1 Kings 4:29
And God gave Solomon wisdom and understanding exceeding much, and largeness of heart, even as the sand that is on the sea shore.
a. ASV: And God gave Solomon wisdom and understanding exceeding much, and largeness of heart, even as the sand that is on the sea-shore.
b. YLT: And God giveth wisdom to Solomon, and understanding, very much, and breadth of heart, as the sand that is on the edge of the sea;
c. Amplified Bible Classic: And God gave Solomon exceptionally much wisdom and understanding, and breadth of mind like the sand of the seashore.
d. Septuagint [1 Kings 5:5]: And the Lord gave understanding to Solomon, and very much wisdom, and enlargement of heart, as the sand on the seashore.
e. Stone Edition Torah/Prophets/Writings [1 Kings 5:9: God gave wisdom and considerable understanding to Solomon, nd breadth of heart as [immense as] the sand which is upon the seashore.
1. “And God gave Solomon wisdom and understanding exceeding much…”
a. [And] God [Strong: 430 ʼĕlôhîym, el-o-heem'; plural of H433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative:—angels, × exceeding, God (gods) (-dess, -ly), × (very) great, judges, × mighty.] [The KJV translates Strong's H430 in the following manner: God (2,346x), god (244x), judge (5x), GOD (1x), goddess (2x), great (2x), mighty (2x), angels (1x), exceeding (1x), God-ward (with H4136) (1x), godly (1x).]
b. gave [Strong: 5414 nâthan, naw-than'; a primitive root; to give, used with greatest latitude of application (put, make, etc.):—add, apply, appoint, ascribe, assign, × avenge, × be (healed), bestow, bring (forth, hither), cast, cause, charge, come, commit, consider, count, cry, deliver (up), direct, distribute, do, × doubtless, × without fail, fasten, frame, × get, give (forth, over, up), grant, hang (up), × have, × indeed, lay (unto charge, up), (give) leave, lend, let (out), lie, lift up, make, O that, occupy, offer, ordain, pay, perform, place, pour, print, × pull, put (forth), recompense, render, requite, restore, send (out), set (forth), shew, shoot forth (up), sing, slander, strike, (sub-) mit, suffer, × surely, × take, thrust, trade, turn, utter, weep, willingly, withdraw, would (to) God, yield.] [The KJV translates Strong's H5414 in the following manner: give (1,078x), put (191x), deliver (174x), made (107x), set (99x), up (26x), lay (22x), grant (21x), suffer (18x), yield (15x), bring (15x), cause (13x), utter (12x), laid (11x), send (11x), recompense (11x), appoint (10x), shew (7x), miscellaneous (167x).]
c. Solomon [Strong: 8010 Shᵉlômôh, shel-o-mo'; from H7965; peaceful; Shelomah, David's successor:—Solomon.] [The KJV translates Strong's H8010 in the following manner: Solomon (293x).]
d. wisdom [Strong: 2451 chokmâh, khok-maw'; from H2449; wisdom (in a good sense):—skilful, wisdom, wisely, wit.] [The KJV translates Strong's H2451 in the following manner: wisdom (145x), wisely (2x), skilful man (1x), wits (1x).]
e. [and] understanding [Strong: 8394 tâbûwn, taw-boon'; and (feminine) תְּבוּנָה tᵉbûwnâh; or תּוֹבֻנָה tôwbunâh; from H995; intelligence; by implication, an argument; by extension, caprice:—discretion, reason, skilfulness, understanding, wisdom.] [ The KJV translates Strong's H8394 in the following manner: understanding (38x), discretion (1x), reasons (1x), miscellaneous (3x).]
f. exceeding [Strong: 3966 mᵉʼôd, meh-ode'; from the same as H181; properly, vehemence, i.e. (with or without preposition) vehemently; by implication, wholly, speedily, etc. (often with other words as an intensive or superlative; especially when repeated):—diligently, especially, exceeding(-ly), far, fast, good, great(-ly), × louder and louder, might(-ily, -y), (so) much, quickly, (so) sore, utterly, very ( much, sore), well.] [The KJV translates Strong's H3966 in the following manner: very (137x), greatly (49x), sore (23x), exceeding (18x), great (12x), exceedingly (11x), much (10x), exceeding (with H3966) (6x), exceedingly (with H3966) (5x), diligently (4x), good (3x), might (2x), mightily (2x), miscellaneous (17x).]
g. much [Strong: 7235 râbâh, raw-baw'; a primitive root; to increase (in whatever respect):—(bring in) abundance (× -antly), archer (by mistake for H7232), be in authority, bring up, ×continue, enlarge, excel, exceeding(-ly), be full of, (be, make) great(-er, -ly, × -ness), grow up, heap, increase, be long, (be, give, have, make, use) many (a time), (any, be, give, give the, have) more (in number), (ask, be, be so, gather, over, take, yield) much (greater, more), (make to) multiply, nourish, plenty(-eous), × process (of time), sore, store, thoroughly, very.] [The KJV translates Strong's H7235 in the following manner: multiply (74x), increase (40x), much (29x), many (28x), more (12x), great (8x), long (3x), store (2x), exceedingly (2x), greater (2x), abundance (2x), miscellaneous (24x).]
2. “...and largeness of heart, even as the sand that is on the sea shore.”
a. [and] largeness [Strong: 7341 rôchab, ro'-khab; from H7337; width (literally or figuratively):—breadth, broad, largeness, thickness, wideness.] [The KJV translates Strong's H7341 in the following manner: breadth (74x), broad (21x), thickness (2x), largeness (1x), thick (1x), as broad as (with H3651) (1x), wideness (1x).]
b. [of] heart [Strong: 3820 lêb, labe; a form of H3824; the heart; also used (figuratively) very widely for the feelings, the will and even the intellect; likewise for the centre of anything:—care for, comfortably, consent, × considered, courag(-eous), friend(-ly), ((broken-), (hard-), (merry-), (stiff-), (stout-), double) heart(-ed), × heed, × I, kindly, midst, mind(-ed), ×regard(-ed), × themselves, × unawares, understanding, × well, willingly, wisdom.] [The KJV translates Strong's H3820 in the following manner: heart (508x), mind (12x), midst (11x), understanding (10x), hearted (7x), wisdom (6x), comfortably (4x), well (4x), considered (2x), friendly (2x), kindly (2x), stouthearted (with H47) (2x), care (with H7760) (2x), misc 21.]
c. [even as the] sand [Strong: 2344 chôwl, khole; from H2342; sand (as round or whirling particles):—sand.] [The KJV translates Strong's H2344 in the following manner: sand (23x).]
d. that [Strong: 834 'aher ash-er' a primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as an adverb and a conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.:--X after, X alike, as (soon as), because, X every, for, + forasmuch, + from whence, + how(-soever), X if, (so) that ((thing) which, wherein), X though, + until, + whatsoever, when, where (+ -as, -in, -of, -on, -soever, -with), which, whilst, + whither(- soever), who(-m, -soever, -se). As it is indeclinable, it is often accompanied by the personal pronoun expletively, used to show the connection.]
e. [is] on [Strong: 5921 `al al properly, the same as 5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural often with prefix, or as conjunction with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications (as follow):--above, according to(-ly), after, (as) against, among, and, X as, at, because of, beside (the rest of), between, beyond the time, X both and, by (reason of), X had the charge of, concerning for, in (that), (forth, out) of, (from) (off), (up-)on, over, than, through(-out), to, touching, X with.]
f. [the] seashore [Strong: 3220 yâm, yawm; from an unused root meaning to roar; a sea (as breaking in noisy surf) or large body of water; specifically (with the article), the Mediterranean Sea; sometimes a large river, or an artifical basin; locally, the west, or (rarely) the south:—sea (× -faring man, (-shore)), south, west (-ern, side, -ward).] [The KJV translates Strong's H3220 in the following manner: sea (321x), west (47x), westward (21x), west side (4x), seafaring men (1x), south (1x), western (1x).]
1). Jesus spoke of the wisdom of Solomon but said that a greater than Solomon was in their presence in the person of Christ.
a). Luke 11:31 The queen of the south shall rise up in the judgment with the men of this generation, and condemn them: for she came from the utmost parts of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and, behold, a greater than Solomon is here.
2). Born again believers in the New Covenant are given the source of wisdom.
a). Colossians 2:1-3 For I would that ye knew what great conflict I have for you, and for them at Laodicea, and for as many as have not seen my face in the flesh;
2:2 That their hearts might be comforted, being knit together in love, and unto all riches of the full assurance of understanding, to the acknowledgement of the mystery of God, and of the Father, and of Christ;
2:3 In whom are hid all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge.
3). The 3 Persons of the Godhead who designed the universe dwell in our spirits.
a). Proverbs 3:19 The Lord by wisdom hath founded the earth; by understanding hath he established the heavens.