Friday, May 31, 2013

2 Peter 1:19

2 Peter 1:19

We have also a more sure word of prophecy; whereunto ye do well that ye take heed, as unto a light that shineth in a dark place, until the day dawn, and the day star arise in your hearts:

a. NLT: Because of that experience, we have even greater confidence in the message proclaimed by the prophets. You must pay close attention to what they wrote, for their words are like a lamp shining in a dark place—until the Day dawns, and Christ the Morning Star shines in your hearts.

b. NIV: We also have the prophetic message as something completely reliable, and you will do well to pay attention to it, as to a light shining in a dark place, until the day dawns and the morning star rises in your hearts.

c. YLT: And we have more firm the prophetic word, to which we do well giving heed, as to a lamp shining in a dark place, till day may dawn, and a morning star may arise -- in your hearts;

d. Amplified Bible Classic: And we have the prophetic word [made] firmer still. You will do well to pay close attention to it as to a lamp shining in a dismal (squalid and dark) place, until the day breaks through [the gloom] and the Morning Star rises ([j]comes into being) in your hearts.

e. Worrell Translation: And we have the more sure prophetic word, to which ye do well to take heed, as to a lamp shinning in a dark place, until the day dawn, and the Morning Star arise in your hearts.

1. “We have also a more sure word of prophecy…”

a. we have [2192 * echo] [Strong: including an alternate form scheo skheh'-o; (used in certain tenses only) a primary verb; to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession; ability, contiuity, relation, or condition):--be (able, X hold, possessed with), accompany, + begin to amend, can(+ -not), X conceive, count, diseased, do + eat, + enjoy, + fear, following, have, hold, keep, + lack, + go to law, lie, + must needs, + of necessity, + need, next, + recover, + reign, + rest, + return, X sick, take for, + tremble, + uncircumcised, use.]

b. also [2532 * kai] [Strong: apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words:--and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.]

c. a more sure [949 * bebaios] [Thayer: stable, fast, firm metaphorically, sure, trusty.] [Zodhiates: fixed, sure, certain.] [Strong:  from the base of 939 (through the idea of basality); stable (literally or figuratively):--firm, of force, stedfast, sure.]

1). Other uses of this same Greek word.

a). 2 Corinthians 1:7 And our hope of you is stedfast, knowing, that as ye are partakers of the sufferings, so shall ye be also of the consolation.
b). Hebrews 2:1-3 Therefore we ought to give the more earnest heed to the things which we have heard, lest at any time we should let them slip.
2:2 For if the word spoken by angels was stedfast, and every transgression and disobedience received a just recompence of reward;
2:3 How shall we escape, if we neglect so great salvation; which at the first began to be spoken by the Lord, and was confirmed unto us by them that heard him;

c). Hebrews 3:6 But Christ as a son over his own house; whose house are we, if we hold fast the confidence and the rejoicing of the hope firm unto the end.

d. word [3056 * logos] [Strong:  from 3004; something said (including the thought); by implication, a topic (subject of discourse), also reasoning (the mental faculty) or motive; by extension, a computation; specially, (with the article in John) the Divine Expression (i.e. Christ):--account, cause, communication, X concerning, doctrine, fame, X have to do, intent, matter, mouth, preaching, question, reason, + reckon, remove, say(-ing), shew, X speaker, speech, talk, thing, + none of these things move me, tidings, treatise, utterance, word, work.]

e. prophecy [4397 * prophetikos] [Thayer:  proceeding from a prophet, prophetic.] [Strong: from 4396; pertaining to a foreteller ("prophetic"):--of prophecy, of the prophets.]

1). I have been taught in light of the context that as spectacular as this spiritual experience was for the three apostles, the prophetic word or the words of the prophets, the inspired text of the Bible is more sure. Whatever the spiritual experience, vision or dream, it has to line up with the Scriptures. The Scriptures must be our standard, not dreams, visions or spiritual experiences. The three accounts of this particular vision written in the gospels was penned by men who had not seen it. The three accounts are Matthew 17:1-8; Mark 9:2-8; Luke 9:28-36. This vision was the most spectacular supernatural experience these men had ever experienced. They are up on the mountain with Jesus and he becomes transfigured before them into the glory of his second coming, his face shining as bright as the sun. They could not look at him it was so bright. During this time Moses and Elijah both appear and begin have a conversation with Jesus about his upcoming death in Jerusalem. In the middle of this spectacular experience Peter says to Jesus they should build three tents to accommodate the three of them, Jesus Moses and Elijah. At that moment, a cloud overshadows them, the Shekinah glory cloud to be exact, and God the Father speaks out of the cloud. It would be hard or impossible to top this spiritual experience. Yet here in 2 Peter 1:19 after Peter recounts this vision in verses 16-18, he says very clearly, “We have also a more sure word of prophecy.” The written Scriptures are more sure more dependable than any vision or dream. 

2. “…whereunto ye do well that ye take heed…”

a. whereunto [3739 * hos] [Strong: including feminine he hay, and neuter ho ho probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article 3588); the relatively (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that:--one, (an-, the) other, some, that, what, which, who(-m, -se), etc.]

b. ye do [4160 * poieo] [Strong: apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do (in a very wide application, more or less direct):--abide, + agree, appoint, X avenge, + band together, be, bear, + bewray, bring (forth), cast out, cause, commit, + content, continue, deal, + without any delay, (would) do(-ing), execute, exercise, fulfil, gain, give, have, hold, X journeying, keep, + lay wait, + lighten the ship, make, X mean, + none of these things move me, observe, ordain, perform, provide, + have purged, purpose, put, + raising up, X secure, shew, X shoot out, spend, take, tarry, + transgress the law, work, yield.]

c. well [2573 * kalos] [Strong: adverb from 2570; well (usually morally):--(in a) good (place), honestly, + recover, (full) well.]

d. that ye take heed [4337 * prosecho] [Strong: from 4314 and 2192; (figuratively) to hold the mind (3563 implied) towards, i.e. pay attention to, be cautious about, apply oneself to, adhere to:--(give) attend(-ance, -ance at, -ance to, unto), beware, be given to, give (take) heed (to unto); have regard.] [Thayer: to bring to, bring near, to bring a ship to land, and simply to touch at, put in, to turn the mind to, attend to be attentive, to a person or a thing: of caring for, providing for, to attend to one's self, i.e. to give heed to one's self, give attention to, take heed, to apply one's self to, attach one's self to, hold or cleave to a person or a thing, to be given or addicted to, to devote thought and effort to.]

3. “…as unto a light that shineth in a dark place…”

a. as [5613 * hos] [Strong: probably adverb of comparative from 3739; which how, i.e. in that manner (very variously used, as follows):--about, after (that), (according) as (it had been, it were), as soon (as), even as (like), for, how (greatly), like (as, unto), since, so (that), that, to wit, unto, when(-soever), while, X with all speed.]

b. unto a light [3088 * luchnos] [Strong: from the base of 3022; a portable lamp or other illuminator (literally or figuratively):--candle, light.]

c. that shineth [5316 * phaino] [Strong: prolongation for the base of 5457; to lighten (shine), i.e. show (transitive or intransitive, literal or figurative):-- appear, seem, be seen, shine, X think.]

d. in [1722 * en] [Strong: a primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), i.e. a relation of rest (intermediate between 1519 and 1537); "in," at, (up-)on, by, etc.:--about, after, against, + almost, X altogether, among, X as, at, before, between, (here-)by (+ all means), for (... sake of), + give self wholly to, (here-)in(-to, -wardly), X mightily, (because) of, (up-)on, (open-)ly, X outwardly, one, X quickly, X shortly, (speedi-)ly, X that, X there(-in, -on), through(-out), (un-)to(-ward), under, when, where(-with), while, with(-in). Often used in compounds, with substantially the same import; rarely with verbs of motion, and then not to indicate direction, except (elliptically) by a separate (and different) preposition.]

e. a dark [850 * auchmeros] [Strong: from auchmos (probably from a base akin to that of 109) (dust, as dried by wind); properly, dirty, i.e. (by implication) obscure:--dark.]

f. place [5117 * topos] [Strong:  apparently a primary word; a spot (general in space, but limited by occupancy; whereas 5561 is a large but participle locality), i.e. location (as a position, home, tract, etc.); figuratively, condition, opportunity; specially, a scabbard:--coast, licence, place, X plain, quarter, + rock, room, where.]

1). The Scriptures are the light we need to navigate this dark world.

a). Psalm 119:105 Thy word is a lamp unto my feet, and a light unto my path.

b). Proverbs 6:23 For the commandment is a lamp; and the law is light; and reproofs of instruction are the way of life.

4. “…until the day dawn, and the day star arise in your hearts.”

a. until [2193 * heos] [Strong:  of uncertain affinity; a conjunction, preposition and adverb of continuance, until (of time and place):--even (until, unto), (as) far (as), how long, (un-)til(-l), (hither-, un-, up) to, while(-s).]

b. [3757 * hou] [Strong: genitive case of 3739 as adverb; at which place, i.e. where:--where(-in), whither(-soever).]

c. the day [2250 * hemera] [Strong:  feminine (with 5610 implied) of a derivative of hemai (to sit; akin to the base of 1476) meaning tame, i.e. gentle; day, i.e. (literally) the time space between dawn and dark, or the whole 24 hours (but several days were usually reckoned by the Jews as inclusive of the parts of both extremes); figuratively, a period (always defined more or less clearly by the context):--age, + alway, (mid-)day (by day, (-ly)), + for ever, judgment, (day) time, while, years.]

d. dawn [1306 *  diaugazo] [Strong: from 1223 and 826; to glimmer through, i.e. break (as day):--dawn.]

1). Albert Barnes Commentary: Until the day dawn - Until you have the clearer light which shall result from the dawning of the day. The reference here is to the morning light as compared with a lamp; and the meaning is, that we should attend to the light furnished by the prophecies until the truth shall be rendered more distinct by the events as they shall actually be disclosed - until the brighter light which shall be shed on all things by the glory of the second advent of the Saviour, and the clearing up of what is now obscure in the splendors of the heavenly world. 

e. and [2532 * kai] [Strong: apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words:--and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.]

f. the daystar [5459 * phosphoros] [Strong: from 5457 and 5342; light-bearing ("phosphorus"), i.e. (specially), the morning-star (figuratively):--day star.]

1). Jesus is the bright and morning star.

a). Revelation 22:16 I Jesus have sent mine angel to testify unto you these things in the churches. I am the root and the offspring of David, and the bright and morning star.

2). Compare this with how it describes Jesus in Malachi.

a). Malachi 4:2 But unto you that fear my name shall the Sun of righteousness arise with healing in his wings; and ye shall go forth, and grow up as calves of the stall.

g. arise [393 * anatello] [Strong: from 303 and the base of 5056; to (cause to) arise:--(a-, make to) rise, at the rising of, spring (up), be up.]

h. in [1722 * en] [Strong: a primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), i.e. a relation of rest (intermediate between 1519 and 1537); "in," at, (up-)on, by, etc.:--about, after, against, + almost, X altogether, among, X as, at, before, between, (here-)by (+ all means), for (... sake of), + give self wholly to, (here-)in(-to, -wardly), X mightily, (because) of, (up-)on, (open-)ly, X outwardly, one, X quickly, X shortly, (speedi-)ly, X that, X there(-in, -on), through(-out), (un-)to(-ward), under, when, where(-with), while, with(-in). Often used in compounds, with substantially the same import; rarely with verbs of motion, and then not to indicate direction, except (elliptically) by a separate (and different) preposition.]

i. your [5216 * humon] [Strong: genitive case of 5210; of (from or concerning) you:--ye, you, your (own, -selves).]

j. hearts [2588 * kardia] [Strong: prolonged from a primary kar (Latin cor, "heart"); the heart, i.e. (figuratively) the thoughts or feelings (mind); also (by analogy) the middle:--(+ broken-)heart(-ed).]

1). This last section of the verse probably refers to the physical return of Christ, but it also could refer to receiving more knowledge through revelation from the Holy Ghost. We as believers need to turn our minds to and be attentive to the Scripture and control what we think.

a). 2 Corinthians 10:4, 5 (For the weapons of our warfare are not carnal, but mighty through God to the pulling down of strong holds;)
10:5 Casting down imaginations, and every high thing that exalteth itself against the knowledge of God, and bringing into captivity every thought to the obedience of Christ;

2). We need to strengthen our minds with the Scriptures.

a). 1 Peter 1:13 Wherefore gird up the loins of your mind, be sober, and hope to the end for the grace that is to be brought unto you at the revelation of Jesus Christ;

3). We need to wrap the truth of the Word around our minds.

a). Ephesians 6:13, 14 Wherefore take unto you the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to withstand in the evil day, and having done all, to stand.
6:14 Stand therefore, having your loins girt about with truth, and having on the breastplate of righteousness;

b). aaaaaaaaa

2 Peter 1:18

2 Peter 1:18

And this voice which came from heaven we heard, when we were with him in the holy mount.

1. “And this voice which came from heaven we heard…”


a. All three of the Apostles heard the audible voice of God along with experiencing the most spectacular spiritual experience they had ever experienced. Still in light of all that eye popping experience Peter gives a solemn warning in the next verse.

Thursday, May 30, 2013

2 Peter 1:17

2 Peter 1:17

For he received from God the Father honour and glory, when there came such a voice to him from the excellent glory, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.

1. “For he received from God the Father honour and glory, when there came such a voice to him from the excellent glory…”

a. The vision was recorded in three of the gospels, Matthew, Mark, and Luke. Interestingly, none of these men were there. Although Peter is the only Apostle who was there recorded it here in his second letter, we can be sure that all of them probably recounted it repeatedly though it was not recorded.

1). Matthew 17:1-9 And after six days Jesus taketh Peter, James, and John his brother, and bringeth them up into an high mountain apart,
And was transfigured before them: and his face did shine as the sun, and his raiment was white as the light.
And, behold, there appeared unto them Moses and Elias talking with him.
Then answered Peter, and said unto Jesus, Lord, it is good for us to be here: if thou wilt, let us make here three tabernacles; one for thee, and one for Moses, and one for Elias.
While he yet spake, behold, a bright cloud overshadowed them: and behold a voice out of the cloud, which said, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased; hear ye him.
And when the disciples heard it, they fell on their face, and were sore afraid.
And Jesus came and touched them, and said, Arise, and be not afraid.
And when they had lifted up their eyes, they saw no man, save Jesus only.
And as they came down from the mountain, Jesus charged them, saying, Tell the vision to no man, until the Son of man be risen again from the dead.

2). Mark 9:2-9 And after six days Jesus taketh with him Peter, and James, and John, and leadeth them up into an high mountain apart by themselves: and he was transfigured before them.
And his raiment became shining, exceeding white as snow; so as no fuller on earth can white them.
And there appeared unto them Elias with Moses: and they were talking with Jesus.
And Peter answered and said to Jesus, Master, it is good for us to be here: and let us make three tabernacles; one for thee, and one for Moses, and one for Elias.
For he wist not what to say; for they were sore afraid.
And there was a cloud that overshadowed them: and  voice came out of the cloud, saying, This is my beloved Son: hear him.
And suddenly, when they had looked round about, they saw no man any more, save Jesus only with themselves.
And as they came down from the mountain, he charged them that they should tell no man what things they had seen, till the Son of man were risen from the dead.

3). Luke 9:28-36 And it came to pass about an eight days after these sayings, he took Peter and John and James, and went up into a mountain to pray.
And as he prayed, the fashion of his countenance was altered, and his raiment was white and glistering.
And, behold, there talked with him two men, which were Moses and Elias:
Who appeared in glory, and spake of his decease which he should accomplish at Jerusalem.
But Peter and they that were with him were heavy with sleep: and when they were awake, they saw his glory, and the two men that stood with him.
And it came to pass, as they departed from him, Peter said unto Jesus, Master, it is good for us to be here: and let us make three tabernacles; one for thee, and one for Moses, and one for Elias: not knowing what he said.
While he thus spake, there came a cloud, and overshadowed them: and they feared as they entered into the cloud.
And there came a voice out of the cloud, saying, This is my beloved Son: hear him.
And when the voice was past, Jesus was found alone. And they kept it close, and told no man in those days any of those things which they had seen.

b. This vision was the most spectacular supernatural experience these men had ever experienced. They are up on the mountain with Jesus and he becomes transfigured before them into the glory of his second coming, his face shining as bright as the sun. They could not look at him it was so bright. During this time Moses and Elijah both appear and begin have a conversation with Jesus about his upcoming death in Jerusalem. In the middle of this spectacular experience Peter says to Jesus they should build three tents to accommodate the three of them, Jesus Moses and Elijah. At that moment, a cloud overshadows them, the Shekinah glory cloud to be exact, and God the Father speaks out of the cloud.

2. “…This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.”

a. Thes same words were spoken to Jesus from the Father when he was baptized and filled with the Holy Ghost.

1). Luke 3:22 And the Holy Ghost descended in a bodily shape like a dove upon him, and a voice came from heaven, which said, Thou art my beloved Son; in thee I am well pleased.

2). Mark 1:10, 11 And straightway coming up out of the water, he saw the heavens opened, and the Spirit like a dove descending upon him:
And there came a voice from heaven, saying, Thou art my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.

3). Matthew 3:16, 17 And Jesus, when he was baptized, went up straightway out of the water: and, lo, the heavens were opened unto him, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove, and lighting upon him:

And lo a voice from heaven, saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.

Wednesday, May 29, 2013

2 Peter 1:16

2 Peter 1:16

For we have not followed cunningly devised fables, when we made known unto you the power and coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, but were eyewitnesses of his majesty.

1. “For we have not followed cunningly devised fables…”

a. cunningly devised [4679 * sophizo][Gesenius: to make wise, teach, to become wise, to have understanding, to invent, play the sophist, to devise cleverly or cunningly.][Strong: to render wise; in a sinister acceptation, to form "sophisms", i.e. continue plausible error:--cunningly devised, make wise.]

b. fables [3454 * mythos][Gesenius:  a speech, word, saying, a narrative, story, a true narrative, a fiction, a fable, an invention, a falsehood.]

c. The Apostle Paul warned us that the time will come when their will be leaders in the church and those in the pews who will not uphold sound doctrine, but would come to believe fables instead of the truth.

1). 2 Timothy 4:1-4 I charge thee therefore before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, who shall judge the quick and the dead at his appearing and his kingdom;
Preach the word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all long suffering and doctrine.
For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; but after their own lusts shall they heap to themselves teachers, having itching ears;
And they shall turn away their ears from the truth, and shall be turned unto fables.

2. “…when we made known unto you the power and coming of our Lord Jesus Christ…”

a. made known [1107 * gnorizo][Gesenius: to make known, to become known, be recognized, to know, to gain knowledge of, have thorough knowledge of, in earlier Greek it means "to gain a knowledge of" or "have thorough knowledge of".]

b. power [1411 * dynamis][Gesenius: strength power, ability, inherent power, power residing in a thing by virtue of its nature, or which a person or thing exerts and puts forth, power for performing miracles, moral power and excellence of soul, the power and influence which belong to riches and wealth, power and resources arising from numbers, power consisting in or resting upon armies, forces, hosts.]

c. coming [3952 * parousia][Gesenius: presence, the coming, arrival, advent, the future visible return from heaven of Jesus, to raise the dead, hold the last judgment, and set up formally and gloriously the kingdom of God.]

d. As we will see, what Peter is referring to is the vision that he and James and John had on the Mount of the Transfiguration. After the vision as they were coming down from the mountain, Jesus told all three of them, James John and Peter not to tell anyone the vision until after Jesus had risen from the dead, which they obeyed.

1). Matthew 17:9 And as they came down from the mountain, Jesus charged them, saying, Tell the vision to no man, until the Son of man be risen again from the dead.

e. The only one of the three that is recorded that told of the vision is Peter in the present passage. The three recorded accounts in the gospels of Matthew, Mark and Luke, were written by men that did not witness the vision. Because of Peter’s inspired words here in 2 Peter 1:16, we can be assured that all three of the men, james, John and Peter faithfully told of the vision after the resurrection of Christ.

3. “…but were eyewitnesses of his majesty.”

a. eyewitnesses [2030 * epoptes][Gesenius: an overseer, inspector, spectator, eye witness of anything.]

b. majesty [3168 * megaleiotes][Gesenius: greatness, magnificence, of the majesty of God, of the visible splendour of the divine majesty as it appeared in the transfiguration of Christ.]

c. Again, what they witnessed was a vision of the glorified Christ and what he will appear as when he comes back in the second coming. They beheld his glorious majesty.

Friday, May 24, 2013

2 Timothy 4:15

2 Timothy 4:15

Of whom be thou ware also; for he hath greatly withstood our words.

1. “Of whom be thou ware also…”

a. ware [5442 * phylasso][Thayer: to guard,  to watch, keep watch,  to guard or watch, have an eye upon: lest he escape,  to guard a person (or thing) that he may remain safe, lest he suffer violence, be despoiled, etc. to protect
to protect one from a person or thing,  to keep from being snatched away, preserve safe and unimpaired, to guard from being lost or perishing, to guard one's self from a thing, to guard i.e. care for, take care not to violate, to observe.]

b. Other translations.

1). [NIV] “You too should be on your guard against him…”

2). [NASB] “Be on guard against him yourself…”

c. Paul was on guard against Alexander also.

2. “…for he hath greatly withstood our words.”

a. withstood [436 * antihistemi][Thayer: to set one's self against, to withstand, resist, oppose,  to set against.]

b. This is the same Greek word used in a number of New testament passages.

1). Acts 13:6-12  And when they had gone through the isle unto Paphos, they found a certain sorcerer, a false prophet, a Jew, whose name was Barjesus:
Which was with the deputy of the country, Sergius Paulus, a prudent man; who called for Barnabas and Saul, and desired to hear the word of God.
But Elymas the sorcerer (for so is his name by interpretation) withstood them, seeking to turn away the deputy from the faith.
Then Saul, (who also is called Paul,) filled with the Holy Ghost, set his eyes on him.
And said, O full of all subtilty and all mischief, thou child of the devil, thou enemy of all righteousness, wilt thou not cease to pervert the right ways of the Lord?
And now, behold, the hand of the Lord is upon thee, and thou shalt be blind, not seeing the sun for a season. And immediately there fell on him a mist and a darkness; and he went about seeking some to lead him by the hand.
Then the deputy, when he saw what was done, believed, being astonished at the doctrine of the Lord.

2). 2 Timothy 3:8 Now as Jannes and Jambres withstood Moses, so do these also resist the truth: men of corrupt minds, reprobate concerning the faith.

a). The English words withstood and resist are the same Greek words.


3). It is commonplace for believers in these last days to encounter unbelievers who greatly withstand our words.

2 Timothy 4:14

2 Timothy 4:14

Alexander the coppersmith did me much evil: the Lord reward him according to his works:

1. “Alexander the coppersmith did me much evil…”

a. Alexander [223 * Alexandros][Strong: man-defender.]Gesenius: man-defender.]

b. coppersmith [5471 * chalkeus][Gesenius: a worker in copper or iron, a smith.]

c. [NIV] “Alexander the metalworker did me a great deal of harm.”

d. The name Alexander is used 5 times in the New Testament, but only two of those times other than our text could it have been referring to this Alexander.

1). Acts 19:33, 34 And they drew Alexander out of the multitude, the Jews putting him forward. And Alexander beckoned with the hand, and would have made his defence unto the people.
But when they knew that he was a Jew, all with one voice about the space of two hours cried out, Great is Diana of the Ephesians.

2). 1 Timothy 1:19, 20 Holding faith, and a good conscience; which some having put away concerning faith have made shipwreck:
Of whom is Hymenaeus and Alexander; whom I have delivered unto Satan, that they may learn not to blaspheme.

e. Both of the above as well as the text refer to Ephesus geographically. Timothy was the leader of the church in Ephesus when 1 & 2 Timothy were written. It was in Ephesus where the riot of Acts 19 occurred. Personally I don’t know if the Alexander in Acts 19 is the same one as in our text. The Alexander in 1 Timothy 1:19, 20 and 2 Timothy 4:14 may or may not be the same.

f. The riot in Ephesus began when a bunch of metal workers who made images of the idol Diana, realized so many people were getting saved it was putting their income in danger because less people were purchasing their metallic images. This realization caused the uproar.

1). Acts 19:23-41 And the same time there arose no small stir about that way.
For a certain man named Demetrius, a silversmith, which made silver shrines for Diana, brought no small gain unto the craftsmen;
Whom he called together with the workmen of like occupation, and said, Sirs, ye know that by this craft we have our wealth.
Moreover ye see and hear, that not alone at Ephesus, but almost throughout all Asia, this Paul hath persuaded and turned away much people, saying that they be no gods, which are made with hands:
So that not only this our craft is in danger to be set at nought; but also that the temple of the great goddess Diana should be despised, and her magnificence should be destroyed, whom all Asia and the world worshippeth.
And when they heard these sayings, they were full of wrath, and cried out, saying, Great is Diana of the Ephesians.
And the whole city was filled with confusion: and having caught Gaius and Aristarchus, men of Macedonia, Paul's companions in travel, they rushed with one accord into the theatre.
And when Paul would have entered in unto the people, the disciples suffered him not.
And certain of the chief of Asia, which were his friends, sent unto him, desiring him that he would not adventure himself into the theatre.
Some therefore cried one thing, and some another: for the assembly was confused: and the more part knew not wherefore they were come together.
And they drew Alexander out of the multitude, the Jews putting him forward. And Alexander beckoned with the hand, and would have made his defence unto the people.
But when they knew that he was a Jew, all with one voice about the space of two hours cried out, Great is Diana of the Ephesians.
And when the townclerk had appeased the people, he said, Ye men of Ephesus, what man is there that knoweth not how that the city of the Ephesians is a worshipper of the great goddess Diana, and of the image which fell down from Jupiter?
Seeing then that these things cannot be spoken against, ye ought to be quiet, and to do nothing rashly.
For ye have brought hither these men, which are neither robbers of churches, nor yet blasphemers of your goddess.
Wherefore if Demetrius, and the craftsmen which are with him, have a matter against any man, the law is open, and there are deputies: let them implead one another.
But if ye enquire any thing concerning other matters, it shall be determined in a lawful assembly.
For we are in danger to be called in question for this day's uproar, there being no cause whereby we may give an account of this concourse.
And when he had thus spoken, he dismissed the assembly.

2). It is possible that Alexander may have come from this group of men. The fact that Paul refers to him as “the coppersmith” could mean there was not was no association with the church. The Alexander in 1Timothy 1:1, 20 definitely was a church leader and had forsaken the truth.

2. “…the Lord reward him according to his works:”

a. Other translations
1). [NIV] “The Lord will repay him for what he has done.”

2). [NASB] “…the Lord will repay him according to his deeds.”

b. All men will be judged according to their deeds, those in Covenant with God, Old and New; and those who are not in Covenant with God.

1). 2 Corinthians 5:6-10 Therefore we are always confident, knowing that, whilst we are at home in the body, we are absent from the Lord:
(For we walk by faith, not by sight:)
We are confident, I say, and willing rather to be absent from the body, and to be present with the Lord.
Wherefore we labour, that, whether present or absent, we may be accepted of him.
For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ; that every one may receive the things done in his body, according to that he hath done, whether it be good or bad.

2) Romans 14:10-12 But why dost thou judge thy brother? or why dost thou set at nought thy brother? for we shall all stand before the judgment seat of Christ.
For it is written, As I live, saith the Lord, every knee shall bow to me, and every tongue shall confess to God.
So then every one of us shall give account of himself to God.

3) Revelation 20:11-15 And I saw a great white throne, and him that sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away; and there was found no place for them.
And I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God; and the books were opened: and another book was opened, which is the book of life: and the dead were judged out of those things which were written in the books, according to their works.
And the sea gave up the dead which were in it; and death and hell delivered up the dead which were in them: and they were judged every man according to their works.
And death and hell were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death.
And whosoever was not found written in the book of life was cast into the lake of fire.

a). The Great White Throne Judgment has been traditionally believed to be the judgment of just unbelievers.

b). John Walvoord, The Millennial Kingdom, “Though the Scriptures do not state so directly, it is implied that this is a judgment of the wicked dead who have not previously been raised from the grave. They are judged according to their works as written in “the books” which are the divine record of human activity.” 

Monday, May 20, 2013

Daniel 2:48




Daniel 2:48

Then the king made Daniel a great man, and gave him many great gifts, and made him ruler over the whole province of Babylon, and chief of the governors over all the wise men of Babylon.

1. “…and chief of the governors over all the wise men of Babylon.”

a. chief [7229 * rab][Gesenius: great, great, great (fig of power) captain, chief.][Strong: (Aramaic) corresponding to 'rab' (7227):--captain, chief, great, lord, master, stout.]

b. wise [2445 * chakkiym][Strong: (Aramaic) from a root corresponding to 'chakam' (2449); wise, i.e. a Magian:--wise.]

c. Daniel was promoted to this position because of his faithfulness in telling Nebuchadnezzar the content of his dream and the interpretation. See Daniel 2:1-45.

d. On two other occasions Daniel is referred to by this title, once by Nebuchadnezzar and once by the Queen of Babylon.

1). Daniel 4:9 O Belteshazzar, master of the magicians, because I know that the spirit of the holy gods is in thee, and no secret troubleth thee, tell me the visions of my dream that I have seen, and the interpretation thereof.

a). master [7229 * rab][Gesenius: great, great, great (fig of power) captain, chief.][Strong: (Aramaic) corresponding to 'rab' (7227):--captain, chief, great, lord, master, stout.]

2). Daniel 5:10, 11 Now the queen by reason of the words of the king and his lords came into the banquet house: and the queen spake and said, O king, live for ever: let not thy thoughts trouble thee, nor let thy countenance be changed:
There is a man in thy kingdom, in whom is the spirit of the holy gods; and in the days of thy father light and understanding and wisdom, like the wisdom of the gods, was found in him; whom the king Nebuchadnezzar thy father, the king, I say, thy father, made master of the magicians, astrologers, Chaldeans, and soothsayers;

a). master [7229 * rab][Gesenius: great, great, great (fig of power) captain, chief.][Strong: (Aramaic) corresponding to 'rab' (7227):--captain, chief, great, lord, master, stout.]

3). There is reference to a similar use of words in Jeremiah in telling of Jeremiah’s rescue after the fall of Jerusalem.

a). Jeremiah 39:13  So Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard sent, and Nebushasban, Rabsaris, and Nergalsharezer, Rabmag, and all the king of Babylon's princes;

b). Rabmag [7248 * rabmag][Gesenius: soothsayer, magician, chief soothsayer
Rab-mag, chief soothsayer, or chief of princes, an official of Babylonia.][Strong: from 'rab' (7227) and a foreign word for a Magian; chief Magian; Rab-Mag, a Bab. official:--Rab-mag.]

e. Daniel’s influence over this group can be seen hundreds of years later at the birth of Christ.

1). Matthew 2:1, 2 Now when Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judaea in the days of Herod the king, behold, there came wise men from the east to Jerusalem,
Saying, Where is he that is born King of the Jews? for we have seen his star in the east, and are come to worship him.

2). Who were the Magi, Chuck Missler: “The ancient Magi were a hereditary priesthood of the Medes …credited with profound and extraordinary religious knowledge. After some Magi, who had been attached to the Median court, proved to be expert in the interpretation of dreams, Darius the Great established them over the state religion of Persia…It was in this dual capacity, whereby civil and political counsel was invested with religious authority, that the Magi became the supreme priestly caste of the Persian empire and continued to be prominent during the subsequent Seleucid, Parthian, and Sasanian periods. One of the titles given to Daniel was Rab-mag, the Chief of the Magi (Daniel 4:9; 5:11). His unusual career included being a principal administrator in two world empires, the Babylonian and the subsequent Persian Empire. When Darius appointed him, a Jew, over the previously hereditary Median priesthood, the resulting repercussions led to the plots involving the ordeal of the lions den, (Daniel 6).

Daniel apparently entrusted a Messianic vision (to be announced in due time by a “star”) to a secret sect of the Magi for its eventual fulfillment. It was at this time (the time of Christ), that the Magi, in their dual priestly and governmental office, composed the upper house of the Council of the Megistanes (from which we get the term “magistrates”), whose duties included the absolute choice and selection of the king of the realm. It was, therefore a group of Persian-Parthian “king-makers” who entered Jerusalem in the latter days of Herod. Herod’s reaction was understandably one of fear when one considers the background of Roman-Parthian rivalry that prevailed during his lifetime…In Jerusalem, the sudden appearance of the Magi, probably traveling in force with all imaginable oriental pomp and accompanied by an adequate cavalry escort to insure their safe penetration of Roman territory, certainly alarmed Herod and the populace of Jerusalem.