Tuesday, March 05, 2019

Deuteronomy 25:18

Deuteronomy 25:18

How he met thee by the way, and smote the hindmost of thee, even all that were feeble behind thee, when thou wast faint and weary; and he feared not God.

a. ASV: How he met thee by the way, and smote the hindmost of thee, all that were feeble behind thee, when thou wast faint and weary; and he feared not God.

b. YLT: That he hath met thee in the way, and smiteth in all those feeble behind thee (and thou wearied and fatigued), and is not fearing God.

c. Amplified Bible Classic: How he did not fear God, but when you were faint and weary he attacked you along the way and cut off all the stragglers at your rear.

d. Septuagint: How he withstood thee in the way, and harassed thy rear, [even] those that were weary behind thee, and thou didst hunger and wast weary; and he did not fear God.

e. Stone Edition Torah/Prophets/Writings: That he happened upon you on the way, and he struck those of you who were hindmost, all the weaklings at your rear, when you were faint and exhausted, and he did not fear God.

1. “How he met thee by the way, and smote the hindmost of thee…”

a. How [Strong: 834 'aher ash-er' a primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as an adverb and a conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.:--X after, X alike, as (soon as), because, X every, for, + forasmuch, + from whence, + how(-soever), X if, (so) that ((thing) which, wherein), X though, + until, + whatsoever, when, where (+ -as, -in, -of, -on, -soever, -with), which, whilst, + whither(- soever), who(-m, -soever, -se). As it is indeclinable, it is often accompanied by the personal pronoun expletively, used to show the connection.]

b. [he] met thee [Strong: 7136 qârâh, kaw-raw'; a primitive root; to light upon (chiefly by accident); causatively, to bring about; specifically, to impose timbers (for roof or floor):—appoint, lay (make) beams, befall, bring, come (to pass unto), floor, (hap) was, happen (unto), meet, send good speed.]

c. [by the] way [Strong: 1870 derek, deh'-rek; from H1869; a road (as trodden); figuratively, a course of life or mode of action, often adverb:—along, away, because of, by, conversation, custom, (east-) ward, journey, manner, passenger, through, toward, (high-) (path-) way(-side), whither(-soever).]

d. [and smote] the hindmost zânab, zaw-nab'; a primitive root meaning to wag; used only as a denominative from H2180; to curtail, i.e. cut off the rear:—smite the hindmost.]

e. [of] thee [Do not have a Strong number but it is in the Hebrew translation.]

2. “...even all that were feeble behind thee, when thou wast faint and weary…”

a. [even] all [Strong: 3605 kol kole or (Jer. 33:8) kowl {kole}; from 3634; properly, the whole; hence, all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense):--(in) all (manner, (ye)), altogether, any (manner), enough, every (one, place, thing), howsoever, as many as, (no-)thing, ought, whatsoever, (the) whole, whoso(-ever).]

b. [that were] feeble [Strong: 2826 châshal, khaw-shal'; a primitive root; to make (intransitively be) unsteady, i.e. weak:—feeble.]

c. behind [you] [Strong: 310 ʼachar, akh-ar'; from H309; properly, the hind part; generally used as an adverb or conjunction, after (in various senses):—after (that, -ward), again, at, away from, back (from, -side), behind, beside, by, follow (after, -ing), forasmuch, from, hereafter, hinder end, + out (over) live, + persecute, posterity, pursuing, remnant, seeing, since, thence(-forth), when, with.]

d. [when] thou [Strong: 859 'attah at-taw' or (shortened); aatta {at-taw'}; or wath {ath}; feminine (irregular) sometimes nattiy {at-tee'}; plural masculine attem {at- tem'}; feminine atten {at-ten'}; or oattenah {at-tay'naw}; or fattennah {at-tane'-naw}; a primitive pronoun of the second person; thou and thee, or (plural) ye and you:--thee, thou, ye, you.]

e. [wast] faint [Strong: 5889 ʻâyêph, aw-yafe'; from H5888; languid:—faint, thirsty, weary.]

f. [and] weary [Strong: 3023 yâgêaʻ, yaw-gay'-ah; from H3021; tired; hence (transitive) tiresome:—full of labour, weary.]

3. “...and he feared not God.”

a. [and he] feared [Strong: 3373 yârêʼ, yaw-ray'; from H3372; fearing; morally, reverent:—afraid, fear (-ful).]

b. not [Strong: 3808 lo' lo or lowi {lo}; or loh (Deut. 3:11) {lo}; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abs. negation); by implication, no; often used with other particles (as follows):--X before, + or else, ere, + except, ig(-norant), much, less, nay, neither, never, no((-ne), -r, (-thing)), (X as though...,(can-), for) not (out of), of nought, otherwise, out of, + surely, + as truly as, + of a truth, + verily, for want, + whether, without.]

c. God [Strong: 430 ʼĕlôhîym, el-o-heem'; plural of H433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative:—angels, × exceeding, God (gods) (-dess, -ly), × (very) great, judges, × mighty.]

1). We must remember that while they were moving whether it was day of night the pillar of fire or a pillar of cloud was in the front and probably visible from the rear. But he did not fear God.

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