Thursday, March 31, 2011

1 Peter 2:1

1 Peter 2:1

Wherefore laying aside all malice, and all guile, and hypocrisies, and envies, and all evil speakings,

1. “Wherefore laying aside…”

a. laying aside [659 * apotithemi] [Thayer: to put off or aside or away.] [Vine: to put off, lay aside, denotes, in the Middle Voice, to put off from oneself, in Romans 13:12 it is translated “cast off”, used figuratively of works of darkness.]

b. It is the same Greek word used in James when he exhorts believers to “lay apart all filthiness” .

1). James 1:21 Wherefore lay apart all filthiness and superfluity of naughtiness, and receive with meekness the engrafted word, which is able to save your souls.

2). Actually Peter and James are saying the same thing. We are going to see that as we break this down.

3). What are we to “lay aside”, “cast off” and “lay apart”.

2. “…all malice, and all guile, and hypocricies, and envies, and all evil speaking…”

a. malice [2549 * kakia] [Thayer: malignity, malice, ill-will, desire to injure, wickedness, depravity, wickedness that is not ashamed to break laws, evil, trouble.]

1). Desires to sin, desires and urges to walk and indulge in the flesh, to seek revenge, to unashamedly transgress.

b. guile [1388 * dolos] [Thayer: craft, deceit, guile.] [American Heritage Dictionary: insidious, treacherous, cunning, deceit.]

c. hypocricies [5272 * hypokrisis] [Thayer: an answering, an answer, the acting of a stage player, dissimulation, hypocrisy.]

d. envies [5355 * phthonos] [Thayer: envy, for envy, i.e. prompted by envy.] [American Heritage Dictionary: a feeling of discontent and resentment aroused by another’s desirable possessions or qualities, accompanied by a strong desire to have them for oneself.]

e. evil speaking [2636 * katalalia] [Thayer: defamation, evil speaking.]

f. As believers we are cleansed from our sin only by the shed blood of Jesus.

1). Revelation 1:5 And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, and the first begotten of the dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth. Unto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood,

2). Revelation 7:14 And I said unto him, Sir, thou knowest. And he said to me, These are they which came out of great tribulation, and have washed their robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb.

3). Yet after our initial cleansing we as co-laborers with God have a responsibility to walk in obedience.

a). Hebrews 10:22 Let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our bodies washed with pure water.

b). Psalm 119:9 Wherewithal shall a young man cleanse his way? by taking heed thereto according to thy word.

c). Ephesians 5:26, 27 That he might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of water by the word,

That he might present it to himself a glorious church, not having spot, or wrinkle, or any such thing; but that it should be holy and without blemish.

Wednesday, March 30, 2011

1 Peter 1:21

1 Peter 1:21

Who by him do believe in God, that raised him up from the dead, and gave him glory; that your faith and hope might be in God.

1. “Who by him do believe in God…”

a. Sometimes the way the verses are divided and worded, they are hard to get unless the previous verse or at least part of it are read with it. “…but was manifest in these last times for you, who by him do believe in God…”

b. This phrase is reestablishing the spiritual truth that Jesus is our Mediator, our go between. He is the only reason we have any standing with God. We by Him can believe in God.

1). 1 Timothy 2:5, 6 For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus;

Who gave himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time.

c. The book of Job reveals some heavy thoughts concerning man’s state with God that the sacrifice of Christ Jesus solved.

1). Job 9:29-33 If I be wicked, why then labour I in vain?

If I wash myself with snow water, and make my hands never so clean;

Yet shalt thou plunge me in the ditch, and mine own clothes shall abhor me.

For he is not a man, as I am, that I should answer him, and we should come together in judgment.

Neither is there any daysman betwixt us, that might lay his hand upon us both.

2). In his book, The Bible In Light Of Our Redemption , E. W. Kenyon writes, “Job knows that he cannot face God, for God is not mortal. He is not under the bondage of guilt of sin as is Job. Then Job utters the saddest words that ever fell from the lips of a human being. “There is no umpire betwixt us, that might lay his hand upon us both”. In other words, there is no Mediator between us who has a legal standing with God, and at the same time can sympathize and understand as well as represent humanity. This is Job’s cry for a mediator; it is not the cry of Job alone…”

3). Thanks be to God that He provided that umpire, He provided the Mediator. He provided Jesus.

a). john 14:6 Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me.

b). 2 Corinthians 5:17, 18 Therefore if any man be in Christ, he is a new creature: old things are passed away; behold, all things are become new.

And all things are of God, who hath reconciled us to himself by Jesus Christ, and hath given to us the ministry of reconciliation;

2. “…that raised him up from the dead, and gave him glory; that your faith and hope might be in God.”

a. The only way we can have faith and hope in God is through Jesus Christ and believing what He did for us in His death and resurrection. Salvation through the New Birth is only experienced by acknowledging and believing in the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ.

1). Romans 10:9 That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved.

Tuesday, March 29, 2011

1 Peter 1:20

1 Peter 1:20

Who verily was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you,

1. “Who verily was foreordained before the foundation of the world…”

a. foreordained [4267 * proginosko] [Thayer: to have knowledge before hand, to foreknow, of those whom God elected to salvation, to predestinate.] [Zodhiates: Used of God’s eternal counsel it includes all that He has considered and purposed to do prior to human history. In the language of Scripture, something foreknown is not simply that which God was aware of prior to a certain point. Rather, it is presented as that which God gave prior consent to, that which received His favorable or special recognition. Hence, this term is reserved for those matters which God favorably, deliberately and freely chose and ordained.

b. foundation [2602 * katabole] [Thayer: a throwing or laying down, the injection or depositing of the virile semen in the womb, of the seed of plants and animals, a founding (laying down a foundation).]

c. What is meant by the phrase that Jesus “was foreordained before the foundation of the world”, is the triune Godhead planned, determined and purposed the 2nd Person of the Godhead would be sacrificed for our redemption not only before the world was ever created, but before the details were planned out. The creation of the universe was planned, discussed, hashed out and determined by the three persons of the Godhead around the redemption of man as the central focus. From the moment this plan or this council was determined, the three persons of the Godhead have been implementing and carrying out this plan and will continue to do so until it is complete. The wonderful thing about this is that in much of it man was included in its implementation. The bottom line in all this is the plan of redemption is older than the earth. This is exactly why the Scriptures use the language it does in Genesis 1:1, In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth. It was the beginning of the plan of redemption being carried out.

2. “…but was manifest in these last times for you…”

a. The New Covenant, centered on the sacrifice of Christ Jesus and included all of our callings was all planned out before the creation of the earth.

1). Be not thou therefore ashamed of the testimony of our Lord, nor of me his prisoner: but be thou partaker of the afflictions of the gospel according to the power of God;

Who hath saved us, and called us with an holy calling, not according to our works, but according to his own purpose and grace, which was given us in Christ Jesus before the world began,

But is now made manifest by the appearing of our Saviour Jesus Christ, who hath abolished death, and hath brought life and immortality to light through the gospel:

b. All of the wisdom concerning the New Covenant was planned out by the Triune Godhead before the creation of the world.

1). Matthew 13:34, 35 All these things spake Jesus unto the multitude in parables; and without a parable spake he not unto them:

That it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, saying, I will open my mouth in parables; I will utter things which have been kept secret from the foundation of the world.

2). 1 Corinthians 2:6-10 Howbeit we speak wisdom among them that are perfect: yet not the wisdom of this world, nor of the princes of this world, that come to nought:

But we speak the wisdom of God in a mystery, even the hidden wisdom, which God ordained before the world unto our glory:

Which none of the princes of this world knew: for had they known it, they would not have crucified the Lord of glory.

But as it is written, Eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, neither have entered into the heart of man, the things which God hath prepared for them that love him.

But God hath revealed them unto us by his Spirit: for the Spirit searcheth all things, yea, the deep things of God.

c. Now it is being revealed to us by the holy Ghost.

Saturday, March 26, 2011

1 Peter 1:19

1 Peter 1:19

But with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot:

1. “But with the precious blood of Christ…”

a. precious [5093 * timios] [Thayer: as of great price, precious, held in honour, esteemed, especially dear.][Vine: costly.]

b. The blood of Christ is precious, i.e., costly because the blood of Christ Jesus accomplished what the blood of bulls and goats could not, what nothing before it could do.

1). Hebrews 9:13, 14 For if the blood of bulls and of goats, and the ashes of an heifer sprinkling the unclean, sanctifieth to the purifying of the flesh:

How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?

2). Acts 13:38, 39 Be it known unto you therefore, men and brethren, that through this man is preached unto you the forgiveness of sins:

And by him all that believe are justified from all things, from which ye could not be justified by the law of Moses.

3). In the previous verse, 1 Peter 1:18 we saw that we were redeemed from “the law of sin and death”, and here that truth is bolstered with other Scriptural witnesses, here with the Greek definition of the word “justified”.

a). justified [1344 * dikaioo] [Zodhiates: it refers to all those things the Mosaic law would not liberate us. In this instance [Acts 13:39], it refers to liberation…from sin that hold a man in bondage…it does not mean mere declaration of innocence, but the liberation from sin.]

c. The blood of Christ is to be esteemed most highly because of what it paid for, it paid for the New Covenant.

2. “…as of a lamb without blemish and without spot:”

a. This is of course referring to the Passover lamb. The Passover was a fore shadow of Jesus offering Himself for our redemption.

1). Exodus 12:1-14 And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying,

This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you.

Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for an house:

And if the household be too little for the lamb, let him and his neighbour next unto his house take it according to the number of the souls; every man according to his eating shall make your count for the lamb.

Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: ye shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats:

And ye shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening.

And they shall take of the blood, and strike it on the two side posts and on the upper door post of the houses, wherein they shall eat it.

And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; and with bitter herbs they shall eat it.

Eat not of it raw, nor sodden at all with water, but roast with fire; his head with his legs, and with the purtenance thereof.

And ye shall let nothing of it remain until the morning; and that which remaineth of it until the morning ye shall burn with fire.

And thus shall ye eat it; with your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and ye shall eat it in haste: it is the LORD'S passover.

For I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will smite all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment: I am the LORD.

And the blood shall be to you for a token upon the houses where ye are: and when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy you, when I smite the land of Egypt.

And this day shall be unto you for a memorial; and ye shall keep it a feast to the LORD throughout your generations; ye shall keep it a feast by an ordinance for ever.

b. Jesus is our Passover. It is an interesting study to see that all of the major Jewish festivals that God instituted under the Old Covenant are foreshadows of the New Covenant. For example, the Passover is a foreshadow of the Jesus dying on the cross for our sins.

1). 1 Corinthians 5:7 Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even Christ our Passover is sacrificed for us:

c. Jesus is without blemish or spot because he never sinned.

1). Hebrews 4:15 For we have not a high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin.

2). The Church, the Body of Christ is to be washed first in His blood, but also daily by His word, by us reading, meditating, and obeying it. Thus we are being washed by His Word also.

a). Ephesians 5:26, 27 That he might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of water by the word,

That he might present it to himself a glorious church, not having spot, or wrinkle, or any such thing; but that it should be holy and without blemish.

b). Hebrews 10:22 Let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our bodies washed with pure water.