There was a certain rich man, which was clothed in purple and fine linen, and fared sumptuously every day:
a. ASV: Now there was a certain rich man, and he was clothed in purple and fine linen, faring sumptuously every day:
'And -- a certain man was rich, and was clothed in purple and fine linen, making merry sumptuously every day,
d. Amplified Bible Classic: There was a certain rich man who [habitually] clothed himself in purple and fine linen and reveled and feasted and made merry in splendor every day.
1. “There was a certain rich man…”
a. [Strong: 1161 dé, deh; a primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.:—also, and, but, moreover, now (often unexpressed in English).]
b. [there] was [Strong: 2258 ēn, ane; imperfect of G1510; I (thou, etc.) was (wast or were):—+ agree, be, X have (+ charge of), hold, use, was(-t), were.]
c. [a] certain [Strong: 5100 tìs, tis; an enclitic indefinite pronoun; some or any person or object:—a (kind of), any (man, thing, thing at all), certain (thing), divers, he (every) man, one (X thing), ought, + partly, some (man, -body, - thing, -what), (+ that no-)thing, what(-soever), ×wherewith, whom(-soever), whose(-soever).]
d. rich [Strong: 4145 ploúsios, ploo'-see-os; from G4149; wealthy; figuratively, abounding with:—rich.]
e. man [Strong: 444 ánthrōpos, anth'-ro-pos; from G435 and ὤψ ṓps (the countenance; from G3700); man-faced, i.e. a human being:—certain, man.]
1). Jesus starts out his story by saying, “There was a certain rich man”. This is not a parable, this is a true account where Jesus is pulling back the curtain to reveal what happens in the spirit realm at death for the righteous and the unrighteous.
2. “...which was clothed in purple and fine linen…”
a. which [Strong: 2532 kaí, kahee; apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words:—and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.]
b. [was] clothed [Strong: 1737 endidýskō, en-did-oos'-ko; a prolonged form of G1746; to invest (with a garment):—clothe in, wear.]
c. [in] purple [Strong: 4209 porphýra, por-foo'-rah; of Latin origin; the "purple" mussel, i.e. (by implication) the red-blue color itself, and finally a garment dyed with it:—purple.]
d. and [Strong: 2532 kaí, kahee; apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words:—and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.]
e. fine linen [Strong: 1040 býssos, boos'-sos; of Hebrew origin (H948); white linen:—fine linen.]
3. “...and fared sumptuously every day:”
a. [and] fared [Strong: 2165 euphraínō, yoo-frah'-ee-no; from G2095 and G5424; to put (middle voice or passively, be) in a good frame of mind, i.e. rejoice:—fare, make glad, be (make) merry, rejoice.]
b.sumptuously [Strong: 2988 lamprōs, lam-proce'; adverb from G2986; brilliantly, i.e. figuratively, luxuriously:—sumptuously.
c. every [Strong: 2596 katá, kat-ah'; a primary particle; (prepositionally) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case (genitive, dative or accusative) with which it is joined):—about, according as (to), after, against, (when they were) × alone, among, and, × apart, (even, like) as (concerning, pertaining to touching), × aside, at, before, beyond, by, to the charge of, (charita-)bly, concerning, + covered, (dai-)ly, down, every, (+ far more) exceeding, × more excellent, for, from … to, godly, in(-asmuch, divers, every, -to, respect of), … by, after the manner of, + by any means, beyond (out of) measure, X mightily, more, × natural, of (up-)on (X part), out (of every), over against, (+ your) × own, + particularly, so, through(-oughout, -oughout every), thus, (un-)to(-gether, -ward), × uttermost, where(-by), with.]
d. day [Strong: 2250 hēméra, hay-mer'-ah; feminine (with G5610 implied) of a derivative of ἧμαι hēmai (to sit; akin to the base of G1476) meaning tame, i.e. gentle; day, i.e. (literally) the time space between dawn and dark, or the whole 24 hours (but several days were usually reckoned by the Jews as inclusive of the parts of both extremes); figuratively, a period (always defined more or less clearly by the context):—age, +alway, (mid-)day (by day, (-ly)), + for ever, judgment, (day) time, while, years.
1). Gordon Lindsay, The Life And Teachings Of Christ: “The story of the rich man and Lazarus is not in a parable in the usual sense. A parable is an analogy between visible things and invisible things. Here we have a direct statement about invisible things themselves. Jesus says, “…There was a certain rich man” (Luke 16:19). We must, therefore believe there was a certain rich man.”
2). Gordon Lindsay, The Life And Teachings Of Christ, “Jesus tells us that the rich man, when he passed from the body, found he was still conscious. That was the grim fact with which he had to reckon. The matter of the continued existence of the spirit after death ceased at once to be an academic question of something for theological speculation.”
3). Gordon Lindsay, The Life And Teachings Of Christ: “In considering hades at the time of the rich man’s death, we must remind the reader that Christ was describing a scene that occurred before His own resurrection. In the Old Testament days even the saints went down to “sheol,” or “hades,” which is sometimes called “hell” in the King James Version, and sometimes “the grave.”…The wicked also went down to sheol. Those who took part in Korah’s rebellion went down to sheol (Numbers 16:33). All people in the Old Testament days, whether good or bad, at death went down to sheol. But, and this is all important to understand, the wicked and the righteous were not in the same compartment—there was a great gulf fixed between the two classes of people. We should add here that after Christ’s resurrection, He took captivity captive, removing the righteous from the lower parts of the earth to heaven (Ephesians 4:8-10). So it was that when Paul ascended to paradise some years after the resurrection of Christ, he found paradise located in the third heaven (2 Corinthians 12:1-4). But the scene Christ was describing occurred while paradise (Abraham’s bosom) was still in the heart of the earth.”
4). The passages that Gordon Lindsay mentioned are cited below along with other passages in the New Testament that show after the death and resurrection of Christ the righteous dead go straight to heaven at death.
a). Ephesians 4:8-10 Wherefore he saith, When he ascended up on high, he led captivity captive, and gave gifts unto men.
4:9 (Now that he ascended, what is it but that he also descended first into the lower parts of the earth?
4:10He that descended is the same also that ascended up far above all heavens, that he might fill all things.)
b). 2 Corinthians 12:1-4 It is not expedient for me doubtless to glory. I will come to visions and revelations of the Lord.
12:2 I knew a man in Christ above fourteen years ago, (whether in the body, I cannot tell; or whether out of the body, I cannot tell: God knoweth;) such an one caught up to the third heaven.
12:3 And I knew such a man, (whether in the body, or out of the body, I cannot tell: God knoweth;)
12:4 How that he was caught up into paradise, and heard unspeakable words, which it is not lawful for a man to utter.
c). 2 Corinthians 5:6-8 Therefore we are always confident, knowing that, whilst we are at home in the body, we are absent from the Lord:
5:7 (For we walk by faith, not by sight:)
5:8 We are confident, I say, and willing rather to be absent from the body, and to be present with the Lord.
d). Philippians 1:21-24 For to me to live is Christ, and to die is gain.
1:22 But if I live in the flesh, this is the fruit of my labour: yet what I shall choose I wot not.
1:23 For I am in a strait betwixt two, having a desire to depart, and to be with Christ; which is far better:
1:24 Nevertheless to abide in the flesh is more needful for you.