Thursday, February 26, 2009

Genesis 18:21

Genesis 18:21

I will go down now, and see whether they have done altogether according to the cry of it, which is come unto me; and if not, I will know.

a. NLT: I am going down to see if their actions are as wicked as I have heard. If not, I want to know.”

b. NIV: that I will go down and see if what they have done is as bad as the outcry that has reached me. If not, I will know.”

c. YLT: I go down now, and see whether according to its cry which is coming unto Me they have done completely -- and if not -- I know;'

d. Amplified Bible: I will go down now and see whether they have done altogether [as vilely and wickedly] as is the cry of it which has come to Me; and if not, I will know.

e. Septuagint: I will therefore go down and see, if they completely correspond with the cry which comes to me, and if not, that I may know.

f. Stone Edition Chumash: I will descend and see: If they act in accordance with its outcry which has come to me – then destruction! And if not, I will know.

1. “I will go down now, and see whether they have done altogether according to the cry of it…”

a. I will go down now [3381 * yarad] [Strong: a primitive root; to descend (literally, to go downwards; or conventionally to a lower region, as the shore, a boundary, the enemy, etc.; or figuratively, to fall); causatively, to bring down (in all the above applications); -X abundantly, bring down, carry down, cast down, (cause to) come(-ing) down, fall (down), get down, go(-ing) down(-ward), hang down, X indeed, let down, light (down), put down (off), (cause to, let) run down, sink, subdue, take down.]

b. and see [7200 * ra’ah] [Strong: a primitive root; to see, literally or figuratively (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitive, intransitive and causative):--advise self, appear, approve, behold, X certainly, consider, discern, (make to) enjoy, have experience, gaze, take heed, X indeed, X joyfully, lo, look (on, one another, one on another, one upon another, out, up, upon), mark, meet, X be near, perceive, present, provide, regard, (have) respect, (fore-, cause to, let) see(-r, -m, one another), shew (self), X sight of others, (e-)spy, stare, X surely, X think, view, visions.]

c. whether they have done [6213 * ‘asah] [Strong: a primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application (as follows):--accomplish, advance, appoint, apt, be at, become, bear, bestow, bring forth, bruise, be busy, X certainly, have the charge of, commit, deal (with), deck, + displease, do, (ready) dress(-ed), (put in) execute(-ion), exercise, fashion, + feast, (fight-)ing man, + finish, fit, fly, follow, fulfill, furnish, gather, get, go about, govern, grant, great, + hinder, hold ((a feast)), X indeed, + be industrious, + journey, keep, labour, maintain, make, be meet, observe, be occupied, offer, + officer, pare, bring (come) to pass, perform, pracise, prepare, procure, provide, put, requite, X sacrifice, serve, set, shew, X sin, spend, X surely, take, X thoroughly, trim, X very, + vex, be (warr-)ior, work(-man), yield, use.]

d. altogether [3617 * kalah] [Strong: from 3615; a completion; adverb, completely; also destruction:--altogether, (be, utterly) consume(-d), consummation(-ption), was determined, (full, utter) end, riddance.]

e. according to the cry [6818 * tsaaqah] [Strongs: a shriek or cry (ing). [AMG: It describes a call for help, a cry of wailing and despair.]

1). When the LORD sent these angels on their fact finding mission it was to determine if the they were worthy of destruction. It is obvious the homosexual behavior of the city that the angels witnessed confirmed “the cry”. Granted, homosexuality was not the only sin that Sodom and Gomorrah and the other cities of the plain were guilty of, but there is enough Scripture in the Bible to come to the doctrinally sound conclusion that the homosexual behavior of these cities was the main reason God decided to destroy them.

a). Genesis 18:20, 21 And the LORD said, Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great, and because their sin is very grievous, I will go down now, and see whether they have done altogether according to the cry of it, which is come unto me; and if not, I will know.

2). According to Blue Letter Bible this Hebrew word is used 21 times in the Old Testament. In most of those instances it is used as “a cry” or “an outcry”. There is also an example of crying out against something and that is found in Nehemiah.

a). Nehemiah 5:1 And there was a great cry of the people and of their wives against their brethren the Jews.

3). This has to be the meaning of the word here. The cry of Sodom was an outcry of rebellion against the Lord. In the book of Isaiah we get a closer look at the cry.

a). Isaiah 3:9 The shew of their countenance doth witness against them; and they declare their sin as Sodom, they hide it not. Woe unto their soul! for they have rewarded evil unto themselves.

b).  The Hebrew word translated “declare” is “nagad”, the Strong’s number is 5046 and it means,  to front, i.e. stand boldly out opposite; by implication (causatively), to manifest; figuratively, to announce (always by word of mouth to one present); specifically, to expose, predict, explain, praise:--bewray, X certainly, certify, declare(-ing), denounce, expound, X fully, messenger, plainly, profess, rehearse, report, shew (forth), speak, X surely, tell, utter. Remember that the context is sin so the various definitions fit right in with the NIV use of the word “parade”. To boldly stand out (in their sin) of homosexuality, to announce (their sin) of homosexuality by word of mouth, to proclaim (their sin) of homosexuality, to celebrate (their sin) of homosexuality with praise”, are all very revealing. This was the outcry of Sodom against God.

2. “…which is come unto me; and if not, I will know.”

a. which is come [935 * bow’] [Strong: a primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications):--abide, apply, attain, X be, befall, + besiege, bring (forth, in, into, to pass), call, carry, X certainly, (cause, let, thing for) to come (against, in, out, upon, to pass), depart, X doubtless again, + eat, + employ, (cause to) enter (in, into, -tering, -trance, -try), be fallen, fetch, + follow, get, give, go (down, in, to war), grant, + have, X indeed, (in-)vade, lead, lift (up), mention, pull in, put, resort, run (down), send, set, X (well) stricken (in age), X surely, take (in), way.]

b. I will know [3045 * yada] [Strong: a primitive root; to know (properly, to ascertain by seeing); used in a great variety of senses, figuratively, literally, euphemistically and inferentially (including observation, care, recognition; and causatively, instruction, designation, punishment, etc.) (as follow):--acknowledge, acquaintance(-ted with), advise, answer, appoint, assuredly, be aware, (un-)awares, can(-not), certainly, comprehend, consider, X could they, cunning, declare, be diligent, (can, cause to) discern, discover, endued with, familiar friend, famous, feel, can have, be (ig-)norant, instruct, kinsfolk, kinsman, (cause to let, make) know, (come to give, have, take) knowledge, have (knowledge), (be, make, make to be, make self) known, + be learned, + lie by man, mark, perceive, privy to, X prognosticator, regard, have respect, skilful, shew, can (man of) skill, be sure, of a surety, teach, (can) tell, understand, have (understanding), X will be, wist, wit, wot.]


Genesis 18:19

Genesis 18:19

For I know him, that he will command his children and his household after him, and they shall keep the way of the LORD, to do justice and judgment; that the LORD may bring upon Abraham that which he hath spoken of him.

a. NLT: I have singled him out so that he will direct his sons and their families to keep the way of the LORD by doing what is right and just. Then I will do for Abraham all that I have promised.”

b. NIV: For I have chosen him, so that he will direct his children and his household after him to keep the way of the LORD by doing what is right and just, so that the LORD will bring about for Abraham what he has promised him.”

c. YLT: for I have known him, that he commandeth his children, and his house after him (and they have kept the way of Jehovah), to do righteousness and judgment, that Jehovah may bring on Abraham that which He hath spoken concerning him.'

d. Amplified Bible:  For I have known (chosen, acknowledged) him [as My own], so that he may teach and command his children and the sons of his house after him to keep the way of the Lord and to do what is just and righteous, so that the Lord may bring Abraham what He has promised him.

e. Septuagint: For I know that he will order his sons, and his house after him, and they will keep the ways of the Lord, to do justice and judgment, that the Lord may bring upon Abraam all things whatsoever he has spoken to him.

f. Stone Edition Chumash: For I have loved him, because he commands his children and his household after him that they keep the way of HASHEM, doing charity and justice, in order that HASHEM might bring upon Abraham that which He had spoken of him.”

1. “For I know him, that he will command his children and his household after him…”

a. I know him [3045 * yada’] [Strong: a primitive root; to know (properly, to ascertain by seeing); used in a great variety of senses, figuratively, literally, euphemistically and inferentially (including observation, care, recognition; and causatively, instruction, designation, punishment, etc.) (as follow):--acknowledge, acquaintance(-ted with), advise, answer, appoint, assuredly, be aware, (un-)awares, can(-not), certainly, comprehend, consider, X could they, cunning, declare, be diligent, (can, cause to) discern, discover, endued with, familiar friend, famous, feel, can have, be (ig-)norant, instruct, kinsfolk, kinsman, (cause to let, make) know, (come to give, have, take) knowledge, have (knowledge), (be, make, make to be, make self) known, + be learned, + lie by man, mark, perceive, privy to, X prognosticator, regard, have respect, skilful, shew, can (man of) skill, be sure, of a surety, teach, (can) tell, understand, have (understanding), X will be, wist, wit, wot.]

b. him [834 * ‘aher] [Strong: a primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as an adverb and a conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.:--X after, X alike, as (soon as), because, X every, for, + forasmuch, + from whence, + how(-soever), X if, (so) that ((thing) which, wherein), X though, + until, + whatsoever, when, where (+ -as, -in, -of, -on, -soever, -with), which, whilst, + whither(- soever), who(-m, -soever, -se). As it is indeclinable, it is often accompanied by the personal pronoun expletively, used to show the connection.]

c. he will command [6680 * tsavah] [Strong: a primitive root; (intensively) to constitute, enjoin:--appoint, (for-)bid, (give a) charge, (give a, give in, send with) command(-er, -ment), send a messenger, put, (set) in order.]

d. his children [1121* ben] [Strong: from 1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like 1, 251, etc.)):--+ afflicted, age, (Ahoh-) (Ammon-) (Hachmon-) (Lev-)ite, (anoint-)ed one, appointed to, (+) arrow, (Assyr-) (Babylon-) (Egypt-) (Grec-)ian, one born, bough, branch, breed, + (young) bullock, + (young) calf, X came up in, child, colt, X common, X corn, daughter, X of first, + firstborn, foal, + very fruitful, + postage, X in, + kid, + lamb, (+) man, meet, + mighty, + nephew, old, (+) people, + rebel, + robber, X servant born, X soldier, son, + spark, + steward, + stranger, X surely, them of, + tumultuous one, + valiant(-est), whelp, worthy, young (one), youth.]

1). It is the will of God that fathers teach their children the words of God,

a). Deuteronomy 6:6-9 And these words, which I command thee this day, shall be in thine heart:
6:7 And thou shalt teach them diligently unto thy children, and shalt talk of them when thou sittest in thine house, and when thou walkest by the way, and when thou liest down, and when thou risest up.
6:8 And thou shalt bind them for a sign upon thine hand, and they shall be as frontlets between thine eyes.
6:9 And thou shalt write them upon the posts of thy house, and on thy gates.

e. his household [1004 * bayith] [Strong: probably from 1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.):--court, daughter, door, + dungeon, family, + forth of, X great as would contain, hangings, home(born), (winter)house(-hold), inside(-ward), palace, place, + prison, + steward, + tablet, temple, web, + within(-out).]

f. after him [310 * ‘achar] [Strong: from 309; properly, the hind part; generally used as an adverb or conjunction, after (in various senses):--after (that, -ward), again, at, away from, back (from, -side), behind, beside, by, follow (after, -ing), forasmuch, from, hereafter, hinder end, + out (over) live, + persecute, posterity, pursuing, remnant, seeing, since, thence(-forth), when, with.]

2. “…and they shall keep the way of the LORD, to do justice and judgment…”

a. they shall keep [8104 * shamar] [Strong: a primitive root; properly, to hedge about (as with thorns), i.e. guard; generally, to protect, attend to, etc.:--beward, be circumspect, take heed (to self), keep(-er, self), mark, look narrowly, observe, preserve, regard, reserve, save (self), sure, (that lay) wait (for), watch(-man).]

b. the way [1870 * derek] [Strong: from 1869; a road (as trodden); figuratively, a course of life or mode of action, often adverb:--along, away, because of, + by, conversation, custom, (east-)ward, journey, manner, passenger, through, toward, (high-) (path-)way(-side), whither(-soever).]

c. of the LORD [3068 * Yhovah] [Strong: from 1961; (the) self-Existent or Eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God:--Jehovah, the Lord.]

d. to do [6213 * ‘asah] [Strong: a primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application (as follows):--accomplish, advance, appoint, apt, be at, become, bear, bestow, bring forth, bruise, be busy, X certainly, have the charge of, commit, deal (with), deck, + displease, do, (ready) dress(-ed), (put in) execute(-ion), exercise, fashion, + feast, (fight-)ing man, + finish, fit, fly, follow, fulfill, furnish, gather, get, go about, govern, grant, great, + hinder, hold ((a feast)), X indeed, + be industrious, + journey, keep, labour, maintain, make, be meet, observe, be occupied, offer, + officer, pare, bring (come) to pass, perform, pracise, prepare, procure, provide, put, requite, X sacrifice, serve, set, shew, X sin, spend, X surely, take, X thoroughly, trim, X very, + vex, be (warr-)ior, work(-man), yield, use.]

e. justice [6666 * tsdaqah] [Strong: from 6663; rightness (abstractly), subjectively (rectitude), objectively (justice), morally (virtue) or figuratively (prosperity):--justice, moderately, right(-eous) (act, -ly, -ness).]

f. judgment [4941 * mishpat] [Strong: from 8199; properly, a verdict (favorable or unfavorable) pronounced judicially, especially a sentence or formal decree (human or (participant's) divine law, individual or collective), including the act, the place, the suit, the crime, and the penalty; abstractly, justice, including a participant's right or privilege (statutory or customary), or even a style:--+ adversary, ceremony, charge, X crime, custom, desert, determination, discretion, disposing, due, fashion, form, to be judged, judgment, just(-ice, -ly), (manner of) law(-ful), manner, measure, (due) order, ordinance, right, sentence, usest, X worthy, + wrong.]

3. “…that the LORD may bring upon Abraham that which he hath spoken of him.”

a. the LORD [3068 * Yhovah] [Strong: from 1961; (the) self-Existent or Eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God:--Jehovah, the Lord.]

b. may bring [935 * bow’] [Strong: a primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications):--abide, apply, attain, X be, befall, + besiege, bring (forth, in, into, to pass), call, carry, X certainly, (cause, let, thing for) to come (against, in, out, upon, to pass), depart, X doubtless again, + eat, + employ, (cause to) enter (in, into, -tering, -trance, -try), be fallen, fetch, + follow, get, give, go (down, in, to war), grant, + have, X indeed, (in-)vade, lead, lift (up), mention, pull in, put, resort, run (down), send, set, X (well) stricken (in age), X surely, take (in), way.]

c. Abraham [85 * ‘Abraham] [Strong: contracted from 1 and an unused root (probably meaning to be populous); father of a multitude; Abraham, the later name of Abram:--Abraham.]

d. that which he hath spoken [1696 * dabar] [Strong: from 1696; a word; by implication, a matter (as spoken of) or thing; adverbially, a cause:--act, advice, affair, answer, X any such (thing), because of, book, business, care, case, cause, certain rate, + chronicles, commandment, X commune(-ication), + concern(-ing), + confer, counsel, + dearth, decree, deed, X disease, due, duty, effect, + eloquent, errand, (evil favoured-)ness, + glory, + harm, hurt, + iniquity, + judgment, language, + lying, manner, matter, message, (no) thing, oracle, X ought, X parts, + pertaining, + please, portion, + power, promise, provision, purpose, question, rate, reason, report, request, X (as hast) said, sake, saying, sentence, + sign, + so, some (uncleanness), somewhat to say, + song, speech, X spoken, talk, task, + that, X there done, thing (concerning), thought, + thus, tidings, what(-soever), + wherewith, which, word, work.]


Tuesday, February 24, 2009

Romans 3:2

Romans 3:2

Much every way: chiefly, because that unto them were committed the oracles of God.

a. NLT: Yes, there are great benefits! First of all, the Jews were entrusted with the whole revelation of God.

b. NIV: Much in every way! First of all, the Jews have been entrusted with the very words of God.

c. Amplified Bible:  Much in every way. To begin with, to the Jews were entrusted the oracles (the brief communications, the intentions, the utterances) of God.

d. Worrell Translation: Much every way: first, that they were entrusted with the oracles of God.

1. “Much every way…”

a. Much [4183 * polus] [Strong: including the forms from the alternate pollos; (singular) much (in any respect) or (plural) many; neuter (singular) as adverbial, largely; neuter (plural) as adverb or noun often, mostly, largely:--abundant, + altogether, common, + far (passed, spent), (+ be of a) great (age, deal, -ly, while), long, many, much, oft(-en (-times)), plenteous, sore, straitly.]

b. every [2596 * kata] [Strong: a primary particle; (prepositionally) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case (genitive, dative or accusative) with which it is joined):--about, according as (to), after, against, (when they were) X alone, among, and, X apart, (even, like) as (concerning, pertaining to touching), X aside, at, before, beyond, by, to the charge of, (charita-)bly, concerning, + covered, (dai-)ly, down, every, (+ far more) exceeding, X more excellent, for, from ... to, godly, in(-asmuch, divers, every, -to, respect of), ... by, after the manner of, + by any means, beyond (out of) measure, X mightily, more, X natural, of (up-)on (X part), out (of every), over against, (+ your) X own, + particularly, so, through(-oughout, -oughout every), thus, (un-)to(-gether, -ward), X uttermost, where(-by), with. In composition it retains many of these applications, and frequently denotes opposition, distribution, or intensity.]

c. way [5158 *tropos] [Strong: from the same as 5157; a turn, i.e. (by implication) mode or style (especially with preposition or relative prefix as adverb, like); figuratively, deportment or character:--(even) as, conversation, (+ like) manner, (+ by any) means, way.

1). The Scripture goes on to say clearly the Jew is no better than the Gentile, that all are under sin and all need the Savior.

a). Romans 3:9-19  What then? are we better than they? No, in no wise: for we have before proved both Jews and Gentiles, that they are all under sin;
3:10 As it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one:
3:11 There is none that understandeth, there is none that seeketh after God.
3:12 They are all gone out of the way, they are together become unprofitable; there is none that doeth good, no, not one.
3:13 Their throat is an open sepulchre; with their tongues they have used deceit; the poison of asps is under their lips:
3:14 Whose mouth is full of cursing and bitterness:
3:15 Their feet are swift to shed blood:
3:16 Destruction and misery are in their ways:
3:17 And the way of peace have they not known:
3:18 There is no fear of God before their eyes.
3:19 Now we know that what things soever the law saith, it saith to them who are under the law: that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God.

2). But it is also clear that the Jew has an advantage, whether you like it or not. Much advantage, much excellence, much preeminence, much increase and much profit, that is what the Jew has, mainly because unto the Jewish people through the Old Covenant the Scriptures were given. There are a number of Old Covenant promises and blessings that were given to the Jewish people that they are experiencing today and the world has been blessed by them because of it. For instance the world has been blessed by the Jewish people in fields of science and literature in amount of .Jewish Nobel Prize Winners: 165 Jewish Nobel Prize winners, since 1901. Folks that’s 24 % of the total amount of winners, no other ethnic group comes close; (2/2006 Edition of Jewish Magazine.) That my friend is a divine advantage, Glory to God!

a). Literature [11]: 1910, Paul Heyse; 1927, Henri Bergson; 1958, Boris Pasternak; 1966, Shmuel Yosef Agnon; 1966, Nelly Sachs; 1976, Saul Bellow; 1978, Isaac Bashevis Singer;     1981, Elias Canetti; 1987, Joseph Brodsky; 1991, Nadine Gordimer; 2002, Imre Kertesz.

b). World Peace [9]: 1911, Alfred Fried; 1911, Tobias Asser; 1968, Rene Cassin; 1973, Henry Kissinger; 1978, Menachem Begin; 1986, Elie Wiesel; 1994, Shimon Peres; 1994, Yitzhak Rabin; 1995, Joseph Rotblat.

c). Chemistry [27]: 1905, Adolph Von Baeyer; 1906, Henri Moissan; 1910, Otto Wallach; 1915, Richard Willstaetter; 1918, Fritz Haber; 1943, George Charles de Hevesy; 1961, Melvin Calvin; 1962, Max Ferdinand Perutz; 1972, William Howard Stein; 1972, C.B. Anfinsen; 1977, Ilya Prigogine; 1979, Herbert Charles Brown; 1980, Paul Berg; 1980, Walter Gilbert; 1981, Ronald Hoffmann; 1982, Aaron Klug; 1985, Herbert A. Hauptman; 1985, Jerome Karle; 1986, Dudley R. Herschbach; 1988, Robert Huber; 1989, Sidney Altman; 1992, Rudolph Marcus; 1998, Walter Kohn; 2000, Alan J. Heeger; 2004, Irwin Rose; 2004, Avram Hershko; 2004, Aaron Ciechanover.

d). Economics [22] 1970, Paul Anthony Samuelson; 1971, Simon Kuznets; 1972, Kenneth Joseph Arrow; 1973, Wassily Leontief; 1975, Leonid Kantorovich; 1976, Milton Friedman; 1978, Herbert A. Simon; 1980, Lawrence Robert Klein; 1985, Franco Modigliani; 1987, Robert M. Solow; 1990, Harry Markowitz; 1990, Merton Miller; 1992, Gary Becker; 1993, Rober Fogel; 1994, John Harsanyi; 1994, Reinhard Selten; 1997, Robert Merton; 1997, Myron Scholes; 2001, George Akerlof; 2001, Joseph Stiglitz, 2002, Daniel Kahneman; 2005, Robert (Israel) Aumann.

e). Medicine [51] 1908, Elie Metchnikoff; 1908, Paul Erlich; 1914, Robert Barany; 1922; Otto Meyerhof; 1930, Karl Landsteiner; 1931, Otto Warburg; 1936, Otto Loewi; 1944, Joseph Erlanger; 1944, Herbert Spencer Gasser; 1945, Ernst Boris Chain; 1946, Hermann Joseph Muller; 1950, Tadeus Reichstein; 1952, Selman Abraham Waksman; 1953, Hans Krebs; 1953, Fritz Albert Lipmann, 1958, Joshua Lederberg; 1959, Arthur Kornberg; 1964, Konrad Bloch; 1965, Francois Jacob, 1965, Andre Lwoff; 1967, George Wald, 1968, Marshall W. Nirenberg; 1969, Salvador Luria; 1970, Julius Axelrod; 1970, Sir Bernard Katz; 1972, Gerald Maurice Edelman; 1975, David Baltimore; 1975, Howard Martin Temin; 1976, Baruch S. Blumberg; 1977, Rosalyn Sussman Yalow; 1977, Andrew V. Schally; 1978, Daniel Nathans; 1980, Baruj Benacerraf; 1984, Cesar Milstein; 1985, Michael Stuart Brown, 1985, Joseph L. Goldstein; 1986, Stanley Cohen [& Rita Levi-Montalcini]; 1988, Gertrude Elion; 1989, Harold Varmus; 1991, Erwin Neher; 1991, Bert Sakmann; 1993, Richard J. Roberts; 1993, Phillip Sharp; 1994, Alfred Gilman; 1994, Martin Rodbell; 1995, Edward B. Lewis; 1997, Stanley B. Prusiner; 1998, Robert F. Furchgott; 2000, Eric R. Kandel; 2002, Sydney Brenner; 2002, Robert H. Horvitz;

f). Physics [45] 1907, Albert Abraham Michelson; 1908, Gabriel Lippmann; 1921, Albert Einstein; 1922, Niels Bohr; 1925, James Franck; 1925, Gustav Hertz, 1943, Gustav Stern, 1944, Isidor Issac Rabi, 1945, Wolfgang  Pauli; 1952, Felix Bloch, 1954, Max Born; 1958, Igor Tamm; 1958, Il'ja Mikhailovich; 1958,  Igor Yevgenyevich; 1959, Emilio Segre; 1960, Donald A. Glaser; 1961, Robert Hofstadter; 1962,  Lev Davidovich Landau; 1963, Eugene P. Wigner; 1965, Richard Phillips Feynman; 1965, Julian Schwinger; 1967, Hans Albrecht Bethe; 1969, Murray Gell-Mann; 1971, Dennis Gabor; 1972, Leon N. Cooper; 1973, Brian David Josephson; 1975, Benjamin Mottleson; 1976, Burton Richter; 1978, Arno Allan Penzias; 1978, Peter L Kapitza; 1979, Stephen Weinberg; 1979, Sheldon Glashow;  1988, Leon Lederman, 1988, Melvin Schwartz; 1988, Jack Steinberger, 1990, Jerome Friedman; 1992, Georges Charpak; 1995, Martin Perl, 1995, Frederick Reines; 1996, David M. Lee; 1996, Douglas D. Osheroff; 1997, Claude Cohen-Tannoudji; 2000, Zhores I. Alferov; 2003, Vitaly Ginsburg; 2003, Alexei Abrikosov.

2. “…chiefly, because that unto them were committed the oracles of God.”

a. chiefly [4412 * proton] [Strong: neuter of 4413 as adverb (with or without 3588); firstly (in time, place, order, or importance):--before, at the beginning, chiefly (at, at the) first (of all).]

b. because [Compound word? Made up of two Greek words # 3303 & 1063][3303 * men] [Strong: a primary particle; properly, indicative of affirmation or concession (in fact); usually followed by a contrasted clause with 1161 (this one, the former, etc.):--even, indeed, so, some, truly, verily. Often compounded with other particles in an intensive or asseverative sense.]

c. [1063 * gar] [Strong: a primary particle; properly, assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles):--and, as, because (that), but, even, for, indeed, no doubt, seeing, then, therefore, verily, what, why, yet.]

d. that [3754 * hoti] [Strong: neuter of 3748 as conjunction; demonstrative, that (sometimes redundant); causative, because:--as concerning that, as though, because (that), for (that), how (that), (in) that, though, why.]

e. committed [4100 * pisteuo] [Strong: from 4102; to have faith (in, upon, or with respect to, a person or thing), i.e. credit; by implication, to entrust (especially one's spiritual well-being to Christ):--believe(-r), commit (to trust), put in trust with.] [Zodhiates: In Romans 3:2, to entrust, commit in trust to someone…to be entrusted with something, to have something committed to one’s trust or charge.]

f. oracles [3051 * logion] [Strong: neuter of 3052; an utterance (of God):--oracle.] [Zodhiates: Sentence, declaration, especially the utterance of the gods,…”]

1). The Jews were given the law, the covenants, the promises.

a). Romans 9:3-5  For I could wish that myself were accursed from Christ for my brethren, my kinsmen according to the flesh:
9:4 Who are Israelites; to whom pertaineth the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of the law, and the service of God, and the promises;
9:5 Whose are the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ came, who is over all, God blessed for ever. Amen.

b). Psalm 147:19, 20 He sheweth his word unto Jacob, his statutes and his judgments unto Israel.
147:20 He hath not dealt so with any nation: and as for his judgments, they have not known them. Praise ye the LORD.

2). The Levites were to be the guardians of the Law:

a). Deuteronomy 31:24-26 And it came to pass, when Moses had made an end of writing the words of this law in a book, until they were finished,
31:25 That Moses commanded the Levites, which bare the ark of the covenant of the Lord, saying,
31:26 Take this book of the law, and put it in the side of the ark of the covenant of the Lord your God, that it may be there for a witness against thee.

3). They were probably also were responsible to make copies of the Scriptures just like the King.

a). Deuteronomy 17:18, 19 And it shall be, when he sitteth upon the throne of his kingdom, that he shall write him a copy of this law in a book out of that which is before the priests the Levites:
17:19 And it shall be with him, and he shall read therein all the days of his life: that he may learn to fear the Lord his God, to keep all the words of this law and these statutes, to do them:

4). God’s word promised the faithful Jew, that those who sought out the wisdom of His word would find wonderful discoveries. Surely the above lists of Nobel Prize winners fits into that category.

a). Proverbs 8:12  I wisdom dwell with prudence, and find out knowledge of witty inventions.

5). In light of all this the promises of God toward Israel, Jerusalem, and the Jew during the 1000 year reign of Christ and the perfect age are very powerful. Just this one passage is full of the favor of God toward Israel.

a). Isaiah 60:9-22 Surely the isles shall wait for me, and the ships of Tarshish first, to bring thy sons from far, their silver and their gold with them, unto the name of the Lord thy God, and to the Holy One of Israel, because he hath glorified thee.
60:10 And the sons of strangers shall build up thy walls, and their kings shall minister unto thee: for in my wrath I smote thee, but in my favour have I had mercy on thee.
60:11 Therefore thy gates shall be open continually; they shall not be shut day nor night; that men may bring unto thee the forces of the Gentiles, and that their kings may be brought.
60:12 For the nation and kingdom that will not serve thee shall perish; yea, those nations shall be utterly wasted.
60:13 The glory of Lebanon shall come unto thee, the fir tree, the pine tree, and the box together, to beautify the place of my sanctuary; and I will make the place of my feet glorious.
60:14 The sons also of them that afflicted thee shall come bending unto thee; and all they that despised thee shall bow themselves down at the soles of thy feet; and they shall call thee; The city of the Lord, The Zion of the Holy One of Israel.
60:15 Whereas thou has been forsaken and hated, so that no man went through thee, I will make thee an eternal excellency, a joy of many generations.
60:16 Thou shalt also suck the milk of the Gentiles, and shalt suck the breast of kings: and thou shalt know that I the Lord am thy Saviour and thy Redeemer, the mighty One of Jacob.
60:17 For brass I will bring gold, and for iron I will bring silver, and for wood brass, and for stones iron: I will also make thy officers peace, and thine exactors righteousness.
60:18 Violence shall no more be heard in thy land, wasting nor destruction within thy borders; but thou shalt call thy walls Salvation, and thy gates Praise.
60:19 The sun shall be no more thy light by day; neither for brightness shall the moon give light unto thee: but the Lord shall be unto thee an everlasting light, and thy God thy glory.
60:20 Thy sun shall no more go down; neither shall thy moon withdraw itself: for the Lord shall be thine everlasting light, and the days of thy mourning shall be ended.
60:21 Thy people also shall be all righteous: they shall inherit the land for ever, the branch of my planting, the work of my hands, that I may be glorified.
60:22 A little one shall become a thousand, and a small one a strong nation: I the Lord will hasten it in his time.

6). Yes, the Jew will be the top ethnic group on the face of the earth after Christ comes back, and that will be for all of eternity. But don’t lose heart, you can be grafted into the Jewish nation, by getting born again, and accepting what was accomplished by Christ in his death and resurrection. The following passages establishes that particular Covenant truth.    

a). Romans 2:28, 29 For he is not a Jew, which is one outwardly; neither is that circumcision, which is outward in the flesh:
2:29 But he is a Jew, which is one inwardly; and circumcision is that of the heart, in the spirit, and not in the letter; whose praise is not of men, but of God.

b). Romans 11:13-18 For I speak to you Gentiles, inasmuch as I am the apostle of the Gentiles, I magnify mine office:
11:14 If by any means I may provoke to emulation them which are my flesh, and might save some of them.
11:15 For if the casting away of them be the reconciling of the world, what shall the receiving of them be, but life from the dead?
11:16 For if the firstfruit be holy, the lump is also holy: and if the root be holy, so are the branches.
11:17 And if some of the branches be broken off, and thou, being a wild olive tree, wert grafted in among them, and with them partakest of the root and fatness of the olive tree;
11:18 Boast not against the branches. But if thou boast, thou bearest not the root, but the root thee.

c). Ephesians 2:11-19 Wherefore remember, that ye being in time past Gentiles in the flesh, who are called Uncircumcision by that which is called the Circumcision in the flesh made by hands;
2:12 That at that time ye were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no hope, and without God in the world:
2:13 But now in Christ Jesus ye who sometimes were far off are made nigh by the blood of Christ.
2:14 For he is our peace, who hath made both one, and hath broken down the middle wall of partition between us;
2:15 Having abolished in his flesh the enmity, even the law of commandments contained in ordinances; for to make in himself of twain one new man, so making peace;
2:16 And that he might reconcile both unto God in one body by the cross, having slain the enmity thereby:
2:17 And came and preached peace to you which were afar off, and to them that were nigh.
2:18 For through him we both have access by one Spirit unto the Father.
2:19 Now therefore ye are no more strangers and foreigners, but fellowcitizens with the saints, and of the household of God;


Friday, February 06, 2009

Isaiah 53:2

Isaiah 53:2

For he shall grow up before him as a tender plant, and as a root out of dry ground: he hath no form nor comeliness; and when we shall see him, there is no beauty that we should desire him.

a. NLT: My servant grew up in the LORD’s presence like a tender green shoot,like a root in dry ground. There was nothing beautiful or majestic about his appearance,
nothing to attract us to him.

b. NIV: He grew up before him like a tender shoot, and like a root out of dry ground. He had no beauty or majesty to attract us to him, nothing in his appearance that we should desire him.

c. Amplified Bible: For [the Servant of God] grew up before Him like a tender plant, and like a root out of dry ground; He has no form or comeliness [royal, kingly pomp], that we should look at Him, and no beauty that we should desire Him.

d. Septuagint: We brought a report as [of] a child before him; [he is] as a root in a thirsty land: he has no form nor comeliness; and we saw him, but he had no form nor beauty.

e. Stone Edition Torah/Writings/Prophets: Formerly he grew like a sapling or like a root from arid ground; he had neither form not grandeur; we saw him, but without such visage that we could desire him.

1. “For he shall grow up before him as a tender plant, and as a root out of dry ground…”

a. [5927 * ‘alah] [Strong: a primitive root; to ascend, intransitively (be high) or actively (mount); used in a great variety of senses, primary and secondary, literal and figurative (as follow):--arise (up), (cause to) ascend up, at once, break (the day) (up), bring (up), (cause to) burn, carry up, cast up, + shew, climb (up), (cause to, make to) come (up), cut off, dawn, depart, exalt, excel, fall, fetch up, get up, (make to) go (away, up); grow (over) increase, lay, leap, levy, lift (self) up, light, (make) up, X mention, mount up, offer, make to pay, + perfect, prefer, put (on), raise, recover, restore, (make to) rise (up), scale, set (up), shoot forth (up), (begin to) spring (up), stir up, take away (up), work.]

b. before him [6440 * paniym] [Strong: plural (but always as singular) of an unused noun (paneh {paw-neh'}; from 6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.):--+ accept, a-(be- )fore(-time), against, anger, X as (long as), at, + battle, + because (of), + beseech, countenance, edge, + employ, endure, + enquire, face, favour, fear of, for, forefront(-part), form(-er time, -ward), from, front, heaviness, X him(-self), + honourable, + impudent, + in, it, look(-eth) (- s), X me, + meet, X more than, mouth, of, off, (of) old (time), X on, open, + out of, over against, the partial, person, + please, presence, propect, was purposed, by reason of, + regard, right forth, + serve, X shewbread, sight, state, straight, + street, X thee, X them(-selves), through (+ - out), till, time(-s) past, (un-)to(-ward), + upon, upside (+ down), with(- in, + -stand), X ye, X you.]

c. tender plant [3126 * yowneq] [Strong: active participle of 3243; a sucker; hence, a twig (of a tree felled and sprouting):--tender plant.]
d. root [8328 * sheresh] [Strong: from 8327; a root (literally or figuratively):--bottom, deep, heel, root.]

e. dry ground [6723 * tsiyah] [Strong: from an unused root meaning to parch; aridity; concretely, a desert:--barren, drought, dry (land, place), solitary place, wilderness.]

These terms are agricultural and Messianic, in that they speak of Jesus.

1). Isaiah 11:1 And there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a Branch shall grow out of his roots.

2). Jeremiah 23:5, 6 Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth.
23:6 In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely: and this is his name whereby he shall be called, THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS.

3). Isaiah 4:2 In that day shall the branch of the LORD be beautiful and glorious, and the fruit of the earth shall be excellent and comely for them that are escaped of Israel.

4). NIV Study Bible note: “…it was the Babylonian exile that brought the kingdom of Judah to an end in 586 B.C.. The Messiah will grow as a shoot from that stump of David’s dynasty.”

2. “…he hath no form nor comeliness; and when we shall see him, there is no beauty that we should desire him.”

a. form [8389 * to’ar] [AMG: royal looking person, a person with dignity.]

b. comeliness [1926 * hadar] [Strongs: magnificence, ornament or splendor, beauty goodly, honour.]

1). AMG, The Complete Word Study Of The Old Testament: “A noun meaning glory, splendor, majesty. It describes the impressive character of God in 1 Chronicles 16:27 and His thunderous voice in Psalms 29:4. Isaiah describes sinners fleeing from the [majesty of the LORD]“hadar” in Isaiah 2:10, 19….In Isaiah’s prophetic description of the Suffering Servant, he uses “hadar” to say that the Servant will have no splendor to attract people to Him (Isaiah 53:2).”

2). In Philippians 2:7 it is seen that when God became man in Christ Jesus, he laid aside all his Godlike characteristics and took the form of a servant. He laid aside his omnipotence, omnipresence, his omniscience, and the glory and majesty of the Godhead. When he healed the sick and cast out devils, he did so as a man filled with the Holy Ghost, not as God. See Notes on Philippians 2:7.

c. see [7200 * ra’ah] Strong: a primitive root; to see, literally or figuratively (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitive, intransitive and causative):--advise self, appear, approve, behold, X certainly, consider, discern, (make to) enjoy, have experience, gaze, take heed, X indeed, X joyfully, lo, look (on, one another, one on another, one upon another, out, up, upon), mark, meet, X be near, perceive, present, provide, regard, (have) respect, (fore-, cause to, let) see(-r, -m, one another), shew (self), X sight of others, (e-)spy, stare, X surely, X think, view, visions.]

d. beauty [4758 * mar’eh] [Strongs: a view, an appearance (the thing seen), countenance, fair, favored, goodly, to look upon.]

e. desire [2530 * chamad] [Strong: a primitive root; to delight in:--beauty, greatly beloved, covet, delectable thing, (X great) delight, desire, goodly, lust, (be) pleasant (thing), precious (thing).]

1). I believe that this verse is also saying that Jesus was and is not the handsome, good looking individual that some believe.  His attraction is the compassion, mercy and grace and inspiration that he demonstrated in His life.

Tuesday, February 03, 2009

Isaiah 52:13

Isaiah 52:13

Behold, my servant shall deal prudently, he shall be exalted and extolled, and very high.

a. NLT: See, my servant will prosper; he will be highly exalted.

b. NIV: See, my servant will act wisely; he will be raised and lifted up and highly exalted.

c. Amplified Bible: Behold, My Servant shall deal wisely and shall prosper; He shall be exalted and extolled and shall stand very high.

d. Septuagint: Behold, my servant shall understand, and be exalted, and glorified exceedingly.

e. Stone Edition Torah/Writings/Prophets: Behold, My servant will succeed; he will be exalted and become high and exceedingly lofty.

1. “Behold, my servant shall deal prudently…”

a. servant [5650 * ‘ebed] [Strong: from 5647; a servant:--X bondage, bondman, (bond-)servant, (man-)servant.]

b. prudently [7919 * sakal] [Strong: a primitive root; to be (causatively, make or act) circumspect and hence, intelligent:--consider, expert, instruct, prosper, (deal) prudent(-ly), (give) skill(-ful), have good success, teach, (have, make to) understand(-ing), wisdom, (be, behave self, consider, make) wise(- ly), guide wittingly. ]

1). The same Hebrew word used for “prudently” in Isaiah 52:13 is the same Hebrew word used for “prosper” in Joshua and 1 Kings.

a). Joshua 1:8 This book of the law shall not depart out of thy mouth; but thou shalt meditate therein day and night, that thou mayest observe to do according to all that is written therein: for then thou shalt make thy way prosperous, and then thou shalt have good success.

b). 1 Kings 2:2, 3 I go the way of all the earth: be thou strong therefore, and shew thyself a man;
2:3 And keep the charge of the LORD thy God, to walk in his ways, to keep his statutes, and his commandments, and his judgments, and his testimonies, as it is written in the law of Moses, that thou mayest prosper in all that thou doest, and whithersoever thou turnest thyself:

b. These promises on meditation are for any believer, who acts in obedience to them, but this particular verse in Isaiah is of course speaking of Christ, and so we can make a logical deduction that Christ was a meditator of God’s word. When Jesus walked on the earth he was very wise and prudent and prosperous because he meditated and walked in obedience to the word of God. There is abundance evidence of this in the Psalms and the Gospels. In the passages below I want to look at another reason for Jesus acting “prudently” Passages that show that when Jesus was in the earth, he did not operate as God, but as a man filled with the Holy Ghost. Jesus walked “prudently” because he was led by the Holy Ghost. All of the passages are in Isaiah.

1). Isaiah 61:1, 2a “The Spirit of the Lord GOD is upon me; because the LORD hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek; he hath sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to them that are bound;
61:2a To proclaim the acceptable year of the LORD,…”

a). The fulfillment of this is of course Luke 4. This is no doubt the clearest example of Jesus ministering in the gifts of the Spirit during His ministry.

b). Luke 4:16-21 And he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up: and, as his custom was, he went into the synagogue on the sabbath day, and stood up for to read.
4:17 And there was delivered unto him the book of the prophet Esaias. And when he had opened the book, he found the place where it was written,
4:18 The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he hath sent me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised,
4:19 To preach the acceptable year of the Lord.
4:20 And he closed the book, and he gave it again to the minister, and sat down. And the eyes of all them that were in the synagogue were fastened on him.
4:21 And he began to say unto them, This day is this scripture fulfilled in your ears.

2). Isaiah 11:1-5 And there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a Branch shall grow out of his roots:
11:2 And the spirit of the LORD shall rest upon him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the LORD;
11:3 And shall make him of quick understanding in the fear of the LORD: and he shall not judge after the sight of his eyes, neither reprove after the hearing of his ears:
11:4 But with righteousness shall he judge the poor, and reprove with equity for the meek of the earth: and he shall smite the earth with the rod of his mouth, and with the breath of his lip shall he slay the wicked.
11:5 And righteousness shall be the girdle of his loins, and faithfulness the girdle of his reins.

a). This passage includes not only his life on earth before his death and resurrection but also his reign as King after he returns.

b). This is a reference of how Jesus operated in the earth in the gifts of the Spirit, as a man filled with the Holy Ghost

3). Isaiah 42:1-4 Behold my servant, whom I uphold; mine elect, in whom my soul delighteth; I have put my spirit upon him: and he shall bring forth judgment to the Gentiles.
42:2 He shall not cry, nor lift up, nor cause his voice to be heard in the street.
42:3 A bruised reed shall he not break, and the smoking flax shall he not quench: he shall bring forth judgment unto truth.
42:4 He shall not fail nor be discouraged, till he have set judgment in the earth: and the isles shall wait for his law.

a). The fulfillment of this is in Matthew.

b). Matthew 12:14-21 Then the Pharisees went out, and held a council against him, how they might destroy him.
12:15 But when Jesus knew it, he withdrew himself from thence: and great multitudes followed him, and he healed them all;
12:16 And charged them that they should not make him known:
12:17 That it might be fulfilled which was spoken by Esaias the prophet, saying,
12:18 Behold my servant, whom I have chosen; my beloved, in whom my soul is well pleased: I will put my spirit upon him, and he shall shew judgment to the Gentiles.
12:19 He shall not strive, nor cry; neither shall any man hear his voice in the streets.
12:20 A bruised reed shall he not break, and smoking flax shall he not quench, till he send forth judgment unto victory.
12:21 And in his name shall the Gentiles trust.

2. “…he shall be exalted and extolled, and be very high.”

a. exalted [7311 * ruwm] [Strong: a primitive root; to be high actively, to rise or raise (in various applications, literally or figuratively):--bring up, exalt (self), extol, give, go up, haughty, heave (up), (be, lift up on, make on, set up on, too) high(-er, one), hold up, levy, lift(-er) up, (be) lofty, (X a-)loud, mount up, offer (up), + presumptuously, (be) promote(-ion), proud, set up, tall(-er), take (away, off, up), breed worms.]

b. extolled [5375 * nasa’ [Strong: a primitive root; to lift, in a great variety of applications, literal and figurative, absol. and rel. (as follows):--accept, advance, arise, (able to, (armor), suffer to) bear(-er, up), bring (forth), burn, carry (away), cast, contain, desire, ease, exact, exalt (self), extol, fetch, forgive, furnish, further, give, go on, help, high, hold up, honorable (+ man), lade, lay, lift (self) up, lofty, marry, magnify, X needs, obtain, pardon, raise (up), receive, regard, respect, set (up), spare, stir up, + swear, take (away, up), X utterly, wear, yield.]

c. very [3966 * ] [Strong: from the same as 181; properly, vehemence, i.e. (with or without preposition) vehemently; by implication, wholly, speedily, etc. (often with other words as an intensive or superlative; especially when repeated):--diligently, especially, exceeding(-ly), far, fast, good, great(-ly), X louder and louder, might(-ily, -y), (so) much, quickly, (so) sore, utterly, very (+ much, sore), well.]

d. high [1361 * gabahh] [Strong: a primitive root; to soar, i.e. be lofty; figuratively, to be haughty:--exalt, be haughty, be (make) high(-er), lift up, mount up, be proud, raise up great height, upward.]

1). The exaltation of Christ because of his obedience is clearly mentioned in the next chapter in Isaiah.

a). Isaiah 53:12  Therefore will I divide him a portion with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he hath poured out his soul unto death: and he was numbered with the transgressors; and he bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.

2). This of course matches perfectly what is said in Philippians.

a). Philippians 2:8-11 And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross.
2:9 Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name above every name;
2:10 That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth;

2:11 And that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.

Isaiah 53:1

Isaiah 53:1

Who hath believed our report? And to whom is the arm of the LORD revealed?

a. NLT: Who has believed our message? To whom has the LORD revealed his powerful arm?

b. NIV: Who has believed our message and to whom has the arm of the LORD been revealed?

c. Amplified Bible: Who has believed (trusted in, relied upon, and clung to) our message [of that which was revealed to us]? And to whom has the arm of the Lord been disclosed?

d. Septuagint:  O Lord, who has believed our report? and to whom has the arm of the Lord been revealed?

e. Stone Edition Torah/Writings/Prophets: Who would believe what we have heard? For whom has the arm of HASHEM been revealed?

f. This verse is quoted twice in the New Testament. It is partially quoted in Romans 10:16, and quoted fully in John 12:38. Both give us sound Hebrew commentary.

1. “Who hath believed our report?”

a. believed [539 * ‘aman] [Strongs: to build up or support; to foster as a parent or nurse; figuratively, to render or be firm or faithful, to trust or believe.] [Gesenius: to prop, to sustain, to support; to bear in the arms, be founded, firm, to be faithful, trustworthy.]

b. report [8052 * shemuw’ah] [Strong: feminine passive participle of 8074; something heard, i.e. an announcement:--bruit, doctrine, fame, mentioned, news, report, rumor, tidings.]

c. The Apostle Paul quotes this verse in Romans, thus beginning with other New Testament passages giving us a New Covenant perspective on faith, echoing and enlarging on the Old Covenant.

1). Romans 10:16 But they have not all obeyed the gospel. For Esaias saith, Lord, who hath believed our report?

a). obeyed [5219 * hupokouo] to listen, attend, to submit, to obey, is used of obedience.

2). Obedience grows out of believing! This is confirmed by another witness in James.

a). James 2:18 Yea, a man may say, Thou hast faith, and I have works: shew me thy faith without thy works, and I will shew you my faith by my works.

3). If we truly believe, we will obey. The reason people do not obey is because they do not believe, no matter how strongly they declare their belief. There are two passages in Romans that bolsters the statement that faith is followed by obedience.

a). Romans 1:5 By whom we have received grace and apostleship, for obedience to the faith among all nations, for his name:

a). Romans 16:25, 26 Now to him that is of power to stablish you according to my gospel, and the preaching of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery, which was kept secret since the world began,
But now is made manifest, and by the scriptures of the prophets, according to the commandment of the everlasting God, made known to all nations for the obedience of faith:

4). Faith demands obedience!

2. “Who hath believed our report? And to whom is the arm of the LORD revealed?”

1). revealed [1540 * galah] [AMG: to reveal. In 1 Samuel it is translated “”told”; in Numbers 24:4 it is translated “open”.

a. In the gospel of John we get an explanation of the meaning of this verse.

1). John 12:37, 38 But though he had done so many miracles before them, yet they believed not on him.
12:38 That the saying of Esaias the prophet might be fulfilled, which he spake, Lord, who hath believed our report? And to whom is the arm of the Lord revealed?

b. As the next verses in John reveal, there was a reason why they did not believe.

1). John 12:39, 40 Therefore they could not believe, because that Esaias said again,
12:40 He hath blinded their eyes, and hardened their heart; that they should not see with their eyes, nor understand with their heart, and be converted, and I should heal them.

c. John links Isaiah 53:1 with Isaiah 6:10. The implication is that God is the one blinding their eyes and hardening their heart.

1). Isaiah 6:10 Make the heart of this people fat, and make their ears, heavy, and shut their eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and convert, and be healed.

d. But that is not the case. God will never violate a person’s free will, even to the point of allowing them to go to hell. In Matthew’s gospel he quotes Jesus referring to Isaiah 6:10, but Jesus says it differently.

1). Matthew 13:14, 15 And in them is fulfilled the prophecy of Esaias, which saith, By hearing ye shall hear, and shall not understand; and seeing ye shall see, and shall not perceive:
13:15 For this people’s heart is waxed gross, and their ears are dull of hearing, and their eyes they have closed; lest at any time they should see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and should be converted, and I should heal them.

e. Scripture is clear about who hardens the heart. We harden our own heart through our disobedience to God’s word.

1). Hebrews 3:12, 13 Take heed, brethren, lest there be in any of you and evil heart of unbelief, in departing from the living God.
3:13 But exhort one another daily, while it is called Today; lest any of you be hardened through the deceitfulness of sin.

f. The reason for the wording used in John and elsewhere putting the blame for these maladies upon God is because God is the Creator and the Administrator of this Universe and as such He is assuming the responsibility. God as created the law of sowing and reaping. [Vincent, Romans 9:22, under the definition of the Greek word for “fitted” Vol.3, p107: “…the being ready certainly arises from a continual reciprocal action between human sin and divine judgment of  blindness and hardness. Every development of sin is a network of human offences and divine judgments.”  God has created this process and though human free will chooses a path to sin and destruction, God assumes a responsibility, a responsibility of hardening the heart, of creating evil, of giving people diseases. Because of free will, God does not assume the ultimate responsibility, and thus judges righteously. Another perspective I discovered recently [10/23/14]: I discover the Hebrew translators correctly placed the responsibility on the people and the Christian/Gentile translators gave the impression that God bears the responsibility is unknown to me and troubling. Looking at the available translations and the Hebrew words I discovered that the English words “Make the” were inserted by translators and making the impression that God was the originator of their fattened heart. Looking at the Jewish translation and the Septuagint which is also a Jewish translation from Hebrew into the Greek, the blame for the condition of the people is squarely on them individually not on God.

g. World Outreach Church Daily Devotional 12/31/11  Jesus said, “All things are possible to him that believeth” (Mark 9:23). The only qualification He gave us is that we must believe. Many would say, “Dear Lord, why did You make it so hard to believe?” And yet, believing is the product, or the offspring, of God’s Word planted in the human heart. Our problem hasn’t been our lack of ability to believe; it has been not knowing what to believe. Believing has always seemed like an abstract, intangible mystery. Someone says, “Man, I’m trying to believe God.” “What are you trying to believe?” “I’m trying to believe God!” But God gets more specific, and asks, “Who hath believed our report?” In any given situation, we need to find out what God is saying and believe His report. In the Garden of Eden, God told Adam, “But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die” (Gen. 2:17). Later the serpent beguiled Eve, saying, “Ye shall not surely die” (Gen. 3:4). Now Eve had two reports. Unfortunately, she chose to believe the serpent’s report. Whose report do you believe ? We can either believe what the problem says or what God says. The serpent asked Eve, “Yea, hath God said?” (Gen. 3:1). Yes, He has. God has said something about every situation we’ll ever run into. So if we want God’s power revealed in our lives, let’s believe His report.

3. “...and to whom is the arm of the LORD revealed?”

a. The term “the arm of the LORD” is used figuratively to denote the mighty power and work of God. This is clearly established in John 12:37, 38 [above]. It is used more than a few times in the Old Covenant. The following verse is prophetic not only of the Millennial reign but also of what God did through the preaching of the gospel throughout the earth.

1). Isaiah 52:10 The LORD hath made bare his holy arm in the eyes of all the nations; and all the ends of the earth shall see the salvation of our God.

b. If you look up this term in a Concordance you will find that this phrase is only used three times in the New Testament in this sense. Luke 1:51; Acts 13:17 In Luke 1:51 Mary is referring to the fulfillment of prophecy regarding the birth of the Messiah. In Acts 13:17 Paul is referring to Israel’s deliverance from Egypt and in John 12:38 describing Jesus working miracles [above].  I began to wonder why there was so few references in the New Testament compared to the Old and realized that if we are the body of Christ, then we are the extension of the arm of the Lord.

1). Ephesians 5:30 For we are members of his body, of his flesh, and of his bones.

c. If we are the “members of his body” then we are his arm. The mighty works of God are to be done in the earth through us, his body on the earth.

1). Mark 16:15-20 And he said unto them, Go ye into all the world, and preach the gospel to every creature.
16:16 He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved; but he that believeth not shall be damned.
16:17 And these signs shall follow them that believe; In my name they shall cast out devils; they shall speak with new tongues;
16:18 They shall take up serpents; and if they drink any deadly thing, it shall not hurt them; they shall lay hands on the sick, and they shall recover.
16:19 So then after the Lord had spoken unto them, he was received up into heaven, and sat on the right hand of God.
16:20 And they went forth, and preached every where, the Lord working with them, and confirming the word with signs following. Amen.

2). John 14:12, 13 Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that believeth on me, the works that I do shall he do also; and greater works  than these shall he do; because I go unto my Father.
14:13 And whatsoever ye shall ask in my name, that will I do, that the Father may be glorified in the Son.

d. World Outreach Church Daily Devotional 7/7/14 Did you ever wonder, to whom does God reveal His arm? In other words, to whom does God show His strength? And for whom does He work miracles? People say, “Oh, you never know for whom God will use His power. God works in mysterious ways.” No, that isn’t the way it works. If someone starts to reveal his arm—to roll up his sleeves—he’s getting ready to use some strength. If a big guy begins rolling up his sleeves, you figure he’s either getting ready to work or getting ready to fight. And God reveals His arm when He’s ready to go to work—and show some power—for His children. Does God have favorite children? Does He look at some and say, “I don’t know what it is, but something about you bothers me. I just don’t like you, and I think I’ll take all My blessings somewhere else”? No, God is no respecter of persons. God doesn’t have favorite children. What He does for one, He does for anyone. He loves the whole world equally. God loved us while we were yet sinners to the extent that He sent His own Son to die for us. And yet, God doesn’t reveal His arm for everyone. He reveals His arm and demonstrates His power for those who believe His report—His Word. So really, the choice isn’t God’s—it’s yours. If you want God’s power revealed to you, then you must believe His report.