1 Timothy 5:19
Against an elder receive not an accusation, but before two or three witnesses.
a. ASV: Against an elder receive not an accusation, except at the mouth oftwo or three witnesses.
b. YLT: Against an elder an accusation receive not, except upon two or three witnesses.
d. Amplified Bible Classic: Listen to no accusation [presented before a judge] against an elder unless it is confirmed by the testimony of two or three witnesses.
1. “Against an elder receive not an accusation, but before two or three witnesses.”
a. Against [Strong: 2596 katá, kat-ah'; a primary particle; (prepositionally) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case (genitive, dative or accusative) with which it is joined):—about, according as (to), after, against, (when they were) × alone, among, and, × apart, (even, like) as (concerning, pertaining to touching), × aside, at, before, beyond, by, to the charge of, (charita-)bly, concerning, + covered, (dai-)ly, down, every, (+ far more) exceeding, × more excellent, for, from … to, godly, in(-asmuch, divers, every, -to, respect of), … by, after the manner of, + by any means, beyond (out of) measure, X mightily, more, × natural, of (up-)on (X part), out (of every), over against, (+ your) × own, + particularly, so, through(-oughout, -oughout every), thus, (un-)to(-gether, -ward), × uttermost, where(-by), with.]
b. [an] elder [Strong: 4245 presbýteros, pres-boo'-ter-os; comparative of πρέσβυς présbys (elderly); older; as noun, a senior; specially, an Israelite Sanhedrist (also figuratively, member of the celestial council) or Christian "presbyter":—elder(-est), old.]
c. receive [Strong: 3858 paradéchomai, par-ad-ekh'-om-ahee; from G3844 and G1209; to accept near, i.e. admit or (by implication) delight in:—receive.]
d. not [Strong: 3361 mḗ, may; a primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverb) not, (conjunction) lest; also (as an interrogative implying a negative answer (whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one)) whether:—any but (that), × forbear, + God forbid, + lack, lest, neither, never, no (X wise in), none, nor, (can-)not, nothing, that not, un(-taken), without. Often used in compounds in substantially the same relations.]
e. [an] accusation [Strong: 2724 katēgoría, kat-ay-gor-ee'-ah; from G2725; a complaint ("category"), i.e. criminal charge:—accusation (X -ed).]
f. but [Strong: 1508 ei mḗ, i may; from G1487 and G3361; if not:—but, except (that), if not, more than, save (only) that, saving, till.]
g. [Strong: 1622 ektós, ek-tos'; from G1537; the exterior; figuratively (as a preposition) aside from, besides:—but, except(-ed), other than, out of, outside, unless, without.]
h. before [Strong: 1909 epí, ep-ee'; a primary preposition; properly, meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution (with the genitive case), i.e. over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.:—about (the times), above, after, against, among, as long as (touching), at, beside, × have charge of, (be-, (where-))fore, in (a place, as much as, the time of, -to), (because) of, (up-)on (behalf of), over, (by, for) the space of, through(-out), (un-)to(-ward), with.]
i. two [Strong: 1417 dýo, doo'-o; a primary numeral; "two":—both, twain, two.]
j. or [Strong: 2228 ḗ, ay; a primary particle of distinction between two connected terms; disjunctive, or; comparative, than:—and, but (either), (n-)either, except it be, (n-)or (else), rather, save, than, that, what, yea. Often used in connection with other particles.]
k. three [Strong: 5140 treîs, trice; a primary (plural) number; "three":—three.]
l. witnesses [Strong: 3144 mártys, mar'-toos; of uncertain affinity; a witness (literally (judicially) or figuratively (genitive case)); by analogy, a "martyr":—martyr, record, witness.]