there are serious problems in our relationship with God, and it is not God’s fault. If this behavior is not repented of opportunities will present themselves to sin and this Christian will not want to resist.

Hebrews 11:14

Hebrews 11:14

For they that say such things declare plainly that they seek a country.

a. Amplified Bible: “Now those people who talk as they did show plainly that they are in search of a fatherland—their own country.”

b. country [3968 * patris] [Zodhiates: One’s own country, the place where one’s father or ancestors lived, fatherland, native country.]

c. This throws light on what the promises were. I heard a preacher say once that the patriarchs were not given the promise of heaven, but I believe these scriptures and others dispel that assumption. These saints openly declared that they were looking for a fatherland, and that country was not on earth.

Hebrews 11:13

Hebrews 11:13

These all died in faith, not having received the promises, but having seen them afar off, and were persuaded of them, and embraced them, and confessed that they were strangers and pilgrims on the earth.

1. “These all died in faith, not having received the promises…”

a. The verses preceding verse 13 all speak of the things the men and women did and received through faith from the word and promise of God. Then in verse 13 it says, they “all died in faith, not having received the promises. The writer is obviously referring to different promises.

b. Enoch didn’t die! Enoch received the promise of translation, but not these promises.

c. Abraham and Sarah received the promise of Isaac, but not these promises.

d. Noah received the promise of his family being saved from the flood, but not these promises.

e. Abel received confirmation of a more excellent sacrifice, but not these promises.

2. “…but having seen them afar off, and were persuaded of them, and embraced them…”

a. having seen [1492 * eidon] [Bullinger: to see; implying not the mere act of seeing, but the actual perception of the object…”]

b. were persuaded [3982 * peitho] [Zodhiates: Generally of any truth. Used in an absolute sense, to be convinced.]

c. embraced [782 * aspazomai] [Zodhiates: To embrace, salute…spoken of those who meet…with the meaning of greeting. In Hebrews 11:13, spoken of things, to welcome, embrace, receive gladly, the promises.]

d. There are certain things required before we can see afar off.

1). 2 Peter 1:5-9 “And besides this, giving all diligence, add to your faith virtue; and to virtue, knowledge;
And to knowledge, temperance; and to temperance, patience; and to patience, godliness;
And to godliness, brotherly kindness; and to brotherly kindness, charity.
For if these things be in you, and abound, they make you that ye shall neither be barren nor unfruitful in the knowledge of our Lord Jesus Christ.
But he that lacketh these things is blind, and cannot see afar off, and hath forgotten that he was purged from his old sins.”

2). One of the definite characteristics of persons who have in essence quit trusting God is they lose their spiritual senses.

a). Jeremiah 17:5, 6 “Thus saith the LORD; Cursed be the man that trusteth in man, and maketh flesh his arm, and whose heart departeth from the LORD.
For he shall be like the heath in the desert, and shall not see when good cometh; but shall inhabit the parched places in the wilderness, in a salt land and not inhabited.”

b). Hebrews 5:11, 12 “Of whom we have many things to say, and hard to be uttered, seeing ye are dull of hearing.
For when for the time ye ought to be teachers, ye have need that one teach you again which be the first principles of the oracles of God; and are become such as have need of milk, and not of strong meat.”

3. “…and confessed that they were strangers and pilgrims on the earth.”

a. confessed [3670 * homologeo; homo-the same; lego-to speak] [Zodhiates: to agree or consent to the desire of another.] [D.C. To say the same thing as God says primarily, but also to say what other faithful people say.]

b. stranger [xenos * 3581] [Zodhiates: Strange, foreign, not of one’s family, not belonging to the Christian community, an alien. [D.C. Also the opposite, not belonging to the natural, earthly community and belonging to the heavenly.]

c. pilgrims [3927 * parapidemos; para-from, expressing a contrary position; epi-in or among a people; demos-a people.] [Zodhiates: A stranger, sojourner; not simply one who is passing through, but a foreigner who has settled down, however briefly, next to or among the native people.]

d. For the believer, Old Covenant or New Covenant, we are strangers and pilgrims.

1). Philippians 3:20 “For our conversation is in heaven; from whence also we look for the Saviour, the Lord Jesus Christ:”

a). conversation 4175 * politeuma] [Zodhiates: Any public measure, administration of the state, the condition or life of a citizen. In the N.T., the state itself…metaphorically…of Christians in reference to their spiritual community and their status as citizens of heaven.]