Friday, April 27, 2018

Hebrews 11:33

Hebrews 11:33

Who through faith subdued kingdoms, wrought righteousness, obtained promises, stopped the mouths of lions,

a. NLT: By faith these people overthrew kingdoms, ruled with justice, and received what God had promised them. They shut the mouths of lions,

b. NIV: Who through faith conquered kingdoms, administered justice, and gained what was promised; who shut the mouths of lions,

c. YLT: Who through faith did subdue kingdoms, wrought righteousness, obtained promises, stopped mouths of lions,

d. Amplified Bible Classic: Who by [the help of] faith subdued kingdoms, administered justice, obtained promised blessings, closed the mouths of lions,

e. Peshitta Eastern Text:  Who through faith conquered kingdoms, wrought righteousness, obtained promises, stopped the mouth of lions,

1. “Who through faith subdued kingdoms, wrought righteousness…”

a. Who [Strong: 3739 hós, hos; probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relatively (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that:—one, (an-, the) other, some, that, what, which, who(-m, -se), etc.]

b. through [Strong: 1223 diá, dee-ah'; a primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal, or occasional):—after, always, among, at, to avoid, because of (that), briefly, by, for (cause) … fore, from, in, by occasion of, of, by reason of, for sake, that, thereby, therefore, × though, through(-out), to, wherefore, with (-in).]

c. faith [Strong: 4102 pístis, pis'-tis; from G3982; persuasion, i.e. credence; moral conviction (of religious truth, or the truthfulness of God or a religious teacher), especially reliance upon Christ for salvation; abstractly, constancy in such profession; by extension, the system of religious (Gospel) truth itself:—assurance, belief, believe, faith, fidelity.] [Vine: The main elements in faith in its relation to the invisible God…are especially brought out in the use of this noun and the corresponding verb, they are: 1. A firm conviction producing a full acknowledgement of God’s revelation or truth [His word]. 2. A personal surrender to Him. 3. A conduct inspired by such surrender.]

d. subdued [Strong: 2610 katagōnízomai, kat-ag-o-nid'-zom-ahee; from G2596 and G75; to struggle against, i.e. (by implication) to overcome:—subdue.]

e. kingdoms [Strong: 932 basileía, bas-il-i'-ah; from G935; properly, royalty, i.e. (abstractly) rule, or (concretely) a realm (literally or figuratively):—kingdom, + reign.]

f. wrought [Strong: 2038 ergázomai, er-gad'-zom-ahee; middle voice from G2041; to toil (as a task, occupation, etc.), (by implication) effect, be engaged in or with, etc.:—commit, do, labor for, minister about, trade (by), work.]

g. righteousness [Strong: 1343 dikaiosýnē, dik-ah-yos-oo'-nay; from G1342; equity (of character or act); specially (Christian) justification:—righteousness.]

2. “...obtained promises, stopped the mouths of lions,”

a.  obtained [Strong: 2013 epitynchánō, ep-ee-toong-khan'-o; from G1909 and G5177; to chance upon, i.e. (by implication) to attain:—obtain.]

i. promises [Strong: 1860 epangelía, ep-ang-el-ee'-ah; from G1861; an announcement (for information, assent or pledge; especially a divine assurance of good):—message, promise.]

j. stopped [Strong: 5420 phrássō, fras'-so; apparently a strengthening form of the base of G5424; to fence or inclose, i.e. (specially), to block up (figuratively, to silence):—stop.]

k.  [the] mouths [Strong: 4750 stóma, stom'-a; probably strengthened from a presumed derivative of the base of G5114; the mouth (as if a gash in the face); by implication, language (and its relations); figuratively, an opening (in the earth); specially, the front or edge (of a weapon):—edge, face, mouth.]

l. [of] lions [Strong: 3023 léōn, leh-ohn'; a primary word; a "lion":—lion.]

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