The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, till I make thine enemies thy footstool?
a. ASV: The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, Till I put thine enemies underneath thy feet?
b. YLT: The Lord said to my lord, Sit at my right hand, till I may make thine enemies thy footstool?
d. Amplified Bible Classic: The Lord said to My Lord, Sit at My right hand until I put Your enemies under Your feet?
1. “The Lord said unto my Lord…”
a. [The] Lord [Strong: 2962 kýrios, koo'-ree-os; from κῦρος kŷros (supremacy); supreme in authority, i.e. (as noun) controller; by implication, Master (as a respectful title):—God, Lord, master, Sir.]
b. said [Strong: 2036 épō, ep'-o; a primary verb (used only in the definite past tense, the others being borrowed from G2046, G4483, and G5346); to speak or say (by word or writing):—answer, bid, bring word, call, command, grant, say (on), speak, tell.]
c. unto [Strong: 3588 ho ho, including the feminine he hay, and the neuter to to in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom):--the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.] [Thayer: [to] ὁ, ἡ, τό, originally τος, τῇ, τό (as is evident from the forms τοι, ται for οἱ, αἱ in Homer and the Ionic writings), corresponds to our definite article the (German der, die, das), which is properly a demonstrative pronoun, which we see in its full force in Homer, and of which we find certain indubitable traces also in all kinds of Greek prose, and hence also in the N. T.]
d. my [Strong: 3450 moû, moo; the simpler form of G1700; of me:—I, me, mine (own), my.]
e. Lord [Strong: 2962 kýrios, koo'-ree-os; from κῦρος kŷros (supremacy); supreme in authority, i.e. (as noun) controller; by implication, Master (as a respectful title):—God, Lord, master, Sir.]
2. “...Sit thou on my right hand, till I make thine enemies thy footstool?”
a. Sit [thou] [Strong: 2521 káthēmai, kath'-ay-mahee; from G2596; and ἧμαι hēmai (to sit; akin to the base of G1476); to sit down; figuratively, to remain, reside:—dwell, sit (by, down).]
b. on [Strong: 1537 ek, ek; a primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence action or motion proceeds), from, out (of place, time, or cause; literal or figurative; direct or remote):—after, among, × are, at, betwixt(-yond), by (the means of), exceedingly, (+abundantly above), for(- th), from (among, forth, up), + grudgingly, + heartily, X heavenly, × hereby, + very highly, in, …ly, (because, by reason) of, off (from), on, out among (from, of), over, since, × thenceforth, through, × unto, × vehemently, with(-out).]
c. my [Strong: 3450 moû, moo; the simpler form of G1700; of me:—I, me, mine (own), my.]
d. right hand [Strong: 1188 dexiós, dex-ee-os'; from G1209; the right side or (feminine) hand (as that which usually takes):—right (hand, side).]
e. till [Strong: 302 án, an; a primary particle, denoting a supposition, wish, possibility or uncertainty:—(what-, where-, wither-, who-)soever. Usually unexpressed except by the subjunctive or potential mood.]
f. [I] make [Strong: 5087 títhēmi, tith'-ay-mee; a prolonged form of a primary θέω théō theh'-o (which is used only as alternate in certain tenses); to place (in the widest application, literally and figuratively; properly, in a passive or horizontal posture, and thus different from G2476, which properly denotes an upright and active position, while G2749 is properly reflexive and utterly prostrate):—+ advise, appoint, bow, commit, conceive, give, × kneel down, lay (aside, down, up), make, ordain, purpose, put, set (forth), settle, sink down.]
g. thine [Strong: 4675 soû, soo; genitive case of G4771; of thee, thy:—X home, thee, thine (own), thou, thy.]
h. enemies [Strong: 2190 echthrós, ech-thros'; from a primary ἔχθω échthō (to hate); hateful (passively, odious, or actively, hostile); usually as a noun, an adversary (especially Satan):—enemy, foe.]
i. thy [Strong: 4675 soû, soo; genitive case of G4771; of thee, thy:—X home, thee, thine (own), thou, thy.]
j. footstool [Strong: 5286 hypopódion, hoop-op-od'-ee-on; neuter of a compound of G5259 and G4228; something under the feet, i.e. a foot-rest (figuratively):—footstool.]
k. [Strong: 4228 poús, pooce; a primary word; a "foot" (figuratively or literally):—foot(-stool).
1). Psalm 110:1 is quoted or alluded to 16 times in the New Testament, which makes Psalm 110:1 the most quoted Old Testament verse in the New Testament.
a). Matthew 22:44; 26:64; Mark 16:19; Luke 20:42, 43; Acts 2:33-36; Romans 8:34; 1 Corinthians 15:25; Ephesians 1:20; 2:6; Colossians 3:1; Hebrews 1:3; 1:13; 8:1; 10:12, 13; 12:2.
2). Before we go any further I want to read one of those passages on the list regarding Psalm 110:1.
a). Colossians 3:1, 2 If ye then be risen with Christ, seek those things which are above, where Christ sitteth on the right hand of God.
Set your affection on things above, not on things on the earth.
b). The Holy Ghost through the Apostle Paul exhorts us to set our minds those things at the right hand of God. The Lord wants us to know our authority and to use it to enforce the Covenant.
3). The reason Psalm 110:1 is the most quoted Old Testament verse in the New Testament is because the sitting down of Christ at the right hand of God after the resurrection is the most pivotal moment in the establishment of the New Covenant.
a). Jesus said in John 16:7 Nevertheless I tell you the truth; It is expedient for you that I go away: for if I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you; but if I depart, I will send him unto you.
4). The baptism of the Holy Ghost with the evidence of speaking with other tongues was poured out only after Jesus sat down at the right hand of God.
a). Acts 2:33 Therefore being by the right hand of God exalted, and having received of the Father the promise of the Holy Ghost, he hath shed forth this, which ye now see and hear.
5). Without the giving of the Holy Ghost, the enforcement of the New Covenant, beginning with the new birth would have been impossible. First of all, it is the Holy Ghost that recreates the human spirit when a person becomes born again.
a). Titus 3:5 Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost;
b). 2 Corinthians 5:17 Therefore if any man be in Christ he is a new creature: old things are passed away; behold, all things are become new.