1 Chronicles 25:1
Moreover David and the captains of the host separated to the service of the sons of Asaph, and of Heman, and of Jeduthun, who should prophesy with harps, with psalteries, and with cymbals: and the number of the workmen according to their service was:
a. ASV: Moreover David and the captains of the host set apart for the service certain of the sons of Asaph, and of Heman, and of Jeduthun, who should prophesy with harps, with psalteries, and with cymbals: and the number of them that did the work according to their service was:
b. YLT: And David and the heads of the host separate for service, of the sons of Asaph, and Heman, and Jeduthun, who are prophesying with harps, with psalteries, and with cymbals, and the number of the workmen is according to their service.
c. Amplified Bible Classic: Also David and the chiefs of the host [of the Lord] separated to the [temple] service some of the sons of Asaph, Heman, and Jeduthun, who should prophesy [being inspired] with lyres, harps, and cymbals. The list of the musicians according to their service was:
d. Septuagint: And king David and the captains of the host appointed to their services the sons of Asaph, and of Aeman, and of Idithun, prophesiers with harps, and lutes, and cymbals: and their number was according to their polls serving in their ministrations.
e. Stone Edition Torah/Prophets/Writings: David and the officers of the service corps set aside the sons of Asaph, Heman and Jeduthum who prophesied while using harps and Lyres, and cymbals. Their number, in accordance with the number of workmen required for their service, was:
1. “Moreover David and the captains of the host separated to the service of the sons of Asaph, and of Heman, and of Jeduthun…”
a. [Moreover] David [Strong: 1732 Dâvid, daw-veed'; rarely (fully); דָּוִיד Dâvîyd; from the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse:—David.
b. [and the] captains [Strong: 8269 sar, sar; from H8323; a head person (of any rank or class):—captain (that had rule), chief (captain), general, governor, keeper, lord,(-task-)master, prince(-ipal), ruler, steward.]
c. [of the] host [Strong: 6635 tsâbâʼ, tsaw-baw'; or (feminine) צְבָאָה tsᵉbâʼâh; from H6633; a mass of persons (or figuratively, things), especially reg. organized for war (an army); by implication, a campaign, literally or figuratively (specifically, hardship, worship):—appointed time, (+) army, (+) battle, company, host, service, soldiers, waiting upon, war(-fare).]
d. separated [Strong: 914 bâdal, baw-dal'; a primitive root; to divide (in variation senses literally or figuratively, separate, distinguish, differ, select, etc.):—(make, put) difference, divide (asunder), (make) separate (self, -ation), sever (out), × utterly.]
e. [to the] service [Strong: 5656 ʻăbôdâh, ab-o-daw'; or עֲבוֹדָה ʻăbôwdâh; from H5647; work of any kind:—act, bondage, bondservant, effect, labour, ministering(-try), office, service(-ile, -itude), tillage, use, work, × wrought.]
f. [of the] sons [Strong: 1121 bên, bane; from H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like father or brother), etc.):—afflicted, age, (Ahoh-) (Ammon-) (Hachmon-) (Lev-) ite, (anoint-) ed one, appointed to, (+) arrow, (Assyr-) (Babylon-) (Egypt-) (Grec-) ian, one born, bough, branch, breed, + (young) bullock, + (young) calf, × came up in, child, colt, × common, × corn, daughter, × of first, firstborn, foal, + very fruitful, + postage, × in, + kid, + lamb, (+) man, meet, +mighty, + nephew, old, (+) people, rebel, + robber, × servant born, × soldier, son, +spark, steward, + stranger, × surely, them of, + tumultuous one, valiant(-est), whelp, worthy, young (one), youth.]
g. [of] Asaph [Strong: 623 ʼÂçâph, aw-sawf'; from H622; collector; Asaph, the name of three Israelites, and of the family of the first:—Asaph.]
h. [and of] Heman [Strong: 1968 Hêymân, hay-mawn'; probably from H539; faithful; Heman, the name of at least two Israelites:—Heman.
i. [and of] Jeduthun [Strong: 3038 Yᵉdûwthûwn, yed-oo-thoon'; or יְדֻתוּן Yᵉduthûwn; or יְדִיתוּן Yᵉdîythûwn; probably from H3034; laudatory; Jeduthun, an Israelite:—Jeduthun.]
2. “...who should prophesy with harps, with psalteries, and with cymbals…”
a. [who should] prophesy [5012 nâbâʼ, naw-baw'; a primitive root; to prophesy, i.e. speak (or sing) by inspiration (in prediction or simple discourse):—prophesy(-ing), make self a prophet.]
b. prophesy [Strong: 5030 nâbîyʼ, naw-bee'; from H5012; a prophet or (generally) inspired man:—prophecy, that prophesy, prophet.]
1). Matthew Henry Commentary: To prophesy, in this place, means praising God with great earnestness and devout affections, under the influences of the Holy Spirit.
a). Psalms 49:4 I will incline mine ear to a parable: I will open my dark saying upon the harp.
b). 2 Kings 3:15 But now bring me a minstrel. And it came to pass, when the minstrel played, that the hand of the LORD came upon him.
2). Dake: This perhaps refers only to the sacred singing and inspirational music, not necessarily to the predicting of future events. In 1 Corinthians 14:3 prophesying is said to be speaking to men to edification, exhortation, and comfort. Here, this was accomplished by singing and music (v. 1). This seems to be thus explained in v 3 as giving thanks and praising God with music and singing.
3). Scripture declares that God inhabits the praises of his people. To inhabit speaks of presence.
a). Psalm 22:3 But thou art holy, O thou that inhabitest the praises of Israel.
(1) [O thou that] inhabitest [Strong: 3427 yashab yaw-shab' a primitive root; properly, to sit down (specifically as judge. in ambush, in quiet); by implication, to dwell, to remain; causatively, to settle, to marry:--(make to) abide(-ing), continue, (cause to, make to) dwell(-ing), ease self, endure, establish, X fail, habitation, haunt, (make to) inhabit(-ant), make to keep (house), lurking, X marry(-ing), (bring again to) place, remain, return, seat, set(- tle), (down-)sit(-down, still, -ting down, -ting (place) -uate), a). take, tarry.] [Gesenius: to dwell, remain, sit, abide.]
b). Psalm 32:7 Thou art my hiding place; thou shalt preserve me from trouble; thou shalt compass me about with songs of deliverance. Selah.
c). 1 Samuel 16:14-23 But the Spirit of the LORD departed from Saul, and an evil spirit from the LORD troubled him.
16:15 And Saul's servants said unto him, Behold now, an evil spirit from God troubleth thee.L
16:16 Let our lord now command thy servants, which are before thee, to seek out a man, who is a cunning player on an harp: and it shall come to pass, when the evil spirit from God is upon thee, that he shall play with his hand, and thou shalt be well.
16:17 And Saul said unto his servants, Provide me now a man that can play well, and bring him to me.
16:18 Then answered one of the servants, and said, Behold, I have seen a son of Jesse the Bethlehemite, that is cunning in playing, and a mighty valiant man, and a man of war, and prudent in matters, and a comely person, and the LORD is with him.
16:19 Wherefore Saul sent messengers unto Jesse, and said, Send me David thy son, which is with the sheep.
16:20 And Jesse took an ass laden with bread, and a bottle of wine, and a kid, and sent them by David his son unto Saul.
16:21 And David came to Saul, and stood before him: and he loved him greatly; and he became his armourbearer.
16:22 And Saul sent to Jesse, saying, Let David, I pray thee, stand before me; for he hath found favour in my sight.
16:23And it came to pass, when the evil spirit from God was upon Saul, that David took an harp, and played with his hand: so Saul was refreshed, and was well, and the evil spirit departed from him.
c. [with] harps [Strong: 3658 kinnôwr, kin-nore'; from a unused root meaning to twang; a harp:—harp.]
d. [with] psalteries [Strong: 5035 nebel, neh'-bel; or נֵבֶל nêbel; from H5034; a skin-bag for liquids (from collapsing when empty); hence, a vase (as similar in shape when full); also a lyre (as having a body of like form):—bottle, pitcher, psaltery, vessel, viol.]
e. [and with] cymbals [Strong: 4700 nebel, neh'-bel; or נֵבֶל nêbel; from H5034; a skin-bag for liquids (from collapsing when empty); hence, a vase (as similar in shape when full); also a lyre (as having a body of like form):—bottle, pitcher, psaltery, vessel, viol.]
3. “...and the number of the workmen according to their service was:”
a. [and the] number [Strong: 4557 miçpâr, mis-pawr'; from H5608; a number, definite (arithmetical) or indefinite (large, innumerable; small, a few); also (abstractly) narration:— abundance, account, × all, × few, (in-) finite, (certain) number(-ed), tale, telling, time.]
b. [of the] workmen [Strong: 582 ʼĕnôwsh, en-oshe'; from H605; properly, a mortal (and thus differing from the more dignified 120); hence, a man in general (singly or collectively):—another, ×(blood-) thirsty, certain, chap(-man); divers, fellow, × in the flower of their age, husband, (certain, mortal) man, people, person, servant, some (× of them), stranger, those, their trade. It is often unexpressed in the English versions, especially when used in apposition with another word.]
c. [Strong: 4399 mᵉlâʼkâh, mel-aw-kaw'; from the same as H4397; properly, deputyship, i.e. ministry; generally, employment (never servile) or work (abstractly or concretely); also property (as the result of labor):—business, cattle, industrious, occupation, ( -pied), officer, thing (made), use, (manner of) work((-man), -manship).]
d. [according to their] service [was] [Strong: 5656 ʻăbôdâh, ab-o-daw'; or עֲבוֹדָה ʻăbôwdâh; from H5647; work of any kind:—act, bondage, bondservant, effect, labour, ministering(-try), office, service(-ile, -itude), tillage, use, work, × wrought.]