And God called the firmament Heaven. And the evening and the morning were the second day.
a. NLT: God called the space “sky.” And evening passed and morning came, marking the second day.
b. NIV: God called the vault “sky.” And there was evening, and there was morning—the second day.
c. Young’s Literal translation: And God calleth to the expanse 'Heavens;' and there is an evening, and there is a morning -- day second.
d. Amplified Bible Classic: And God called the firmament Heavens. And there was evening and there was morning, a second day.
e. Septuagint: And God called the firmament Heaven, and God saw that it was good, and there was evening and there was morning, the second day.
f. Stone Edition Torah/Writings/Prophets: God called to the firmament: “Heaven”.And there was evening and there was morning, a second day.
1. “And God called the firmament Heaven…”
a. [And] God [Strong: 430 ʼĕlôhîym, el-o-heem'; plural of H433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative:—angels, × exceeding, God (gods) (-dess, -ly), × (very) great, judges, × mighty.]
b. called [Strong: 7121 qârâʼ, kaw-raw'; a primitive root (rather identical with H7122 through the idea of accosting a person met); to call out to (i.e. properly, address by name, but used in a wide variety of applications):—bewray (self), that are bidden, call (for, forth, self, upon), cry (unto), (be) famous, guest, invite, mention, (give) name, preach, (make) proclaim(-ation), pronounce, publish, read, renowned, say.]
c. [the] firmament [Strong: 7549 râqîyaʻ, raw-kee'-ah; from H7554; properly, an expanse, i.e. the firmament or (apparently) visible arch of the sky:—firmament.]
d. Heaven [Strong: 8064 shâmayim, shaw-mah'-yim; dual of an unused singular שָׁמֶה shâmeh; from an unused root meaning to be lofty; the sky (as aloft; the dual perhaps alluding to the visible arch in which the clouds move, as well as to the higher ether where the celestial bodies revolve):—air, × astrologer, heaven(-s).]
2. “And the evening and the morning were the second day.”
a. [And the] evening [Strong: 6153 ʻereb, eh'-reb; from H6150; dusk:— day, even(-ing, tide), night.]
b. [and the] morning [Strong: 1242 bôqer, bo'-ker; from H1239; properly, dawn (as the break of day); generally, morning:—(+) day, early, morning, morrow.]
c. were [Strong: 1961 hayah haw-yaw a primitive root (Compare 1933); to exist, i.e. be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary):--beacon, X altogether, be(-come), accomplished, committed, like), break, cause, come (to pass), do, faint, fall, + follow, happen, X have, last, pertain, quit (one-)self, require, X use.]
d. [the] second [Strong: 8145 shênîy, shay-nee'; from H8138; properly, double, i.e. second; also adverbially, again:—again, either (of them), (an-) other, second (time).]
e. day [Strong: 3117 yôwm, yome; from an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literal (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figurative (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverb):—age, always, chronicals, continually(-ance), daily, ((birth-), each, to) day, (now a, two) days (agone), elder, × end, evening, (for) ever(-lasting, -more), × full, life, as (so) long as (... live), (even) now, old, outlived, perpetually, presently, remaineth, ×required, season, × since, space, then, (process of) time, as at other times, in trouble, weather, (as) when, (a, the, within a) while (that), × whole ( age), (full) year(-ly), younger.]
1). This was the creation of the water canopy that was above the earth. It was created just days prior to the creation of man. This canopy of water was over the earth until the time of Noah’s flood when it helped cover the earth completely with water and ended all life on the earth except that which was in the Ark of Noah. This water was taken off the face of the earth that was put there by God at the judgment because of Lucifer’s rebellion. This is the flood that Peter was referring to in his second epistle.
a). 2 Peter 3:5, 6 For this they willingly are ignorant of, that by the word of God the heavens were of old, and the earth standing out of the water and in the water:
3:6 Whereby the world that then was, being overflowed with water, perished:
2). The other source of water provided for Noah’s flood came from the great reservoirs of water under the earth that were unleashed at the flood.
Genesis 7:11, 12 In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, the same day were all the fountains of the great deep broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened.
7:12 And the rain was upon the earth forty days and forty nights.