There shall be no whore of the daughters of Israel, nor a sodomite of the sons of Israel.
a. NLT: “No Israelite, whether man or woman, may become a temple prostitute.
b. NIV: No Israelite man or woman is to become a shrine prostitute.
c. Young’s Literal Translation: 'There is not a whore among the daughters of Israel, nor is there a whoremonger among the sons of Israel;
d. Amplified Bible: There shall be no cult prostitute among the daughters of Israel, neither shall there be a cult prostitute (a sodomite) among the sons of Israel.
e. Septuagint: There shall not be a harlot of the daughters of Israel, and there shall not be a fornicator of the sons of Israel; there shall not be an idolatress of the daughters of Israel, and there shall not be an initiated person of the sons of Israel.
f. Stone Edition Torah/Writings/Prophets: [In Jewish translations this verse is Deuteronomy 23:18] There shall not be a promiscuous woman among the daughters of Israel, and there shall not be a promiscuous man among the sons of Israel.
1.” There shall be no whore of the daughters of Israel…”
a. There shall be no whore [6948 * qedeshah][Gesenius: female temple prostitute, harlot.][Strong: a female devotee (i.e. prostitute):--harlot, whore.]
b. of the daughters 1323 * bath] [Strong: from 1129 (as feminine of 1121); a daughter (used in the same wide sense as other terms of relationship, literally and figuratively):--apple (of the eye), branch, company, daughter, X first, X old, + owl, town, village.]
c. of Israel [3478 * Yisra'el] [Strong: from 8280 and 410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity: --Israel.]
2. “…nor a sodomite of the sons of Israel.”
a. nor a sodomite [6945 * qadesh][Gesenius: male temple prostitute.][Strong: a (quasi) sacred person, i.e. (technically) a (male) devotee (by prostitution) to licentious idolatry:-- sodomite, unclean.]
1). This Hebrew word translated “sodomite” in Deuteronomy 23:17 is found a total of six times in the Old Testament. It is translated five times as “sodomite” and one time as “unclean”.
a). Job 36:14 They die in youth, and their life is among the unclean.
b). 1 Kings 14:24 And there were also sodomites in the land: and they did according to all the abominations of the nations which the LORD cast out before the children of Israel.
c). 1 Kings 15:12 And he took away the sodomites out of the land, and removed all the idols that his fathers had made.
d). 1 Kings 22:46 And the remnant of the sodomites, which remained in the days of his father Asa, he took out of the land.
e). 2 Kings 23:7 And he brake down the houses of the sodomites, that were by the house of the LORD, where the women wove hangings for the grove.
2). These were not citizens of Sodom as the translation may imply, because by the time four of these instances are written of, beginning in Deuteronomy and proceeding chronologically through 2 Kings, Sodom and the other “cities of the plain”, had already been destroyed for approximately 400 years. The exception is the occurrence in Job 36:14, because some scholars (and I agree with them) believe Job is the oldest book in the Bible, that it pre-dates the five books of Moses, Deuteronomy being the last that Moses wrote.
3). Unger’s Bible Dictionary: Sodomite (Hebrew: qadesh, consecrated, devoted). The sodomites were not inhabitants of Sodom, not their descendants, but men consecrated to the unnatural vice of Sodom (Genesis 19:5; compare Romans 1:27) as a religious rite. This dreadful “consecration”, or rather desecration, was spread in different forms over Phoenicia, Syria, Phrygia, Assyria, Babylonia. Ashtaroth, the Greek Astarte, was its chief object. The term was especially applied to the emasculated priests of Cybele, called Galli, perhaps from the river Gallus in Bithynia, which was said to make those who drank it mad. In Deuteronomy 23:17, the toleration of a sodomite was expressly forbidden, and the pay received by a sodomite was not to be put into the temple treasury (v. 18). “The price of a dog” is a figurative expression used to denote the gains of a qadesh (sodomite), who was called kinaidos, by the Greeks, from the doglike manner in which he debased himself (see Revelation 22:15, where the unclean are called “dogs”).
4). Robert A. J. Gagnon, “The Bible And Homosexual Practice” pp. 100-102. “There is good evidence of homosexual cult prostitution in Israel during the period of the divided monarchy. A number of texts speak of the existence of qedesim (sg. qades, twice as a collective), literally, “holy/sanctified men,” “consecrated men,” “men dedicated to the deity” (Deuteronomy 23:17, 18; 1 Kings 14:24; 15:12; 22:46; 2 Kings 23:7; Job 36:14) The term is usally rendered in standard English translations to denote men at cult sites who engaged in homosexual prostitution: “male temple (or cult, shrine, sacred) prostitutes…the qedesim… men “whose masculinity had been transformed into feminity” by a goddess (Asherah? Astarte?)
5). Other different cultural examples are called assinnus, kurgarrus, and galli. They were all males, all temple prostitutes, and all sexually serviced males, yet consecrated to different goddesses. Some were castrated while some were not. Robert A. J. Gagnon writes of them, “men whose masculinity had been transformed into femininity by a goddess”. (The Bible And Homosexual Practice). It was from reading Gagnon’s book where I learned of the similarity between the ancient male temple prostitute and the contemporary transgendered (though not consecrated to a goddess). These are individuals who believe they are females, born anatomically as males but believe they are trapped in a male body, and males, born anatomically as female but believe they are a male trapped in a female body. What we are seeing in America and across the world is just a modern manifestation of this deception and confusion.