There is Elam and all her multitude round about her grave, all of them slain, fallen by the sword, which are gone down uncircumcised into the nether parts of the earth, which caused their terror in the land of the living; yet have they borne their shame with them that go down to the pit.
a. NLT: Elam lies there surrounded by the graves of all its hordes, those who were slaughtered by the sword. They struck terror in the hearts of people everywhere, but now they have descended as outcasts to the world below. Now they lie in the pit and share the shame of those who have gone before them.
b. NIV: Elam is there, with all her hordes around her grave. All of them are slain, fallen by the sword. All who had spread terror in the land of the living went down uncircumcised to the earth below. They bear their shame with those who go down to the pit.
c. Septuagint: There is Ælam and all his host round about his tomb: all the slain that fell by the sword, and the uncircumcised that go down to the deep of the earth, who caused their fear to be upon the land of the living: and they have received their punishment with them that go down to the pit,
d. Amplified Bible: Elam [an auxiliary of Assyria] is there and all her multitude round about her grave, all of them slain, fallen by the sword, who have gone down uncircumcised into the netherworld, who caused their terror to spread in the land of the living and have borne their shame with those who go down to the pit.
1. “There is Elam and all her multitude round about her grave…”
a. Elam was located just northeast of the Persian Gulf in present day Iran.
1). Elam is listed as one of the sons of Shem in Genesis 10:22.
a). Genesis 10:22 “The children of Shem; Elam, and Asshur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram;”
b. Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews, Chapter 6.4: “Shem, the third son of Noah, had five sons, who inhabited the land that began at Eurphrates, and reached to the Indian Ocean; for Elam left behind him the Elamites, the ancestors of the Persians. Ashur lived at the city of Nineveh; and named his subjects Assyrians, who became the most fortunate nation, beyond others. Arphaxad named the Arphaxadites, who are now called Chaldeans. Aram the Aramites, which the Greeks call Syrians; as Laud founded the Laudites, which are now Lydians.”
2. “…all of them slain, fallen by the sword which are gone down uncircumcised into the nether parts of the earth,
a. nether [8482 * tachtiy][Strong: from 8478; lowermost; as noun (feminine plural) the depths (figuratively, a pit, the womb):--low (parts, -er, -er parts, - est), nether (part).][AMG, Complete Old Testament Word Study Dictionary: An adjective meaning lower, below, lowest…Used as a noun, it refers to what is in the lower parts of the earth.]
1). Ezekiel 26:20 When I shall bring thee down with them that descend into the pit, with the people of old time, and shall set thee in the low parts of the earth, in places desolate of old, with them that go down to the pit, that thou be not inhabited; and I shall set glory in the land of the living;
2). Ezekiel 31:14 To the end that none of all the trees by the waters exalt themselves for their height, neither shoot up their top among the thick boughs, neither their trees stand up in their height, all that drink water: for they are all delivered unto death, to the nether parts of the earth, in the midst of the children of men, with them that go down to the pit.
3). According to Blue Letter Bible this word is used 19 times in the Old Testament
b. Elam was a city named after Shem’s son. There is no doubt that the city/state of Elam was associated with the son of Shem. In the war of Genesis 14, Jewish tradition teaches that Chedorlaomer was none other than Elam, Shem’s son. Not only is this probability true, there is a good possibility that Abraham was known to Chedorlaomer and that Chedorlaomer was known to Abram. Ur the city where Abraham grew up is only about 150 miles more or less from Elam, the city and nation descended from Elam, the son of Shem. The point I’m making is that Abraham went to war and defeated an army partially made up of not only Shem’s grandchildren but possibly even his son! Those who were killed in the battle of Genesis 14 are included in this group.
c. Elam as a city/state/province continued into New Testament times. There were even Jewish Elamites at Jerusalem on the Day of Pentecost.
1). Acts 2:9
3. “…which caused their terror in the land of the living…”
a. The terror this army caused stretched for over 200 miles parallel with the Jordan valley and around the bottom of the Dead Sea area. They then exited north up through Dan
4. “…yet have they borne their shame with them that go down to the pit.”
a. pit [953 * bowr][Strong: a pit hole (especially one used as a cistern or a prison):--cistern, dungeon, fountain, pit, well.]
d. The “pit” referred to in this verse is a subterranean chamber, far below the surface of the earth. It is where Korah and his followers went alive into as a judgment of God.
1). Numbers 16:28-33 And Moses said, Hereby ye shall know that the Lord hath sent me to do all these works; for I have not done them of mine own mind.
29 If these men die the common death of all men, or if they be visited after the visitation of all men; then the Lordhath not sent me.
30 But if the Lord make a new thing, and the earth open her mouth, and swallow them up, with all that appertain unto them, and they go down quick into the pit; then ye shall understand that these men have provoked the Lord.
31And it came to pass, as he had made an end of speaking all these words, that the ground clave asunder that was under them:
32 And the earth opened her mouth, and swallowed them up, and their houses, and all the men that appertained unto Korah, and all their goods.
33 They, and all that appertained to them, went down alive into the pit, and the earth closed upon them: and they perished from among the congregation.