In that he saith, A new covenant, he hath made the first old. Now that which decayeth and waxeth old is ready to vanish away.
a. NLT: When God speaks of a “new” covenant, it means he has made the first one obsolete. It is now out of date and will soon disappear.
b. NIV: By calling this covenant “new,” he has made the first one obsolete; and what is obsolete and outdated will soon disappear.
c. YLT: in the saying 'new,' He hath made the first old, and what doth become obsolete and is old is nigh disappearing.
d. Amplified Bible Classic: When God speaks of a new [covenant or agreement], He makes the first one obsolete (out of use). And what is obsolete (out of use and annulled because of age) is ripe for disappearance and to be dispensed with altogether.
e. Worrell Translation: In that He saith, “A new covenant,” He hath made the first old; but the thing that is becoming old, and is wearing out with age, is near vanishing away.
1. In that he saith, A new covenant, he hath made the first old
a. in [1722 * en] [Strong: a primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), i.e. a relation of rest (intermediate between 1519 and 1537); "in," at, (up-)on, by, etc.:--about, after, against, + almost, X altogether, among, X as, at, before, between, (here-)by (+ all means), for (... sake of), + give self wholly to, (here-)in(-to, -wardly), X mightily, (because) of, (up-)on, (open-)ly, X outwardly, one, X quickly, X shortly, (speedi-)ly, X that, X there(-in, -on), through(-out), (un-)to(-ward), under, when, where(-with), while, with(-in). Often used in compounds, with substantially the same import; rarely with verbs of motion, and then not to indicate direction, except (elliptically) by a separate (and different) preposition.]
b. that he saith [3004 * lego] [Strong: a primary verb; properly, to "lay" forth, i.e. (figuratively) relate (in words (usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas 2036 and 5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while 4483 is properly to break silence merely, and 2980 means an extended or random harangue)); by implication, to mean:--ask, bid, boast, call, describe, give out, name, put forth, say(-ing, on), shew, speak, tell, utter.]
c. a new [2537 * kainos] [Strong: of uncertain affinity; new (especially in freshness; while 3501 is properly so with respect to age:--new.]
d. he hath made…old [3822 * palaioo] [Strong: from 3820; to make (passively, become) worn out, or declare obsolete:--decay, make (wax) old.]
e. the first [4413 * protos] [Strong: contracted superlative of 4253; foremost (in time, place, order or importance):--before, beginning, best, chief(-est), first (of all), former.]
2. “…Now that which decayeth and waxeth old is ready to vanish away.”
a. now [1161 * de] [Strong: a primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.:--also, and, but, moreover, now (often unexpressed in English).]
b. that which decayeth [3822 * palaioo] [Strong: from 3820; to make (passively, become) worn out, or declare obsolete:--decay, make (wax) old.]
c. and [2532 * kai] [Strong: apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words:--and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.]
d. waxeth old [1095 * gerasko] [Strong: from 1094; to be senescent:--be (wax) old.]
e. is ready [1451 * eggus] [Strong: from a primary verb agcho (to squeeze or throttle; akin to the base of 43); near (literally or figuratively, of place or time):--from , at hand, near, nigh (at hand, unto), ready.]
f. to vanish away [854 * aphanismos] [Strong: from 853; disappearance, i.e. (figuratively) abrogation:--vanish away.]
1). Marvin Vincent Word Studies: The new covenant is so shaped as to avoid the defects of the old one, and some one has remarked that, in one aspect, it is a criticism of the Sinaitic covenant. The following are its provisions: (1) The law will no more be merely external, but a law written in the heart (Compare 2 Corinthians 3:8). (2) The people will be on intimate and affectionate terms with God, so that the knowledge of God will be general. (3) Sin will be dealt with more radically and effectively.
2). Comparing the Old Covenant with the New the Apostle Paul said the glory of the Old Covenant was as nothing in comparison to the new.
a). 2 Corinthians 3:7-11 But if the ministration of death, written and engraven in stones, was glorious, so that the children of Israel could not stedfastly behold the face of Moses for the glory of his countenance; which glory was to be done away:
3:8 How shall not the ministration of the spirit be rather glorious?
3:9 For if the ministration of condemnation be glory, much more doth the ministration of righteousness exceed in glory.
3:10 For even that which was made glorious had no glory in this respect, by reason of the glory that excelleth.
3:11 For if that which is done away was glorious, much more that which remaineth is glorious.