Sunday, August 29, 2010

Isaiah 53:7

Isaiah 53:7

He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth: he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he openeth not his mouth.

a. NLT: He was oppressed and treated harshly, yet he never said a word. He was led like a lamb to the slaughter. And as a sheep is silent before the shearers, he did not open his mouth.

b. NIV: He was oppressed and afflicted, yet he did not open his mouth; he was led like a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before its shearers is silent, so he did not open his mouth.

c. Amplified Bible: He was oppressed, yet when He was afflicted He was submissive and opened not His mouth; as a lamb that is led to the slaughter, and as a sheep that before her shearers is dumb, so He opened not his mouth.

d. Septuagint:  And he, because of his affliction, opens not his mouth: he was led as a sheep to the slaughter, and as a lamb before the shearer is dumb, so he opens not his mouth.

e. Stone Edition Torah/Writings/Prophets: He was persecuted and afflicted, but he did not open his mouth; like a sheep being led to the slaughter or a ewe that is silent before her shearers, he did not open his mouth.

1. “He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth…”

a. oppressed [5065 * nagas] [Strong’s: to drive an animal, oppress, to tax or tyrannize.]

b. afflicted [6031 * ‘anah] [Strongs: looking down or browbeating, to depress.]

c. opened [6605 * pathach] [Strong: a primitive root; to open wide (literally or figuratively); specifically, to loosen, begin, plough, carve:--appear, break forth, draw (out), let go free, (en-)grave(-n), loose (self), (be, be set) open(-ing), put off, ungird, unstop, have vent.]

d. mouth [6310 * peh] [Strong: from 6284; the mouth (as the means of blowing), whether literal or figurative (particularly speech); specifically edge, portion or side; adverbially (with preposition) according to:--accord(-ing as, -ing to), after, appointment, assent, collar, command(-ment), X eat, edge, end, entry, + file, hole, X in, mind, mouth, part, portion, X (should) say(-ing), sentence, skirt, sound, speech, X spoken, talk, tenor, X to, + two-edged, wish, word.]

1). This is the exact picture of Jesus before the Sanhedrin.

a). Matthew 26:57-68 And they that had laid hold on Jesus led him away to Caiaphas the high priest, where the scribes and the elders were assembled.
26:58 But Peter followed him afar off unto the high priest's palace, and went in, and sat with the servants, to see the end.
26:59 Now the chief priests, and elders, and all the council, sought false witness against Jesus, to put him to death;
26:60 But found none: yea, though many false witnesses came, yet found they none. At the last came two false witnesses,
26:61 And said, This fellow said, I am able to destroy the temple of God, and to build it in three days.
26:62 And the high priest arose, and said unto him, Answerest thou nothing? what is it which these witness against thee?
26:63 But Jesus held his peace. And the high priest answered and said unto him, I adjure thee by the living God, that thou tell us whether thou be the Christ, the Son of God.
26:64 Jesus saith unto him, Thou hast said: nevertheless I say unto you, Hereafter shall ye see the Son of man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heaven.
26:65 Then the high priest rent his clothes, saying, He hath spoken blasphemy; what further need have we of witnesses? behold, now ye have heard his blasphemy.
26:66 What think ye? They answered and said, He is guilty of death.
26:67 Then did they spit in his face, and buffeted him; and others smote him with the palms of their hands,
26:68 Saying, Prophesy unto us, thou Christ, Who is he that smote thee?

2. “…he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he openeth not his mouth.”

a. brought [2986 * yabal] [Strong: a primitive root; properly, to flow; causatively, to bring (especially with pomp):--bring (forth), carry, lead (forth).]

b. lamb [7716 * she] [Strong: probably from 7582 through the idea of pushing out to graze; a member of a flock, i.e. a sheep or goat:--(lesser, small) cattle, ewe, goat, lamb, sheep.]

c. slaughter [2874 * tebach] [Strong: from 2874; properly, something slaughtered; hence, a beast (or meat, as butchered); abstr. butchery (or concretely, a place of slaughter):--X beast, slaughter, X slay, X sore.]

d. sheep [7353 * Rachel] [Strong: from an unused root meaning to journey; a ewe (the females being the predominant element of a flock) (as a good traveller):--ewe, sheep.]

e. before [6440 * paniym] [Strong: plural (but always as singular) of an unused noun (paneh {paw-neh'}; from 6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.):--+ accept, a-(be- )fore(-time), against, anger, X as (long as), at, + battle, + because (of), + beseech, countenance, edge, + employ, endure, + enquire, face, favour, fear of, for, forefront(-part), form(-er time, -ward), from, front, heaviness, X him(-self), + honourable, + impudent, + in, it, look(-eth) (- s), X me, + meet, X more than, mouth, of, off, (of) old (time), X on, open, + out of, over against, the partial, person, + please, presence, propect, was purposed, by reason of, + regard, right forth, + serve, X shewbread, sight, state, straight, + street, X thee, X them(-selves), through (+ - out), till, time(-s) past, (un-)to(-ward), + upon, upside (+ down), with(- in, + -stand), X ye, X you.]
f. shearers [1494 * gazaz] [Strong: a primitive root (akin to 1468); to cut off; specifically to shear a flock or shave the hair; figuratively to destroy an enemy:--cut off (down), poll, shave, ((sheep-)) shear(-er).]

g. dumb [481 * ‘alam] [Strong: a primitive root; to tie fast; hence (of the mouth) to be tongue-tied:--bind, be dumb, put to silence.]

h. opened [6605 * pathach] [Strong: a primitive root; to open wide (literally or figuratively); specifically, to loosen, begin, plough, carve:--appear, break forth, draw (out), let go free, (en-)grave(-n), loose (self), (be, be set) open(-ing), put off, ungird, unstop, have vent.]

i. mouth [6310 * peh] [Strong: from 6284; the mouth (as the means of blowing), whether literal or figurative (particularly speech); specifically edge, portion or side; adverbially (with preposition) according to:--accord(-ing as, -ing to), after, appointment, assent, collar, command(-ment), X eat, edge, end, entry, + file, hole, X in, mind, mouth, part, portion, X (should) say(-ing), sentence, skirt, sound, speech, X spoken, talk, tenor, X to, + two-edged, wish, word.]

1). This describes Jesus before the Roman Governor.

a. ). Matthew 27:11-14 And Jesus stood before the governor: and the governor asked him, saying, Art thou the King of the Jews? And Jesus said unto him, Thou sayest.
27:12 And when he was accused of the chief priests and elders, he answered nothing.
27:13 Then said Pilate unto him, Hearest thou not how many things they witness against thee?
27:14 And he answered him to never a word; insomuch that the governor marvelled greatly.

2). Jeremiah experienced persecution similarly.

a). Jeremiah 11:19 But I was like a lamb or an ox that is brought to the slaughter; and I knew not that they had devised devices against me, saying, Let us destroy the tree with the fruit thereof, and let us cut him off from the land of the living, that his name may be no more remembered.

3). Under the New Covenant we are more than conquerors in all these things.

a). Romans 8:33-37 Who shall lay any thing to the charge of God's elect? It is God that justifieth.
8:34 Who is he that condemneth? It is Christ that died, yea rather, that is risen again, who is even at the right hand of God, who also maketh intercession for us.
8:35 Who shall separate us from the love of Christ? shall tribulation, or distress, or persecution, or famine, or nakedness, or peril, or sword?
8:36 As it is written, For thy sake we are killed all the day long; we are accounted as sheep for the slaughter.
8:37 Nay, in all these things we are more than conquerors through him that loved us.

Isaiah 53:6

Isaiah 53:6

All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the LORD hath laid on him the iniquity of us all.

a. NLT: All of us, like sheep, have strayed away. We have left God’s paths to follow our own. Yet the LORD laid on him the sins of us all.

b. NIV: We all, like sheep, have gone astray, each of us has turned to our own way; and the LORD has laid on him the iniquity of us all.

c. Amplified Bible: All we like sheep have gone astray, we have turned every one to his own way; and the Lord has made to light upon Him the guilt and iniquity of us all.

d. Septuagint: All we as sheep have gone astray; every one has gone astray in his way; and the Lord gave him up for our sins.

e. Stone Edition Torah/Writings/Prophets: We have all strayed like sheep, each of us turning his own way, and HASHEM inflicted upon him the iniquity of us all.

1. “All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way…”

a. Because the redemption of all mankind was accomplished at the cross, then the going astray and the turning away of us all occurred at the fall of man in the garden.

1). Romans 5:6-8 For when we were yet without strength, in due time Christ died for the ungodly.
5:7 For scarcely for a righteous man will one die: yet peradventure for a good man some would even dare to die.
5:8 But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.

b. We are like sheep having no shepherd.

1). Matthew 9:36-38 But when he saw the multitudes, he was moved with compassion on them, because they fainted, and were scattered abroad, as sheep having no shepherd.
9:37 Then saith he unto his disciples, The harvest truly is plenteous, but the labourers are few;
9:38 Pray ye therefore the Lord of the harvest, that he will send forth labourers into his harvest.

c. When we turn to our own way we are without God.

1). Ephesians 2:11-13 Wherefore remember, that ye being in time past Gentiles in the flesh, who are called Uncircumcision by that which is called the Circumcision in the flesh made by hands;
2:12 That at that time ye were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no hope, and without God in the world:
2:13 But now in Christ Jesus ye who sometimes were far off are made nigh by the blood of Christ.

d. In giving our hearts and lives to Christ we return to our Shepherd.

1). 1 Peter 2:25 For ye were as sheep going astray; but are now returned unto the Shepherd and Bishop of your souls.

2. “…and the LORD hath laid on him the iniquity of us all.”

a. The LORD’S reply to our going astray was laying our iniquity on Jesus. That moment can be seen when Jesus was on the cross.

1). Psalm 22:1 My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me? why art thou so far from helping me, and from the words of my roaring?

1). Romans 5:6-8 For when we were yet without strength, in due time Christ died for the ungodly.
5:7 For scarcely for a righteous man will one die: yet peradventure for a good man some would even dare to die.
5:8 But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.  

b. The marginal reading reflecting on the Hebrew reads, “made the iniquity of us all to meet on him.”

c. This prophetic redemptive reality was hinted at in the Old Covenant.

1). Numbers 21: 4-9 And they journeyed from mount Hor by the way of the Red sea, to compass the land of Edom: and the soul of the people was much discouraged because of the way.
21:5 And the people spake against God, and against Moses, Wherefore have ye brought us up out of Egypt to die in the wilderness? for there is no bread, neither is there any water; and our soul loatheth this light bread.
21:6 And the LORD sent fiery serpents among the people, and they bit the people; and much people of Israel died.
21:7 Therefore the people came to Moses, and said, We have sinned, for we have spoken against the LORD, and against thee; pray unto the LORD, that he take away the serpents from us. And Moses prayed for the people.
21:8 And the LORD said unto Moses, Make thee a fiery serpent, and set it upon a pole: and it shall come to pass, that every one that is bitten, when he looketh upon it, shall live.
21:9 And Moses made a serpent of brass, and put it upon a pole, and it came to pass, that if a serpent had bitten any man, when he beheld the serpent of brass, he lived.

d. Jesus verified this to Nicodemus in the book of John.

1). John 3:14, 15 And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of man be lifted up:
3:15 That whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have eternal life.

e. The Apostle Paul declared that this was an intricate part of our redemption, that Jesus bore my sins so that I could receive his righteousness.

1). 2 Corinthians 5:21 For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.

f. All our iniquity was laid on Jesus so that we as New Covenant believers in Christ can turn away from iniquity. By giving his life Jesus purchased us, redeemed us from iniquity. This is the grace of God.

1). Titus 2:11-13 For the grace of God that bringeth salvation hath appeared to all men,
Teaching us that, denying ungodliness and worldly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly, in this present world;
2:12 Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ;
2:13 Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works.

a). The grace of God not only purchased us out of iniquity it also give us the power through Jesus to deny ungodliness and worldly lust from being in our lives and the power to live righteous, godly lives.

g. It is no wonder that a serpent was the perfect type of Jesus hanging on the cross, Jesus became our sin. Our sin was laid on Jesus while he was on the cross.

Isaiah 53:5

Isaiah 53:5

But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed.

a. NLT: But he was pierced for our rebellion, crushed for our sins. He was beaten so we could be whole. He was whipped so we could be healed.

b. NIV: But he was pierced for our transgressions, he was crushed for our iniquities; the punishment that brought us peace was on him, and by his wounds we are healed.

c. Amplified Bible: But He was wounded for our transgressions, He was bruised for our guilt and iniquities; the chastisement [needful to obtain] peace and well-being for us was upon Him, and with the stripes [that wounded] Him we are healed and made whole.

d. Septuagint: But he was wounded on account of our sins, and was bruised because of our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; [and] by his bruises we were healed.

e. Stone Edition Torah/Writings/Prophets: He was pained because of our rebellious sins and oppressed through our iniquities; the chastisement upon him was for our benefit, and through his wounds, we were healed. 

f. It seems that Isaiah 53 is a coming to terms of the Jewish nation regarding Jesus the Messiah. It is prophetic in two ways. First of course it was written hundreds of years before it occurred and foretold it would happen, but secondly, Isaiah is writing from a position of already realizing who Jesus actually was and then lamenting of how they were blinded to the fact of who he was. It seems this is a glimpse, a revelation into the heart and soul of the Jewish nation after the second coming of Christ. I believe these are some of the thoughts of their mourning in Zechariah 12:10-14.

1. “But he was wounded for our transgressions…”

a. wounded [2490 * chalal] [Strongs: to bore, wound, dissolve. [Gesenius: pierce through.]

b. transgressions [6588 * pasha] [Strongs: a revolt, rebellion national, religious, moral. Sin, trespass, transgression.]

1). Here they realize that the punishment that the servant was suffering was not for his sins but for theirs, and ours. Jesus was wounded for our sins. It is clear that the Messiah is suffering all of this for our benefit. He gets the wounds and bruises for our sins, he gets the chastisement and the stripes while we get the peace and the healing.

a). [Amplified Bible] Romans 4:25 says, “Who was betrayed and put to death because of our misdeeds…”

2. “…he was bruised for our iniquities…”

a. bruised [1792 * daka] [Strongs: to crumble, to bruise, break in pieces, crush.]

b. iniquities [5771 * avown] perversity, i.e., moral evil, fault, iniquity, sin.

1). Jesus was crushed for our sins.

a). The Amplified Bible in Romans 4:25 says, “Who was betrayed and put to death because of our misdeeds…”

b). World Outreach Church Daily Devotional 7/10/14 When man fell from grace in the Garden of Eden, his spirit, soul, and body fell too. God responded with a plan to redeem mankind with the blood of Jesus. God wasn’t interested in doing just half a job. He wanted to redeem all of man. Actually, man had a threefold problem, and Jesus gave us a threefold answer. He went to the Cross as our substitute, bearing our sins, the chastisement of our peace, and our sicknesses. He paid the same price for all three dimensions of our being, so apparently all three are equally important. You may say, “Well, I thought spiritual things were more important.” In the realm of eternity, that’s true. But God never required us to choose whether we wanted our spirits, souls, or bodies taken care of. He said, “I paid the price for all three dimensions so receive all three benefits!” The first benefit mentioned in Isaiah 53:5 takes care of the sin problem: “He was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities.” Jesus died on the Cross to pay for our sins. He shed His blood for us because without the shedding of blood, there is no remission of sins. (Heb. 9:22.) And He was raised from the dead so we could be born again. Once we receive Jesus Christ as Savior, God’s report is that we’re forgiven of sins.

c). World Outreach Church Daily Devotional 7/13/14 Isaiah 53:1 says, “Who hath believed our report?” Believing the right report isn’t mind over matter or the power of positive thinking. It’s believing God’s Word over our problems, symptoms, or circumstances. This means we have to choose whom we will believe. Will we believe God or the world? Will we believe the voice of the Holy Spirit or the voice of the devil? Once we know what God says, we can choose to believe His report. In Isaiah 53:5, God gives us this report to believe: Jesus was wounded for our transgressions and bruised for our iniquities so we can be free from sin. He took the chastisement of our peace upon Himself so we can have peace. And He bore stripes upon His back so we can be healed. A note in the margin of my King James Bible states the Hebrew word for stripes literally means “bruise.” Now look at Isaiah 53:10: “Yet it pleased the Lord to bruise him….” Can you imagine our heavenly Father being pleased to bruise His Son? God was pleased because He understood the end result. Jesus was bruised for our sickness, then died on the Cross for us. But in three days Jesus would be raised from the dead in a glorified, healthy body. And because of the bruises He bore, the entire body of Christ could go free from sickness. That’s the report God wants us to believe.

3. “…the chastisement of our peace was upon him…”

a. chastisement [4148 * muwcar] [Strong: from 3256; properly, chastisement; figuratively, reproof, warning or instruction; also restraint:--bond, chastening ((-eth)), chastisement, check, correction, discipline, doctrine, instruction, rebuke.]

b. peace [7965 * shalowm] [Strong: from 7999; safe, i.e. (figuratively) well, happy, friendly; also (abstractly) welfare, i.e. health, prosperity, peace:--X do, familiar, X fare, favour, + friend, X great, (good) health, (X perfect, such as be at) peace(-able, -ably), prosper(-ity, -ous), rest, safe(-ty), salute, welfare, (X all is, be) well, X wholly.]

1). Here they realize that the suffering Jesus experienced was for our sins and not his own.

1). “…we did esteem his smitten of God and afflicted. But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities….”

a.       Some translators say that “the discipline of our peace” must mean discipline which procures our peace. The peace, the healing is ours, in consequence of the chastisement that was his.

1). Ephesians 2:13, 14 But now in Christ Jesus ye who sometimes were far off are made nigh by the blood of Christ.
2:14 For he is our peace, who hath made both one, and hath broken down the middle wall of partition between us;

2). Jesus is our peace because He is the Lord our peace.

a). Judges 6:21-24 Then the angel of the LORD put forth the end of the staff that was in his hand, and touched the flesh and the unleavened cakes; and there rose up fire out of the rock, and consumed the flesh and the unleavened cakes. Then the angel of the LORD departed out of his sight.
6:22 And when Gideon perceived that he was an angel of the LORD, Gideon said, Alas, O Lord GOD! for because I have seen an angel of the LORD face to face.
6:23 And the LORD said unto him, Peace be unto thee; fear not: thou shalt not die.
6:24 Then Gideon built an altar there unto the LORD, and called it Jehovahshalom: unto this day it is yet in Ophrah of the Abiezrites.

c. We received the peace while Jesus received the chastisement.

1). Romans 4:23-5:1 Now it was not written for his sake alone, that it was imputed to him;
4:24 But for us also, to whom it shall be imputed, if we believe on him that raised up Jesus our Lord from the dead;
4:25 Who was delivered for our offences, and was raised again for our justification.
5:1 Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ:

a). Most Christians look at that passage in the wrong way. They think, because the Bible says, “being justified by faith” they believe its their faith that Romans 5:1 is referring to. Saints, that is not what its saying.

b). Romans 4:25 [NASB] He who was delivered up because of our transgressions, and was raised because of our justification.

c). Romans 4:25 [Young’s Literal Translation] who was delivered up because of our offences, and was raised up because of our being declared righteous.

d). E.W. Kenyon in his book, What happened from the Cross to the Throne: “When Christ was raised from the tomb, everyone had righteousness set to their account, which would give them a legal right to eternal life, but this righteousness did not become theirs until they personally accepted Jesus Christ as their Savior and confessed Him as their Lord. Those who teach a universal salvation have only grasped the legal side of redemption.”

e). And it must be stated that by itself universal salvation is a grave error, it is false doctrine. But we can that our justification was accomplished by Christ and then he came out of the grave.

 2). One of the seven Redemptive names for God is Jehovah-shalom, The LORD our peace.

a). Judges 6:21-24 Then the angel of the LORD put forth the end of the staff that was in his hand, and touched the flesh and the unleavened cakes; and there rose up fire out of the rock, and consumed the flesh and the unleavened cakes. Then the angel of the LORD departed out of his sight.
6:22 And when Gideon perceived that he was an angel of the LORD, Gideon said, 6:23 Alas, O Lord GOD! for because I have seen an angel of the LORD face to face.
6:24 And the LORD said unto him, Peace be unto thee; fear not: thou shalt not die.
Then Gideon built an altar there unto the LORD, and called it Jehovahshalom: unto this day it is yet in Ophrah of the Abiezrites.

4. “…and with his stripes we are healed.”

a. stripes [2250 * chaburah] [Strongs: bound with stripes, a weal, a black and blue mark, blueness, bruise.]

b. healed [7495 * rapha] [Strong’s: to mend, to cure, cause to heal, physician, repair, make whole.]

c. Peter quoted this passage in his first epistle.

1). 1 Peter 2:24 Who his own self bare our sins in his own body on the tree, that we, being dead to sins, should live unto righteousness: by whose stripes ye were healed.

2). Some believers attribute the healing of the New Covenant to the stripes that Jesus experienced from the Romans. Personally I believe that he bore my sicknesses when he bore my sin, on the cross.

d. Those who try to split the atonement.

1). World Outreach Church Daily Devotional 4/5/13 In the past, many in the body of Christ have tried to split the Atonement down the middle. Then they’ve tried to separate the two halves. They say, “Thank God, salvation is for anyone, any time. Second Peter 3:9 says, ‘The Lord is...not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance.’ So whoever wants to be saved may freely come.” “However,” they continue, “healing is not for today.” Or they say, “God can heal, but He normally doesn’t. He heals some, but He doesn’t heal everyone.” Or perhaps they rationalize, “God has replaced healing with doctors and hospitals.” But no one has a right to split the Atonement down the middle. Jesus paid the price for us spirit, soul, and body. One half of the Atonement is the forgiveness of sin; the other half of the Atonement is healing for the physical body. Jesus Christ not only paid the price for our sins and iniquities, but at the same time He also paid the price for our sicknesses and diseases. When the body of Christ grabs hold of that revelation, the sick will be healed, the weak will be made strong, and the healthy will stay well.

Isaiah 53:3

Isaiah 53:3

He is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were our faces from him; he was despised, and we esteemed him not.

a. NLT: He was despised and rejected—a man of sorrows, acquainted with deepest grief. We turned our backs on him and looked the other way. He was despised, and we did not care.

b. NIV: He was despised and rejected by mankind, a man of suffering, and familiar with pain. Like one from whom people hide their faces he was despised, and we held him in low esteem.

c. Amplified Bible: He was despised and ejected and forsaken by men, a Man of sorrows and pains, and acquainted with grief and sickness; and like One from Whom men hide their faces He was despised, and we did not appreciate His worth or have any esteem for Him.

d. Septuagint: But his form was ignoble, and inferior to that of the children of men; [he was] a man in suffering, and acquainted with the bearing of sickness, for his face is turned from [us]: he was dishonoured, and not esteemed.

e. Stone Edition Torah/Writings/Prophets: He was despised and isolated from men, a man of pains and accustomed to illness. As one from whom we would hide our faces; he was despised, and we had no regard for him.

1. “He is despised and rejected of men…”

a. despised [959 * Bazah] [Strongs: to disesteem, despise, disdain, think to scorn.] [AMG Word Study: a verb meaning to hold in contempt or to despise.] [D.C.This is the same Hebrew word as used when Esau “despised” his birthright.]

b. rejected [2310 * chadel] [Strongs: vacant, i.e., ceasing or destitute, frail, rejected.] [AMG Word Study: It means the opposite of hearing, refusing to hear or respond positively.]

c. men [376 * ‘iysh] [Strong: contracted for 582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation):--also, another, any (man), a certain, + champion, consent, each, every (one), fellow, (foot-, husband-)man, (good-, great, mighty) man, he, high (degree), him (that is), husband, man(-kind), + none, one, people, person, + steward, what (man) soever, whoso(-ever), worthy.]

1). It was prophesied of Him before His life here and earlier in Isaiah.

a). Isaiah 49:7 Thus saith the LORD, the Redeemer of Israel, and his Holy One, to him whom man despiseth, to him whom the nation abhorreth, to a servant of rulers, Kings shall see and arise, princes also shall worship, because of the LORD that is faithful, and the Holy One of Israel, and he shall choose thee.

2). This was fulfilled during his life.

a). John 15:22-25 If I had not come and spoken unto them, they had not had sin: but now they have no cloke for their sin.
15:23 He that hated me hateth my Father also.
15:24 If I had not done among them the works which none other man did, they had not had sin: but now have they both seen and hated both me and my Father.
15:25 But this is come to pass, that the word might be fulfilled that is written in their law, They hated me without a cause.

3). In the above passage Jesus is referring to a few passages, all Messianic.

a)      Psalm 69:4 They that hate me without a cause are more than the hairs of mine head: they that would destroy me, being mine enemies wrongfully, are mighty: then I restored that which I took not away. 

b). Psalm 35:19 Let not them that are mine enemies wrongfully rejoice over me: neither let them wink with the eye that hate me without a cause.

c). Isaiah 49:7 Thus saith the LORD, the Redeemer of Israel, and his Holy One, to him whom man despiseth, to him whom the nation abhorreth, to a servant of rulers, Kings shall see and arise, princes also shall worship, because of the LORD that is faithful, and the Holy One of Israel, and he shall choose thee.

4). Luke 18:31-33 Then he took unto him the twelve, and said unto them, Behold, we go up to Jerusalem, and all things that are written by the prophets concerning the Son of man shall be accomplished.
For he shall be delivered unto the Gentiles, and shall be mocked, and spitefully entreated, and spitted on:
And they shall scourge him, and put him to death: and the third day he shall rise again.

e. It was also fulfilled at his death on the cross.

3). Psalm 22:6-8 But I am a worm, and no man; a reproach of men, and despised of the people.
All they that see me laugh me to scorn: they shoot out the lip, they shake the head, saying,
He trusted on the LORD that he would deliver him: let him deliver him, seeing he delighted in him.

f. Jesus was rejected by the world and by his own people.

1). John 1:10, 11 He was in the world, and the world was made by him, and the world knew him not.
He came unto his own, and his own received him not.

g. Jesus wept over this rejection.

1). Luke 19:41-44 And when he was come near, he beheld the city, and wept over it,
Saying, If thou hadst known, even thou, at least in this thy day, the things which belong unto thy peace! but now they are hid from thine eyes.
For the days shall come upon thee, that thine enemies shall cast a trench about thee, and compass thee round, and keep thee in on every side,
And shall lay thee even with the ground, and thy children within thee; and they shall not leave in thee one stone upon another; because thou knewest not the time of thy visitation. 

2). Matthew 23:37-39 O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, thou that killest the prophets, and stonest them which are sent unto thee, how often would I have gathered thy children together, even as a hen gathereth her chickens under her wings, and ye would not!
Behold, your house is left unto you desolate.
For I say unto you, Ye shall not see me henceforth, till ye shall say, Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord.

2. “…a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief…”

a. sorrows [4341 * mak’obah] [Strongs: anguish, or figuratively affliction, grief, pain, sorrow.] [AMG Word Study: a masculine noun referring to pain, suffering.]

1). Jesus was rejected by the world and by his own people.

a). John 1:10, 11 He was in the world, and the world was made by him, and the world knew him not.
He came unto his own, and his own received him not.

2). Jesus wept over this rejection.

a). Luke 19:41-44 And when he was come near, he beheld the city, and wept over it,
19:42 Saying, If thou hadst known, even thou, at least in this thy day, the things which belong unto thy peace! but now they are hid from thine eyes.
19:43 For the days shall come upon thee, that thine enemies shall cast a trench about thee, and compass thee round, and keep thee in on every side,
19:44 And shall lay thee even with the ground, and thy children within thee; and they shall not leave in thee one stone upon another; because thou knewest not the time of thy visitation.

b). Matthew 23:37-39 O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, thou that killest the prophets, and stonest them which are sent unto thee, how often would I have gathered thy children together, even as a hen gathereth her chickens under her wings, and ye would not!
23:38 Behold, your house is left unto you desolate.
23:39 For I say unto you, Ye shall not see me henceforth, till ye shall say, Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord.

b. acquainted [3045 * yada’] [Strongs: to know, by seeing] [AMG Word Study: A verb meaning to know, to learn, to perceive, to discern, to experience.]

c. grief [2483 * choliy] [Strongs: malady, calamity, disease, sickness.] [AMG Word Study: A masculine noun indicating disease, sickness.]

d. The Messiah is a man of sorrows and acquainted with sickness and disease because he bore them on the cross. Yet at the same time he was anointed with joyfulness.

1). Hebrews 1:9 Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, even thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.

a). gladness [ 20 * agalliasis] [Vines: exultation, exuberant joy.]

e. The Hebrews verse is a quote from Psalms.

1). Psalm 45:7 Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest wickedness: therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.

a). gladness [8342 * sason] [Strongs: gladness, joy, mirth, rejoicing.]

2). I believe that Jesus while being a man of sorrows, was also more joyful than anyone else. If words mean anything it was because he loved righteousness and hated iniquity.

3. “…and we hid as it were our faces from him…”

a. we hid [4564 * macter] [Strong: from 5641; properly, a hider, i.e. (abstractly) a hiding, i.e. aversion:--hid.]

b. faces [6440 * paniym] [Strongs: plural (but always as singular) of an unused noun (paneh {paw-neh'}; from 6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.):--+ accept, a-(be- )fore(-time), against, anger, X as (long as), at, + battle, + because (of), + beseech, countenance, edge, + employ, endure, + enquire, face, favour, fear of, for, forefront(-part), form(-er time, -ward), from, front, heaviness, X him(-self), + honourable, + impudent, + in, it, look(-eth) (- s), X me, + meet, X more than, mouth, of, off, (of) old (time), X on, open, + out of, over against, the partial, person, + please, presence, propect, was purposed, by reason of, + regard, right forth, + serve, X shewbread, sight, state, straight, + street, X thee, X them(-selves), through (+ - out), till, time(-s) past, (un-)to(-ward), + upon, upside (+ down), with(- in, + -stand), X ye, X you.]

1). They hid there faces from him because they despised and abhorred him.

a). Isaiah 49:7 Thus saith the LORD, the Redeemer of Israel, and his Holy One, to him whom man despiseth, to him whom the nation abhorreth, to a servant of rulers, Kings shall see and arise, princes also shall worship, because of the LORD that is faithful, and the Holy One of Israel, and he shall choose thee.

2). In the margin of the Thomas Nelson, Kenneth E. Hagin Faith Edition Bible it reads: Heb: “he hid as it were his face from us.” I can see this in light of his “emptying himself” to become man. He laid aside what he really looked like in his God form to become man. So that Israel did not recognize Him. In light of that, there is an interesting passage in Isaiah 8 that links God hiding his face from Israel to the New Covenant.

a). Isaiah 8:17, 18 And I will wait upon the LORD, that hideth his face from the house of Jacob, and I will look for him.
8:18 Behold, I and the children whom the LORD hath given me are for signs and for wonders in Israel from the LORD of hosts, which dwelleth in mount Zion.

3). There is a partial quote of verse 18 quoted in a passage in Hebrews 2:13; the whole passage runs from verse 10 to 14 that links the hiding of the face of God from Israel with the incarnation.

a). Hebrews 2:10-14 For it became him, for whom are all things, and by whom are all things, in bringing many sons unto glory, to make the captain of their salvation perfect through sufferings.
2:11 For both he that sanctifieth and they who are sanctified are all of one: for which cause he is not ashamed to call them brethren,
2:12 Saying, I will declare thy name unto my brethren, in the midst of the church will I sing praise unto thee.
2:13 And again, I will put my trust in him. And again, Behold I and the children which God hath given me.
2:14 Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil;

4). But it wasn’t just God emptying himself that caused Israel not to recognize him. Their sin caused a spiritual blindness that prevented them from seeing Him also.

a). Deuteronomy 31:17, 18 Then my anger shall be kindled against them in that day, and I will forsake them, and I will hide my face from them, and they shall be devoured, and many evils and troubles shall befall them; so that they will say in that day, Are not these evils come upon us, because our God is not among us?
31:18 And I will surely hide my face in that day for all the evils which they shall have wrought, in that they are turned unto other gods.

b). Romans 11:7-10 What then? Israel hath not obtained that which he seeketh for; but the election hath obtained it, and the rest were blinded
11:8 (According as it is written, God hath given them the spirit of slumber, eyes that they should not see, and ears that they should not hear;) unto this day.
11:9 And David saith, Let their table be made a snare, and a trap, and a stumblingblock, and a recompence unto them:
11:10 Let their eyes be darkened, that they may not see, and bow down their back alway.

4. “…he was despised, and we esteemed him not.”

a. despised [959 * bazah] [Strong:  a primitive root; to disesteem:--despise, disdain, contemn(-ptible), + think to scorn, vile person.]

1). It was prophesied by Isaiah that Jesus would be “despised”, they felt the opposite of esteem towards him, they felt and demonstrated contempt towards him. Examples of the use of this Hebrew word are enlightening.

a). Numbers 15:30, 31 But the soul that doeth ought presumptuously, whether he be born in the land, or a stranger, the same reproacheth the LORD; and that soul shall be cut off from among his people.
Because he hath despised the word of the LORD, and hath broken his commandment, that soul shall utterly be cut off; his iniquity shall be upon him.

b). 1 Samuel 2:27-30 And there came a man of God unto Eli, and said unto him, Thus saith the Lord, Did I plainly appear unto the house of thy father, when they were in Egypt in Pharaoh's house?
2:28 And did I choose him out of all the tribes of Israel to be my priest, to offer upon mine altar, to burn incense, to wear an ephod before me? and did I give unto the house of thy father all the offerings made by fire of the children of Israel?
2:29 Wherefore kick ye at my sacrifice and at mine offering, which I have commanded in my habitation; and honourest thy sons above me, to make yourselves fat with the chiefest of all the offerings of Israel my people?
2:30 Wherefore the Lord God of Israel saith, I said indeed that thy house, and the house of thy father, should walk before me for ever: but now the Lord saith, Be it far from me; for them that honour me I will honour, and they that despise me shall be lightly esteemed.

c). 2 Samuel 12:7-10 And Nathan said to David, Thou art the man. Thus saith the Lord God of Israel, I anointed thee king over Israel, and I delivered thee out of the hand of Saul;
12:8 And I gave thee thy master's house, and thy master's wives into thy bosom, and gave thee the house of Israel and of Judah; and if that had been too little, I would moreover have given unto thee such and such things.
12:9 Wherefore hast thou despised the commandment of the Lord, to do evil in his sight? thou hast killed Uriah the Hittite with the sword, and hast taken his wife to be thy wife, and hast slain him with the sword of the children of Ammon.
12:10 Now therefore the sword shall never depart from thine house; because thou hast despised me, and hast taken the wife of Uriah the Hittite to be thy wife.

2). There is at least one example in the gospels where Jesus was treated with such contempt.

a). Mark 6:1-6 And he went out from thence, and came into his own country; and his disciples follow him.
6:2 And when the sabbath day was come, he began to teach in the synagogue: and many hearing him were astonished, saying, From whence hath this man these things? and what wisdom is this which is given unto him, that even such mighty works are wrought by his hands?
6:3 Is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary, the brother of James, and Joses, and of Juda, and Simon? and are not his sisters here with us? And they were offended at him.
6:4 But Jesus, said unto them, A prophet is not without honour, but in his own country, and among his own kin, and in his own house.
6:5 And he could there do no mighty work, save that he laid his hands upon a few sick folk, and healed them.
6:6 And he marvelled because of their unbelief. And he went round about the villages, teaching.

3). No doubt the worst example of despising and contempt is found when Jesus was taken to the religious leaders and afterward taken before Pilate and then given to the Roman soldiers.

a).  Matthew 26:57-68 And they that had laid hold on Jesus led him away to Caiaphas the high priest, where the scribes and the elders were assembled.
26:58 But Peter followed him afar off unto the high priest's palace, and went in, and sat with the servants, to see the end.
26:59 Now the chief priests, and elders, and all the council, sought false witness against Jesus, to put him to death;
26:60 But found none: yea, though many false witnesses came, yet found they none. At the last came two false witnesses,
26:61 And said, This fellow said, I am able to destroy the temple of God, and to build it in three days.
26:62 And the high priest arose, and said unto him, Answerest thou nothing? what is it which these witness against thee?
26:63 But Jesus held his peace, And the high priest answered and said unto him, I adjure thee by the living God, that thou tell us whether thou be the Christ, the Son of God.
26:64 Jesus saith unto him, Thou hast said: nevertheless I say unto you, Hereafter shall ye see the Son of man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heaven.
26:65 Then the high priest rent his clothes, saying, He hath spoken blasphemy; what further need have we of witnesses? behold, now ye have heard his blasphemy.
26:66 What think ye? They answered and said, He is guilty of death.
26:67 Then did they spit in his face, and buffeted him; and others smote him with the palms of their hands,
26:68 Saying, Prophesy unto us, thou Christ, Who is he that smote thee?

b). Mark 15:15-20 And so Pilate, willing to content the people, released Barabbas unto them, and delivered Jesus, when he had scourged him, to be crucified.
15:16 And the soldiers led him away into the hall, called Praetorium; and they call together the whole band.
15:17 And they clothed him with purple, and platted a crown of thorns, and put it about his head,
15:18 And began to salute him, Hail, King of the Jews!
15:19 And they smote him on the head with a reed, and did spit upon him, and bowing their knees worshipped him.
15:20 And when they had mocked him, they took off the purple from him, and put his own clothes on him, and led him out to crucify him.

b. esteemed [2803 * chashab] [Strong:  a primitive root; properly, to plait or interpenetrate, i.e. (literally) to weave or (gen.) to fabricate; figuratively, to plot or contrive (usually in a malicious sense); hence (from the mental effort) to think, regard, value, compute:--(make) account (of), conceive, consider, count, cunning (man, work, workman), devise, esteem, find out, forecast, hold, imagine, impute, invent, be like, mean, purpose, reckon(-ing be made), regard, think.]

1). But now in Christ Jesus we can know Him intimately through the new birth and love and esteem Him for who He is. Hallelujah!

2). John 1:10-13 He was in the world, and the world was made by him, and the world knew him not.
1:11 He came unto his own, and his own received him not.
1:12 But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name:
1:13 Which were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.

Wednesday, August 11, 2010

2 Timothy 2:14



2 Timothy 2:14

Of these things put them in remembrance, charging them before the Lord that they strive not about words to no profit, but to the subverting of the hearers.

a. NLT: Remind everyone about these things, and command them in God’s presence to stop fighting over words. Such arguments are useless, and they can ruin those who hear them.

b. NIV: Keep reminding God’s people of these things. Warn them before God against quarreling about words; it is of no value, and only ruins those who listen.

c. Young’s Literal Translation: These things remind them of, testifying fully before the Lord -- not to strive about words to nothing profitable, but to the subversion of those hearing;

d. Amplified Bible: Remind the people of these facts, and solemnly charge them in the presence of the Lord to avoid petty controversy over words, that does no good, but upsets and undermines the faith of the hearers.

e. Worrell New Testament: Of these things put them in remembrance, solemnly charging them before God, that they engage not in word-battles to no profit, to the subverting of those who hear.

f. Wuest Translation: These things constantlybe reminding them, charging them in the presence of God not to be continually wrangling about empty and trifling matters, which results in not even one useful thing, since it ruins those who hear.

1. “Of these things put them in remembrance…”

a. Of these things [Strong: 5023 tauta tow'-tah nominative or accusative case neuter plural of 3778; these things:--+ afterward, follow, + hereafter, X him, the same, so, such, that, then, these, they, this, those, thus.]

1). “These things” are the subject of the passage 2 Timothy 2:14-21. Paul lists three of them, of which we will attempt to cover in detail.

b. put them in remembrance [Strong: 5279 hupomimnesko hoop-om-im-nace'-ko from 5259 and 3403; to remind quietly, i.e. suggest to the (middle voice, one's own) memory:--put in mind, remember, bring to (put in) remembrance.]

2. “…charging them before the Lord…”

a. charge [Strong: 1263  diamarturomai dee-am-ar-too'-rom-ahee from 1223 and 3140; to attest or protest earnestly, or (by implication) hortatively:--charge, testify (unto), witness.] [Zodhiates: To bear witness, testify earnestly or repeatedly, or to charge as it were before witnesses, to affirm.]

1). The word “charge” is used two other times by Paul in 1 & 2 Timothy. Paul is telling Timothy that God is witnessing this command of Paul’s to Timothy.

a). 1 Timothy 5:21 I charge thee before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, and the elect angels, that thou observe these things without preferring one before another, doing nothing by partiality.

b). 2 Timothy 4:1 I charge thee therefore before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, who shall judge the quick and the dead at his appearing and his kingdom;

2). A Hebrew word translated “charge” is also used in the Old Testament in connection with the commandments of God. It is never used lightly. One can do a word search of it and be struck by the heaviness associated with it.

a). 1 Kings 2:1-3 Now the days of David drew nigh that he should die; and he charged Solomon his son, saying,
2:2 I go the way of all the earth: be thou strong therefore, and shew thy self a man;
2:3 And keep the charge of the LORD thy God, to walk in his ways, to keep his statutes, and his commandments, and his judgments, and his testimonies, as it is written in the law of Moses, that thou mayest prosper in all that thou doest, and whitherso ever thou turnest thyself.

b). Numbers 27:18-23 And the LORD said unto Moses, Take thee Joshua the son of Nun, an man in whom is the spirit, and lay thine hand upon him;
27:19 And set him before Eleazar the priest, and before all the congregation; and give him a charge in their sight.
27:20 And thou shalt put some of thine honour upon him, that all the congregation of the children of Israel may be obedient.
27:21 And he shall stand before Eleazar the priest, who shall ask counsel for him after the judgment of the Urim before the LORD: at his word shall they go out, and at his word they shall come in, both he, and all the children of Israel with him, even all the congregation.
27:22 And Moses did as the LORD commanded him: and he took Joshua, and set him before Eleazar the priest, and before all the congregation:
27:23 And he laid his hands upon him, and gave him a charge, as the LORD commanded by the hand of Moses.

b. them before [Strong: 1799 enopion en-o'-pee-on neuter of a compound of 1722 and a derivative of 3700; in the face of (literally or figuratively):--before, in the presence (sight) of, to.] [Zodhiates: In the face of, in the presence of. Marking the manner, and especially the sincerity with which anything is done before God or in the sight of God, meaning God being present and witness, “before God” means God being witness.]

c. the Lord [Strong: 2962 kurios koo'-ree-os from kuros (supremacy); supreme in authority, i.e. (as noun) controller; by implication, Master (as a respectful title):-- God, Lord, master, Sir.]

3. “…that they strive not about words to no profit…”

a. [that they] strive…about words [Strong: logomacheo log-om-akh-eh'-o from a compound of 3056 and 3164; to be disputatious (on trifles):--strive about words.] [logomacheĊ; logos-word; machomai-to fight] [To fight over words.] [Thayer: to contend about words, to wrangle about empty and trifling matters.]

b. not [Strong: 3361 me may a primary particle of qualified negation (whereas 3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverb) not, (conjunction) lest; also (as an interrogative implying a negative answer (whereas 3756 expects an affirmative one)) whether:--any but (that), X forbear, + God forbid, + lack, lest, neither, never, no (X wise in), none, nor, (can-)not, nothing, that not, un(-taken), without. Often used in compounds in substantially the same relations.]

c. to [Strong: 1519 eis ice a primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases:--(abundant-)ly, against, among, as, at, (back-)ward, before, by, concerning, + continual, + far more exceeding, for (intent, purpose), fore, + forth, in (among, at, unto, -so much that, -to), to the intent that, + of one mind, + never, of, (up-)on, + perish, + set at one again, (so) that, therefore(-unto), throughout, til, to (be, the end, -ward), (here-)until(-to), ...ward, (where-)fore, with. Often used in composition with the same general import, but only with verbs (etc.) expressing motion (literally or figuratively).]

d. no [Strong: 3762 oudeis oo-dice', including feminine oudemia oo-dem-ee'-ah, and neuter ouden oo-den' from 3761 and 1520; not even one (man, woman or thing), i.e. none, nobody, nothing:--any (man), aught, man, neither any (thing), never (man), no (man), none (+ of these things), not (any, at all, -thing), nought.]

e. profit [Strong: 5539 chresimos khray'-see-mos from 5540; serviceable:--profit.] [Thayers: fit for use, useful.]

1). We are not to fight over words that won’t help anybody grow spiritually.

4. “…but to the subverting of the hearers.”

a. but to [Strong: 1909 epi ep-ee' a primary preposition; properly, meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution (with the genitive case), i.e. over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.:--about (the times), above, after, against, among, as long as (touching), at, beside, X have charge of, (be-, (where-))fore, in (a place, as much as, the time of, -to), (because) of, (up-)on (behalf of), over, (by, for) the space of, through(-out), (un-)to(-ward), with. In compounds it retains essentially the same import, at, upon, etc. (literally or figuratively).]

b. subverting [Strong:2692 katastrophe kat-as-trof-ay' from 2690; an overturn ("catastrophe"), i.e. demolition; figuratively, apostasy:--overthrow, subverting.] [Thayer:  overthrow, destruction, metaphorically, of the extinction of a spirit of consecration.]

c. of the hearers [Strong: 191  akouo ak-oo'-o a primary verb; to hear (in various senses):--give (in the) audience (of), come (to the ears), (shall) hear(-er, -ken), be noised, be reported, understand.]

 
1). This is where we get the English word catastrophe, so in light of that I don’t believe the meaning is just to shake up or wound a persons faith. It means to overthrow or destroy it. If our discussion with other Christians is only going to destroy or completely overthrow their faith, we need to keep our mouths shut. This is the first on the list of “these things” that Paul was admonishing Timothy to not only be obedient to himself but to pass these commandments on to those under him.