Saturday, May 31, 2014

2 Peter 3:9

2 Peter 3:9

The Lord is not slack concerning his promise, as some men count slackness; but is longsuffering to us-ward, not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance.

a. NLT: The Lord isn’t really being slow about his promise, as some people think. No, he is being patient for your sake. He does not want anyone to be destroyed, but wants everyone to repent.

b. NIV: The Lord is not slow in keeping his promise, as some understand slowness. Instead he is patient with you, not wanting anyone to perish, but everyone to come to repentance.

c. Amplified Bible: The Lord does not delay and is not tardy or slow about what He promises, according to some people’s conception of slowness, but He is long-suffering (extraordinarily patient) toward you, not desiring that any should perish, but that all should turn to repentance.

1. “The Lord is not slack concerning his promise, as some men count slackness…”

a. not [3756 * ou][Strong: a primary word; the absolute negative (compare 3361) adverb; no or not:--+ long, nay, neither, never, no (X man), none, (can-)not, + nothing, + special, un(-worthy), when, + without, + yet but.] 

b. slack [1019 * braduno][Strong: to delay:--be slack, tarry.]

c. count [2233 * hegeomai][Strong: to lead, i.e. command (with official authority); figuratively, to deem, i.e. consider:--account, (be) chief, count, esteem, governor, judge, have the rule over, suppose, think.]

d. slackness [1022 * bradutes][Strong:  tardiness:--slackness.]

2. “…but is longsuffering to us-ward…”

a. longsuffering [3114 * makrothumeo; makros-long; thumos-anger, wrath][Strong: to be long-spirited, i.e. (objectively) forbearing or (subjectively) patient:--bear (suffer) long, be longsuffering, have (long) patience, be patient, patiently endure.]

3. “…not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance.”

a. not [3361 * me][Thayer: no, not lest.]

b. willing [1014 * boulomai][Strong: middle voice of a primary verb; to "will," i.e. (reflexively) be willing:--be disposed, minded, intend, list, (be, of own) will (-ing).]

c. perish [622 * ][Strong: to destroy fully (reflexively, to perish, or lose), literally or figuratively:--destroy, die, lose, mar, perish.]

d. Scripture testifies clearly that it is not God’s will for men or women to perish.

1). 1 Timothy 2:4-6 [Amplified Bible] Who wishes all men to be saved and [increasingly] to perceive and recognize and discern and know precisely andcorrectly the [divine] Truth.
5 For there [is only] one God, and [only] one Mediator between God and men, the Man Christ Jesus,
6 Who gave Himself as a ransom for all [people, a fact that was] attested to at the right and proper time.

e. Even under the Old Covenant God made it clear he did not desire any one to perish.

1). Ezekiel 18:30-32 Therefore I will judge you, O house of Israel, every one according to his ways, saith the Lord God. Repent, and turn yourselves from all your transgressions; so iniquity shall not be your ruin.
31 Cast away from you all your transgressions, whereby ye have transgressed; and make you a new heart and a new spirit: for why will ye die, O house of Israel?
32 For I have no pleasure in the death of him that dieth, saith the Lord God: wherefore turn yourselves, and live ye.

2). Ezekiel 33:11-16 Say unto them, As I live, saith the Lord God, I have no pleasure in the death of the wicked; but that the wicked turn from his way and live: turn ye, turn ye from your evil ways; for why will ye die, O house of Israel?
12 Therefore, thou son of man, say unto the children of thy people, The righteousness of the righteous shall not deliver him in the day of his transgression: as for the wickedness of the wicked, he shall not fall thereby in the day that he turneth from his wickedness; neither shall the righteous be able to live for his righteousness in the day that he sinneth.
13 When I shall say to the righteous, that he shall surely live; if he trust to his own righteousness, and commit iniquity, all his righteousnesses shall not be remembered; but for his iniquity that he hath committed, he shall die for it.
14 Again, when I say unto the wicked, Thou shalt surely die; if he turn from his sin, and do that which is lawful and right;
15 If the wicked restore the pledge, give again that he had robbed, walk in the statutes of life, without committing iniquity; he shall surely live, he shall not die.
16 None of his sins that he hath committed shall be mentioned unto him: he hath done that which is lawful and right; he shall surely live.

f. Hell was not created for man, hell was created for the devil and his angels. It is only because of man’s refusal to repent and accept the redemption that is found only in Christ that man ends up in hell.

1). Matthew 25:41 Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels:

2 Peter 2:22

2 Peter 2:22

But it is happened unto them according to the true proverb, The dog is turned to his own vomit again; and the sow that was washed to her wallowing in the mire.

a. NLT: They prove the truth of this proverb: “A dog returns to its vomit.”And another says, “A washed pig returns to the mud.”

b. NIV: Of them the proverbs are true: “A dog returns to its vomit,” and, “A sow that is washed returns to her wallowing in the mud.”

c. Amplified Bible: There has befallen them the thing spoken of in the true proverb, The dog turns back to his own vomit, and, The sow is washed only to wallow again in the mire.

1. “But it is happened unto them according to the true proverb…”

a. true [227 * alethes][Strong: true (as not concealing):--true, truly, truth.][Zodhiates: True, real, conformed to the nature and reality of things.]

b. proverb [3942 * paroimia][Strong: apparently a state alongside of supposition, i.e. (concretely) an adage; specially, an enigmatical or fictitious illustration:--parable, proverb.]

c. Actually there are two proverbs cited, that of the dog, and that of the sow.

2. “…The dog is turned to his own vomit again…”

a. This Proverb is found in Proverbs.

1). Proverbs 26:11 As a dog returneth to his vomit, so a fool returneth to his folly.

b. Adam Clarke Commentary: Here is a sad proof of the possibility of falling from grace, and from very high degrees of it too. These had escaped from the contagion that was in the world; they had had true repentance, and cast up "their soursweet morsel of sin;" they had been washed from all their filthiness, and this must have been through the blood of the Lamb; yet, after all, they went back, got entangled with their old sins, swallowed down their formerly rejected lusts, and rewallowed in the mire of corruption. It is no wonder that God should say, the latter end is worse with them than the beginning: reason and nature say it must be so; and Divine justice says it ought to be so; and the person himself must confess that it is right that it should be so. But how dreadful is this state! How dangerous when the person has abandoned himself to his old sins!

3. “…and the sow that was washed to her wallowing in the mire.”

a. This proverb is not found in the Old Testament but is found in Rabbinic writings.

2 Peter 2:5

2 Peter 2:5

And spared not the old world, but saved Noah the eighth person, a preacher of righteousness, bringing in the flood upon the world of the ungodly;

a. NLT: And God did not spare the ancient world—except for Noah and the seven others in his family. Noah warned the world of God’s righteous judgment. So God protected Noah when he destroyed the world of ungodly people with a vast flood.

b. NIV: if he did not spare the ancient world when he brought the flood on its ungodly people, but protected Noah, a preacher of righteousness, and seven others;

c. Amplified Bible: And He spared not the ancient world, but preserved Noah, a preacher of righteousness, with seven other persons, when He brought a flood upon the world of ungodly [people].

1. “And spared not the old world, but saved Noah the eighth person…”

a. spared [5339 * apheidia][Strong: of uncertain affinity; to be chary of, i.e. (subjectively) to abstain or (objectively) to treat leniently:--forbear, spare.]

2. “…a preacher of righteousness…”

a. preacher [2783 * kerux][Strong: a herald, i.e. of divine truth (especially of the gospel):--preacher.]

b. righteousness [1343 * dikaiosune][Strong: equity (of character or act); specially (Christian) justification:--righteousness.]

c. It says here that Noah preached righteousness, but when we compare another verse describing Noah we can see that Noah preached faith also. He preached it and thus became an heir of it.

1). Hebrews 11:7 By faith Noah, being warned of God of things not seen as yet, moved with fear, prepared an ark to the saving of his house; by the which he condemned the world, and became heir of the righteousness which is by faith.

3 “…bringing in the flood upon the world of the ungodly;”

a. flood [2627 * kataklusmos][Strong: an inundation:--flood.][English: cataclysm]

b. world [2889 * kosmos][Strong: orderly arrangement, i.e. decoration; by implication, the world (in a wide or narrow sense, including its inhabitants, literally or figuratively (morally)):--adorning, world.]

c. ungodly [765 * asebes][Strong: (by extension) impious or wicked:-- ungodly (man).]

d. The Scripture in Genesis gives the indictment of God against the ungodly.

1). Genesis 6:1-7 And it came to pass, when men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born unto them,
2 That the sons of God saw the daughters of men that they were fair; and they took them wives of all which they chose.
3 And the Lord said, My spirit shall not always strive with man, for that he also is flesh: yet his days shall be an hundred and twenty years.
4 There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown.
5 And God saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.
6 And it repented the Lord that he had made man on the earth, and it grieved him at his heart.
7 And the Lord said, I will destroy man whom I have created from the face of the earth; both man, and beast, and the creeping thing, and the fowls of the air; for it repenteth me that I have made them.

2). Genesis 6:11-13 The earth also was corrupt before God, and the earth was filled with violence.
12 And God looked upon the earth, and, behold, it was corrupt; for all flesh had corrupted his way upon the earth.

13 And God said unto Noah, The end of all flesh is come before me; for the earth is filled with violence through them; and, behold, I will destroy them with the earth.

Friday, May 30, 2014

2 Peter 1:13

2 Peter 1:13

Yea, I think it meet, as long as I am in this tabernacle, to stir you up by putting you in remembrance.

a. NLT: And it is only right that I should keep on reminding you as long as I live.

b. NIV: I think it is right to refresh your memory as long as I live in the tent of this body,

c. Amplified Bible: I think it right, as long as I am in this tabernacle (tent, body), to stir you up by way of remembrance,

1. “Yea, I think it meet…”

a. meet [1342 * dikaios][Strong: from 1349; equitable (in character or act); by implication, innocent, holy (absolutely or relatively):--just, meet, right(-eous).]

2. “…as long as I am in this tabernacle…”

a. tabernacle [4638 * skenoma][Strong: an encampment, i.e. (figuratively) the Temple (as God's residence), the body (as a tenement for the soul):-- tabernacle.]

b. What Peter is saying basically is “As long as I am alive, or as long as I am in this body.

3. “…to stir you up by putting you in remembrance.”

a. stir [1326 * diegeiro; dia-an intensive; egeiro-to raise, rouse][ Zodhiates: to wake up fully, arouse, used transitively of persons as from sleep.][Strong: to wake fully; i.e. arouse (literally or figuratively):--arise, awake, raise, stir up.]

1). The Greek term means to wake someone up fully. The images I get are waking up someone for the day, waking someone up who wasn’t awake or fully awake previously. Also the warnings in Scripture about being asleep spiritually also come to mind. Being asleep spiritually will contribute to a sinful life, a life of not hearing the Spirit of God, and missing the will of God completely. The following passages will support these warnings.

a). 1 Corinthians 15:34   Awake to righteousness, and sin not; for some have not the knowledge of God: I speak this to your shame.

b). Romans 11:7-10 What then? Israel hath not obtained that which he seeketh for; but the election hath obtained it, and the rest were blinded.
8 (According as it is written, God hath given them the spirit of slumber, eyes that they should not see, and ears that they should not hear;) unto this day.
9 And David saith, Let their table be made a snare, and a trap, and a stumblingblock, and a recompence unto them:
10 Let their eyes be darkened, that they may not see, and bow down their back alway.

2). Also we have the personal responsibility to stir ourselves up, to stir up the things God has given us in this Covenant.
a). 2 Timothy 1:6  Wherefore I put thee in remembrance that thou stir up the gift of God, which is in thee by the putting on of my hands.

b). Isaiah 64:7 And there is none that calleth upon thy name, that stirreth up himself to take hold of thee: for thou hast hid thy face from us, and hast consumed us, because of our iniquities.

3). Finally responding in whole heart obedience to the word of God will result in a stirring of our spirits by the Holy Spirit.

a). Haggai 1:12-15 Then Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, and Joshua the son of Josedech, the high priest, with all the remnant of the people, obeyed the voice of the Lord their God, and the words of Haggai the prophet, as the Lord their God had sent him, and the people did fear before the Lord.
13 Then spake Haggai the Lord's messenger in the Lord's message unto the people, saying, I am with you, saith theLord.
14 And the Lord stirred up the spirit of Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and the spirit of Joshua the son of Josedech, the high priest, and the spirit of all the remnant of the people; and they came and did work in the house of the Lord of hosts, their God,
15 In the four and twentieth day of the sixth month, in the second year of Darius the king.

b. putting you in remembrance [5280 * hupomnesis][Strong: a reminding or (reflexively) recollection:--remembrance.][Zodhiates: putting in mind by way of remembrance.]

1). Either by the Spirit of God through other saints or through our personal good spiritual habits, we need to keep ourselves mindful of the things of God.

a). Isaiah 17:9 In that day shall his strong cities be as a forsaken bough, and an uppermost branch, which they left because of the children of Israel: and there shall be desolation.
10 Because thou hast forgotten the God of thy salvation, and hast not been mindful of the rock of thy strength, therefore shalt thou plant pleasant plants, and shalt set it with strange slips:
11 In the day shalt thou make thy plant to grow, and in the morning shalt thou make thy seed to flourish: but the harvest shall be a heap in the day of grief and of desperate sorrow.

1 Peter 2:11

1 Peter 2:11

Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul;

a. NLT: Dear friends, I warn you as “temporary residents and foreigners” to keep away from worldly desires that wage war against your very souls.

b. NIV: Dear friends, I urge you, as foreigners and exiles, to abstain from sinful desires, which wage war against your soul.

c. Amplified Bible: Beloved, I implore you as aliens and strangers and exiles [in this world] to abstain from the sensual urges (the evil desires, the passions of the flesh, your lower nature) that wage war against the soul.

1. “Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims…”

2.  abstain from fleshly lusts

a. abstain [567 * apechomai][Zodhiates: to abstain or refrain.][Strong: to hold oneself off, i.e. refrain:--abstain.]

1). Institute Of Creation Research Daily Devotional Date Unknown: The command to abstain occurs only a few times in the New Testament, but there are three occurrences which are especially relevant for Christians today. One of these is 1 Thessalonians 4:3: “For this is the will of God, even your sanctification, that ye should abstain from fornication.” The Greek word here actually applies to any type of sexual relationship outside of marriage, and the command is not merely for temperance or for “love” in one’s non-marital sexual relationships, but for total abstinence. This exhortation is perhaps needed more today than at any time since the days of pagan Rome, even for Christians and, unfortunately, Christian leaders. But that is not all. In the words of our text, we are also urgently exhorted to “abstain from fleshly lusts,” since these carnal desires are in mortal combat with our very souls. One must avoid situations which might initiate or encourage fornication or its kindred activities. But even that is not sufficient for the serious Christian man or woman. “Now we exhort you, brethren, . .  Abstain from all appearance of evil” (1 Thessalonians 5:14, 22). The word here means anything that in outward form might appear to be evil, regardless of whether it is really wrong in itself or not. The Lord desires that we “adorn the doctrine of God our Saviour in all things” (Titus 2:10) and that we “give none offense” (1 Corinthians 10:32). A believer cannot afford to be careless in this warfare against his soul. “Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may devour” (1 Peter 5:8). “Whether therefore ye eat, or drink, or whatsoever ye do, do all to the glory of God” (1 Corinthians 10:31). HMM

3. “…which war against the soul;”

a. war [4754 * strateuomai][Zodhiates: to lead an army, wage war, to war, be a soldier, desires and lusts which war against right principles and moral precepts.][Strong: to serve in a military campaign; figuratively, to execute the apostolate (with its arduous duties and functions), to contend with carnal inclinations:--soldier, (go to) war(-fare).]
b. against [5590 * psuche][Strong: breath, i.e. (by implication) spirit, abstractly or concretely (the animal sentient principle only; thus distinguished on the one hand from 4151, which is the rational and immortal soul; and on the other from 2222, which is mere vitality, even of plants: these terms thus exactly correspond respectively to the Hebrew 5315, 7307 and 2416):--heart (+ -ily), life, mind, soul, + us, + you.]

c. We are engaged in a spiritual warfare, but what we must remember is that through the death and resurrection of Christ Jesus we have been given everything we need to win. It is only when we fail to use what has been provided to us by God that we fail. Some of the weaponry provided to us is listed in the following passage in Ephesians.

1). Ephesians 6:10-18 Finally, my brethren, be strong in the Lord, and in the power of his might.
11 Put on the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil.
12 For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness in high places.
13 Wherefore take unto you the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to withstand in the evil day, and having done all, to stand.
14 Stand therefore, having your loins girt about with truth, and having on the breastplate of righteousness;
15 And your feet shod with the preparation of the gospel of peace;
16 Above all, taking the shield of faith, wherewith ye shall be able to quench all the fiery darts of the wicked.
17 And take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God:
18 Praying always with all prayer and supplication in the Spirit, and watching thereunto with all perseverance and supplication for all saints;

d. Another critical element in this armory is our thought life. We must control our thoughts and not allow the enemy to inject his thoughts or allow our undisciplined minds to continue to think contrary to the Scriptures.

1). 2 Corinthians 10:4-6 (For the weapons of our warfare are not carnal, but mighty through God to the pulling down of strong holds;)
5 Casting down imaginations, and every high thing that exalteth itself against the knowledge of God, and bringing into captivity every thought to the obedience of Christ;
6 And having in a readiness to revenge all disobedience, when your obedience is fulfilled.

e. If we take advantage of everything God has provided to us in the New Covenant we can be victorious and reign in life.

Thursday, May 29, 2014

1 Peter 1:9

1 Peter 1:9

Receiving the end of your faith, even the salvation of your souls.

a. NLT: The reward for trusting him will be the salvation of your souls.

b. NIV: for you are receiving the end result of your faith, the salvation of your souls.

c. Amplified Bible: At the same time you receive the result (outcome, consummation) of your faith, the salvation of your souls.

1. Receiving the end of your faith

a. receiving [2865 * komizo][Strong: properly, to provide for, i.e. (by implication) to carry off (as if from harm; genitive case obtain):--bring, receive.][Zodhiates: to take for oneself, to bear, or to bring for oneself, acquire,, obtain, receive.]

1). A fundamental and vital characteristic of prayer and faith is believing you have received what you have prayed for.

 a). Mark 11:24 Therefore I say unto you, What things soever ye desire, when ye pray, believe that ye receive them, and ye shall have them.

2). Paul relates the same principle in his letter to the Romans when speaking of salvation.

a). Romans 5:11 And not only so, but we also joy in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom we have now received the atonement.

2.  “…even the salvation of your souls.”

a. salvation [4991 * soteria) Scofield Reference Bible: “The Hebrew and Greek words for salvation imply the ideas of deliverance, safety, preservation, healing and soundness. Salvation is the great inclusive word of the Gospel, gathering into itself all the redemptive acts and processes…”]

b. souls [5590 * psuche][Strong: breath, i.e. (by implication) spirit, abstractly or concretely (the animal sentient principle only; thus distinguished on the one hand from 4151, which is the rational and immortal soul; and on the other from 2222, which is mere vitality, even of plants: these terms thus exactly correspond respectively to the Hebrew 5315, 7307 and 2416):--heart (+ -ily), life, mind, soul, + us, + you.][Zodhiates: Soul, that immaterial part of man hold in common with animals.]

Wednesday, May 28, 2014

James 4:8

James 4:8

Draw nigh to God, and he will draw nigh to you. Cleanse your hands, ye sinners; and purify your hearts, ye double minded.

a. NLT: Come close to God, and God will come close to you. Wash your hands, you sinners; purify your hearts, for your loyalty is divided between God and the world.

b. NIV: Come near to God and he will come near to you. Wash your hands, you sinners, and purify your hearts, you double-minded.

c. Amplified Bible: Come close to God and He will come close to you. [Recognize that you are] sinners, get your soiled hands clean; [realize that you have been disloyal] wavering individuals with divided interests, and purify your hearts [of your spiritual adultery].

1. “Draw nigh to God, and he will draw nigh to you…”

a. draw nigh [1448 * eggizo][Strong: to make near, i.e. (reflexively) approach:--approach, be at hand, come (draw) near, be (come, draw) nigh.]

b. Each of the Old Testaments verses below echo the same desire of the Lord toward his people that he wants to be near us to fellowship with us

1). 2 Chronicles 15:1, 2 And the Spirit of God came upon Azariah the son of Oded:
2 And he went out to meet Asa, and said unto him, Hear ye me, Asa, and all Judah and Benjamin; The Lord is with you, while ye be with him; and if ye seek him, he will be found of you; but if ye forsake him, he will forsake you.

2). Zechariah 1:3, 4  Therefore say thou unto them, Thus saith the Lord of hosts; Turn ye unto me, saith the Lord of hosts, and I will turn unto you, saith the Lord of hosts.
4 Be ye not as your fathers, unto whom the former prophets have cried, saying, Thus saith the Lord of hosts; Turn ye now from your evil ways, and from your evil doings: but they did not hear, nor hearken unto me, saith the Lord.

3). Jeremiah 29:12, 13 Then shall ye call upon me, and ye shall go and pray unto me, and I will hearken unto you.
13 And ye shall seek me, and find me, when ye shall search for me with all your heart.

2. “…Cleanse your hands, ye sinners…”

a. cleanse [2511 * katharizo][Strong: to cleanse (literally or figuratively):--(make) clean(-se), purge, purify.

b. hands [5495 * cheir][Strong: (through the idea of hollowness for grasping); the hand (literally or figuratively (power); especially (by Hebraism) a means or instrument):--hand.]

1). The cleansing of the hands is not only literal but also figurative, encompassing everything we are involved in.

a). Psalm 90:17  And let the beauty of the LORD our God be upon us: and establish thou the work of our hands upon us; yea, the work of our hands establish thou it.

c. sinners [268 * hamartolos][Strong: sinful, i.e. a sinner:--sinful, sinner.

3. “…and purify your hearts, ye double minded.”

a. purify [48 * hagnizo][Strong: to make clean, i.e. (figuratively) sanctify (ceremonially or morally):--purify (self).]

b. double minded [1374 * dipsychos; dis-twice; psuche-soul, mind][Strong: two-spirited, i.e. vacillating (in opinion or purpose):--double minded.][Zodhiates: double minded, doubtful.]

1). Earlier in his epistle James gives his definition of double mindedness.

a). James 1:5-8  If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, that giveth to all men liberally, and upbraideth not; and it shall be given him.
6 But let him ask in faith, nothing wavering. For he that wavereth is like a wave of the sea driven with the wind and tossed.
7 For let not that man think that he shall receive any thing of the Lord.
8 A double minded man is unstable in all his ways.

2). Double mindedness contradicts what Jesus said should be a part of our heart and mindset in prayer.

a). Mark 11:24  Therefore I say unto you, What things soever ye desire, when ye pray, believe that ye receive them, and ye shall have them.

c. According to James, to be double minded or of a doubtful heart is to be impure, and to that ad the testimony of the writer of Hebrews.

1). Hebrews 10:22 Let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our bodies washed with pure water.

d. The Spirit of God inspired the Apostle John to write that those who desire to partake in the blessed hope will on a regular basis purify themselves.

1). 1 John 3:2, 3  Beloved, now are we the sons of God, and it doth not yet appear what we shall be: but we know that, when he shall appear, we shall be like him; for we shall see him as he is.
3 And every man that hath this hope in him purifieth himself, even as he is pure.

James 1:18

James 1:18

Of his own will begat he us with the word of truth, that we should be a kind of firstfruits of his creatures.

a. NLT: He chose to give birth to us by giving us his true word. And we, out of all creation, became his prized possession.

b. NIV: He chose to give us birth through the word of truth, that we might be a kind of firstfruits of all he created.

c. Amplified Bible: And it was of His own [free] will that He gave us birth [as sons] by [His] Word of Truth, so that we should be a kind of firstfruits of His creatures [a sample of what He created to be consecrated to Himself].

1. “Of his own will begat he us with the word of truth…”

a. will [1014 * boulomai][Strong: middle voice of a primary verb; to "will," i.e. (reflexively) be willing:--be disposed, minded, intend, list, (be, of own) will (-ing).][Thayer: to will deliberately, have a purpose, be minded.]

b. begat [616 * apokueo][Strong: to breed forth, i.e. (by transference) to generate (figuratively):--beget, produce.

c. We were begotten through the word.

1). 1 Peter 1:23 Being born again, not of corruptible seed, but of incorruptible, by the word of God, which liveth and abideth for ever.

2). Romans 10:6-10 But the righteousness which is of faith speaketh on this wise, Say not in thine heart, Who shall ascend into heaven? (that is, to bring Christ down from above:)
7 Or, Who shall descend into the deep? (that is, to bring up Christ again from the dead.)
8 But what saith it? The word is nigh thee, even in thy mouth, and in thy heart: that is, the word of faith, which we preach;
9 That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved.
10 For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation.

2. “…that we should be a kind of firstfruits of his creatures.”

a. firstfruits [536 * aparche; apo-from; archomai-to begin][Strong: a beginning of sacrifice, i.e. the (Jewish) first-fruit (figuratively):--first-fruits.]

b. The Feast of Firstfruits was the third feast of four spring feasts spoken of in Leviticus 23. Interestingly, the first three feasts took place in the same week. Passover took place on the 14th of Nisan, Unleavened Bread took place on the 15th of Nisan, and then theday after the first Sabbath after Passover is when Firstfruits was celebrated.

1). Leviticus 23:4-14 These are the feasts of the Lord, even holy convocations, which ye shall proclaim in their seasons.
5 In the fourteenth day of the first month at even is the Lord's passover.
6 And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread unto the Lord: seven days ye must eat unleavened bread.
7 In the first day ye shall have an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein.
8 But ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the Lord seven days: in the seventh day is an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein.
9 And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying,
10 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye be come into the land which I give unto you, and shall reap the harvest thereof, then ye shall bring a sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest unto the priest:
11 And he shall wave the sheaf before the Lord, to be accepted for you: on the morrow after the sabbath the priest shall wave it.
12 And ye shall offer that day when ye wave the sheaf an he lamb without blemish of the first year for a burnt offering unto the Lord.
13 And the meat offering thereof shall be two tenth deals of fine flour mingled with oil, an offering made by fire unto the Lord for a sweet savour: and the drink offering thereof shall be of wine, the fourth part of an hin.
14 And ye shall eat neither bread, nor parched corn, nor green ears, until the selfsame day that ye have brought an offering unto your God: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.

2). The Apostle Paul wrote that Christ had “become the firstfruits” thus revealing that the resurrection of Christ Jesus fulfilled the prophetic meaning of the firstfruits (1 Corinthians 15:20), just as his death fulfilled Passover (1 Corinthians 5:7). Jesus rose from the dead the day after the first Sabbath after Passover.

a). Matthew 28:1-6  In the end of the sabbath, as it began to dawn toward the first day of the week, came Mary Magdalene and the other Mary to see the sepulchre.
2 And, behold, there was a great earthquake: for the angel of the Lord descended from heaven, and came and rolled back the stone from the door, and sat upon it.
3 His countenance was like lightning, and his raiment white as snow:
4 And for fear of him the keepers did shake, and became as dead men.
5 And the angel answered and said unto the women, Fear not ye: for I know that ye seek Jesus, which was crucified.
6  He is not here: for he is risen, as he said. Come, see the place where the Lord lay.

3). Likewise, the firstfruits of the Old Covenant were shadows of images in the New Covenant, none of which had anything to do with money

a). The firstfruits of the Spirit: Romans 8:23

b). The first people saved in an area: Romans 16:5.

c). “Christ the firstfruits” referring to the order of his resurrection, 1 Corinthians 15:23.

d). “The firstfruits unto God and to the Lamb”, in Revelation 14:4, refer to the 144,000 of Revelation 14:1.

4). The firstfruits were to be totally set apart to God as the passage in Revelation reveals and as James writes we are to be a kind of firstfruits. Notice the descriptions tha passage gives. They ‘follow the Lamb whithersoever he goeth”, “in their mouth was found no guile”, and “they are without fault before the throne of God.” We need to be like them.

a). Revelation 14:1-5 And I looked, and, lo, a Lamb stood on the mount Sion, and with him an hundred forty and four thousand, having his Father's name written in their foreheads.
2 And I heard a voice from heaven, as the voice of many waters, and as the voice of a great thunder: and I heard the voice of harpers harping with their harps:
3 And they sung as it were a new song before the throne, and before the four beasts, and the elders: and no man could learn that song but the hundred and forty and four thousand, which were redeemed from the earth.
4 These are they which were not defiled with women; for they are virgins. These are they which follow the Lamb whithersoever he goeth. These were redeemed from among men, being the firstfruits unto God and to the Lamb.
5 And in their mouth was found no guile: for they are without fault before the throne of God.

Tuesday, May 27, 2014

1 Timothy 5:4

1 Timothy 5:4

But if any widow have children or nephews, let them learn first to shew piety at home, and to requite their parents: for that is good and acceptable before God.

a. NLT: But if she has children or grandchildren, their first responsibility is to show godliness at home and repay their parents by taking care of them. This is something that pleases God.

b. NIV: But if a widow has children or grandchildren, these should learn first of all to put their religion into practice by caring for their own family and so repaying their parents and grandparents, for this is pleasing to God.

c. YLT: And if any widow have children or grandchildren, let them learn first to their own house to show piety, and to give back a recompense to the parents, for this is right and acceptable before God.

d. Amplified Bible Classic: But if a widow has children or grandchildren, see to it that these are first made to understand that it is their religious duty [to defray their natural obligation to those] at home, and make return to their parents or grandparents [for all their care by contributing to their maintenance], for this is acceptable in the sight of God.

e. Worrell Translation: But, if any widow has children or grandchildren, let them learn first to show regard to their own family, and to make returns to their parents; for this is acceptable before God.

f. Wuest Translation: But, as is the case, if a certain widow has children or grandchildren, let them be learning first to show filial reverence and respect to their own household, and to discharge their obligation relative to a recompense to their forebears, for this is acceptable in the sight of God.

1. “But if any widow have children or nephews…”

a. But [Strong: 1161 de deh a primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.:--also, and, but, moreover, now (often unexpressed in English).]

b. if [Strong: 1487 ei i a primary particle of conditionality; if, whether, that, etc.:--forasmuch as, if, that, (al-)though, whether. Often used in connection or composition with other particles, especially as in 1489, 1490, 1499, 1508, 1509, 1512, 1513, 1536, 1537.]

c. any [Strong: 5100 tis tis an enclitic indefinite pronoun; some or any person or object:--a (kind of), any (man, thing, thing at all), certain (thing), divers, he (every) man, one (X thing), ought, + partly, some (man, -body, - thing, -what), (+ that no-)thing, what(-soever), X wherewith, whom(-soever), whose(-soever).]

d. have [Strong: 2192 echo ekh'-o, including an alternate form scheo skheh'-o; (used in certain tenses only) a primary verb; to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession; ability, contiuity, relation, or condition):--be (able, X hold, possessed with), accompany, + begin to amend, can(+ -not), X conceive, count, diseased, do + eat, + enjoy, + fear, following, have, hold, keep, + lack, + go to law, lie, + must needs, + of necessity, + need, next, + recover, + reign, + rest, + return, X sick, take for, + tremble, + uncircumcised, use.]

e. children [Strong: 5043 teknon tek'-non from the base of 5098; a child (as produced):--child, daughter, son.]

f. or [Strong: 2228 e ay a primary particle of distinction between two connected terms; disjunctive, or; comparative, than:--and, but (either), (n-)either, except it be, (n-)or (else), rather, save, than, that, what, yea. Often used in connection with other particles.]

g. nephews [Strong: 1549 ekgonon ek'-gon-on neuter of a derivative of a compound of 1537 and 1096; a descendant, i.e. (specially) grandchild:--nephew.] [Zodhiates: ekgonos; ek-out; ginomai-to be or become;  A descendant of any kind, a son, daughter, grandchildren.]

1). Why the KJV has nephews I have no idea. No Greek dictionary I have supports “nephews”, all of them say children or grandchildren.

2.  “…let them learn first to shew piety at home, and to requite their parents…”

a. let them learn [Strong: 3129 manthano man-than'-o prolongation from a primary verb, another form of which, matheo, is used as an alternate in certain tenses; to learn (in any way):--learn, understand.]

b. first [Strong: 4412 proton pro'-ton neuter of 4413 as adverb (with or without 3588); firstly (in time, place, order, or importance):--before, at the beginning, chiefly (at, at the) first (of all).]

c. to show piety [Strong: 2151 eusebeo yoo-seb-eh'-o from 2152; to be pious, i.e. (towards God) to worship, or (towards parents) to respect (support):--show piety, worship.] [Zodhiates: In 1 Timothy 5:4, eusebeo refers to the respect and honor children were to learn in their home.]

d. [at] home [Strong: 2398 idios id'-ee-os of uncertain affinity; pertaining to self, i.e. one's own; by implication, private or separate:--X his acquaintance, when they were alone, apart, aside, due, his (own, proper, several), home, (her, our, thine, your) own (business), private(-ly), proper, severally, their (own).]

e. home [Strong: 3624 oikos oy'-kos of uncertain affinity; a dwelling (more or less extensive, literal or figurative); by implication, a family (more or less related, literally or figuratively):--home, house(-hold), temple.]

f. and [Strong: 2532 kai kahee apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words:--and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.]

g. to requite [Strong: 287 amoibe am-oy-bay' from ameibo (to exchange); requital:--requite.] [Zodhiates: In the NT…it is used in the positive sense of returning the good which children and grandchildren have received in childhood from their parents]

1). The Amplified translation says it best:  “…see to it that these are first made to understand that it is their religious duty [to defray their natural obligation to those] at home, and make return to their parents or grandparents [for all their care by contributing to their maintenance]…”

2). Many Christians do not know that this all reflects back to the 5th Commandment regarding children and their parents.

a). Exodus 20:12 Honour thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee.

3). The Jewish understanding of this verse is much broader than the understanding of most Christians. Probably most Christians would look at this command in the sense of obedience, but the Jewish understanding is much broader and encompasses the whole lifetime and related responsibilities.

a). Stone Edition Chumash (Commentary under Exodus 20:12 and Leviticus 19:3): “The term honor refers to deeds that raise the status of parents or provide them with comfort, such as giving them food and drink, dressing them, and escorting them…Honor as mandated in the Ten Commandments, refers in general to serving one’s parents, such as feeding and dressing them, or assisting them if they find it difficult to walk” (Rashi; Sifra).

4). Jesus confronted the Jewish leaders of his day concerning this very thing.

a). Matthew 15:1-9 Then came to Jesus scribes and Pharisees, which were of Jerusalem, saying,
15:2 Why do thy disciples transgress the tradition of the elders? for they wash not their hands when they eat bread.
15:3 But he answered and said unto them, Why do ye also transgress the commandment of God by your tradition?
15:4 For God commanded, saying, Honour thy father and mother: and, He that curseth father or mother, let him die the death.
15:5 But ye say, Whosoever shall say to his father or his mother, It is a gift, by whatsoever thou mightest be profited by me;
15:6 And honour not his father or his mother, he shall be free. Thus have ye made the commandment of God of none effect by your tradition.
15:7 Ye hypocrites, well did Esaias prophesy of you, saying,
15:8 This people draweth nigh unto me with their mouth, and honoureth me with their lips; but their heart is far from me.
15:9 But in vain they do worship me, teaching for doctrines the commandments of men.

5). Matthew Henry Commentary: “First, What their tradition was; That a man could not in any case bestow his worldly estate better than to give it to the priests, and devote it to the service of the temple: and that when any thing was so devoted, it was not only unlawful to alienate it, but all other obligations, though ever so just and sacred, were thereby superseded, and a man was thereby discharged from them. And this proceeded partly from their ceremoniousness, and the superstitious regard they had to the temple, and partly from their covetousness, and love of money: for what was given to the temple they were gainers by. The former was, in pretence, the latter was, in truth, at the bottom of this tradition. Secondly, How they allowed the application of this to the case of children. When their parents' necessities called for their assistance, they pleaded, that all they could spare from themselves and their children, they had devoted to the treasury of the temple; It is a gift, by whatsoever thou mightest be profited by me, and therefore their parents must expect nothing from them; suggesting withal, that the spiritual advantage of what was so devoted, would redound to the parents, who must live upon that air. This, they taught, was a good and valid plea, and many undutiful, unnatural children made use of it, and they justified them in it, and said, He shall be free; so we supply the sense.”

6). Albert Barnes Commentary: It is a gift - In Mark it is "corban." The word "corban" is a Hebrew word denoting a gift. Here it means a thing dedicated to the service of God, and therefore not to be appropriated to any other use. The Jews were in the habit of making such dedications. They devoted their property to God for sacred uses, as they pleased. In doing this they used the word קרבן qaarbaan or κορβᾶν korban, or some similar word, saying, this thing is "corban," i. e., it is a gift to God, or is sacred to him. The law required that when a dedication of this kind was made it should be fulfilled. "Vow and pay unto the Lord your God," Psalm 76:11; Deuteronomy 23:21. The law of God required that a son should honor his parent; i. e., among other things, that he should provide for his needs when he was old and in distress. Yet the Jewish teachers said that it was more important for a man to dedicate his property to God than to provide for the needs of his parent. If he had once devoted his property once said it was "corban," or a gift to God - it could not be appropriated even to the support of a parent. If a parent was needy and poor, and if he should apply to a son for assistance, and the son should reply, though in anger, "It is devoted to God; this property which you need, and by which you might be profited by me, is "corban" - I have given it to God;" the Jews said the property could not be recalled, and the son was not under obligation to aid a parent with it. He had done a more important thing in giving it to God. The son was free. He could not be required to do anything for his father after that. Thus, he might, in a moment, free himself from the obligation to obey his father or mother. In a sense somewhat similar to this, the chiefs and priests of the Sandwich Islands had the power of devoting anything to the service of the gods by saying that it was "taboo," or "tabooed;" that is, it became consecrated to the service of religion; and, no matter who had been the owner, it could then be appropriated for no other use. In this way they had complete power over all the possessions of the people, and could appropriate them for their own use under the pretence of devoting them to religion. Thus, they deprived the people of their property under the plea that it was consecrated to the gods. The Jewish son deprived his parents of a support under the plea that the property was devoted to the service of religion. The principle was the same, and both systems were equally a violation of the rights of others.

7). Honor in the Old Covenant and in the New Covenant included money.

a). Proverbs 3:9, 10  Honour the Lord with thy substance, and with the firstfruits of all thine increase:
3:10 So shall thy barns be filled with plenty, and thy presses shall burst out with new wine.

b). 1 Timothy 5:17, 18  Let the elders that rule well be counted worthy of double honour, especially they who labour in the word and doctrine.
5:18 For the scripture saith, thou shalt not muzzle the ox that treadeth out the corn. And, The labourer is worthy of his reward.

3. “…for that is good and acceptable before God.”

a. for [Strong: 1063 gar gar a primary particle; properly, assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles):--and, as, because (that), but, even, for, indeed, no doubt, seeing, then, therefore, verily, what, why, yet.]

b. that [Strong: 5124 touto too'-to neuter singular nominative or accusative case of 3778; that thing:--here (-unto), it, partly, self(-same), so, that (intent), the same, there(-fore, -unto), this, thus, where(-fore).]

c. is [Strong: 2076 esti es-tee' third person singular present indicative of 1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are:--are, be(-long), call, X can(-not), come, consisteth, X dure for a while, + follow, X have, (that) is (to say), make, meaneth, X must needs, + profit, + remaineth, + wrestle.]

d. good [Strong: 2570 kalos kal-os' of uncertain affinity; properly, beautiful, but chiefly (figuratively) good (literally or morally), i.e. valuable or virtuous (for appearance or use, and thus distinguished from 18, which is properly intrinsic):--X better, fair, good(-ly), honest, meet, well, worthy.]

e. and [Strong: 2532 kai kahee apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words:--and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.]

f. acceptable [Strong: 587 apodektos ap-od'-ek-tos from 588; accepted, i.e. agreeable:--acceptable.]

g. before [Strong: 1799 enopion en-o'-pee-on neuter of a compound of 1722 and a derivative of 3700; in the face of (literally or figuratively):--before, in the presence (sight) of, to.]

h. God [Strong: 2316 theos theh'-os of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with 3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively, a magistrate; by Hebraism, very:--X exceeding, God, god(-ly, -ward).