Tuesday, September 29, 2015

Genesis 23:5

Genesis 23:5

And the children of Heth answered Abraham, saying unto him,

a. NLT: The Hittites replied to Abraham,

b. NIV: The Hittites replied to Abraham,

c. YLT: And the sons of Heth answer Abraham, saying to him,

d. Amplified Bible: The Hittites replied to Abraham,

e. Septuagint: The Hittites replied to Abraham,

f. Stone Edition Torah/Prophets/Writings: And the children of Heth answered Abraham, saying to him:

1. “And the children of Heth answered Abraham…”

a. and the children [1121 * ben] [Strong: from 1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like 1, 251, etc.)):--+ afflicted, age, (Ahoh-) (Ammon-) (Hachmon-) (Lev-)ite, (anoint-)ed one, appointed to, (+) arrow, (Assyr-) (Babylon-) (Egypt-) (Grec-)ian, one born, bough, branch, breed, + (young) bullock, + (young) calf, X came up in, child, colt, X common, X corn, daughter, X of first, + firstborn, foal, + very fruitful, + postage, X in, + kid, + lamb, (+) man, meet, + mighty, + nephew, old, (+) people, + rebel, + robber, X servant born, X soldier, son, + spark, + steward, + stranger, X surely, them of, + tumultuous one, + valiant(-est), whelp, worthy, young (one), youth.]

b. of Heth [2845 * Cheth] [Strong: from 2865; terror; Cheth, an aboriginal Canaanite:--Heth.]

c. answered [6030 * ‘anah] [Strong: a primitive root; properly, to eye or (generally) to heed, i.e. pay attention; by implication, to respond; by extens. to begin to speak; specifically to sing, shout, testify, announce:--give account, afflict (by mistake for 6031), (cause to, give) answer, bring low (by mistake for 6031), cry, hear, Leannoth, lift up, say, X scholar, (give a) shout, sing (together by course), speak, testify, utter, (bear) witness.]

d. Abraham [85 * ‘Abraham] [Strong: contracted from 1 and an unused root (probably meaning to be populous); father of a multitude; Abraham, the later name of Abram:--Abraham.]

2. “…saying to him.”

a. saying to him  [559 * 'amar] [Strong: a primitive root; to say (used with great latitude):--answer, appoint, avouch, bid, boast self, call, certify, challenge, charge, + (at the, give) command(-ment), commune, consider, declare, demand, X desire, determine, X expressly, X indeed, X intend, name, X plainly, promise, publish, report, require, say, speak (against, of), X still, X suppose, talk, tell, term, X that is, X think, use (speech), utter, X verily, X yet.]

Acts 13:8

Acts 13:8

But Elymas the sorcerer (for so is his name by interpretation) withstood them, seeking to turn away the deputy from the faith.

a. NLT: But Elymas, the sorcerer (as his name means in Greek), interfered and urged the governor to pay no attention to what Barnabas and Saul said. He was trying to keep the governor from believing.

b. NIV: But Elymas the sorcerer (for that is what his name means) opposed them and tried to turn the proconsul from the faith.

c. YLT: and there withstood them Elymas the magian -- for so is his name interpreted -- seeking to pervert the proconsul from the faith.

d. Amplified Bible: But Elymas the sorcerer (for that is how his name is translated) opposed them, trying to turn the proconsul away from accepting the faith.

e. Worrell Translation: but Elymas the sorcerer (for so his name is interpreted) withstood them, seeking to turn aside the proconsul from the faith.

1. But Elymas the sorcerer (for so is his name by interpretation)

a. but [1161 * de] [Strong: a primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.:--also, and, but, moreover, now (often unexpressed in English).]

b. Elymas [1681 * Elumas] [Strong: of foreign origin; Elymas, a wizard:--Elymas.]

c. the sorcerer [3097 * magos] [Strong:  of foreign origin (7248); a Magian, i.e. Oriental scientist; by implication, a magician:--sorcerer, wise man.]

d. for [1063 * gar] [Strong: a primary particle; properly, assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles):--and, as, because (that), but, even, for, indeed, no doubt, seeing, then, therefore, verily, what, why, yet.]

e. so [3779 * houto or houtos] [Strong: adverb from 3778; in this way (referring to what precedes or follows):--after that, after (in) this manner, as, even (so), for all that, like(-wise), no more, on this fashion(-wise), so (in like manner), thus, what.]

f. is his [846 * autos] [Strong: from the particle au (perhaps akin to the base of 109 through the idea of a baffling wind) (backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the comparative 1438) of the third person , and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons:--her, it(-self), one, the other, (mine) own, said, (self-), the) same, ((him-, my-, thy- )self, (your-)selves, she, that, their(-s), them(-selves), there(-at, - by, -in, -into, -of, -on, -with), they, (these) things, this (man), those, together, very, which.]

g. name [3686 * onoma] [Strong: from a presumed derivative of the base of 1097 (compare 3685); a "name" (literally or figuratively) (authority, character):--called, (+ sur-)name(-d).]

h. by interpretation [3177 * methermeneuo] [Strong: from 3326 and 2059; to explain over, i.e. translate:--(by) interpret(-ation).]

2. “…withstood them…”

a. withstood [436 * anthistemi; anti-against; histemi-to stand] [Strong: from 473 and 2476; to stand against, i.e. oppose:--resist, withstand.] [Zodhiates: to stand against, resist, whether in word or deed.]

1). This Greek word is used 16 times in the New Testament. One of the most notable times is in 2 Timothy 3 8 where it is used twice in one verse.

a).  2 Timothy 3:8 Now as Jannes and Jambres withstood Moses, so do these also resist the truth: men of corrupt minds, reprobate concerning the faith.

b. them  [846 * autos] [Strong: from the particle au (perhaps akin to the base of 109 through the idea of a baffling wind) (backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the comparative 1438) of the third person , and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons:--her, it(-self), one, the other, (mine) own, said, (self-), the) same, ((him-, my-, thy- )self, (your-)selves, she, that, their(-s), them(-selves), there(-at, - by, -in, -into, -of, -on, -with), they, (these) things, this (man), those, together, very, which.]

3. “…seeking to turn away the deputy from the faith.”

a. seeking [2212 * zeteo] [Strong: of uncertain affinity; to seek (literally or figuratively); specially, (by Hebraism) to worship (God), or (in a bad sense) to plot (against life):--be (go) about, desire, endeavour, enquire (for), require, (X will) seek (after, for, means).]

b. to turn away [1294 * diastrepho] [Strong: from 1223 and 4762; to distort, i.e. (figuratively) misinterpret, or (morally) corrupt:--perverse(-rt), turn away.]

c. the deputy [446 * anthupatos] [Strong: from 473 and a superlative of 5228; instead of the highest officer, i.e. (specially) a Roman proconsul:--deputy.]

d. from [575 * apo] [Strong: a primary particle; "off," i.e. away (from something near), in various senses (of place, time, or relation; literal or figurative):--(X here-)after, ago, at, because of, before, by (the space of), for(-th), from, in, (out) of, off, (up-)on(-ce), since, with. In composition (as a prefix) it usually denotes separation, departure, cessation, completion, reversal, etc.]

e. the faith [4102 * pistis] [Strong: from 3982; persuasion, i.e. credence; moral conviction (of religious truth, or the truthfulness of God or a religious teacher), especially reliance upon Christ for salvation; abstractly, constancy in such profession; by extension, the system of religious (Gospel) truth itself:--assurance, belief, believe, faith, fidelity.]

Friday, September 25, 2015

Acts 13:33

Acts 13:33

God hath fulfilled the same unto us their children, in that he hath raised up Jesus again; as it is also written in the second psalm, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee.

a. NLT: and God has now fulfilled it for us, their descendants, by raising Jesus. This is what the second psalm says about Jesus: ‘You are my Son. Today I have become your Father.’

b. NIV: he has fulfilled for us, their children, by raising up Jesus. As it is written in the second Psalm: “ ‘You are my son; today I have become your father

c. YLT: God hath in full completed this to us their children, having raised up Jesus, as also in the second Psalm it hath been written, My Son thou art -- I to-day have begotten thee.

d. Amplified Bible:  that God has completely fulfilled this promise to our children by raising up Jesus, as it is also written in the second Psalm, ‘You are My Son; today I have begotten (fathered) You.’

e. Worrell Translation: that God hath fulfilled this for our children, having raised up Jesus; as it has been written in the second Psalm, ‘Thou art My Son! Today have I begotten Thee!’

f. Interlinear Greek Text, George Ricker Berry PH.D: “As also in the psalm second it has been written, Son my thou art, I today have begotten thee.”

1.  “God hath fulfilled the same unto us their children…”

a. God [2316 * theos] [Strong: of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with 3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively, a magistrate; by Hebraism, very:--X exceeding, God, god(-ly, -ward).]

b. hath fulfilled [1603 * ekpleroo] [Strong: from 1537 and 4137; to accomplish entirely:--fulfill.]

c. the same [5026 * taute or tauten and tautes] [Strong: dative case, accusative case and genitive case respectively of the feminine singular of 3778; (towards or of) this:--her, + hereof, it, that, + thereby, the (same), this (same).]

d. unto us [2254 * hemin] [Strong: dative case plural of 1473; to (or for, with, by) us:--our, (for) us, we.]

e. their [846 * autos] [Strong: from the particle au (perhaps akin to the base of 109 through the idea of a baffling wind) (backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the comparative 1438) of the third person , and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons:--her, it(-self), one, the other, (mine) own, said, (self-), the) same, ((him-, my-, thy- )self, (your-)selves, she, that, their(-s), them(-selves), there(-at, - by, -in, -into, -of, -on, -with), they, (these) things, this (man), those, together, very, which.]

f. children [5043 * teknon] [Strong: from the base of 5098; a child (as produced):--child, daughter, son.]

2. “…in that he hath raised up Jesus again…”

a. in that he hath raised up [450 * anistemi] [Strong: from 303 and 2476; to stand up (literal or figurative, transitive or intransitive):--arise, lift up, raise up (again), rise (again), stand up(-right).]

1). Other examples of this terminology used in the Scriptures.

a). Deuteronomy 18:18 I will raise them up a Prophet from among their brethren, like unto thee, and will put my words in his mouth; and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him.

b). Acts 13:23 Of this man’s seed hath God according to his promise raised unto Israel a Saviour, Jesus.

b. Jesus [2424 * Iesous] [Strong: of Hebrew origin (3091); Jesus (i.e. Jehoshua), the name of our Lord and two (three) other Israelites:--Jesus.]

1). The background of this verse is Paul was preaching in the synagogue at Pisidia Antioch, to Jews and God-fearing [D.C: Theophobic] Gentiles. This verse is not referring to the resurrection of Jesus Christ, but rather his appearance in history. The word “again” is not in the Greek text the King James Version is translated from, even though it is not in italics. (Most if not all translations of the Bible always put in italics words that are not in the text itself, but are inserted because the context requires it.) I repeat, in the KJV (at least in my edition) the word “again” is not in italics, even though it is not in the text. The NKJV corrects this error. I like what Arthur Pink writes about this passage.

a). Arthur W. Pink (Calvinist), An Exposistion of Hebrews, “There the Apostle declared to the Jews that God had fulfilled the promise made unto the fathers, namely, that he had “raised up Jesus,” i.e. had sent the Messiah unto them. Acts 13:33 has no reference to Christ’s resurrection, but relates to his incarnation and manifestation to Israel…It was not until Acts 13:34, 35 that the apostle brought in his resurrection…Thus in Acts 13, Psalm 2 is cited to prove the Father had sent the Savior to Israel and His promise so to do had been fulfilled in the Divine incarnation.”

2). In verses 34 and 35 Paul does touch on the resurrection.

a). Acts 13:34, 35 And as concerning that he raised him up from the dead, now no more to return to corruption, he said on this wise, I will give you the sure mercies of David.
13:35Wherefore he saith also in another psalm, Thou shalt not suffer thine Holy One to see corruption.

3). The New King James Version does not have the word “again” in the verse.

3. “…as it is also written in the second psalm, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee.”

a. as [5613 * hos] [Strong: probably adverb of comparative from 3739; which how, i.e. in that manner (very variously used, as follows):--about, after (that), (according) as (it had been, it were), as soon (as), even as (like), for, how (greatly), like (as, unto), since, so (that), that, to wit, unto, when(-soever), while, X with all speed.]

b. it is…written [1125 * grapho] [Strong:  a primary verb; to "grave", especially to write; figuratively, to describe:--describe, write(-ing, -ten).]

c. also [2532 * kai] [Strong: apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words:--and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.]

d. in [1722 * en] [Strong: a primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), i.e. a relation of rest (intermediate between 1519 and 1537); "in," at, (up-)on, by, etc.:--about, after, against, + almost, X altogether, among, X as, at, before, between, (here-)by (+ all means), for (... sake of), + give self wholly to, (here-)in(-to, -wardly), X mightily, (because) of, (up-)on, (open-)ly, X outwardly, one, X quickly, X shortly, (speedi-)ly, X that, X there(-in, -on), through(-out), (un-)to(-ward), under, when, where(-with), while, with(-in). Often used in compounds, with substantially the same import; rarely with verbs of motion, and then not to indicate direction, except (elliptically) by a separate (and different) preposition.]

1). The quotation of Psalm 2:7 is a citing of Scriptural proof that Jesus is the fulfillment of that prophecy and that it is not speaking of his being raised from the dead but being raised up in fulfillment of the promise that the Messiah would come. Acts 13:34, 35 do speak of his physical resurrection from the dead, Acts 13:33 does not.

e. the second [Strong: 1208 * deuteros dyoo'-ter-os as the compare of 1417; (ordinal) second (in time, place, or rank; also adverb):--afterward, again, second(-arily, time).]

f. psalm [Strong: 5568 * psalmos psal-mos' from 5567; a set piece of music, i.e. a sacred ode (accompanied with the voice, harp or other instrument; a "psalm"); collectively, the book of the Psalms:--psalm.]

4. “…Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee.”

a. Thou [Strong: 4771 * su soo the person pronoun of the second person singular; thou:-- thou.]

b. art [Strong: 1488 * ei i second person singular present of 1510; thou art:--art, be.]

c. my [Strong: 3450 * mou moo the simpler form of 1700; of me:--I, me, mine (own), my.]

d. Son [Strong: 5207 * huios hwee-os' apparently a primary word; a "son" (sometimes of animals), used very widely of immediate, remote or figuratively, kinship:--child, foal, son.]

e. this day [Strong: 4594 * semeron say'-mer-on neuter (as adverb) of a presumed compound of the article 3588 (t changed to s) and 2250; on the (i.e. this) day (or night current or just passed); generally, now (i.e. at present, hitherto):--this (to-)day.]

f. have I [Strong: 1473 * ego eg-o' a primary pronoun of the first person I (only expressed when emphatic):--I, me.]

g. begotten [Strong: 1080 * gennao ghen-nah'-o from a variation of 1085; to procreate (properly, of the father, but by extension of the mother); figuratively, to regenerate:--bear, beget, be born, bring forth, conceive, be delivered of, gender, make, spring.]

h. thee [Strong: 4571 * se seh accusative case singular of 4771; thee:--thee, thou, X thy house.]

1). As stated above, this verse is not referring to the resurrection of Christ from the dead, the resurrection of Christ is not dealt with until the next two verses. Therefore the referencing of Psalm 2:7 is speaking about Christ’s physical generation and birth.

2). There are many commentators that use this verse and Psalm 2:7 to teach the eternal sonship of Jesus Christ. I want to quote from Walter Martin’s book, Kingdom of the Cults concerning this doctrine:

a). “…the doctrine of eternal generation or the eternal Sonship of Christ, which springs from the Roman Catholic doctrine first conceived by Origen in 230 A.D., is a theory which opened the door theologically to the Arian [Jehovah Witness] and Sabellian [Apostolic-Jesus Only] heresies which today still plague the Christian Church in the realms of Christology.”

b). The early Church fathers were in essential agreement that Jesus Christ pre-existed from all eternity in a unique relationship to God the Father. In the year 325 at the Council of Nicaea it was officially proclaimed that Jesus Christ was of the same substance or nature as the Father, and those who differed with this pronouncement which the Church had always held were excommunicated. Among them was Arius of Alexandria, a learned Presbyter and the Christological father of the Jehovah’s Witnesses. Arius held that jesus Christ was a created being, the first and the greatest creation of God the Father, that He did not pre-exist from all eternity and that His only claim to Godhood was the fact that He had been created first and then elevated to the rank of a deity. Arius derived many of his ideas from his teacher, Lucian of Antioch, who in turn, borrowed them from Origen, who himself had introduced the term “eternal generation” or the concept that God from all eternity generates a second person like Himself, ergo the “eternal Son”. Arius of course rejected this as illogical and unreasonable, which it is, and taking the other horn of the dilemma squarely between his teeth reduced the eternal Word of God to the rank of a creation! It is a significant fact, however, that in the earliest writings of the church fathers dating from the first century to the year 230 A. D., the term “eternal generation” was never used, but it  has been thisdogma later adopted by Roman Catholic theology which has fed the Arian heresy through the centuries and today continues to feed the Christology of Jehovah’s Witnesses.”

c). The Scripture nowhere calls Jesus Christ the eternal Son of God, and he is never called Son at all prior to the incarnation, except in prophetic passages in the Old Testament.  The term "Son" itself is a functional term, as is the term "Father" and has no meaning apart from time.  The term “Father” incidentally never carries the descriptive adjective “eternal” in Scripture; as a matter of fact, only the Spirit is called eternal (“the eternal Spirit” in Hebrews 9:14), emphasizing the fact that the words Father and Son are purely functional as previously stated. Many heresies have seized upon the confusion created by the illogical "eternal Sonship" or "eternal generation" theory of Roman Catholic theology, unfortunately carried over to some aspects of Protestant theology. Finally; there cannot be any such thing as eternal Sonship . . . . the word "Son" definitely suggests inferiority."