1 Timothy 5:23
Drink no longer water, but use a little wine for thy stomach's sake and thine often infirmities.
a. ASV: Be no longer a drinker of water, but use a little wine for thy stomach’s sake and thine often infirmities.
b. YLT: No longer be drinking water, but a little wine be using, because of thy stomach and of thine often infirmities;
d. Amplified Bible Classic:Drink water no longer exclusively, but use a little wine for the sake of your stomach and your frequent illnesses.
1. “Drink no longer water…”
a. [Drink] no longer [Strong: 3371 mēkéti, may-ket'-ee; from G3361 and G2089; no further:—any longer, (not) henceforth, hereafter, no henceforward (longer, more, soon), not any more.]
b. water [Strong: 5202 hydropotéō, hoo-drop-ot-eh'-o; from a compound of G5204 and a derivative of G4095; to be a water-drinker, i.e. to abstain from vinous beverages:—drink water.]
2. “...but use a little wine for thy stomach's sake and thine often infirmities.”
a. but [Strong: 235 allá, al-lah'; neuter plural of G243; properly, other things, i.e. (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations):—and, but (even), howbeit, indeed, nay, nevertheless, no, notwithstanding, save, therefore, yea, yet.]
b. use [Strong: 5530 chráomai, khrah'-om-ahee; middle voice of a primary verb (perhaps rather from G5495, to handle); to furnish what is needed; (give an oracle, "graze" (touch slightly), light upon, etc.), i.e. (by implication) to employ or (by extension) to act towards one in a given manner:—entreat, use.]
c. [a] little [Strong: 3641 olígos, ol-ee'-gos; of uncertain affinity; puny (in extent, degree, number, duration or value); especially neuter (adverbially) somewhat:—+ almost, brief(-ly), few, (a) little, + long, a season, short, small, a while.]
1). The use of “little” matches all the other mentions of wine. In this case Paul said a little so that Timothy would not get drunk.
a). Romans 14:21-23 It is good neither to eat flesh, nor to drink wine, nor any thing whereby thy brother stumbleth, or is offended, or is made weak.
14:22 Hast thou faith? have it to thyself before God. Happy is he that condemneth not himself in that thing which he alloweth.
14:23 And he that doubteth is damned if he eat, because he eateth not of faith: for whatsoever is not of faith is sin.
b). 1 Timothy 5:18 And be not drunk with wine, wherein is excess; but be filled with the Spirit;
c). 1 Timothy 3:3 Not given to wine, no striker, not greedy of filthy lucre; but patient, not a brawler, not covetous;
d). 1 Timothy 3:8 Likewise must the deacons be grave, not doubletongued, not given to much wine, not greedy of filthy lucre;
e). Titus 1:7 For a bishop must be blameless, as the steward of God; not selfwilled, not soon angry, not given to wine, no striker, not given to filthy lucre;
f). Titus 2:3 The aged women likewise, that they be in behaviour as becometh holiness, not false accusers, not given to much wine, teachers of good things;
g). For the time past of our life may suffice us to have wrought the will of the Gentiles, when we walked in lasciviousness, lusts, excess of wine, revellings, banquetings, and abominable idolatries:
d. wine [Strong: 3631 oînos, oy'-nos; a primary word (or perhaps of Hebrew origin (H3196)); "wine" (literally or figuratively):—wine.]
e. for [Strong: 1223 diá, dee-ah'; a primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal, or occasional):—after, always, among, at, to avoid, because of (that), briefly, by, for (cause) … fore, from, in, by occasion of, of, by reason of, for sake, that, thereby, therefore, × though, through(-out), to, wherefore, with (-in).]
g. thy [Strong: 4675 soû, soo; genitive case of G4771; of thee, thy:—X home, thee, thine (own), thou, thy.]
h. stomach’s [sake] [Strong: 4751 stómachos, stom'-akh-os; from G4750; an orifice (the gullet), i.e. (specially), the "stomach":—stomach.]
i. and [Strong: 2532 kaí, kahee; apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words:—and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.]
j. thine [Strong: 4675 soû, soo; genitive case of G4771; of thee, thy:—X home, thee, thine (own), thou, thy.]
k. often [Strong: 4437 pyknós, pook-nos'; from the same as G4635; clasped (thick), i.e. (figuratively) frequent; neuter plural (as adverb) frequently:—often(-er).]
l. infirmities [Strong: 769 asthéneia, as-then'-i-ah; from G772; feebleness (of mind or body); by implication, malady; morally, frailty:—disease, infirmity, sickness, weakness.]