Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are these; Adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness,
a. NLT: When you follow the desires of your sinful nature, the results are very clear: sexual immorality, impurity, lustful pleasures,
b. NIV: The acts of the flesh are obvious: sexual immorality, impurity and debauchery;
c. YLT: And manifest also are the works of the flesh, which are: Adultery, whoredom, uncleanness, lasciviousness,
d. Amplified Bible: Now the practices of the [i]sinful nature are clearly evident: they are sexual immorality, impurity, sensuality (total irresponsibility, lack of self-control),
e. Worrell Translation: Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness,
1. “Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are these…”
a. now [1161 * de] [Strong: a primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.:--also, and, but, moreover, now (often unexpressed in English).]
b. the works [2041 * ergon] [Strong: from a primary (but obsolete) ergo (to work); toil (as an effort or occupation); by implication, an act:--deed, doing, labour, work.]
c. of the flesh [4561 * sarx] [Strong: probably from the base of 4563; flesh (as stripped of the skin), i.e. (strictly) the meat of an animal (as food), or (by extension) the body (as opposed to the soul (or spirit), or as the symbol of what is external, or as the means of kindred), or (by implication) human nature (with its frailties (physically or morally) and passions), or (specially), a human being (as such):--carnal(-ly, + -ly minded), flesh(-ly).] [Vine: has a wider range of meaning in the NT than in the OT. [D.C.: In this verse I limited Vines definitions to the following:] the weaker element in human nature, the unregenerate state of men, the seat of sin in man…]
1). 1 John 2:16 For all that is in the world, the lust of the flesh, and the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life, is not of the Father, but is of the world.
d. are [2076 * esti] [Strong: third person singular present indicative of 1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are:--are, be(-long), call, X can(-not), come, consisteth, X dure for a while, + follow, X have, (that) is (to say), make, meaneth, X must needs, + profit, + remaineth, + wrestle.]
e. manifest [5318 * phaneros] [Strong: from 5316; shining, i.e. apparent (literally or figuratively); neuter (as adverb) publicly, externally:--abroad, + appear, known, manifest, open (+ -ly), outward (+ -ly).]
f. which [3748 * hostis, including the feminine hetis, and the neuter ho,ti] [Strong: from 3739 and 5100; which some, i.e. any that; also (definite) which same:--X and (they), (such) as, (they) that, in that they, what(-soever), whereas ye, (they) which, who(-soever).]
g. are [2076 * esti] [Strong: third person singular present indicative of 1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are:--are, be(-long), call, X can(-not), come, consisteth, X dure for a while, + follow, X have, (that) is (to say), make, meaneth, X must needs, + profit, + remaineth, + wrestle.]
2. “…Adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness,”
a. adultery [3430 * moicheia] [Strong: from 3431; adultery:--adultery.]
1). Matthew 5:27-30 Ye have heard that it was said by them of old time, Thou shalt not commit adultery:
5:28 But I say unto you, That whosoever looketh on a woman to lust after her hath committed adultery with her already in his heart.
5:29 And if thy right eye offend thee, pluck it out, and cast it from thee: for it is profitable for thee that one of thy members should perish, and not that thy whole body should be cast into hell.
5:30 And if thy right hand offend thee, cut it off, and cast it from thee: for it is profitable for thee that one of thy members should perish, and not that thy whole body should be cast into hell.
b. fornication [4202 * porneia] [Strong: from 4203; harlotry (including adultery and incest); figuratively, idolatry:--fornication.]
c. uncleanness [167 * akatharsia] [Strong: from 169; impurity (the quality), physically or morally:--uncleanness.]
d. lasciviousness [766 * aselgeia] [Strong: from a compound of 1 (as a negative particle) and a presumed selges (of uncertain derivation, but apparently meaning continent); licentiousness (sometimes including other vices):--filthy, lasciviousness, wantonness.] [Zodhiates: license, debauchery, sexual excess, absence of restraint, insatiable desire for pleasure.]