Friday, March 15, 2019

Exodus 24:13

Exodus 24:13

And Moses rose up, and his minister Joshua: and Moses went up into the mount of God.

a. ASV: And Moses rose up, and Joshua his minister: and Moses went up into the mount of God.

b. YLT: And Moses riseth -- Joshua his minister also -- and Moses goeth up unto the mount of God;

c. Amplified Bible: So Moses rose up with Joshua his attendant; and Moses went up into the mountain of God.

d. Septuagint: And Moses rose up and Joshua his attendant, and they went up into the mount of God.

e. Stone Edition of the Chumash: Moses stood up with Joshua, his servant; and Moses ascended to the Mountain of God.

1. “And Moses rose up, and his minister Joshua: and Moses went up into the mount of God.”

a. [And] Moses [Strong: 4872 Môsheh, mo-sheh'; from H4871; drawing out (of the water), i.e. rescued; Mosheh, the Israelite lawgiver:—Moses.]

b. rose up [Strong: 6965 qûwm, koom; a primitive root; to rise (in various applications, literal, figurative, intensive and causative):—abide, accomplish, × be clearer, confirm, continue, decree, × be dim, endure, × enemy, enjoin, get up, make good, help, hold, (help to) lift up (again), make, × but newly, ordain, perform, pitch, raise (up), rear (up), remain, (a-) rise (up) (again, against), rouse up, set (up), (e-) stablish, (make to) stand (up), stir up, strengthen, succeed, (as-, make) sure(-ly), (be) up(-hold, -rising).]

c. [and his] minister [Strong: 8334 shârath, shaw-rath'; a primitive root; to attend as a menial or worshipper; figuratively, to contribute to:—minister (unto), (do) serve(-ant, -ice, -itor), wait on.]

1). The Complete Word Study Dictionary of the Old Testament, AMG: A verb meaning to minister, to serve. This Hebrew word was utilized in a generic sense to describe various activities, including that of a domestic servant serving a ranking official (Genesis 39:4; 2 Samuel 13:17, 18); a chief assistant to an authority figure, such as Joshua was to Moses (Exodus 24:13); the angelic host to God (Psalm 103:21); and assistants to kings (Isaiah 60:10). More particularly, the word is used in the context of religious service before the Lord, such as that required of the priests (Exodus 28:35; 1 Kings 8:11); or Levites Numbers 3:6).

2). The one example that sticks out to me is the relationship between Elijah and Elisha.

a). 1 Kings 19:19-21  So he departed thence, and found Elisha the son of Shaphat, who was plowing with twelve yoke of oxen before him, and he with the twelfth: and Elijah passed by him, and cast his mantle upon him.
19:20 And he left the oxen, and ran after Elijah, and said, Let me, I pray thee, kiss my father and my mother, and then I will follow thee. And he said unto him, Go back again: for what have I done to thee?
19:21 And he returned back from him, and took a yoke of oxen, and slew them, and boiled their flesh with the instruments of the oxen, and gave unto the people, and they did eat. Then he arose, and went after Elijah, and ministered unto him.

d. Joshua [Strong: 3091 Yᵉhôwshûwaʻ, yeh-ho-shoo'-ah; or יְהוֹשֻׁעַ Yᵉhôwshuʻa; from H3068 and H3467; Jehovah-saved; Jehoshua (i.e. Joshua), the Jewish leader:—Jehoshua, Jehoshuah, Joshua.]

e. [and] Moses [Strong: 4872 Môsheh, mo-sheh'; from H4871; drawing out (of the water), i.e. rescued; Mosheh, the Israelite lawgiver:—Moses.]

f. went up [Strong: 5927 ʻâlâh, aw-law'; a primitive root; to ascend, intransitively (be high) or actively (mount); used in a great variety of senses, primary and secondary, literal and figurative:—arise (up), (cause to) ascend up, at once, break (the day) (up), bring (up), (cause to) burn, carry up, cast up, shew, climb (up), (cause to, make to) come (up), cut off, dawn, depart, exalt, excel, fall, fetch up, get up, (make to) go (away, up); grow (over) increase, lay, leap, levy, lift (self) up, light, (make) up, × mention, mount up, offer, make to pay, perfect, prefer, put (on), raise, recover, restore, (make to) rise (up), scale, set (up), shoot forth (up), (begin to) spring (up), stir up, take away (up), work.]

g. into [Strong: 413 'el ale (but only used in the shortened constructive form sel {el}); a primitive particle; properly, denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, i.e. near, with or among; often in general, to:--about, according to ,after, against, among, as for, at, because(-fore, -side), both...and, by, concerning, for, from, X hath, in(- to), near, (out) of, over, through, to(-ward), under, unto, upon, whether, with(-in).]

h. [the] mount [Strong: 2022 har, har; a shortened form of H2042; a mountain or range of hills (sometimes used figuratively):—hill (country), mount(-ain), × promotion.]
i. [of] God [Strong: 430 ʼĕlôhîym, el-o-heem'; plural of H433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative:—angels, × exceeding, God (gods) (-dess, -ly), × (very) great, judges, × mighty.]

1). It is unclear how far Joshua went up the mountain with Moses, but it is clear that he left with him and that they would return together, which I take to mean that Joshua went up into the mountain with Moses. I don’t believe he went as far as Moses because Moses saw God face to face and his face began to shine because he was with God (Exodus 34:29-35), and Joshua’s did not.

a). Exodus 24:14, 15  And he said unto the elders, Tarry ye here for us, until we come again unto you: and, behold, Aaron and Hur are with you: if any man have any matters to do, let him come unto them.
24:15 And Moses went up into the mount, and a cloud covered the mount.

No comments: