For their vine is of the vine of Sodom, and of the fields of Gomorrah: their grapes are grapes of gall, their clusters are bitter:
a. ASV: For their vine is of the vine of Sodom, And of the fields of Gomorrah: Their grapes are grapes of gall, Their clusters are bitter:
b. YLT: For of the vine of Sodom their vine is, And of the fields of Gomorrah; Their grapes are grapes of gall -- They have bitter clusters;
c. Amplified Bible Classic: For their vine comes from the vine of Sodom and from the fields of Gomorrah; their grapes are grapes of [poisonous] gall, their clusters are bitter.
d. Septuagint: For their vine [is] of the vine of Sodom, and their vine-branch of Gomorrha: their grape [is] a grape of gall, their cluster [is] one of bitterness.
e. Stone Edition Torah/Prophets/Writings: For their vineyard is from the vineyard of Sodom, and from the fields of gomorrah; their grapes are grapes of gall, so clusters of bitterness were given them.
1. “For their vine is of the vine of Sodom, and of the fields of Gomorrah…”
a. For [Strong: 3588 kiy kee a primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjunction or adverb (as below); often largely modified by other particles annexed:--and, + (forasmuch, inasmuch, where-)as, assured(-ly), + but, certainly, doubtless, + else, even, + except, for, how, (because, in, so, than) that, + nevertheless, now, rightly, seeing, since, surely, then, therefore, + (al- )though, + till, truly, + until, when, whether, while, whom, yea, yet.]
b. [their] vine [Strong: 1612 gephen, gheh'-fen; from an unused root meaning to bend; a vine (as twining), especially the grape:—vine, tree.]
c. [is the] vine [Strong: 1612 gephen, gheh'-fen; from an unused root meaning to bend; a vine (as twining), especially the grape:—vine, tree.]
d. [of] Sodom [Strong: 5467 Çᵉdôm, sed-ome'; from an unused root meaning to scorch; burnt (i.e. volcanic or bituminous) district; Sedom, a place near the Dead Sea:—Sodom.]
e. [and of the] fields [Strong: 7709 shᵉdêmâh, shed-ay-maw'; apparently from H7704; a cultivated field:—blasted, field.]
f. [of] Gomorrah [Strong: 6017 ʻĂmôrâh, am-o-raw'; from H6014; a (ruined) heap; Amorah, a place in Palestine:—Gomorrah.]
2. “...their grapes are grapes of gall, their clusters are bitter:”
a. [their] grapes [Strong: 6025 ʻênâb, ay-nawb'; from an unused root probably meaning to bear fruit; a grape:—(ripe) grape, wine.]
b. [are] grapes [Strong: 6025 ʻênâb, ay-nawb'; from an unused root probably meaning to bear fruit; a grape:—(ripe) grape, wine.]
c. [of] gall [Strong: 7219 rôʼsh, roshe; or רוֹשׁ rôwsh; (Deuteronomy 32:32), apparently the same as H7218; a poisonous plant, probably the poppy (from its conspicuous head); generally poison (even of serpents):—gall, hemlock, poison, venom.]
d. [their] clusters [Strong: 811 ʼeshkôwl, esh-kole'; or אֶשְׁכֹּל ʼeshkôl; probably prolonged from H810; a bunch of grapes or other fruit:—cluster (of grapes).]
e. [are] bitter [Strong: 4846 mᵉrôrâh, mer-o-raw'; or מְרוֹרָה mᵉrôwrâh; from H4843; properly, bitterness; concretely, a bitter thing; specifically bile; also venom (of a serpent):—bitter (thing), gall.]
1). This shows us that the area of Sodom and Gomorrah were prosperous. They had vineyards that produced grapes, raisins, and wine. It was well watered.
a). Genesis 13:10 And Lot lifted up his eyes, and beheld all the plain of Jordan, that it was well watered every where, before the Lord destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah, even as the garden of the Lord, like the land of Egypt, as thou comest unto Zoar.
2). Jesus said that the area was commercially active.
a). Luke 17:28 Likewise also as it was in the days of Lot; they did eat, they drank, they bought, they sold, they planted, they builded;