Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil;
a. NLT: Because God’s children are human beings—made of flesh and blood—the Son also became flesh and blood. For only as a human being could he die, and only by dying could he break the power of the devil, who had the power of death.
b. NIV: Since the children have flesh and blood, he too shared in their humanity so that by his death he might break the power of him who holds the power of death—that is, the devil—
c. YLT: Seeing, then, the children have partaken of flesh and blood, he himself also in like manner did take part of the same, that through death he might destroy him having the power of death -- that is, the devil --
d. Amplified Bible: Therefore, since [these His] children share in flesh and blood [the physical nature of mankind], He Himself in a similar manner also shared in the same [physical nature, but without sin], so that through [experiencing] death He might make powerless (ineffective, impotent) him who had the power of death—that is, the devil—
e. Worrell Translation: Since, therefore, the children have partaken of blood and flesh, He Himself also in like manner took part of the same; that, through death, He might bring to nought him that had the power of death, that is the Devil;
1. “Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood…”
a. forasmuch [1893 * epei] [Strong: from 1909 and 1487; thereupon, i.e. since (of time or cause):--because, else, for that (then, -asmuch as), otherwise, seeing that, since, when.]
b. then [3767 * oun] [Strong: apparently a primary word; (adverbially) certainly, or (conjunctionally) accordingly:--and (so, truly), but, now (then), so (likewise then), then, therefore, verily, wherefore.]
c. as the children [3813 * paidion] [Strong: neuter diminutive of 3816; a childling (of either sex), i.e. (properly), an infant, or (by extension) a half-grown boy or girl; figuratively, an immature Christian:--(little, young) child, damsel.]
d. are partakers [2841 * koinoneo] [Strong: from 2844; to share with others (objectively or subjectively):--communicate, distribute, be partaker.]
e. of flesh [4561 * sarx] [Strong: probably from the base of 4563; flesh (as stripped of the skin), i.e. (strictly) the meat of an animal (as food), or (by extension) the body (as opposed to the soul (or spirit), or as the symbol of what is external, or as the means of kindred), or (by implication) human nature (with its frailties (physically or morally) and passions), or (specially), a human being (as such):--carnal(-ly, + -ly minded), flesh(-ly).]
f. and [2532 * kai] [Strong: apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words:--and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.]
g. blood [129 * haima] [Strong: of uncertain derivation; blood, literally (of men or animals), figuratively (the juice of grapes) or specially (the atoning blood of Christ); by implication, bloodshed, also kindred:--blood.]
2. “…he also himself likewise took part of the same…”
a. he…took part [3348 * metecho] [Strong: from 3326 and 2192; to share or participate; by implication, belong to, eat (or drink):--be partaker, pertain, take part, use.]
b. also [2532 * kai] [Strong: apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words:--and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.]
c. himself [846 * autos] [Strong: from the particle au (perhaps akin to the base of 109 through the idea of a baffling wind) (backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the comparative 1438) of the third person , and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons:--her, it(-self), one, the other, (mine) own, said, (self-), the) same, ((him-, my-, thy- )self, (your-)selves, she, that, their(-s), them(-selves), there(-at, - by, -in, -into, -of, -on, -with), they, (these) things, this (man), those, together, very, which.]
d. likewise [3898 * paraplesios] [Strong: adverb from the same as 3897; in a manner near by, i.e. (figuratively) similarly:--likewise.]
e. of the same [846 * autos] See “himself” above.
3. “…that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death…”
a. that [2443 * hina] [Strong: probably from the same as the former part of 1438 (through the demonstrative idea; compare 3588); in order that (denoting the purpose or the result):--albeit, because, to the intent (that), lest, so as, (so) that, (for) to.]
b. through [1223 * dia] [Strong: a primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal, or occasional):--after, always, among, at, to avoid, because of (that), briefly, by, for (cause) ... fore, from, in, by occasion of, of, by reason of, for sake, that, thereby, therefore, X though, through(-out), to, wherefore, with (-in). In composition it retains the same general importance.]
c. death [2288 * thanatos] [Strong: from 2348; (properly, an adjective used as a noun) death (literally or figuratively):--X deadly, (be...) death.]
d. he might destroy [2673 * katargeo] [Strong: from 2596 and 691; to be (render) entirely idle (useless), literally or figuratively:--abolish, cease, cumber, deliver, destroy, do away, become (make) of no (none, without) effect, fail, loose, bring (come) to nought, put away (down), vanish away, make void.]
e. him that had [2192 * echo including an alternate form scheo] [Strong: (used in certain tenses only) a primary verb; to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession; ability, contiuity, relation, or condition):--be (able, X hold, possessed with), accompany, + begin to amend, can(+ -not), X conceive, count, diseased, do + eat, + enjoy, + fear, following, have, hold, keep, + lack, + go to law, lie, + must needs, + of necessity, + need, next, + recover, + reign, + rest, + return, X sick, take for, + tremble, + uncircumcised, use.]
f. the power [2904 * kratos] [Strong: perhaps a primary word; vigor ("great") (literally or figuratively):--dominion, might(-ily), power, strength.]
g. of death [2288 * Thanatos] See “death” above.
1). Pastor Troy J. Edwards: However, one must consider that before Jesus destroyed him, the devil had power over death, (Hebrews 2:14). Whether one believes He died a spiritual death as well as physical or if one believes He only died physically, the fact of the matter is that He died. If the Lord died in any kind manner, He suffered in some way under Satan’s dominion. He did this voluntarily knowing full well what he was doing. Romans 5:17 tells us that death reigned after Adam sinned. Therefore if death had ruled over men and it had our Lord in its grip (again I mention that this was voluntary), then it is not unscriptural to say that for some amount of time death had our Lord in its grip and under its dominion.
a). Acts 2:24 Whom God hath raised up, having loosed the pains of death: because it was not possible that he should be holden of it.
4. “…that is, the devil;”
a. that is [5123 * toutesti] [Strong: contraction for 5124 and 2076; that is:--that is (to say).]
b. he devil [1228 * diabolos] [Strong: from 1225; a traducer; specially, Satan (compare 7854):--false accuser, devil, slanderer.]