Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ:
a. NLT: Therefore, since we have been made right in God’s sight by faith, we have peace with God because of what Jesus Christ our Lord has done for us.
b. NIV: Therefore, since we have been justified through faith, wefn have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ,
c. YLT: Having been declared righteous, then, by faith, we have peace toward God through our Lord Jesus Christ,
d. Amplified Bible: Therefore, since we are justified (acquitted, declared righteous, and given a right standing with God) through faith, let us [grasp the fact that we] have [the peace of reconciliation to hold and to enjoy] peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ (the Messiah, the Anointed One).
e. Worrell Translation: Having been justified, therefore, by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ.
1. “Therefore being justified by faith…”
a. therefore [3767 * oun] [Strong: apparently a primary word; (adverbially) certainly, or (conjunctionally) accordingly:--and (so, truly), but, now (then), so (likewise then), then, therefore, verily, wherefore.]
b. being justified [1344 * dikaioo] [Strong: from 1342; to render (i.e. show or regard as) just or innocent:--free, justify(-ier), be righteous.]
c. by [1537 * ek, or ex] [Strong: a primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence action or motion proceeds), from, out (of place, time, or cause; literal or figurative; direct or remote):--after, among, X are, at, betwixt(-yond), by (the means of), exceedingly, (+ abundantly above), for(- th), from (among, forth, up), + grudgingly, + heartily, X heavenly, X hereby, + very highly, in, ...ly, (because, by reason) of, off (from), on, out among (from, of), over, since, X thenceforth, through, X unto, X vehemently, with(-out). Often used in composition, with the same general import; often of completion.]
d. faith [4102 * pistis] [Strong: from 3982; persuasion, i.e. credence; moral conviction (of religious truth, or the truthfulness of God or a religious teacher), especially reliance upon Christ for salvation; abstractly, constancy in such profession; by extension, the system of religious (Gospel) truth itself:--assurance, belief, believe, faith, fidelity.]
1). In this verse, the faith that initiated our justification making peace between God and us is not our faith, it is not our believing. Many Christians erroneously think they were justified when they believe, they think the peace between them and God started when they accepted Christ. The act of faith, the believing and speaking that accomplished our justification was done by God when Jesus came out of the ground. When we were justified Jesus came out of the ground.
a). New American Standard Version: “He who was delivered up because of our transgressions, and was raised because of our justification.”
2). Romans 5:1 cannot be studied without looking at it with Romans 4:25, the preceding verse. “Who was delivered for our offences, and was raised again for our justification.
Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ:” The resurrection of Jesus from the grave proved that the human race was justified and forgiven by the sacrifice of Christ. Our part of faith in this is revealed in the next verse, Romans 5:2, “By whom also we have access by faith into this grace wherein we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God.”
2. “…we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ:”
a. we have [2192 * echo, including an alternate form scheo] [Strong: (used in certain tenses only) a primary verb; to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession; ability, contiuity, relation, or condition):--be (able, X hold, possessed with), accompany, + begin to amend, can(+ -not), X conceive, count, diseased, do + eat, + enjoy, + fear, following, have, hold, keep, + lack, + go to law, lie, + must needs, + of necessity, + need, next, + recover, + reign, + rest, + return, X sick, take for, + tremble, + uncircumcised, use.]
b. peace [1515 * Eirene] [Strong: probably from a primary verb eiro (to join); peace (literally or figuratively); by implication, prosperity:--one, peace, quietness, rest, + set at one again.]
c. with [4314 * pros] [Strong: a strengthened form of 4253; a preposition of direction; forward to, i.e. toward (with the genitive case, the side of, i.e. pertaining to; with the dative case, by the side of, i.e. near to; usually with the accusative case, the place, time, occasion, or respect, which is the destination of the relation, i.e. whither or for which it is predicated):--about, according to , against, among, at, because of, before, between, (where-)by, for, X at thy house, in, for intent, nigh unto, of, which pertain to, that, to (the end that), X together, to (you) -ward, unto, with(-in). In the comparative case, it denotes essentially the same applications, namely, motion towards, accession to, or nearness at.]
d. God [2316 * theos] [Strong: of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with 3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively, a magistrate; by Hebraism, very:--X exceeding, God, god(-ly, -ward).]
e. through [1223 * dia] [Strong: a primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal, or occasional):--after, always, among, at, to avoid, because of (that), briefly, by, for (cause) ... fore, from, in, by occasion of, of, by reason of, for sake, that, thereby, therefore, X though, through(-out), to, wherefore, with (-in). In composition it retains the same general importance.]
f. our [2257 * hemon] [Strong: genitive case plural of 1473; of (or from) us:--our (company), us, we.]
g. Lord [2962 * kurios] [Strong: from kuros (supremacy); supreme in authority, i.e. (as noun) controller; by implication, Master (as a respectful title):-- God, Lord, master, Sir.]
h. Jesus [2424 * Iesous] [Strong: of Hebrew origin (3091); Jesus (i.e. Jehoshua), the name of our Lord and two (three) other Israelites:--Jesus.]
i. Christ [5547 * Christos] [Strong: from 5548; anointed, i.e. the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus:--Christ.]
1). Like wise the “peace” Romans 5:1 speaks of was not accomplished by anything that we’ve done, it was accomplished by the work of Christ. Isaiah 53:5 says, “…the chastisement of our peace was upon him…” We enter into it through the New Birth.
2). Jesus is our peace.
a). Ephesians 2:14 For he is our peace, who hath made both one, and hath broken down the middle wall of partition between us;
3). It is very significant Romans 4:17 is spoken within the context of our justification: Speaking of God the verse says, “…who quickeneth the dead, and calleth those things which be not as though they were.” When we were declared justified by God, God raised Jesus from the dead, He was quickening us who were dead in sin and calling us who were sinners, justified and declaring peace between Him and us.