But now hath he obtained a more excellent ministry, by how much also he is the mediator of a better covenant, which was established upon better promises.
a. ASV: But now hath he obtained a ministry the more excellent, by so much as he is also the mediator of a better covenant, which hath been enacted upon better promises.
b. YLT: And now he hath obtained a more excellent service, how much also of a better covenant is he mediator, which on better promises hath been sanctioned,
d. Amplified Bible Classic: But as it now is, He [Christ] has acquired a [priestly] ministry which is as much superior and more excellent [than the old] as the covenant (the agreement) of which He is the Mediator (the Arbiter, Agent) is superior and more excellent, [because] it is enacted and rests upon more important (sublimer, higher, and nobler) promises.
1. “But now hath he obtained a more excellent ministry…”
a. But [Strong: 1161 dé, deh; a primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.:—also, and, but, moreover, now (often unexpressed in English).]
b. now [Strong: 3570 nyní, noo-nee'; a prolonged form of G3568 for emphasis; just now:—now.]
c. [hath he] obtained [Strong: 5177 tynchánō, toong-khan'-o; probably for an obsolete τύχω týchō (for which the middle voice of another alternate τεύχω teúchō (to make ready or bring to pass) is used in certain tenses; akin to the base of G5088 through the idea of effecting; properly, to affect; or (specially), to hit or light upon (as a mark to be reached), i.e. (transitively) to attain or secure an object or end, or (intransitively) to happen (as if meeting with); but in the latter application only impersonal (with G1487), i.e. perchance; or (present participle) as adjective, usual (as if commonly met with, with G3756, extraordinary), neuter (as adverb) perhaps; or (with another verb) as adverb, by accident (as it were):—be, chance, enjoy, little, obtain, × refresh…self, + special.]
d. [a] more excellent [Strong: 1313 diáphoros, dee-af'-or-os; from G1308; varying; also surpassing:—differing, divers, more excellent.]
e. ministry [Strong: 3009 leitourgía, li-toorg-ee'-ah; from G3008; public function (as priest ("liturgy") or almsgiver):—ministration(-try), service.]
2. “...by how much also he is the mediator of a better covenant…”
a. [by] how much [Strong: 3745 hósos, hos'-os; by reduplication from G3739; as (much, great, long, etc.) as:—all (that), as (long, many, much) (as), how great (many, much), (in-)asmuch as, so many as, that (ever), the more, those things, what (great, -soever), wheresoever, wherewithsoever, which, × while, who(-soever).]
b. also [Strong: 2532 kaí, kahee; apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words:—and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.]
c. [he] is [Strong: 2076 estí, es-tee'; third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are:—are, be(-long), call, X can(-not), come, consisteth, × dure for a while, + follow, × have, (that) is (to say), make, meaneth, × must needs, + profit, + remaineth, + wrestle.]
d. [the] mediator [Strong: 3316 mesítēs, mes-ee'-tace; from G3319; a go-between, i.e. (simply) an internunciator, or (by implication) a reconciler (intercessor):—mediator.]
e. [of a] better [Strong: 2909 kreíttōn, krite'-tohn; comparative of a derivative of G2904; stronger, i.e. (figuratively) better, i.e. nobler:—best, better.]
g. covenant [Strong: 1242 diathḗkē, dee-ath-ay'-kay; from G1303; properly, a disposition, i.e. (specially) a contract (especially a devisory will):—covenant, testament.]
3. “...which was established upon better promises.”
a. which [Strong: 3748 hóstis, hos'-tis; from G3739 and G5100; which some, i.e. any that; also (definite) which same:—X and (they), (such) as, (they) that, in that they, what(-soever), whereas ye, (they) which, who(-soever). ]
b. [was] established [Strong: 3549 nomothetéō, nom-oth-et-eh'-o; from G3550; to legislate, i.e. (passively) to have (the Mosaic) enactments injoined, be sanctioned (by them):—establish, receive the law.]
c. upon [Strong: 1909 epí, ep-ee'; a primary preposition; properly, meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution (with the genitive case), i.e. over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.:—about (the times), above, after, against, among, as long as (touching), at, beside, × have charge of, (be-, (where-))fore, in (a place, as much as, the time of, -to), (because) of, (up-)on (behalf of), over, (by, for) the space of, through(-out), (un-)to(-ward), with.]
d. better [Strong: 2909 kreíttōn, krite'-tohn; comparative of a derivative of G2904; stronger, i.e. (figuratively) better, i.e. nobler:—best, better.]
e. promises [Strong: 1860 epangelía, ep-ang-el-ee'-ah; from G1861; an announcement (for information, assent or pledge; especially a divine assurance of good):—message, promise.]