Saturday, June 29, 2013

2 Peter 2:16

2 Peter 2:16

But was rebuked for his iniquity: the dumb ass speaking with man's voice forbad the madness of the prophet.

1. “But was rebuked for his iniquity…”

a. rebuked [1649 * elegxis][Thayer: refutation, rebuke.]

b. iniquity [3892 * paranomia][Thayer:  breach of law, transgression, wickedness

c. Balaam was rebuked for his sin. The source it for it though is astonishing, coming from an animal.

2.  “…the dumb ass speaking with man's voice forbad the madness of the prophet.”

a. Numbers 22:15-22 “And Balak sent yet again princes, more, and more honourable than they.
And they came to Balaam, and said to him, Thus saith Balak the son of Zippor, Let nothing, I pray thee, hinder thee from coming unto me:
 For I will promote thee unto very great honour, and I will do whatsoever thou sayest unto me: come therefore, I pray thee, curse me this people.
And Balaam answered and said unto the servants of Balak, If Balak would give me his house full of silver and gold, I cannot go beyond the word of the LORD my God, to do less or more.
Now therefore, I pray you, tarry ye here this night, that I may know what the LORD will say unto me more.
And God came unto Balaam at night, and said unto him, IF THE MEN COME TO CALL THEE, RISE UP, AND GO WITH THEM; but yet the word which I shall say unto thee, that shall thou do.
AND BALAAM ROSE UP IN THE MORNING, AND SADDLED HIS ASS, AND WENT WITH THE PRINCES OF MOAB.
AND GOD’S ANGER WAS KINDLED BECAUSE HE WENT: and the angel of the LORD stood in the way for an adversary against him. Now he was riding upon his ass, and his two servants were with him.
And the ass saw the angel of the LORD standing in the way, and his sword drawn in his hand: and the ass turned aside out of the way, and went into the field: and Balaam smote the ass, to turn her into the way.
But the angel of the LORD stood in a path of the vineyard, a wall being on this side, and a wall being on that side.
And when the ass saw the angel of the LORD, she thrust herself unto the wall, and crushed Balaam’s foot against the wall: and he smote her again.
 And the angel of the LORD went further, and stood in a narrow place, where was no way to turn either to the right hand or to the left.
And when the ass saw the angel of the LORD, she fell down under Balaam: and Balaam’s anger was kindled, and he smote the ass with a staff.
And the LORD opened the mouth of the ass, and she said unto Balaam, What have I done unto thee, that thou hast smitten me these three times?
And Balaam said unto the ass, Because thou hast mocked me: I would there were a sword in mine hand, for now would I kill thee.
And the ass said unto Balaam, Am not I thine ass, upon which thou hast ridden ever since I was thine unto this day? Was I ever wont to do so unto thee? And he said, Nay.
Then the LORD opened the eyes of Balaam, and he saw the angel of the LORD standing in his way, and his sword drawn in his hand: and he bowed down his head, and fell flat on his face.
 And the angel of the LORD said unto him,
Wherefore hast thou smitten thine ass these three times? Behold, I went out to withstand thee, because thy way  is perverse before me:
And thine ass saw me, and turned from me these three times: unless she had turned from, me surely now also I had slain thee, and saved her alive.
And Balaam said unto the angel of the LORD, I have sinned; for I knew not that thou stoodest in the way against me: not therefore, if it displease thee, I will get me back again.
 And the angel of the LORD said unto Balaam, Go with the men: but only the word that I shall speak unto thee, that thou shalt speak. So Balaam went with the princes of Balak.”


1). Most people who read the passage miss what happened in verses 20-22. Perhaps the translation they read confuses them or they just don’t see it. The Lord got mad at Balaam because Balaam didn’t wait for the men to call on him. The first thing in the morning he just saddled his ass and went. This is the only explanation for the response from God. If the verses in Numbers 22:20-22 are compared with Numbers 22:35, it is obvious that the only real difference between to two was the condition the LORD stated in verse 20: “If the men come to call thee…”  Why would God be mad enough to kill him because he was doing something that God had said he could do? He was mad enough to kill him because he didn’t wait. It was disobedience.

2 Peter 2:15

2 Peter 2:15

Which have forsaken the right way, and are gone astray, following the way of Balaam the son of Bosor, who loved the wages of unrighteousness;

a. The corresponding verse in Jude is verse 11.

1). Jude 11 Woe unto them! for they have gone in the way of Cain, and ran greedily after the error of Balaam for reward, and perished in the gainsaying of Korah.

1. “Which have forsaken the right way, and are gone astray…”

a. forsaken [2641 * kataleipo][Thayer: to leave behind, to depart from, leave, to be left, to bid (one) to remain, to forsake, leave to one's self a person or thing by ceasing to care for it, to abandon, leave in the lurch, to be abandoned, forsaken, to cause to be left over, to reserve, to leave remaining, like our "leave behind", it is used of one who on being called away cannot take another with him, especially of the dying (to leave behind), like our "leave", leave alone, disregard, of those who sail past a place without stopping.]

b. right [2117 * euthys][Thayer: straight, level, straight forward, upright, true, sincere, straightway, immediately.

c. way [3598 * hodos][Thayer:  properly, a way, a travelled way, road, a travellers way, journey, travelling, metaphorically, a course of conduct, a way (i.e. manner) of thinking, feeling, deciding.]

d. gone astray [4105 * planao][Thayer: to cause to stray, to lead astray, lead aside from the right way,  to go astray, wander, roam about, to lead away from the truth, to lead into error, to deceive, to be led aside from the path of virtue, to go astray, sin, to sever or fall away from the truth.]

1). The story of redemption is how man went astray and Jesus went seeking us and take the punishment for our sin upon himself.

a). Isaiah 53:6  All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the LORD hath laid on him the iniquity of us all.

b). Matthew 18:11-14 For the Son of man is come to save that which was lost.
How think ye? if a man have an hundred sheep, and one of them be gone astray, doth he not leave the ninety and nine, and goeth into the mountains, and seeketh that which is gone astray?
And if so be that he find it, verily I say unto you, he rejoiceth more of that sheep, than of the ninety and nine which went not astray.
Even so it is not the will of your Father which is in heaven, that one of these little ones should perish.

2). When we return to Him we return to our shepherd.

a). 1 Peter 2:25 For ye were as sheep going astray; but are now returned unto the Shepherd and Bishop of your souls.

2. “…following the way of Balaam the son of Bosor, who loved the wages of unrighteousness;”

a. These false teachers are committing the same sin as Balaam in that they run “greedily after the error of Balaam for reward.” Balaam was greedy for money, this is clearly seen in Balaam’s behavior. A closer look at Balaam’s sin will be examined in the next verse.

1). Numbers 22:15-22 And Balak sent yet again princes, more, and more honourable than they.
And they came to Balaam, and said to him, Thus saith Balak the son of Zippor, Let nothing, I pray thee, hinder thee from coming unto me:
For I will promote thee unto very great honour, and I will do whatsoever thou sayest unto me: come therefore, I pray thee, curse me this people.
And Balaam answered and said unto the servants of Balak, If Balak would give me his house full of silver and gold, I cannot go beyond the word of the Lord my God, to do less or more.
Now therefore, I pray you, tarry ye also here this night, that I may know what the Lord will say unto me more.
And God came unto Balaam at night, and said unto him, If the men come to call thee, rise up, and go with them; but yet the word which I shall say unto thee, that shalt thou do.
And Balaam rose up in the morning, and saddled his ass, and went with the princes of Moab.
And God's anger was kindled because he went: and the angel of the Lord stood in the way for an adversary against him. Now he was riding upon his ass, and his two servants were with him.

2). Gordon Lindsay writes in his Old Testament Series: “Although he spoke of not accepting Balak’s offer, even if he would, “give me his house full of silver and gold”, it actually was the silver and gold that Balaam was  after.

3). We are warned against the temptation to love money.


a). 1 Timothy 6:10 “For the love of money is the root of all evil: which while some coveted after, they have erred from the faith, and pierced themselves through with many sorrows.”

Wednesday, June 26, 2013

2 Peter 2:14

2 Peter 2:14

Having eyes full of adultery, and that cannot cease from sin; beguiling unstable souls: an heart they have exercised with covetous practices; cursed children:

a. The corresponding verse is in Jude.

1). Jude 12 These are spots in your feasts of charity, when they feast with you, feeding themselves without fear: clouds they are with water, carried about of winds; trees whose fruit withereth, without fruit, twice dead, plucked up by the roots;

1. “Having eyes full of adultery…”

a. eyes [3788 * ophthalmos][Thayer:  the eye, metaphorically, the eyes of the mind, the faculty of knowing]

b. full [3324 * mestos][Thayer: full, in reference to persons, whose minds are as it were filled with thoughts and emotions, either good or bad.]

c. adultery [3428 * moichalis][Thayer:  an adulteress, as the intimate alliance of God with the people of Israel was likened to a marriage, those who relapse into idolatry are said to commit adultery or play the harlot, figuratively, equivalent to faithless to God, unclean, apostate.]

d. A couple of verses, one from the Old Covenant and one from the New Covenant fit here.

1). Jeremiah 5:8, 9 They were as fed horses in the morning: every one neighed after his neighbour's wife.
Shall I not visit for these things? saith the Lord: and shall not my soul be avenged on such a nation as this?

2). Matthew 5:27-29 Ye have heard that it was said by them of old time, Thou shalt not commit adultery:
But I say unto you, That whosoever looketh on a woman to lust after her hath committed adultery with her already in his heart.
And if thy right eye offend thee, pluck it out, and cast it from thee: for it is profitable for thee that one of thy members should perish, and not that thy whole body should be cast into hell.

e. Power Bible CD

1). Adam Clark’s Commentary: Of an adulteress; being ever bent on the gratification of their sensual desires, so that they are represented as having an adulteress constantly before their eyes, and that their eyes can take in no other object but her.

2). Albert Barnes NT Commentary: Marg., as in the Greek, an adulteress; that is, gazing with desire after such persons. The word full is designed to denote that the corrupt passion referred to had wholly seized and occupied their minds. The eye was, as it were, full of this passion; it saw nothing else but some occasion for its indulgence; it expressed nothing else but the desire. The reference here is to the sacred festival mentioned in the previous verse; and the meaning is, that they celebrated that festival with licentious feelings, giving free indulgence to their corrupt desires by gazing on the females who were assembled with them. In the passion here referred to, the eye is usually the first offender, the inlet to corrupt desires, and the medium by which they are expressed.

2. “…and that cannot cease from sin…”

a. cannot cease [180 * akatapaustos; a-without; katapauo-to quiet down.][Strong; a (as a negative particle) and a derivative of [katapauw] - katapauo 2664; unrefraining:--that cannot cease.]

b. sin [266 * hamartia][Thayer: to be without a share in, to miss the mark, to err, be mistaken,  to miss or wander from the path of uprightness and honour, to do or go wrong, to wander from the law of God, violate God's law, sin, that which is done wrong, sin, an offence, a violation of the divine law in thought or in act, collectively, the complex or aggregate of sins committed either by a single person or by many.]

c. These words bring to mind a verse from 2 Timothy that basically declares the same thing. Men will become unable to control themselves.

1). 2 Timothy 3:3 Without natural affection, trucebreakers, false accusers, incontinent, fierce, despisers of those that are good,

3. “…beguiling unstable souls…”

a. beguiling [1185 * deleazo][Thayer: to bait, catch by a bait, metaph. to beguile by blandishments, allure, entice, deceive.]

1). This Greek word is used three times in the King James, in James 1:14, 2 Peter 2:18 and in the present text.

2). The Apostle Paul exhorted the Corinthian believers not to be beguiled as Eve was by the devil. Though it is a different Greek word, it means the same thing, to be deceived.

a). 2 Corinthians 11:1-3 Would to God ye could bear with me a little in my folly: and indeed bear with me.
For I am jealous over you with godly jealousy: for I have espoused you to one husband, that I may present you as a chaste virgin to Christ.
But I fear, lest by any means, as the serpent beguiled Eve through his subtilty, so your minds should be corrupted from the simplicity that is in Christ.

b. unstable [793 * asteriktos; a-without; sterizo-to confirm, establish][Thayer: unstable, unsteadfast][ Zodhiates:  Unsettled, unstable, unsteady.]

c. Peter uses this same Greek word for the English word “unstable” later in this epistle.

1). 2 Peter 3:15, 16 And account that the longsuffering of our Lord is salvation; even as our beloved brother Paul also according to the wisdom given unto him hath written unto you;
As also in all his epistles, speaking in them of these things; in which are some things hard to be understood, which they that are unlearned and unstable wrest, as they do also the other scriptures, unto their own destruction.

2). If we are unstable in our commitment to Christ it is our own fault. What is so dangerous is that we are setting ourselves up to be deceived. As Peter writes here, those who are unstable wrest the Scriptures into a meaning that will compliment their deception. We must seek the Lord with our whole heart.

a). Deuteronomy 6:5 And thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy might.

3). This is why it is critical that we walk in faithfulness to the  light that is revealed to us.

a).  2 Timothy 2:15 Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth.

4.  “…an heart they have exercised with covetous practices…”

a. exercised [1128 * gymnazo][Thayer: to exercise naked (in a palaestra or school of athletics), to exercise vigorously, in any way, either the body or the mind.]

b. covetous practices [4124 * pleonexia][Thayer:  greedy desire to have more, covetousness, avarice.][Strong: avarice, i.e. (by implication) fraudulency, extortion:--covetous(-ness) practices, greediness.]

c. In order to get a better understanding we need to take a look at a verse in Hebrews.

1). Hebrews 4:15 But strong meat belongeth to them that are of full age, even those who by reason of use have their senses exercised to discern both good and evil.

a). In this verse the writer of Hebrews says that those who are of “full age” or mature are those “who by reason of use have their senses exercised to discern both good and evil.”

b). use [1838 * hexis] [Zodhiates: Habit. Used usually of life or body, therefore, practice or exercise.]  

c). The senses he is speaking of are not our 5 physical senses. In verse 11 the sense of hearing he was referring to was spiritual. The spiritual senses of taste, hearing, seeing, touch, and smell are mentioned in the following verses.

(1). John 4:31-34 In the mean while his disciples prayed him, saying, Master, eat.
But he said unto them, I have meat to eat that ye know not of.
Therefore said his disciples one to another, Hath any man brought him ought to eat?
Jesus saith unto them, My meat is to do the will of him that sent me, and to finish his work.

(2). Isaiah 55:1, 2 Ho, everyone that thirsteth, come ye to the waters, and he that hath no money; come ye buy, and eat; yea, come, buy wine and milk without money and without price.
Wherefore do ye spend money for that which is not bread? and your labour for that which satisfieth not? hearken diligently unto me, and eat ye that which is good, and let your soul delight itself in fatness.

(3). Ephesians 1:18 The eyes of your understanding being enlightened; that ye may know what is the hope of his calling, and what the riches of the glory of his inheritance in the saints,

(4). 2 Peter 1:9 But he that lacketh these things is blind, and cannot see afar off, and hath forgotten that he was purged from his old sins.

d). To understand the phrase “senses exercised” we need to look at a another verse. To exercise the heart with coveteous practices would be to think and meditate upon the flesh and then to act it out.

(1). Ephesians 2:3 Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others.


e). These individuals filled their thoughts and desires with sinful practices and they then acted them out, fulfilled them in their lives. This underscores the critical importance of not only meditating the Scriptures but also what do we allow into our minds, what are we feeding on. What music do we listen to, what movies and television do we watch? What do we feed on? 

Sunday, June 23, 2013

2 Peter 2:13

2 Peter 2:13

And shall receive the reward of unrighteousness, as they that count it pleasure to riot in the day time. Spots they are and blemishes, sporting themselves with their own deceivings while they feast with you;

a. The corresponding verse is found in Jude.

1). Jude 12 These are spots in your feasts of charity, when they feast with you, feeding themselves without fear: clouds they are with water, carried about of winds; trees whose fruit withereth, without fruit, twice dead, plucked up by the roots;

1. “And shall receive the reward of unrighteousness…”

a. receive [2865 * komizo][Thayer: to care for, take care of, provide for, to take up or carry away in order to care for and preserve, to carry away, bear off, to carry, bear, bring to, to carry away for one's self, to carry off what is one's own, to bring back, to receive, obtain: the promised blessing, to receive what was previously one's own, to get back, receive back, recover.]

b. reward [3408 * misthos][Thayer:  dues paid for work, wages, hire, reward: used of the fruit naturally resulting from toils and endeavours, in both senses, rewards and punishments, of the rewards which God bestows, or will bestow, upon good deeds and endeavours, of punishments.]

2.  “…as they that count it pleasure to riot in the day time.”

a. pleasure [2237 * hedone][Thayer:  pleasure, desires for pleasure.]


b. riot [5172 * truphe] [Bullinger: “a breaking down, especially of the mind, and making effeminate; hence, luxury, indulgence,…”][Zodhiates: to break up or enfeeble by luxury which destroys the integrity of body and mind.][Strong: from thrupto (to break up or (figuratively) enfeeble, especially the mind and body by indulgence); effeminacy, i.e. luxury or debauchery:--delicately, riot.]

1). This definition of riot intrigues me. Could it be that the passage in 2 Timothy 3:4, that describes the religious people there as, “lovers of pleasure more that lovers of God”, and the fact that they are “incontinent” i.e., unable to govern one’s own appetites, be related. Does this explain all the “addiction” usage in our vocabulary, where we are addicted to everything from chocolate to video games to pornography to whatever? Is our pleasure loving, hedonistic culture producing a bunch of weak, feeble people who can’t control any of their desires, including Christians? The answer I believe is a definite Yes!

c. daytime [2250 * hemera][Thayer: the day, used of the natural day, or the interval between sunrise and sunset, as distinguished from and contrasted with the night, in the daytime, metaphorically, "the day" is regarded as the time for abstaining from indulgence, vice, crime, because acts of the sort are perpetrated at night and in darkness, of the civil day, or the space of twenty four hours (thus including the night), Eastern usage of this term differs from our western usage. Any part of a day is counted as a whole day, hence the expression "three days and three nights" does not mean literally three whole days, but at least one whole day plus part of two other days, of the last day of this present age, the day Christ will return from heaven, raise the dead, hold the final judgment, and perfect his kingdom, used of time in general, i.e. the days of his life.]


3. “…Spots they are and blemishes…”

a. spots [4696 * spilos] [Zodhiates: a spot or stain, figuratively in a moral sense.] [Vines? Metaphorically of lascivious persons.]

b. blemishes [3470 * momos][Thayer:  blemish, blot, disgrace, censure, insult, of men who are a disgrace to society.]

c. The Greek definitions here and in Jude agree that the spots and blemishes are individuals. This puts a clearer light upon a passage in Ephesians.

1). Ephesians 5:25-27 Husbands, love your wives, even as Christ also loved the church, and gave himself for it;
That he might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of water by the word,
That he might present it to himself a glorious church, not having spot, or wrinkle, or any such thing; but that it should be holy and without blemish.

2). This verse is not referring to sins in our lives that we haven’t overcome yet in our devotion to Jesus. It is referring to individuals who are totally given over to lust

4. “…sporting themselves with their own deceivings while they feast with you.”

a. sporting [1792 * entryphao][Thayer:  to live in luxury, live delicately or luxuriously, to revel in, to take delight in.]

1). Albert Barnes NT Commentary: The Greek word here means to live delicately or luxuriously; to revel. The idea is not exactly that of sporting, or playing, or amusing themselves; but it is that they take advantage of their views to live in riot and luxury. Under the garb of the Christian profession, they give indulgence to the most corrupt passions.

b. deceiving [539 * apate][Thayer:  deceit, deceitfulness.][Strong:  delusion:--deceit(-ful, -fulness), deceivableness(-ving).

c. Translations:
1). [NLT] “They delight in deception* even as they eat with you in your fellowship meals.”

2).[Young’s Literal Translation] “luxuriating in their deceits, feasting with you”

d. feast [4910 * syneuocheomai; sun-together;eu-well; echo-to have sustenance].


1). Bible scholars believe this is either a reference to the Lord’s supper or a communal Christian meal. In any event these apostate believers have a demonic boldness to sin without fear even in these holy gatherings, as Jude writes, “when they feast with you, feeding themselves without fear.”

Friday, June 21, 2013

2 Peter 2:12

2 Peter 2:12

But these, as natural brute beasts, made to be taken and destroyed, speak evil of the things that they understand not; and shall utterly perish in their own corruption;

a. Jude 10 says almost the same thing.

1). Jude 10 But these speak evil of those things which they know not: but what they know naturally, as brute beasts, in those things they corrupt themselves.

1. “But these, as natural brute beasts…”

a. natural [5446 * physikos][Thayer: produced by nature, inborn, agreeable to nature, governed by (the instincts of) nature.]

b. brute [249 * alogos; a-without; logos-reason][Zodhiates: unendowed with reason, irrational, brute.]

c. beasts [2226 * zoon][Thayer:  a living being,
an animal, brute, beast.]

d. Power Bible CD Commentary

1). Adam Clark’s Commentary:  As those natural animals void of reason, following only the gross instinct of nature, being governed neither by reason nor religion.

2). Albert Barnes NT Commentary: These persons, who resemble so much irrational animals which are made to be taken and destroyed. The point of the comparison is, that they are like fierce and savage beasts that exercise no control over their appetites, and that seem to be made only to be destroyed. These persons, by their fierce and ungovernable passions, appear to be made only for destruction, and rush blindly on to it. The word rendered natural, (which, however, is wanting in several manuscripts,) means as they are by nature, following the bent of their natural appetites and passions. The idea is, that they exercised no more restraint over their passions than beasts do over their propensities.

3). Don Costello: To be honest I have not seen a false teacher exhibit such carnality. Some of the descriptions in these verses are no doubt being exhibited, but this particular verse has not. I don’t think we are there yet.  

2. “…made to be taken and destroyed…”

a. made [1080 * gennao][Thayer: of men who fathered children, to be born, to be begotten, of women giving birth to children, metaphorically, to engender, cause to arise, excite, in a Jewish sense, of one who brings others over to his way of life, to convert someone.]

b. taken [259 * halosis][Thayer: a catching, capture, to be taken.]

c. destroyed [5356 * phthora][Thayer: corruption, destruction, perishing, that which is subject to corruption, what is perishable, in the Christian sense, eternal misery in hell, in the NT, in an ethical sense, corruption i.e. moral decay.]

3. “…speak evil of the things that they understand not; and shall utterly perish in their own corruption.”

a. speak evil [987 * blasphemo][Thayer: to speak reproachfully, rail at, revile, calumniate, blaspheme, to be evil spoken of, reviled, railed at.]

b. understand not [50 * agnoeo][Thayer:  to be ignorant, not to know,  not to understand, unknown
 to err or sin through mistake, to be wrong.]
1). No doubt one determining factor in their failure to understand was the probability they were not born again.

a). 1 Corinthians 2:14 But the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him: neither can he know them, because they are spiritually discerned.

b). They speak evil of the truth and those who follow the truth.

c. perish [2704 * kataphtheiro][Thayer: to corrupt, deprave, corrupted in mind, to destroy, to be destroyed, to perish.]

d. corruption [5356 * phthora][Thayer: corruption, destruction, perishing, that which is subject to corruption, what is perishable, in the Christian sense, eternal misery in hell, in the NT, in an ethical sense, corruption i.e. moral decay.]

e. In the beginning of his letter, Peter wrote that the promises of God included the only way to escape the corruption he is referring to, in order to be delivered and free from it.

1). 2 Peter 1:2-4 Grace and peace be multiplied unto you through the knowledge of God, and of Jesus our Lord,
According as his divine power hath given unto us all things that pertain unto life and godliness, through the knowledge of him that hath called us to glory and virtue:
Whereby are given unto us exceeding great and precious promises: that by these ye might be partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world through lust.


2). The refusal of these individuals to yield to the truth that would set them free results in that they will perish in that corruption.

Wednesday, June 19, 2013

2 Peter 2:11

2 Peter 2:11

Whereas angels, which are greater in power and might, bring not railing accusation against them before the Lord.

1. “Whereas angels, which are greater in power and might…”

a. greater [3187 * meizon][Thayer: greater, larger, elder, stronger.]

b. power [2479 * ischys][Thayer: ability, force, strength, might.]

c. might [1411 * dynamis][Thayer: strength power, ability, inherent power, power residing in a thing by virtue of its nature, or which a person or thing exerts and puts forth, power for performing miracles, moral power and excellence of soul, the power and influence which belong to riches and wealth, power and resources arising from numbers, power consisting in or resting upon armies, forces, hosts.]

1). Although this English word “might” is the same Greek word used in Acts 1:8 where Jesus, speaking to the disciples said, “But ye shall receive “power”, after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you…” does not mean that angels have more power than the church. For this same Greek word is used in Ephesians 1, when Paul was describing the power and authority given to the church at Christ Jesus resurrection.

a). Ephesians 1:19-21 And what is the exceeding greatness of his power to us-ward who believe, according to the working of his mighty power,
Which he wrought in Christ, when he raised him from the dead, and set him at his own right hand in the heavenly places,
Far above all principality, and power, and might, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come:

d. The greater context of the people to who Peter is referring to must be also be included here, that is the inhabitants of Sodom who were railing at Lot for accusing them of behaving so wickedly. 2 Peter 2:12 I think establishes that the individuals Peter is referring to are not born again but only natural brute beasts.

2. “…bring not railing accusation against them before the Lord.”

a. railing [989 * blasphemos][Thayer: speaking evil, slanderous, reproachful, railing, abusive.]

b. accusation [2920 * krisis][Thayer: a separating, sundering, separation, a trial, contest, selection, judgment, opinion or decision given concerning anything, esp. concerning justice and injustice, right or wrong, sentence of condemnation, damnatory judgment, condemnation and punishment, the college of judges (a tribunal of seven men in the several cities of Palestine; as distinguished from the Sanhedrin, which had its seat at Jerusalem), right, justice.]

c. Translations

1). [NIV] “do not heap abuse on such beings when bringing judgment on them from the Lord.”

2). [NASB] “do not bring a reviling judgment against them before the Lord.”

3). Adam Clark’s Commentary: This is a difficult verse, but the meaning seems to be this: The holy angels, who are represented as bringing an account of the actions of the fallen angels before the Lord in judgment, simply state the facts without exaggeration, and without permitting anything of a bitter, reviling, or railing spirit, to enter into their accusations.

4). Albert Barnes NT Commentary: “The object, by the reference to angels here, is to show that they, even when manifesting the greatest zeal in a righteous cause, and even when opposing others, did not make use of reproachful terms, or of harsh and violent language. It is not known precisely to what Peter alludes here, nor on what the statement here is based. There can be little doubt, however, as Benson has remarked, that, from the strong resemblance between what Peter says and what Jude says, (Jude 1:9,10,) there is allusion to the same thing, and probably both referred to some common tradition among the Jews respecting the contention of the archangel Michael with the devil about the body of Moses. See Barnes for Jude 1:9. As the statement in Jude is the most full, it is proper to explain the passage before us by a reference to that; and we may suppose that, though Peter uses the plural term, and speaks of angels, yet that he really had the case of Michael in his eye, and meant to refer to that as an example of what the angels do.”


5). I have more notes on this in my notes on Jude 9, 10.

Tuesday, June 18, 2013

1 Peter 4:5

1 Peter 4:5

Who shall give account to him that is ready to judge the quick and the dead.

1. “Who shall give account to him…”

a. account [3056 * logos][Strong: something said (including the thought); by implication, a topic (subject of discourse), also reasoning (the mental faculty) or motive; by extension, a computation; specially, (with the article in John) the Divine Expression (i.e. Christ):--account, cause, communication, X concerning, doctrine, fame, X have to do, intent, matter, mouth, preaching, question, reason, + reckon, remove, say(-ing), shew, X speaker, speech, talk, thing, + none of these things move me, tidings, treatise, utterance, word, work.]

b. This is clearly referring to man giving account to God for his actions. We as believers are to live in the light of the fact we will give our Lord an account for our lives.

1). Romans 14:10-12 But why dost thou judge thy brother? or why dost thou set at nought thy brother? for we shall all stand before the judgment seat of Christ.
For it is written, As I live, saith the Lord, every knee shall bow to me, and every tongue shall confess to God.
So then every one of us shall give account of himself to God.

2). 2 Corinthians 5:6-10 Therefore we are always confident, knowing that, whilst we are at home in the body, we are absent from the Lord:
(For we walk by faith, not by sight:)
We are confident, I say, and willing rather to be absent from the body, and to be present with the Lord.
Wherefore we labour, that, whether present or absent, we may be accepted of him.
For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ; that every one may receive the things done in his body, according to that he hath done, whether it be good or bad.

c. This kind of thinking will help us live more pure lives, definitely have a cleansing effect upon us.

1). 1 John 3:2, 3 Beloved, now are we the sons of God, and it doth not yet appear what we shall be: but we know that, when he shall appear, we shall be like him; for we shall see him as he is.
And every man that hath this hope in him purifieth himself, even as he is pure.


d. Unbelievers, those who are not saved are oblivious to these truths, hence, this is why thay speak evil of us and the way we live.

Monday, June 17, 2013

2 Peter 1:21

2 Peter 1:21

For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost.

1. “For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man…”

a. prophecy [4394 * propheteia][Thayer: prophecy, a discourse emanating from divine inspiration and declaring the purposes of God, whether by reproving and admonishing the wicked, or comforting the afflicted, or revealing things hidden; esp. by foretelling future events.
Used in the NT of the utterance of OT prophets, of the prediction of events relating to Christ's kingdom and its speedy triumph, together with the consolations and admonitions pertaining to it, the spirit of prophecy, the divine mind, to which the prophetic faculty is due.]

b. Looking at 2 Peter 1:20, 21 together I believe confirms what I had gathered from other wise men. The prophetic utterances of the prophets that eventually became the Scriptures were inspired by God, they were not the emotionally charged utterances of the men themselves, that is their own will. Again, Albert Barnes says it well.

1). Albert Barnes NT Commentary: “The more correct interpretation, as it seems to me, is that which supposes that the apostle teaches that the truths which the prophets communicated were not originated by themselves; were not of their own suggestion or invention; were not their own opinions, but were of higher origin, and were imparted by God; and according to this the passage may be explained, "knowing this as a point of first importance when you approach the prophecies, or always bearing this in mind, that it is a great principle in regard to the prophets, that what they communicated was not of their own disclosure; that is, was not revealed or originated by them."

2. “…but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost.”

a. holy [40 * hagios][Thayer: most holy thing, a saint.][Zodhiates: Its fundamental idea is separation, consecration, devotion to the service of God. Set apart, sanctified.]

1). I believe that one of the lessons we can take from this verse is the men whose utterances make up the Bible were not spiritual slouches. They were men set apart and consecrated to God. They weren’t perfect either, they were fully human, and as James writes, men “subject to like passions”.

b. spake [2980 * laleo][Thayer: to utter a voice or emit a sound, to speak, to use the tongue or the faculty of speech, to utter articulate sounds, to talk,
to utter, tell, to use words in order to declare one's mind and disclose one's thoughts, to speak.]

1). At least one example is found in the book of Acts. Here the Spirit of God used a yielded vessel to speak forth his will.

a). Acts 13:1, 2 Now there were in the church that was at Antioch certain prophets and teachers; as Barnabas, and Simeon that was called Niger, and Lucius of Cyrene, and Manaen, which had been brought up with Herod the tetrarch, and Saul.
As they ministered to the Lord, and fasted, the Holy Ghost said, Separate me Barnabas and Saul for the work whereunto I have called them.

c. moved [5342 * phero][Thayer:  to carry, to carry some burden, to bear with one's self, to move by bearing; move or, to be conveyed or borne, with the suggestion of force or speed, of persons borne in a ship over the sea, of a gust of wind, to rush, of the mind, to be moved inwardly, prompted, to bear up i.e. uphold (keep from falling), of Christ, the preserver of the universe, to bear, i.e. endure, to endure the rigour of a thing, to bear patiently one's conduct, or spare one (abstain from punishing or destroying), to bring, bring to, bring forward, to move to, apply, to bring in by announcing, to announce, to bear i.e. bring forth, produce; to bring forward in a speech.]

d. Albert Barnes NT Commentary: The idea is, that in what they spake they were carried along by an influence from above. They moved in the case only as they were moved; they spake only as the influence of the Holy Ghost was upon them.

e. Here are a couple of examples, but by far not the only ones.

1). 2 Samuel 23:1-3  Now these be the last words of David. David the son of Jesse said, and the man who was raised up on high, the anointed of the God of Jacob, and the sweet psalmist of Israel, said,
The Spirit of the Lord spake by me, and his word was in my tongue.
The God of Israel said, the Rock of Israel spake to me, He that ruleth over men must be just, ruling in the fear of God.

2). Ezekiel 2:1-5 And he said unto me, Son of man, stand upon thy feet, and I will speak unto thee.
And the spirit entered into me when he spake unto me, and set me upon my feet, that I heard him that spake unto me.
And he said unto me, Son of man, I send thee to the children of Israel, to a rebellious nation that hath rebelled against me: they and their fathers have transgressed against me, even unto this very day.
For they are impudent children and stiffhearted. I do send thee unto them; and thou shalt say unto them, Thus saith the Lord God.

And they, whether they will hear, or whether they will forbear, (for they are a rebellious house,) yet shall know that there hath been a prophet among them.

2 Peter 1:20

2 Peter 1:20

Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation.

1. “Knowing this first…”

a. knowing [1097 * ginosko][Thayer: to learn to know, come to know, get a knowledge of perceive, feel, to become known, to know, understand, perceive, have knowledge of, to understand, to know.]

b. first [4412 * proton][Thayer: first in time or place, in any succession of things or persons, first in rank, influence, honour, chief, principal, first, at the first.]

c. Power Bible CD Notes:

1). Albert barnes NT Commentary: Bearing this steadily in mind as a primary and most important truth.

2). Annotated Bible Notes: a truth essential to the knowledge of the rest.

3). Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary: first principle never to be lost sight of.

2. “…that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation.”

a. prophecy [4394 * propheteia][Thayer:  prophecy, a discourse emanating from divine inspiration and declaring the purposes of God, whether by reproving and admonishing the wicked, or comforting the afflicted, or revealing things hidden; esp. by foretelling future events.
Used in the NT of the utterance of OT prophets, of the prediction of events relating to Christ's kingdom and its speedy triumph, together with the consolations and admonitions pertaining to it, the spirit of prophecy, the divine mind, to which the prophetic faculty is due.]

b. private [2398 * idios][Thayer: pertaining to one's self, one's own, belonging to one's self.]

c. interpretation [1955 * epilysis][Thayer:  a loosening, unloosing, metaphorically, interpretation.]

d. Power Bible CD

1). Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary: “No prophecy is found to be the result of "private (the mere individual writer's uninspired) interpretation" (solution), and so origination. The Greek noun epilusis, does not mean in itself origination; but that which the sacred writer could not always fully interpret, though being the speaker or writer (as 1Pe 1:10-12 implies), was plainly not of his own, but of God's disclosure, origination, and inspiration.”

2). Albert Barnes NT Commentary: “The more correct interpretation, as it seems to me, is that which supposes that the apostle teaches that the truths which the prophets communicated were not originated by themselves; were not of their own suggestion or invention; were not their own opinions, but were of higher origin, and were imparted by God; and according to this the passage may be explained, "knowing this as a point of first importance when you approach the prophecies, or always bearing this in mind, that it is a great principle in regard to the prophets, that what they communicated was not of their own disclosure; that is, was not revealed or originated by them."

e. Dake: This is the first principle of truth, that no prophecy is self-originated by the speaker or from a mere impulse of the prophets own mind.

f. In light of the next verse I have to agree with the above instruction, that the utterances were not the invention of those speaking, but I also believe that this warning can also include that as we study the Scriptures we are warned to not applying our own personal meaning to the Scripture but let the Holy Spirit interpret it to us.

1). 1 Corinthians 2:9-13 But as it is written, Eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, neither have entered into the heart of man, the things which God hath prepared for them that love him.
But God hath revealed them unto us by his Spirit: for the Spirit searcheth all things, yea, the deep things of God.
For what man knoweth the things of a man, save the spirit of man which is in him? even so the things of God knoweth no man, but the Spirit of God.
Now we have received, not the spirit of the world, but the spirit which is of God; that we might know the things that are freely given to us of God.
Which things also we speak, not in the words which man's wisdom teacheth, but which the Holy Ghost teacheth; comparing spiritual things with spiritual.

2). We need to let the Holy Ghost teach us. How? By comparing spiritual with spiritual, comparing Scripture with Scripture. As we are reading through the verses, the Holy Ghost will inject other verses that apply to the ones we are reading, thus giving us greater revelation and understanding. It goes without saying that in order for this to happen we must be familiar with the Scripture.

a). John 14:26  But the Comforter, [which is] the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you.


b). The Scripture must already be in my mind for the Holy Ghost to bring it to my remembrance. This underscores my need to study the Scripture.

Sunday, June 16, 2013

2 Peter 1:4

2 Peter 1:4

Whereby are given unto us exceeding great and precious promises: that by these ye might be partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world through lust.

1. “Whereby are given unto us exceeding great and precious promises…”

a. It is through revelation knowledge, knowledge given to us, to the inner man by the Spirit of God, that we are given “exceeding great and precious promises”. As the Greek definition of the English word “knowledge” clearly reveals, once the knowledge is given by the Spirit it becomes personal, with the Holy Ghost infusing into the human spirit all the faith and grace necessary for the believer to live out and believe the promises no matter how unattainable they appear, because “…it is God that worketh in you both to will and to do of his good pleasure” (Philippians 2:13) and because “…unto him that is able to do exceeding abundantly above all that we ask or think…” (Ephesians 3:20).

2. “…that by these ye might be partakers of the divine nature.”

a. partakers [2844 * koinonos][Thayer:  a partner, associate, comrade, companion, a partner, sharer, in anything.]

b. divine [2304 * theios][Thayer:  spoken of the only and true God, trinity, of Christ, Holy Spirit, the Father.][Strong: godlike (neuter as noun, divinity): - divine, godhead.]

c. nature [5449 * physis][Thayer:  nature, birth, physical origin, the sum of innate properties and powers by which one person differs from others, distinctive native peculiarities.]

d. It is by accessing the promises of God, by believing and living out these promises that we become partakers of the divine nature, of the nature of God. It is not automatic because we have been born again. Notice what the different translations declare.

1). [NLT] “These are the promises that enable you to share his divine nature”

2). [NIV] “so that through them you may participate in the divine nature”

3). [NASB] “so that by them you may become partakers of the divine nature”

4). [ASV] “that through these ye may become partakers of the divine nature”

e. It is by believing and living out these promises that we become partakers of the nature of God.

3.  “…having escaped the corruption that is in the world through lust.”

a. escaped [668 * apopheugo][Thayer: to flee from, escape.]

b. corruption [5356 * phthora][Thayer: corruption, destruction, perishing, that which is subject to corruption, what is perishable, in the Christian sense, eternal misery in hell, in the NT, in an ethical sense, corruption i.e. moral decay.]

c. world [2889 * kosmos][Thayer: an apt and harmonious arrangement or constitution, order, government, ornament, decoration, adornment, i.e. the arrangement of the stars, 'the heavenly hosts', as the ornament of the heavens. 1 Pet. 3:3, the world, the universe, the circle of the earth, the earth, the inhabitants of the earth, men, the human family, the ungodly multitude; the whole mass of men alienated from God, and therefore hostile to the cause of Christ, world affairs, the aggregate of things earthly, the whole circle of earthly goods, endowments riches, advantages, pleasures, etc, which although hollow and frail and fleeting, stir desire, seduce from God and are obstacles to the cause of Christ.]

d. lust [1939 * epithymia][Thayer: desire, craving, longing, desire for what is forbidden, lust.]

e. If we do not believe and live out these promises, promises that guarantee deliverance, not only will we not be partakers of this aspect of the divine nature, but also we will not escape the corruption that inevitably will be part of our lives because of the nature of the flesh.

1). 1 John 2:15, 16 Love not the world, neither the things that are in the world. If any man love the world, the love of the Father is not in him.
For all that is in the world, the lust of the flesh, and the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life, is not of the Father, but is of the world.

2). Hebrews 2:1-3 Therefore we ought to give the more earnest heed to the things which we have heard, lest at any time we should let them slip.
For if the word spoken by angels was stedfast, and every transgression and disobedience received a just recompence of reward;
How shall we escape, if we neglect so great salvation; which at the first began to be spoken by the Lord, and was confirmed unto us by them that heard him;


3). We must not neglect what we have heard.